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What are Canyons?


•Canyons are deep steep-sided valleys. •They form an extreme type of V-shaped valley with very steep sides. •They are created when rivers cut intensively into the valley floor in dry places where there is little runoff to help widen the sides of the valley.
•A canyon differs from a gorge in that the sides are stepped, reflecting alternating rock resistances.•The enormous cliffs that rise sharply on either side of the river make some of the world’s most spectacular scenery.

How are Canyons formed ?

For the formation of canyons, refer to the formation of V shaped valleys.

Famous Canyons in the World


Pictures of the Grand Canyon, Northern Arizona

•As one of the Seven Natural Wonders of the World, the Grand Canyon shows an impressive display of erosion and mother earth's natural beauty.•Located entirely in northern Arizona, the park encompasses 277 miles of the Colorado River and adjacent uplands.•The Grand Canyon ranges in elevation from 2,400 feet to over 7000 feet above sea level.


Pictures of the Black Canyon, Arizona