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A "Bobbie Sue's Grooves" Page
OH NO!
Missing an ingredient?
Below is a List of

Emergency
SUBSTITUTIONS

~for cooking and baking~


NOTE!
I haven't personally tried all of these, so .......... you're on your own!
WHEN RECIPE CALLS FOR THIS:
SUBSTITUTE WITH THIS:
Allspice, 1 tsp1/2 tsp cinnamon and
1/2 tsp ground cloves
- or -
1/2 tsp cinnamon and
1/8 tsp ground cloves
Apple Pie Spice, 1 tsp1/2 tsp cinnamon and
1/4 tsp nutmeg and 1/8 tsp cardamon
- or -
4 parts cinnamon and
1 part nutmeg and
1 part ginger
Bacon, 1 slice
.....crisp-cooked, crumbled
1 Tbsp cooked bacon pieces
Baking Powder, 1 tsp 1/2 tsp cream of tartar plus
1/3 tsp baking soda
- or -
1/2 tsp cream of tartar plus
1/4 tsp baking soda
- or -
1/2 tsp cream of tartar plus
1 tsp baking soda
- or -
1 tsp cream of tartar plus
1/4 tsp baking soda
- or -
3/8 tsp cream of tartar
- or -
1/4 tsp baking soda plus
1/2 cup buttermilk, and
lessen liquid in recipe by 1/2 cup
- or -
Baking SodaThere is no substitute for baking soda!
Balsamic Vinegar, 1 Tbsp1 Tbsp cider vinegar
Bean Sproutsshredded cabbage
Bouquet Garniequal measures of
thyme, parsley and crushed bay leaf
- or -
equal measures of
thyme, chervil and crushed bay leaf
- or -
equal measures of
basil, marjoram, and summer savory
Bread Crumbs, fine dry, 1 cup3/4 cup fine cracker crumbs
Bread Crumbs, fine dry, 1/4 cup3/4 cup soft bread crumbs
- or -
1/4 cup finely crushed cracker crumbs or
cornflake crumbs or quick-cooking oats
- or -
2/3 cup rolled oats
Butter, 1 poundBeat 2 cups evaporated milk SLOWLY until
butter forms; pour into pan and chill.
- or -
Beat 1 cup buttermilk, 1/2 cup salad oil and
1 tsp salt into 1 pound of margarine.
- or -
7/8 cup solid shortening plus 1/2 tsp salt
- or -
to add sweetness and moistness to desserts,
combine vegetable oil with applesauce or
bananas or sweet potatoes
ButtermilkSee Milk, buttermilk
Capers, 1 Tbsp1 Tbsp chopped green olives
Catsup1 cup of tomato sauce plus
1-1/4 cups brown sugar plus
2 Tbsp vinegar plus
1/4 tsp cinnamon plus
pinch of ground cloves and allspice
- or -
1 cup tomato sauce plus
1/2 cup sugar plus
2 Tbsp vinegar
Cayenne Pepper, 1/8 tsp4 drops hot pepper sauce
Chili Sauce, 1 cupCombine:
1 cup catsup or tomato sauce,
1/4 cup brown sugar,
2 Tbsp vinegar, 1/4 tsp cinnamon,
dash of ground cloves and allspice
Chili Seasoning2 parts chili powder and
1 part paprika
Chocolate Cooking Squares
.....German sweet
, 4 squares (4 ozs)
1/4 cup unsweetened cocoa powder plus
1/3 cup sugar plus
3 Tbsp shortening
Chocolate Cooking Square
.....semi-sweet
, 1 square (1 oz)
1 square (1 oz) unsweetened
baking chocolate plus
1 Tbsp sugar
Chocolate Cooking Squares
.....semi-sweet
, 6 squares (6 ozs)
6 ounces semi-sweet chocolate pieces
- or -
6 Tbsp unsweetened cocoa powder plus
1/4 cup sugar plus
1/4 cup shortening
Chocolate Cooking Square
.....unsweetened
, 1 square (1 oz)
3 Tbsp unsweetened cocoa powder plus
1 Tbsp shortening or cooking oil or margerine
Corn Syrup 2 parts sugar to 1 part water and
boil to a syrupy texture.
Corn Syrup, 1 cup1 cup sugar plus 1/4 cup liquid
Corn Syrup, dark, 1 cup3/4 cup light corn syrup plus 1/4 cup molasses,
- or -
1 cup light corn syrup
Cornmeal, self-rising, 1 cup
.....(1 pound=3 cups)
7/8 cup plain cornmeal plus
1-1/2 Tbsp baking powder and 1/2 tsp salt
Cornstarch, 1 Tbsp2 Tbsp all-purpose flour (for thickening)
Cracker Crumbs, 3/4 cup1 cup bread crumbs
Cream, coffeef7/8 cup milk plus 3 Tbsp butter
Cream, half & half
.....(12-16% fat), 1 cup
-or for-
Cream, light
.....(18-20% fat), 1 cup
7/8 cup milk plus 3 Tbsp butter or margarine
(for cooking or baking only)
- or -
1 cup evaporated milk, undiluted
Cream, heavy
.....(36-40% fat), 1 cup
.....(2-1/2 cups whipped)
3/4 cup milk plus 1/3 cup butter or margarine
(for use in cooking and baking only)
Cream, sour, 1 cup 3/4 cup buttermilk or sour milk plus
1/3 cup melted butter
(to make sour milk add 1 Tbsp lemon juice or
white vinegar to 3/4 cup milk and
let stand for 10 minutes)
- or -
1 cup plain yogurt
(in cooking, add
1 Tbsp cornstarch to prevent separating)
- or -
7/8 cup sour milk plus 1/3 cup butter
- or -
1 Tbls lime or lemon juice plus
1/3 cup buttermilk or sour milk plus
1 cup smooth cottage cheese and
blend until smooth
in blender or food processor.
- or -
1-1/8 cups non-fat dry milk powder,
1/2 cup warm water, and 1 Tbsp vinegar
(mixture will thicken in refrigerator in a few hours).
- or -
1 cup evaporated milk at 70F plus
1 Tbsp vinegar (allow to stand until it clabbers).
- or -
3/4 cup buttermilk plus cup cooking oil
- or -
1 cup cottage cheese and
2 or 3 tsp lemon juice, pureed
Cream, whipped
(as a topping)
beat egg whites until stiff, then add
1 sliced banana per egg white;
beat again until bananas are dissolved.
- or -
add melted marshmallows to
the white of an egg and beat until stiff
- or -
1 can of chilled evaporated milk plus
1 tsp lemon juice and whip until stiff.
- or -
Beat until stiff 1/2 cup ice-cold water and
1/2 cup nonfat dry milk, then slowly add
1/2 cup sugar while beating and add
2 Tbsp lemon juice and beat until mixed well.
Cream, whipping, 1 cup
(for use in recipes)
3 cups milk plus 1/3 cup melted butter
- or -
1 cup cream plus 1 Tbsp softened gelatin
Cream Cheesepart skim milk ricotta cheese or
lowfat cottage cheese,
beaten until smooth
Cream of Tartar, 1/2 tsp1-1/2 tsp lemon juice or vinegar
Egg, 1 large 1 egg white and
2-1/4 tsp nonfat dry milk powder and
2 tsp vegetable oil
- or -
2 egg whites
- or -
2 egg whites and
1 to 3 tsp vegetable oil
for each yolk omitted
- or -
2 egg yolks (for custard or puddings)
- or -
2 egg yolks plus 1 Tbsp water
(for cookies or bars)
- or -
2 Tbsp mayonnaise (for cake batter)
- or -
In cookies and cakes only:
2 Tbsp water plus 1/2 tsp baking powder
- or -
In cookie and cake recipes that call for
2 or 3 eggs -- for each egg, use
2 Tbsp flour, 1/2 Tbsp shortening,
1/2 tsp baking powder, and
2 extra Tbsp of
whatever liquid used in the recipe
- or -
1 tsp cornstarch and
4 extra Tbsp of
whatever liquid used in the recipe
- or -
1/2 tsp baking powder plus
1 Tbsp vinegar plus
1 extra Tbsp of
whatever liquid used in the recipe
- or -
2 Tbsp cooking oil plus 1 Tbsp water
Flour, 1 Tbsp (as thickener)1/2 Tbsp potato flour
- or -
1-1/2 tsp cornstarch or arrowroot
- or -
1/2 Tbsp cornstarch or potato starch or
rice starch or arrowroot starch
- or -
1 Tbsp quick-cooking tapioca
Flour, all-purpose, sifted, 1 cup
(1 pound=4 cups sifted
or 3-1/3 cups unsifted)
1 cup minus 2 Tbsp unsifted all-purpose flour
- or -
1 cup plus 2 Tbsp cake flour
Flour, cake, sifted, 1 cup
(1 pound=4-3/4 cups)
1 cup minus 2 Tbsp
sifted all-purpose flour (7/8 cup)
Flour, self-risingall-purpose flour plus
1 tsp baking powder and
tsp of salt per cup of flour
Flour, self-rising, sifted, 1 cup1 cup sifted all-purpose flour plus
1-1/2 Tbsp baking powder plus
1/2 Tbsp salt
Flour, self-rising, unsifted, 1 cup1 cup all-purpose flour plus
1 tsp baking powder plus
1/2 tsp salt plus
1/4 tsp baking soda
Flour, whole wheat, 1 cup
(1 pound=3-3/4 cup)
1 cup all-purpose flour
Garlic, 1 small clove1/8 tsp garlic powder
Half-and-HalfSee Cream, half and half
Herbs, fresh, 1 Tbsp1 tsp dried herbs
Honey, 1 cup1-1/4 cups sugar plus 1/4 cup liquid
KetchupSee Catsup
Leeks, sliced (1/2 cup)1/2 cup sliced shallots or green onions
Lemon Juice, 1 tsp1/2 tsp white vinegar
Mayonnaise, 1 cup
(for use in salads
and salad dressings)
1 cup sour cream
- or -
1 cup yogurt
- or -
1 cup cottage cheese, pureed
Milk, buttermilk or sour milkTake 1 Tbsp vinegar or lemon juice,
place in a measuring cup and
fill with enough milk to make one cup,
do not stir, and
let stand for five minutes before using.
- or -
1-3/4 tsp cream of tartar plus
1 cup sweet milk
- or -
1 cup plain yogurt
Milk, sweetened condensed1 cup plus 2 Tbsp dry milk plus
1/2 cup warm water;
mix well, add 3/4 cup sugar and
3 Tbsp melted butter or margarine;
stir until smooth
- or -
1/3 cup plus 2 T evaporated milk and
1 cup sugar and
3 Tbsp melted butter or margarine;
heat and stir
until sugar and butter dissolve.
Milk, whole, 1 cup1/2 cup evaporated milk plus 1/2 cup water
- or -
same as above plus add
1 Tbsp butter or margerine
- or -
1 cup nonfat milk plus 2 Tbsp melted butter
Molasses, 1 cup1 cup honey
- or -
3/4 cup brown or white sugar plus
1/4 cup more of
liquid used in recipe
- or -
3/4 cup sugar plus 2 tsp baking powder and
increase liquid called for in recipe by 5 Tbsp,
plus decrease baking soda by 1/2 tsp
- or -
3/4 cup sugar and
1-1/4 tsp cream of tartar, plus
increase liquid called for in recipe by 5 Tbsp
Mushrooms, fresh, 1 pound6 ounces canned mushrooms
Mustard, dry, 1 tsp2-1/2 tsp prepared mustard
Nuts, chopped, 1/2 cup1/2 cup crushed corn flakes plus
1/4 tsp almond extract
Oregano, 1 tsp1 tsp marjoram
Pasta,
(substituting one for another)
4 cups COOKED
8 ounces of UNCOOKED
angel hair, bow ties, elbow macaroni,
fettuccine, linguine, medium shells,
mostaccioli, penne, radiatore, rigatoni,
rotini, spaghetti, spirals, twists,
vermicelli or wagon wheels,
all produce about 4 cups COOKED pasta.

8 oz egg noodles UNCOOKED
equals 2-1/2 cups COOKED
- or -
About 2 cups egg noodles UNCOOKED
equals 1 cup COOKED
Pimiento, 2 Tbsp
Note: When "pimiento" peppers
are added to processed cheese, the
cheese is called "pimento" cheese.
Pimiento is sometimes called
Spanish Paprika.
Allspice is made from parts
of the pimiento tree and is
sometimes called "pimento."
1 Tbsp dried red bell peppers, rehydrated
- or -
3 Tbsp fresh red bell pepper, chopped
Poultry Seasoningequal parts of sage, thyme,
oregano and marjoram.
Poultry Seasoning, 1 tsp1/4 tsp ground thyme plus
3/4 tsp ground sage
Pumpkin Pie Spice4 parts cinnamon and
2 parts ginger and
1 part nutmeg
1 part allspice and
a dash of cloves
Pumpkin Pie Spice, 1 tsp1/2 tsp cinnamon, 1/4 tsp ginger and
1/8 tsp each of nutmeg and ground cloves
Red Pepper Sauce, 3 or 4 drops1/8 tsp cayenne pepper
Seasoned Salt1 cup salt, 2-1/4 tsp paprika, 2 tsp dry mustard,
1 tsp dried oregano, 1 tsp garlic powder,
and 1/2 tsp onion powder.
Sesame Seeds, 1 Tbsp1 Tbsp finely chopped blanched almonds
Shrimp, fresh, 1 cup cleaned3/4 pound raw in shell, cleaned and cooked
- or-
7-oz package frozen peeled shrimp, cooked
- or-
4-1/2 oz or 5 oz can of shrimp
Sour CreamSee Cream, sour
Sour MilkSee Milk, buttermilk or sour milk
Sugar, brown, 1 cup firmly packed
(1 pound=2-1/2 cups)
1 cup granulated sugar
- or -
4 Tbsp molasses in 1 cup granulated sugar
Sugar, brown-light, 1 cup1/2 cup dark brown sugar plus
1/2 cup granulated sugar
Sugar, granulated, 1 cup
(1 pound = 2-1/4 cups)
3/4 cup honey and
decrease liquid in recipe
by 1/4 cup per cup in baked goods, and
add 1/2 tsp baking soda
- or -
1 cup corn syrup and
decrease liquid in recipe by 1/4 cup
- or -
1 cup molasses and
decrease liquid in recipe by 1/4 cup
- or -
1 cup firmly packed brown sugar
- or -
2 cups sifted powdered sugar
Sugar, powdered, 1 cup1 cup granulated sugar and
1 tsp cornstarch whirred
in blender until powdered
Tapioca, 2 tsp1 Tbls flour
Tartar Sauce, 1/2 cup6 Tbls mayonnaise or
salad dressing plus
2 Tbls pickle relish
Teriyaki Sauce, 1/4 cup3 Tbsp soy sauce plus 1 Tbsp sherry
- or -
3 Tbsp soy sauce plus
2 Tbsp orange juice or pineapple juice
Tomato Juice, 1 cup1/2 cup tomato sauce and
1/2 cup water
Tomato Sauce, 2 cups3/4 cup tomato paste plus
1 cup water
Tomato Soup, 10-3/4 oz canfor cooking purposes only,
1 cup tomato sauce plus
1/4 cup water
Tomatoes, canned, 1 cup1-1/3 cups chopped fresh tomato
simmered for 10 minutes
Vinegarlemon juice
Vinegar, balsamic, 1 Tbsp1 Tbsp cider vinegar
Whipped CreamSee Cream, whipped
Whipping Cream, 1 cupSee Cream, whipping
Yeast, compressed cake, 1.06 oz.1/4-ounce envelope
- or -
2-1/4 tsp active dry yeast
Yogurt, plain 1 cup1 cup buttermilk
- or-
1 cup cottage cheese, pureed
- or-
1 cup sour cream




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