Environmental Biology - BIOL 1140

Some Useful Reference Information Sources

Access My Library
SciTech Daily
Online Dictionary

Google Scholar

Learn how water is distributed around the globe and how human activities are affecting our finite supply of usable water with: Habitable Planet: Water Resources. Find newspapers from across the country.

The Ronald McDonald House Charities of the Coastal Empire are involved in a campaign of recycling. Click on "Our Programs" and find the "Pop Tab Recycling Program" mentioned in the left hand column. Find out about it here.

Some Recycling Sites:
1. Golf Balls - strange but true; now your lost ball will break down into carbon dioxide and water
2. Cups, Napkins, Cutlery and Plates - if it's made of corn or sugar or recycled ppaper it can be broken down
3. Garbage Bags - lawn bags which will decompose in 12 days and are made from renewable resources
4. Coffins- you can finally give back to the planet in these coffins made of 100% recycled paper

Global Footprint Network
Overshoot Time
Calculate Your Ecological Footprint

Breathing Earth
An example of how one company is involved in Environmental Sustainability

Objectives, Grading & Lecture Outline
Power Point Lectures, 12th edition
Video Notes
Power Point Lectures, 13th edition
Using APA Style for Your Research Paper
Online Study Guide for Miller textbook
Chief Seattle's Letter to President Franklin Pierce
Tragedy of the Commons by Garrett Hardin
Definitions and Fundamental Understandings
Fundamentals of Ecology
Levels of Organization
Basic Ecosystem Concepts
The Water Cycle
Where does Your Water come From?
Everything You Want to Know about Methane
The Global Carbon Cycle
Global Warming Information
Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest
Eutrophication & Recovery in Experimental Lakes
Millennium Ecosystem Assessment*
Ecological Succession of Vegetation in the Northeastern U.S.
Notes on Population Dynamics
NationMaster.com is a massive central data source which allows
you to compare countries using multiple sources. You can
generate maps and graphs on all kinds of statistics.
Endangered and Protected species
Biomes and Ecological Biogeography
The World's Biomes
Terrestrial Biomes
The Deserts
The Sahara
The Gobi
The Kalahari
The Grasslands
The Savanna
The Prairie
The Great Plains
The Everglades
Aquatic Life Zones
Marine Biology
Aquatic Ecosystems
NOAA Fisheries: Office of Protected Resources
Solar Energy
Nuclear Energy

The *Millennium Ecosystem Assessment is touted as the most complete assessment of world resources to date. Initiated by the United Nations to help meet assessment needs of the Convention on Biological Diversity, Convention to Combat Desertification, the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands, and the Convention on Migratory Species, this landmark study released today "reveals that approximately 60 percent of the ecosystem services that support life on Earth such as fresh water, capture fisheries, air and water regulation, and the regulation of regional climate, natural hazards and pests are being degraded or used unsustainably." This site has the full report. The new report create one of the most complete "global snapshot" of ecosystems. More than 1,300 authors from 95 countries participated in the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. Indications are that environmental conditions will significantly worsen in the next 50 years. (****) -SR

Recent Scientific Reports Focus on Potential Climate Change in Europe and California

Global Warming Clouds the Future
Europe 'must adapt on climate'
Technology Already Exists to Stabilize Global Warming
Emission Scenarios, Climate Change, and Impacts on California (2004) [pdf]
EEA: Impacts of Europe's changing climate [pdf]
Union of Concerned Scientists: Global Warming

There is significant debate among scientists on the nature of global warming, with some pointing to increased temperatures as being merely indicative of long-range climatic change that has gone on for thousands and thousands of years across the planet. Others point to the disruptive effects that human activity has on the atmosphere, and continue to call for a global effort to mitigate the effects of these actions on the environment. As this debate continues to develop within the scientific community, two new reports were released this week that predict serious climate change in both Europe and California during the next one hundred years. A report issued by the European Environment Agency this week indicates that less than 50 years remain in which a concerted effort can be made by a variety of government institutions in order to mitigate the effects of this changing climate. The report also notes that the 2003 heat wave that struck Europe effectively melted the mass of Alpine glaciers by 10% and that harvests in many southern European countries were down by 30% in some areas. Another related report that was published online in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences this week dealt with the potential effects of climate change in the state of California. The report was authored by nineteen scientists, who adapted two of the latest computer models of global change to examine how California might be affected under two varying scenarios for emissions of heat-trapping greenhouse gases. In its discussion of various related issues, the report also suggested that under the less-optimistic scenario that such climate change would have a devastating effect on some of California's signature industries, such as wine making and tourism. In terms of temperature change, the report noted that in 50 to 100 years "inland cities would feel like Death Valley does today". The report did not comment on what Death Valley would feel like in 50 to 100 years. [KMG]

The first link leads to a news article from this Tuesday's San Francisco Chronicle that offers some discussion of the recent report on the potential effects of global climate change on California. The second link leads to a special online report from the BBC that reviews some of the findings offered by the recent climate study commissioned by the European Environment Agency. The third link, taken from Science Daily, talks about existing technology that could be used to stop the escalation of global warming. The fourth link leads to the homepage of ATMOS Research and Consulting, and contains the full-text of the recent study on the potential emissions scenarios affecting California and the potential long-term effects. The fifth link leads to the webpage of the European Environment Agency where visitors may download and peruse the complete report that discusses the impacts of Europe's changing climate. The sixth and final link leads to some proposed solutions to mitigate the effects of global warming offered by the Union of Concerned Scientists. [KMG]

Complete set of notes for Environmental Science course

Earthwatch Institute

Ecology and Society


Environmental News Network

Living on Earth - Sound Journalism for the Planet

Earth Vision

Pictures from away.com

Environmental Fund for Georgia (Envirolink - An Online Environmental Community)


Population Reference Sites

Population Sites
Population Reference Bureau
Current World Population
U.S. & World Population
World Population Balance
City Populations Plus
Environmental Literacy Council Information on Population

Environmentally Oriented Links Emphasizing Energy

Banish the confusion about Fusion at this site. After you learn the basics, try a virtual runthrough of a fusion reaction!
WWW Virtual Library:Energy:
Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Network:
Biofuels Information Network:
Home of the Rocky Mountain Institute:
Center for Renewable Energy and Sustainable Technology:
Alternative Fuels Data Center:
Biomass Resource Information Clearinghouse:
Environmental Protection Agency:
National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration:
Electric Power Research Institute:
Biomass Energy Alliance:
Solstice: Fantastic Site dealing with Renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency, and Sustainable Living - looking for houses of straw or old tires? - go to section under efficiency - great set of links
Alliance to Save Energy

General Ecology Sites

Atlas of the Biosphere
National Arbor Day Foundation
enature.com - sponsored by Nationals Wildlife Organization
Environmental Policy and Education
See America's National Parks
See America.org: Home site of the Travel Industry Association of America
National Wildlife Organization: Contains an on-line library + links
Rainforest Action Network:
Natural Resources Defense Council:
EE-Link: Excellent set of diverse links and activities
EcoNet: Supports ecological sustainability and environmental justice
Virtual Library on the Environment:
EPA Site on Water Safety
Information aout the Oceans
Coral Reef Information from the EPA
Water Research Network - freshwater research projects worldwide

Monday, June 5, 2006, was World Environment Day! Last year marked the International Year of Deserts and Desertification - a process aided by both climate change and loss of biological diversity. Recent research reveals how our activities down here on the ground affect the world's environment and atmosphere.

Last year, atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases displayed near record growth rates. Paul Fraser, from CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research, says that carbon dioxide levels grew by 0.54 percent in 2005, the fourth year in a row of above-average growth.

Greenhouse gases are released into the atmosphere from human activity. Much of what we do, from stomach grumblings to machine rumblings, and even how we get around - on the ground and in the air - produces greenhouse gases. So what exactly pumps greenhouse gas out and up into the atmosphere?

* Mostly, greenhouse emissions come from generating electricity. All the bright sparks out there may know that carbon dioxide is released when fuels like coal are burnt for electricity. This accounts for around 35 percent of greenhouse emissions in Australia.

* Agriculture, the production of munch-able and crunchable foods, is responsible for 17 percent of Australia's total greenhouses gas emissions.

* Transporting stuff and ourselves around releases 14 percent of all Australian greenhouse gases, and industrial processes release 5 percent.

* Change of land use, such as land clearing, also releases greenhouse gases.

* Even rubbish tips have gassy habits that produce a small percentage of greenhouse gas emissions, mainly as methane - an extremely potent greenhouse gas.

So this World Environment Day, ride your bike or get your skates on instead of driving.

Perhaps you can make your home more energy efficient by turning appliances off at the wall, buying some energy saving light bulbs, recycling and looking for ways to heat and cool your house using renewable energies and insulation.

More information:
* United Nations World Environment Day
* Travel Smart
* Browse ECOS: towards a sustainable future
* CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research
* CSIRO climate change science<>

Priests Landing trip