Basic Sniper Information
Sniper and Sniper Teams
This paragraph will deal with Military sniper
and teams. The primary mission of a sniper in combat is to support combat operations
by delivering precise long-range fire on selected targets. Not only must a sniper
be a good marksman; he must also be proficient in field craft. Snipers are trained
to operate in 2-man sniper teams. The sniper team consists of two equally trained
snipers. When employed, the most experienced of the team will act as the observer.
The more experienced sniper is better able to read wind, estimate range and
The sniper will carry the M24 SWS and the observer will carry
the M16A2 rifle with the M203 grenade launcher. Since the M24 lacks the firepower
required to break contact with the enemy, the rapid-fire ability of the M16A2
rifle combined with the destructive abilities of the M203 40-mm grenade launcher
gives the sniper team a lightweight, easily operated way to deliver the
firepower to break contact. Also depending on the mission, most of the snipers
will carry the sniper rifle in a drag bag. The sniper will also be carrying
a M4 rifle. Remember you do not want to be walking around looking like a sniper
teams. Again depending on the mission, the observer might carry a different
weapon. He might carry a M16A2 flattop with a AN/PVS-4 night vision sight. Or
he might have an ACOG or Elcan sight mounted on the A2. He might also carry
a M25 SWS. With these different weapons the observer can also deliver rapid,
accurate fire on targets.
The M24 Sniper Weapon System is the current sniper rifle being
used by the US Army today. The M-24 replaces the M-21 sniper rifle. The M21
is a highly accurized M14, scoped with either the ART 1 OR 2- Day Scope. The
M21 is still in the Army inventory, but they are being upgraded to the M25.
The M24SWS is a 7.62-mm, bolt action, five-shot repeating rifle. (The
book says it will hold six rounds. 5 in the magazine, 1 in the chamber.) It
is built on a Remington M700 long action. The reason they used the long action
was because they wanted to be able to convert some of the rifles to 300 Win.
Mag. Currently several Special Operation units have M24s that are chambered for
the 300 WIN Mag. The barrel is a Mike Rock ( currently Mike
Rock no longer makes the barrels for the M24, REM makes them in house) 5R, is 24 inches long and has a right hand twist
of 1 in 11.2. The stock is an H-S Precision and is adjustable for length-of-pull.
The rifle uses the Leupold Mark 4 M3A scope. The scope is a 10 Power Fixed,
has a Mil-Dot reticle, a side Parallax adjustment and a Bullet Drop Compensator.
The BDC is set up for M118 Special Ball ammo and is in meters. The BDC can track
from 0-1000 meters. Each click of elevation knob equals 1 minute of angle. Each
click of the windage knob is 1/2 minute of angle adjustment. The M24 also has
a Rear and Front base for iron sights. The rear sight is a Redfield Palma ( The
Palma is no longer being used since Redfield has gone out of business. The M24
now comes with a OK Weber RPA sight) sight
and the front sight is an International Redfield Big Bore sight ( The front
sight now being used is a OK Weber RPA globe sight). This sight
combination is a back-up system in case the scope becomes inoperative. The M24
also can be equipped with a night sight. Currently they are issuing the AN/PVS-10
( currently it is being replaced by the AN/PVS-22).
The PVS-10 is a Day and Night scope. It is an 8.5 fixed power scope and it has
a Mil-Dot reticle and a BDC setup for the M118 Special Ball just like the
M3A. The Elevation and Windage adjustment are also the same as the M3A. This
sight is very large and heavy.