The Civil War in the Shenandoah Valley
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Camp Allegheny


At 4,400 feet above sea level, this camp, established by Confederate forces in the summer of 1861 to control the Staunton-Parkersburg Turnpike, was one of the highest of the Civil War. Soon after the October battle of Greenbrier River, troops withdrawing from Camp Bartow, at the foot of the mountain, joined the soldiers at Camp Allegheny. This haunting, windswept encampment was successfully defended during a 7 1/2 hour battle on December 13, 1861, when Confederate Gen. Edward Johnson's troops repelled an attack by Union forces from Cheat Summit Fort under the command of Gen. R. H. Milroy. However, the loss of men because of the harsh winter conditions and logistical nightmare of keeping the camp supplied contributed to the decision to abandon it in April 1862. Earthworks, gun positions and chimney falls from the encampment are evident. Location: From U.S. 250 near the Virginia/West Virginia state line, turn south at sign on County Rd. 3, turn right at the T junction, then go 2 more miles (Road may be closed due to snow in winter.) Open: year-round, dawn to dusk. Address: Monongahela National Forest, 200 Sycamore St., Elkins, WV 26241. Telephone: 304/636-1800. Fax: 304/636-1875.


Action: 13 December 1861

OR- Series I, Volume V, Chapter XIV, Pg 456

UNION FORCES

COLONEL JAMES A. JONES

CASUALTIES = Killed 20 Wounded 107 Missing 0 TOTAL 127

CONFEDERATE FORCES

COLONEL EDWARD JOHNSON

STRENGTH= Approximately 1,200
CASUALTIES= Killed- 20, Wouneded- 96, Missing- 28


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