In small groups design your own activities that will help you learn, remember and revise the following terms: 

Glossary of terms (adapted from


The repetition of the same sounds or of the same kinds of sounds at the beginning of words or in stressed syllables, e.g. “on scrolls of silver snowy sentences” (Hart Crane).


A unit of verse consisting of two lines. Features are:-

  • They usually rhyme
  • They usually have the same metre (beat/ rhythm)
  • They often form a complete thought


The use of vivid or figurative language to represent objects, actions, or ideas


A figure of speech in which a word or phrase that ordinarily stands for one thing is used to stand for another, therefore making an understood comparison, as in “a sea of troubles” or “All the world's a stage” (Shakespeare).


The formation or use of words such as "buzz" or "murmur" that imitate the sounds associated with the objects or actions they refer to


A figure of speech in which non-living objects are given human qualities or are represented as possessing human form, e.g. "Hunger sat shivering on the road" or "Flowers danced about the lawn"


Correspondence of sounds of words or of lines of verse


The pattern or flow of sound created by the arrangement of stressed and unstressed syllables in verse (think of metre / beat in music)


A figure of speech in which two essentially unlike things are compared, often in a phrase introduced by "like" or "as", as in “How like the winter hath my absence been” or “So are you to my thoughts as food to life” (Shakespeare).

verse / stanza

A division of a poem, similar to paragraphs in prose writing (lines grouped together usually concentrating on one idea)

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Poetry forms (adapted from


       A poem or series of lines in which certain letters (usually the first in each line) form a name, motto, or message when read one after the other



     A narrative poem consisting of simple stanzas (verses) and usually having a repeated chorus


       A Japanese lyric verse form having:

  • Three unrhymed lines of five, seven, and five syllables
  • Traditionally about an aspect of nature or the seasons.


     A light humorous, nonsensical verse having:

  • Five lines
  • Rhyme scheme = aabba (first, second & fifth lines rhyme; third & fourth lines rhyme)


      A narrated account; a story.


    A 14-line verse form usually having one of several conventional rhyme schemes.

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This poetry information is from: (Moriah College - Brender Moss Library)