|The Greek Islands||Kastellorizo HOME|
|The island of Kastellorizo or Megisti in Greece - the setting of a Greek tragedy and yet a little Greek gem|
Kastellorizo is a special and an unusual Greek island at a 6 hours eastwards journey away by ferry from the island of Rhodes. Actually it is situated 90 km east of Rhodes and only 3 km from the Turkish coast. Sometimes the island is called Megisti, which means "large" but the island is only 9 km2 in size and has only 250 inhabitants. It is called "large" because it is the largest island of an archipel of 14 small islands that lay very close to the Turkish mainland. Kastellorizo has got the best natural harbour in the whole area and this has brought the island great wealth and great tragedy alike. During the two Worldwars and in the conflicts between Turkey and Greece the island has been heavily victimized.
Through time Kastellorizo usually was controlled by who ever ruled the island of Rhodes and it had a militairy purpose because of the red castle on the island (Kastellorizo means "red castle"). In the 19th century the island became very wealthy because of its good harbour when the Ottoman empire started to trade with the rest of Europe. At that time some 17.000 people lived on the small island. In 1908 this policy changed and decline set in. The island was occupied by the French in 1915 who turned Kastellorizo into a naval base. The Turks responded by blocking of the harbour and stopping all trade with the mainland of Turkey. In 1921 the island exchanged into Italian hands.
In 1926 the island was heavily damaged by an earthquake. During Worldwar II the island changed from Italian into Brittish and into Italian hands again, than again into Brittish hands again in 1943. The island was heavily attacked by German bomber planes which left great damage to Kastellorizo. The islanders were evacuated to Cyprus. In 1944 there was a major fire on the island that burned out most of the buildings. What was left was buldozed away for safety reasons. The end of the tragedy took place in 1946 when 500 former inhabitants returned to their island and the ship sank because it was overloaded and a fire broke out. 33 People died. In 1947 finally the island was reunited with the rest of Greece.
Kastellorizo and its bay used to be very much like the nowadays Symi, with many colourful merchants' mansions around the harbour. After all the earthquakes, fires and bombardments a little less than one third of the original buildings in the capital Megisto or Kastellorizo Town is still standing. Now much of the old houses are found more in the back. The waterfront houses that survived have been painted in white and pastel colours. In the harbour there are also attractive churches and also there are still the remains of the 14th century Castle of the Knights of Agios Ioannis on a hill with red rocks. The village of Megisti is backed by high mountains.
Most of the tavernas and shops you will find along the waterfront. Behind the waterfront in the backstreets there are many alleys and not all the houses here are in good condition (in fact a lot of them are falling apart). Other sights besides the red castle are a small Turkish bath, a ruined windmill, a Lycian Rock Tomb, a War Memorial, a Museum and a Cathedral.
Behind the hill with the castle there is another small harbour which is called the Mandraki Harbour. Here are some new houses and there is a road leading to the town cemetery.
Kastellorizo can get pretty hot compared to the other islands of Greece because here the cooling Meltemi wind is not blowing. Temperatures can regularly rise over 40 degrees Celcius.
|Sights on the island of Kastellorizo - things to do|
The most important sight on the island is the 14th century castle. Also the museum is interesting. The entrance is free and there is an exhibition of the finds that were made at the ancient acropolis of the island (Paleocastro), earthenware from a medieval wreck that was found near the island and other interesting local artifacts and costumes. In the rock beneath the castle you will find the only Lycian tomb that is found in Greece (there are plenty in Turkey though). The last sight of the town is the 19th century cathedral in which there are some columns from an ancient temple.
From Kastellorizo there organized boat trips to be Blue Cave or Fokiali Cave in the south east of the island. This cave is the best sea cave in Greece and maybe the best sea cave in the whole Mediteranean. It is 75 meters long, 45 meters wide and 35 meters high. The cave is filled with stalactites and stalagmites. In the morning the reflection from the sun puts the cave in a blue light. It's possible to swim here during the trip. There are also boat trips to the nearby small islands of Strongili and Ro and to the Turkish mainland. On the island of Kastellorizo there are not many roads and the island is quite hilly so hiking is limited.
|Hotels on the island of Kastellorizo - Megisti Hotel - including breakfast|
Designed in absolute harmony with the island's breathtaking natural surroundings, this hotel provides spectacular views of the cape and the harbour. Megisti Hotel is located on the east side of Kastellorizo's beautiful natural harbour between the cape of Agios Stephanos and Nifti. Because of its incredible location, Megisti Hotel boasts the only private area for one to enjoy swimming or snorkelling in Kastellorizo's crystal clear waters. Alternatively, just relax in the sun and bask in the feeling of being a whole world away. At Megisti Hotel you will experience true Greek hospitality. Experience excellent service as you lounge on the sun terrace with a sumptuous cocktail. The dedicated team of staff will ensure that your every need is met.
Check availability and prices & book the Megisti Hotel on Kastellorizo - click here.
|Hotels on the island of Kastellorizo - Agnanti Studios|
Built according to the local architecture, the seafront Agnanti Studios is located in Megisti Village of Kastelorizo, within 500 metres from taverns. It offers self-catering units with free Wi-Fi and unobstructed views over the Aegean Sea. Opening to a balcony, the air-conditioned studios of Agnati are traditionally decorated with dark-wooden furnishings, beamed ceilings and soft colours. Each unit features a well-equipped kitchenette with dining area, microwave and cooking hobs, and a private bathroom with built-in shower. A flat-screen satellite TV, a hairdryer and free toiletries are available. The main port of Kastelorizo, where a variety of restaurants, shops and cafes is featured, lies within 500 metres from the property. The Archaeological Museum of Megisti is 400 metres away, while Kastelorizo National Airport is at a distance of 3 km. Free public parking can be found nearby.
Check availability and prices & book the Agnanti Studios on Kastellorizo - click here.
|Hotels on the island of Kastellorizo - Poseidon Studios|
Housed in a neoclassical building and just 30 metres from the beach, the seafront Poseidon is 300 metres from the main port in Kastelorizo. The studios are equipped with dark wood furnishings, free Wi-Fi and a balcony or terrace. Featuring a rustic-décor, each accommodation at Poseidon is uniquely decorated and air conditioned. They all include a kitchenette, fridge, coffee-tea-facilities and a flat-screen satellite TV with DVD player. Some overlook the Mediterranean Sea. Restaurants and shops are within a short walking distance from Poseidon. Free public parking is located on site. A café is conveniently located next to the property
Check availability and prices & book the Poseidon Studios on Kastellorizo - click here.