With this assignment, the paper must fulfill its required length.
Begin this section with the subtitle "The Solution" or "A New Theory" (see formatting page).
The Goal: Provide evidence that shows that the current way is wrong. To do this, you must show understanding of the current way.
For social or political topics
A) Demonstrate that a Problem Actually Exists (offense, pt 1). Goal: So you've got a new idea--so what? What harm is there in the way things are done now? What's wrong with just keeping things the way they are? If it's not broken, we don't want to fix it. Demonstrate that the problem is real.
Possible Strategies: Give anecdotes about individuals harmed. Give statistics about individuals harmed. Show that the way things are done now harms many people, or if it only harms a few people, it harms them deeply.
B) Demonstrate the Cause of the Problem (offense, pt 2). Goal: Show that the problems are tied to the way things are now.
Possible Strategies: Provide evidence that shows that the harm described in part A is caused by the particular law, method, or attitude which the paper is arguing against.
Provide evidence that shows that although the plan presently used is reducing the problem, there remains a gap between results and the desired goal.
For scientific or paranormal topics
Goal: Demonstrate that the current theory is broken. So what if you've got a new idea? What's wrong with the old idea? If it's not broken, we don't want to fix it.
Strategy 1) Show how the current theory fails to explain the actual observations in the field or in the laboratory.
Strategy 2) Challenge the traditional evidence. Show that previous investigators used faulty evidence.
Show that previous investigators intentionally falsified evidence.
Show that traditionally used evidence can't be applied to this case.
Strategy 3) Challenge traditional scientists' interpretation of the evidence; challenge the link between the evidence and their claims about the evidence. Show that previous investigators had preconceived ideas that warped their interpretation of the data.
Show that traditional arguments are outdated.
Show that traditional arguments don't really apply to this case.
For social or political topics:
Goal: Propose the new solution or plan and offer support. Remember--the solution the paper proposes must address the problems that the paper presented in Part A!
Possible Strategies: Provide evidence that the new plan has been tried in other countries, states, or cities and that it has shown positive results in treating the problem described in Part A.
Show that the problem described in Part A has been treated successfully in a model school, experimental hospital, etc. Hypothesize that the experimental plan may work on a larger scale.
Show how a different but similar problem is successfully treated; propose that this treatment could be modified to address the problem described in Part A.
Show that the new plan better fits with currently accepted theories or with investigator's observations and therefore should better treat the problem described in Part A.
For scientific or paranormal topics:
Goal: Present the New Theory and its Evidence.
Strategies: Present new evidence that shows that traditionally accepted evidence may be an anomaly.
Show that new evidence cannot be explained using the traditional theory.
Show how certain evidence fits the new theory better than the old theory.