Between the years of 1919 and 1924 the great Greek population of Pontos and all of Asia Minor was forced to leave their homes. The official count stands at 380,000+ pontian lives lost in the , so called exchange of population.



"Take only what you can carry".... in many cases not even themselves.
Made to walk for hundreds of Kilometres on end.This was known as the Light Death.


Pontian Genocide May 19 has been recognized by the Greek parliament as the day of rememberance of the Pontian Greek Genocide by the Turks. There are various estimates of the toll. Records kept mainly by priests show a minimum 350,000 Pontian Greeks exterminated through systematic slaughter by Turkish troops and Kurdish para-militaries. Other estimates, including those of foreign missionaries, spoke of 500,000 deaths, most through deportation and forced marches into the Anatolian desert interior. Thriving Greek cities like Bafra, Samsous, Kerasous, and Trapezous, at the heart of Pontian Hellenism on the coast of the Black Sea, endured recurring massacres and deportations that eventually destroyed their Greek population.

The opening bell of the genocide came with the order in 1914 for all Pontian men between the ages of 18 and 50 to report for military duty. Those who "refused" or "failed" to appear, the order provided, were to be summarily shot. The immediate result of this firman (decree) was the murder of thousands of the more prominent Pontians, whose name appeared on lists of "undesirables" already prepared by the Young Turk regime.

Thousands ended up in the notorious Labor Battalions (amele taburu). In a precursor of what was to become a favorite practice in Hitler's extermination camps, Pontian men were driven from their homes into the wilderness to perform hard labor and expire from exhaustion, thirst, and disease. German advisors of the Turkish regime (what a surprise!) suggested that Pontian populations be forced into internal exile. This "advise" led directly to the emptying of hundreds of Pontian villages and the forced march of women, children, and old people to nowhere. The details of this systematic slaughter of the Pontians by the Turks were dutifully recorded by both German and Austrian diplomats.

The slave labour trains, where thousands will spend their last moments of life.

The Pontians, unlike Greeks elsewhere in Asia Minor, did try to organize armed resistance against their butchers. Pontian guerrilla bands had appeared in the mountains of Santa as early as 1916. Brave leaders, like Capitan Stylianos Kosmidis, even hoisted the flag of independent Pontus in the hope of help from Greece and Russia (which never arrived). But the struggle was unequal. The Turkish army, assisted by the blood-thirsty Tsets, cuthroats of mostly Kurdish extraction, attacked and destroyed undefended Pontian villages in revenge.

On May 19, 1919, Mustafa Kemal himself disembarked at Samsous to begin organizing the final phase of the Pontian genocide. Assisted by his German advisers, and surrounded by his own band of killers -- monsters like Topal Osman, Refet Bey, Ismet Inonu, and Talaat Pasha -- the founder of "modern" Turkey applied himself to the destruction of the Pontian Greeks. With the Greek army engaged in Anatolia, a new wave of deportations, mass killings, and "preventative" executions destroyed the remnants of Pontian Hellenism. The plan worked with deadly precision. In the Amasia province alone, with a pre-war population of some 180,000, records show a final tally of 134,000 people liquidated.

Another Massacre in the area of Kerasounta 1921. Sad......but true.

A very familiar site towards the end of the Pontos.

The memory of the Pontian Genocide is dedicated to all those in Europe and the U.S. who shamelessly advocate admitting Turkey into the EU and describe it as a "democracy." They are all blind as they are shameless.

..................Media Releases.....................

The Hellenic Republic officially commemorates the Pontian Genocide.

LAW No. 2193

The 19th of May is consecrated as the Day of Remembrance of the Genocide of the Hellenes of Pontos.


issues the following law passed by Parliament:

Article 1

The 19th of May is determined as the Day of Remembrance of the Genocide of the Hellenes of Pontos.

Article 2

The character, the content, the agency and the method of organisation of commemorative events are defined by Presidential decree, issued on the proposal of the Minister of the Interior, following the opinion of the recognised Pontian associations.

Article 3

This legislation comes into effect upon its publication in the Bulletin of the Government.

We order publication of this legislation in the Bulletin of the Government and its implementation as a Law of the State.

Athens, 7 March 1994



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