We normally use the expression "used to" to talk about an action or, better, a habit in the past and finished. It stopped to exist at the present time.
In this form the expression "used to" is used to describe a long lasting action, a state or a habit in the past. The sentence tells us indirectly that what you are talking about has ceased to exist.
- I used to go with my mother everywhere she went. (this habit stopped now as I get older)
- We used to live in a large house (but now we live in a smaller one)
- Leila used to have dinner very late at night (Now she no longer does)
As you might have noticed, "USED TO" is followed by a verb in the infinitive without "to" and this is the rule.
In this form the 'd' of "used to" is omitted because the auxiliary 'did' does its job:
|did + not + use to + V1 *|
I did not
use to eat onions.
- I didn't use to go to school by bike. (but now I do)
- Leila didn't use to wear a scarf. (but now she does)
- Eric didn't use to get up early. (but now he does)
Like with the negative form, when we want to ask a question about a repeated action, a state, or a habit in the past, the auxiliary 'did' takes the role of the 'd' of 'used to'.
The form is as follows:
Did you use to smoke?
|did + subj. + use to +
| tOp |
- Did she use to eat fried food?
- Where did you use to spend your holidays?
- What did you use to have for breakfast when you were in China?
- Which school subject did you use to like when you were at the primary school?
- Where did they use to live?
* V1 Verb in the infinitive without 'to' (Bare infinitive)
\-/ Fill in the blanks with "used to" or "use to".
^ Compare ^
- Leila's grandfather be a soldier during World War II.
- His children didn't enjoy his stories about the war.
- Did your grandfather work for the army?
- My grandfather drive a military van.
- Those soldiers didn't like Hitler.
\-/ Can you tell what these sentences want to say. Use expressions with "used / use to"
I no longer live with my parents. => I used to live with my parents.
^ Compare ^
- We don't listen to long songs any more.
- John doesn't play tennis well any more.
- People no longer travel on horseback.
- They no longer swim in the river.
- These students aren't interested in philosophy any more.
- The neighbours no longer trust each other.
- My sister doesn't bring me chocolate tablets any more.
\-/ Write five sentences talking about the things you
used to do or didn't use to do.
Q U I Z Z E S + K E Y