Due to the poor management of the Domestic Waste from households, the following are some of the effects on the population and the environment;
Solid wastes, when improperly disposed off can be an environmental hazard in that the surrounding environment as well as the fish are affected. This improper damping can lead to death of fish as well as diseases to man e.g. dysentry, cholera and so on.
Some of these wastes can also be very harmful to the atmosphere. These wastes when improperly dumped into the atmosphere can lead to the destruction of the ozone layer and may cause diseases such as cancer. As a result there is problem in global warming. Air pollution can also lead to formation of acidic rain which is dangerous to crop life since it fastens the removal of soil fertility from the surface of the ground.
It also affects drainage. When solid wastes are dumped in drainage channels and gutters, the block the flow of the sewerage. This may cause flooding. At the same time, solid wastes also affect soil drainage which hinders the growing of crops.
Since some of the waste materials are water proof, they can be dangerous to the aeration system of the soil hence hindering agriculture. It also leads to the reduction of fertile cultivatable land in form of dumping sites. This in turn affects the country's since Uganda depends on agriculture for exports.
Waste materials like toxic if consumed by animals can be very dangerous to life and worse still if these wastes are dumped in water bodies. They are dangerous to aquatic life.
Poor solid waste has also led to the death of animals (especially domestic animals). Death of animals like cattle leads to poverty and the death of animals like dogs, leads to insecurity in homes.
Poor Domestic Waste management also displays an ugly scenario of the environment. This can affect the tourism industry, as the tourist may not get attracted to visit the country.
It has also led to the spread of diseases in such away that when wastes like broken bottles and these are dumped anywhere, they collect water in them (when it rains) and this may become a breeding ground for mosquitoes. Wastes like human stool cause diseases when poorly dumped, as the flies will carry the germ from the stool.
It can also lead to human injury. For example, when a person is walking and steps on the broken bottles or nails or even pins (shape objects), he can get injured which may lead to bleeding. (normal these waste shape objects are infected with germs)
Uncontrolled damping of solid waste can lead to wastage of land where we find lots of land being used as damping sites for wastes. These same pieces of land are later on neglected by the inhabitants of the area.
Poor waste management can
be a source of under development around the societies surrounding that
particular area. This ca cause harm to tourist industries of the particular