ANDREW JACKSON BURCH
1st U.S. Volunteer Infantry
Andrew Jackson Burch
Was born on October 22, 1822 in Caswell County, North Carolina.
Andrew left his wife, Mary, and four small children to join the Confederate Army and enlisted with the 3rd Regiment N.C. Cavalry, Co. A (41st N.C. Troops)- June 27, 1863 at almost 42 years of age.
(Battles he participated in are listed below)
Captured near Hanover Court House, VA. on May 31, 1864, he was confined at Point Lookout Prison in Maryland.
He took the Oath of Allegiance to the Union Army on June 27, 1864 and mustered into Company H, 1st Regiment U.S. Volunteer Infantry at Norfolk, Virginia on July 22, 1864.
His regiment served at Fort Rice in Dakota Territory, and during his service there He engaged in battle with Sitting Bull and his war party.
He mustered out of service with his company on November 27, 1866.
He returned to his home and fathered six more children.
Andrew defied death many times on the battlefield, in prison and on the western frontier.
He died of natural causes on May 8, 1910 at the age of 87.
THE 3rd NORTH CAROLINA CAVALRY, CO. A
41st N.C. TROOPS
(The Rebel Rangers Newkirks Coast Guard)
The 41st N.C. Troops were organized September 3, 1862 by the consolidation of several independent cavalry companies. These companies were already in Confederate States service and were operating in various locations as independent cavalry companies from the Cape Fear River in North Carolina to the Blackwater River in Virginia. The entire regiment was not consolidated until April 1863. Originally know as the Rebel Rangers Company A was enlisted at Scotts Hill, New Hanover County for 12 months service beginning October 1, 1861 to guard the coast line of New Hanover County, the unit became known as Newkirks Coast Guard, named after its first captain. The company was mustered into Confederate service on October 18, 1861 and remained in New Hanover County. On March 13, 1862, the period of enlistment was automatically extended from 12 months to 3 years or the length of the war. Throughout this period, the company remained at Camp Heath at Scotts Hill, performing the duties of scouts and patrols. On September3, 1862 the company was assigned to the 41st Regiment N.C. Troops (3rd Regiment N.C. Cavalry) and became company A of that regiment. The company attached to General James B. Gordons Brigade, General W.H.G. Lees Division, Cavalry Corps, Major-General J.E.B. Stuart, commanding. When the regiment joined this command in the field on May 26, 1863, General Gordon was wounded and command of his brigade was given to General Barringer. The brigade then became known as Barringers Brigade and served as such until the end of the war.
OPERATIONS AND ENGAGEMENTS:
Coastal patrol duty in New Hanover County, NC. - October 1861-April 1863.
Capture of Gunboat USS Ellis - New River, NC. November 24, 1862
Suffolk, VA Campaign - April 11-May 20, 1863
Joined regiment in Virginia April 21, 1863
Burning of Dillards Wharf - James River, VA. May 20, 1863
Old Church and Pamunkey River - July 1, 1863
South Anna Bridge - July 4, 1863
Expedition to Matthias Point - July 12-16, 1863
Blackwater River Line - July 27-October 1863
Picket duty near Kinston, NC. - October 24, 1863-February 1864
Attack on New Bern, NC. - February 1-2, 1864
Brices Creek, NC. - February 12, 1864
Guard duty at Kenansville, NC. (Co. A only) March 27-May 3, 1864
Advance on New Bern - May 3-8, 1864
Block House near New Bern - May 3, 1864
Petersburg, VA. - May 14-15, 1864
Drewrys Bluff, VA. - May 14-15, 1864
Joined Gordons Brigade near Hanover Court House - May 26, 1864
Hanover Town Road - May 27, 1864
Haws Shop - May 28, 1864
NEAR HANOVER COURT HOUSE MAY 30-31, 1864
(This is the battle in which Andrew Jackson Burch was captured)
After his capture, his regiment engaged in the following battles:
Near Ashland - May 31, 1864
Near Meadow Bridge - June 3, 1864
White Oak Swamp - June 11, 1864
Near Malvern Hill and Harrisons Landing - June 15-16, 1864
Davis Farm - June 21, 1864
Picket duty on Petersburg and Weldon Railroad - June 21-July 30, 1864
Charles City Road - August 14, 1864
Whites Tavern - August 15, 1864
White Oak Swamp - August 16, 1864
Yellow House - August 21, 1864
Reams Station - August 25, 1864
Hamptons Beefsteak Raid - September 20-October 4, 1864
Picket Duty on Stony Creek Line - September 20-October 4, 1864
Boydton Plank Road - October 28, 1864
Belfield - December 8, 1864
Chamberlain Run and Five Forks - March 31-April 1, 1865
Namozine Church - April 3, 1865
Andrew Filed for Pension
By: Susan Burch Ajax