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Henry Clay Shive

Born December 1, 1842

My 2nd Great Grandfather was born to Martin Stanley Shive Jr. and Elizabeth, of Cabarras County North Carolina, Elizabeth's parents were, Jacob Hileman and Catherine Coleman, also being from North Carolina.

General Gilman Marston at Point Lookout prison conceived the idea of enlisting captured Confederates into the U.S. Navy, Stanton turned this proposal over in his mind for several weeks, consulted with the Secretary of the navy, and at last on December 21, 1863, issued instructions to prison camp commanders to make arrangements to enlist into the navy prisoners willing to take the oath of allegiance.

There was no great rush of prisoners desiring Navy service. Not many of them had any sea experience, and in at least one camp, efforts of the camp commandant to so enlist them. The leaders of this movement secretly enlisted 1,300 fellow prisoners into a paper cavalry regiment of 10 companies, which held steadfast until the autumn of 1864, when a few were beguiled into the Galvanized Yankees with the offer of freedom for going west to fight the Indians. The majority of this group remained loyal to the Confederacy until freed by exchange or the end of the war.

General Benjamin Butler, was Commander of the Department of Virginia and North Carolina, he was responsible for the operation of one of the largest of all prison camps, Point Lookout, a Maryland Sandpit thrusting into Chesapeake Bay.

Late in December, Butler began an earnest Correspondence with Stanton, which he expressed his opinion that more prisoners could be enlisted into the army than into the navy. As Butler was a political power in Massachusetts, the Secretary of War decided to bring the matter to President Lincoln's attention. On January 2, 1864, Lincoln addressed himself directly to the general, informing him that enlistments of prisoners of war into either the army or navy would be permissible under certain conditions. These conditions, the President added, would be explained by his secretary, John Hays, who was to deliver the letter in person.

John Hay met Butler on January 9, 1864 presenting him with a questionnaire, which Lincoln had composed, four questions, which were to be asked in privacy to every prisoner at Point Lookout. In addition to the questionnaire, the President had sent a large blank book in which each prisoner was to sign his name and his replies to the interrogation:

1. Do you desire to be sent South as a prisoner of war for exchange?

2. Do you desire to take the oath of allegiance and parole, and enlist in the Army or Navy of the U.S? And if so which?

3. Do you desire to take the oath and parole and be sent North to work on public works, under penalty of death if found in the South before the end of the war?

4. Do you desire to take the oath of allegiance and go to your home within the lines of the U.S. Army, under the like penalty if found South beyond those lines during the war?

Butler appointed Lieutenant F.M. Norcross, a war veteran of the 30th Massachusetts, to direct the question of prisoners and recruit those who answered the second question in the affirmative.

So on January 29, 1864, my 2nd Great Grandfather Henry Clay Shive, a prisoner of war took the oath of allegiance to the U.S., and mustered in with the U.S. 1st Volunteer Infantry. In Company "D" serving under Captain Enoch Adams, while serving with this Unit Henry C. Shive achieve the rank of Corporal.

Henry Clay Shive was discharged from the 1st U.S.Volunteer Infantry Sept 11 1865. The following is from my cousin, Cecil Shive III: They were to serve 3 years or until the war ended. When news of the wars end reached MT territory. Henry and around a dozen others packed up and left as they considered their service at an end. The commander was absent. When he returned he declared them deserters and they were captured by union troops from a near by fort. The ringleader was hanged after a short on the spot trial. We have a letter that Henry wrote to a friend in Philadelphia in the 1870's still trying the bring charges of murder against the officer that ordered the hanging. The others were returned to the fort under arrest and released later with their discharge. Henry went to Id and married Sarah. He never returned to NC as he was considered a traitor to the south for serving with union troops.

Follow the links below to view the story of the First U.S. Volunteer Infantry, from Point Lookout Prison, to Mustering out in 1865


Roster A through F

Roster G through K

Roster L through P

Roster Q through Z

Their story begins

Andrew Jackson Burch Photograph who served in Company "H"

List of Confederate Soldiers 1st U.S. Volunteer Infantry

Betty Cardwell O'Mary Patrick & Elizabeth Cardwell

Thomas Gantt of Company "H"

William P Goss, Company "I"

Joseph Allen Leverett

I Wish To Thank:

Susan Burch Ajax, Betty Cardwell O'Mary, Edna Synder, and Tom Nelson

Ronald Roy Wallace