Descendants of Beli

 

Generation No. 1

 

1.  BELI11 died Unknown.

 

Notes for BELI:

[Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens,  (Carroll and Graf Publishers, New York, 1998), pg. 69.]

[A1] BELI MAWR (the GREAT) A semi-legendary British king who was probably an historical ruler, though any facts have become so covered by the dust of myth that it is impossible to be certain about his true basis. Bel was the name of one of the principal Celtic deities, the god of the sun and of light, and it is not surprising that the name would be adopted by later warrior kings, though how much the episodes about Bel in myth are derived from those of a real king of that name (or vice versa) cannot be determined. To have acquired the cognomen Mawr must mean that Beli was a great king and it is likely that he was one of the first to impose his authority over many of the tribes of Britain, most likely over southern Britain and Wales. The Welsh legends make him the father of LUD and Llefelys and possibley of CASWALLON. Since Caswallon was High King at the time of Caesar's invasion, this would place Beli's existence at the start of the first century BC.  It is possible to trace most of the British and Welsh rulers back to Beli.

Known as: Mawr (The Great)1

Reign: 100 BC, of the Silures Tribe and High King of Britain2

       

Children of BELI are:

2.                i.    LLUD2 AP BELI, d. Unknown.

3.               ii.    CASWALLON AP BELI, d. Unknown.

                 iii.    ADMINIUS AP BELI3, d. Unknown.

 

 

Generation No. 2

 

2.  LLUD2 AP BELI (BELI1)3 died Unknown.

 

Notes for LLUD AP BELI:

[Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens,  (Carroll and Graf Publishers, New York, 1998), pg. 69.]

[A2;P70] LUD or LLUD Legendary king of the British mentioned in Geoffrey of Monmouth's "History." Lud is listed as the eldest son of Heli (or Beli), and the brother of the historically real CASWALLON, which would place Lud's existence at about 60BC. Lud was that rare combination of warrior king and town planner. He rebuilt New Troy, or Trinovantum as it was then known, and renamed it KaerLud after him. This became Lud's Town or London. When he died he was buried by the city wall where Ludgate is named after him. There is a story of Lud in the Welsh tale "Lludd and Llefelys" collected in the 'Mabinogion", wherein Lud consults his brother Llefelys on how to combat three supernatural plagues that are smiting Britain. He succeeds in defeating the source of the plagues and rules peacefully thereafter. This tale, like that of Merlin's, to which it is closely related, may be about a real British prince who ruled later than Geoffrey's Lud, possibly in the first or second century AD. He has become remembered in Wlsh legend as the Celtic god Llud, also known as Nudd, the Celtic form of Nodens. A temple to Nodens was built at Lydney in Glocestershire, where there are other places starting with Lyd-, and which may have some relation to a local prince who assumed the name Lud.

Reign: 70-60 BC, of the Silures Tribe and High King of Britain4

       

Children of LLUD AP BELI are:

4.                i.    PENARDUN3 VERCH LLUD, d. Unknown.

                  ii.    ADMINIUS AP LLUD5, d. Unknown.

 

 

3.  CASWALLON2 AP BELI (BELI1)5 died Unknown.

 

Notes for CASWALLON AP BELI:

[Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens,  (Carroll and Graf Publishers, New York, 1998), pgs. 69-70.]

[A3;P71] CASWALLON or CASSIVELAUNOS Catuvellani, fl 60-c48BC.
The earliest known historical British king, Caswallon (known to the Romans as Cassivelaunos) was ruler of the Catuvellauni tribe who dominated the lands to the north of the Thames, and most of what is now Bedfordshire, Hertfordshire, Berkshire, Oxfordshire and into Wiltshire. His stronghold was at what is now Wheathamstead. We know nothing of Caswallon's background, other than that he was allegedly the son of BELI and brother of LUD. He was evidently a powerful warrior king able to establish himself as the high-king of the British tribes as, before Caesar's invasion of Britain in 55BC, Caswallon had already attacked the tribe of the Trinovantes in Essex and killed their king (see IMANUENTIUS). Other, smaller tribes looked to Caswallon as their overlord and, more importantly, protector, as Caesar prepared for his invasion. It is recorded that Caswallon had an army of over 4,000 charioteers let alone infantry. Even these, though, were no match for the Romans. After a series of battles and sorties, the British were forced into an encampment guarded by stakes along the north side of the Thames. Realising the strength of the Roman army, Caswallon negotiated with Caesar via COMMIUS. Caesar succeeded in exacting tribute and hostages, and returned to Gaul, fearing an uprising of the Gallic tribes. The fact that Caesar was unable to conquer Britain outright says something for the power and determination of the British tribes and of Caswallon as leader. We do not know how much longer Caswallon remained in power. Evidence suggests that he continued to expand his influence during the next ten or twenty years. At some stage around 50 or 45BC he was succeeded by his son Andoco with whom he perhaps showed part of his territory, and subsequently by TASCIOVANUS, who may have been his son or nephew.

Reign: 60-48 BC, of the Catuvellauni Tribe and High King of Britain6

       

Child of CASWALLON AP BELI is:

5.                i.    LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, d. Unknown.

 

 

Generation No. 3

 

4.  PENARDUN3 VERCH LLUD (LLUD2 AP BELI, BELI1)7 died Unknown.  She married LLYR AP CASWALLON7, son of CASWALLON AP BELI.  He died Unknown.

       

Child of PENARDUN VERCH LLUD and LLYR AP CASWALLON is:

6.                i.    BRAN4 AP LLYR, d. Unknown.

 

 

5.  LLYR3 AP CASWALLON (CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)7 died Unknown.  He married PENARDUN VERCH LLUD7, daughter of LLUD AP BELI.  She died Unknown.

       

Child is listed above under (4) Penardun Verch Llud.

 

Generation No. 4

 

6.  BRAN4 AP LLYR (LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)7 died Unknown.

 

More About BRAN AP LLYR:

Known as: The Blessed7

       

Child of BRAN AP LLYR is:

7.                i.    BELI5 AP BRAN, d. Unknown.

 

 

Generation No. 5

 

7.  BELI5 AP BRAN (BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)7 died Unknown.

       

Child of BELI AP BRAN is:

8.                i.    AMALECH6 AP BELI, d. Unknown.

 

 

Generation No. 6

 

8.  AMALECH6 AP BELI (BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)7 died Unknown.

       

Children of AMALECH AP BELI are:

9.                i.    EUGEIN7 AP AMALECH, d. Unknown.

10.             ii.    EUDELEN AP AMALECH, d. Unknown.

 

 

Generation No. 7

 

9.  EUGEIN7 AP AMALECH (AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)7 died Unknown.

       

Child of EUGEIN AP AMALECH is:

11.              i.    BRITHGUEIN8 AP EUGEIN, d. Unknown.

 

 

10.  EUDELEN7 AP AMALECH (AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)7 died Unknown.

       

Child of EUDELEN AP AMALECH is:

12.              i.    EUDAF8 AP EUDELEN, d. Unknown.

 

 

Generation No. 8

 

11.  BRITHGUEIN8 AP EUGEIN (EUGEIN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)7 died Unknown.

       

Child of BRITHGUEIN AP EUGEIN is:

13.              i.    DYFWN9 AP BRITHGUEIN, d. Unknown.

 

 

12.  EUDAF8 AP EUDELEN (EUDELEN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)7 died Unknown.

       

Child of EUDAF AP EUDELEN is:

14.              i.    ELIUD9 AP EUDAF, d. Unknown.

 

 

Generation No. 9

 

13.  DYFWN9 AP BRITHGUEIN (BRITHGUEIN8 AP EUGEIN, EUGEIN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)7 died Unknown.

       

Child of DYFWN AP BRITHGUEIN is:

15.              i.    OUMUN10 AP DYFWN, d. Unknown.

 

 

14.  ELIUD9 AP EUDAF (EUDAF8 AP EUDELEN, EUDELEN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)7 died Unknown.

       

Child of ELIUD AP EUDAF is:

16.              i.    OUTIGERN10 AP ELIUD, d. Unknown.

 

 

Generation No. 10

 

15.  OUMUN10 AP DYFWN (DYFWN9 AP BRITHGUEIN, BRITHGUEIN8 AP EUGEIN, EUGEIN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)7 died Unknown.

       

Child of OUMUN AP DYFWN is:

17.              i.    ANGUERIT11 AP OUMUN, d. Unknown.

 

 

16.  OUTIGERN10 AP ELIUD (ELIUD9 AP EUDAF, EUDAF8 AP EUDELEN, EUDELEN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)7 died Unknown.

       

Child of OUTIGERN AP ELIUD is:

18.              i.    OUDICANT11 AP OUTIGERN, d. Unknown.

 

 

Generation No. 11

 

17.  ANGUERIT11 AP OUMUN (OUMUN10 AP DYFWN, DYFWN9 AP BRITHGUEIN, BRITHGUEIN8 AP EUGEIN, EUGEIN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)7 died Unknown.

       

Child of ANGUERIT AP OUMUN is:

19.              i.    AMGUALYOT12 AP ANGUERIT, d. Unknown.

 

 

18.  OUDICANT11 AP OUTIGERN (OUTIGERN10 AP ELIUD, ELIUD9 AP EUDAF, EUDAF8 AP EUDELEN, EUDELEN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)7 died Unknown.

       

Child of OUDICANT AP OUTIGERN is:

20.              i.    RITIGERN12 AP OUDICANT, d. Unknown.

 

 

Generation No. 12

 

19.  AMGUALYOT12 AP ANGUERIT (ANGUERIT11 AP OUMUN, OUMUN10 AP DYFWN, DYFWN9 AP BRITHGUEIN, BRITHGUEIN8 AP EUGEIN, EUGEIN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)7 died Unknown.

       

Child of AMGUALYOT AP ANGUERIT is:

21.              i.    GURDUMN13 AP AMGUALOYT, d. Unknown.

 

 

20.  RITIGERN12 AP OUDICANT (OUDICANT11 AP OUTIGERN, OUTIGERN10 AP ELIUD, ELIUD9 AP EUDAF, EUDAF8 AP EUDELEN, EUDELEN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)7 died Unknown.

       

Child of RITIGERN AP OUDICANT is:

22.              i.    IUMETEL13 AP RITIGERN, d. Unknown.

 

 

Generation No. 13

 

21.  GURDUMN13 AP AMGUALOYT (AMGUALYOT12 AP ANGUERIT, ANGUERIT11 AP OUMUN, OUMUN10 AP DYFWN, DYFWN9 AP BRITHGUEIN, BRITHGUEIN8 AP EUGEIN, EUGEIN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)7 died Unknown.

       

Child of GURDUMN AP AMGUALOYT is:

23.              i.    DYFWN14 AP GURDUMN, d. Unknown.

 

 

22.  IUMETEL13 AP RITIGERN (RITIGERN12 AP OUDICANT, OUDICANT11 AP OUTIGERN, OUTIGERN10 AP ELIUD, ELIUD9 AP EUDAF, EUDAF8 AP EUDELEN, EUDELEN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)7 died Unknown.

       

Child of IUMETEL AP RITIGERN is:

24.              i.    GRATUS14 AP IUMETEL, d. Unknown.

 

 

Generation No. 14

 

23.  DYFWN14 AP GURDUMN (GURDUMN13 AP AMGUALOYT, AMGUALYOT12 AP ANGUERIT, ANGUERIT11 AP OUMUN, OUMUN10 AP DYFWN, DYFWN9 AP BRITHGUEIN, BRITHGUEIN8 AP EUGEIN, EUGEIN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)7 died Unknown.

       

Child of DYFWN AP GURDUMN is:

25.              i.    GUORDOLI15 AP DYFWN, d. Unknown.

 

 

24.  GRATUS14 AP IUMETEL (IUMETEL13 AP RITIGERN, RITIGERN12 AP OUDICANT, OUDICANT11 AP OUTIGERN, OUTIGERN10 AP ELIUD, ELIUD9 AP EUDAF, EUDAF8 AP EUDELEN, EUDELEN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)7 died Unknown.

       

Child of GRATUS AP IUMETEL is:

26.              i.    ERB15 AP GRATUS, d. Unknown.

 

 

Generation No. 15

 

25.  GUORDOLI15 AP DYFWN (DYFWN14 AP GURDUMN, GURDUMN13 AP AMGUALOYT, AMGUALYOT12 AP ANGUERIT, ANGUERIT11 AP OUMUN, OUMUN10 AP DYFWN, DYFWN9 AP BRITHGUEIN, BRITHGUEIN8 AP EUGEIN, EUGEIN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)7 died Unknown.

       

Child of GUORDOLI AP DYFWN is:

27.              i.    DOLI16 AP GUORDOLI, d. Unknown.

 

 

26.  ERB15 AP GRATUS (GRATUS14 AP IUMETEL, IUMETEL13 AP RITIGERN, RITIGERN12 AP OUDICANT, OUDICANT11 AP OUTIGERN, OUTIGERN10 AP ELIUD, ELIUD9 AP EUDAF, EUDAF8 AP EUDELEN, EUDELEN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)7 died Unknown.

       

Child of ERB AP GRATUS is:

28.              i.    TELPUIL16 AP ERB, d. Unknown.

 

 

Generation No. 16

 

27.  DOLI16 AP GUORDOLI (GUORDOLI15 AP DYFWN, DYFWN14 AP GURDUMN, GURDUMN13 AP AMGUALOYT, AMGUALYOT12 AP ANGUERIT, ANGUERIT11 AP OUMUN, OUMUN10 AP DYFWN, DYFWN9 AP BRITHGUEIN, BRITHGUEIN8 AP EUGEIN, EUGEIN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)7 died Unknown.

       

Child of DOLI AP GUORDOLI is:

29.              i.    GUORCEIN17 AP DOLI, d. Unknown.

 

 

28.  TELPUIL16 AP ERB (ERB15 AP GRATUS, GRATUS14 AP IUMETEL, IUMETEL13 AP RITIGERN, RITIGERN12 AP OUDICANT, OUDICANT11 AP OUTIGERN, OUTIGERN10 AP ELIUD, ELIUD9 AP EUDAF, EUDAF8 AP EUDELEN, EUDELEN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)7 died Unknown.

       

Child of TELPUIL AP ERB is:

30.              i.    TEUHVANT17 AP TELPUIL, d. Unknown.

 

 

Generation No. 17

 

29.  GUORCEIN17 AP DOLI (DOLI16 AP GUORDOLI, GUORDOLI15 AP DYFWN, DYFWN14 AP GURDUMN, GURDUMN13 AP AMGUALOYT, AMGUALYOT12 AP ANGUERIT, ANGUERIT11 AP OUMUN, OUMUN10 AP DYFWN, DYFWN9 AP BRITHGUEIN, BRITHGUEIN8 AP EUGEIN, EUGEIN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)7 died Unknown.

       

Child of GUORCEIN AP DOLI is:

31.              i.    CEIN18 AP GUORCEIN, d. Unknown.

 

 

30.  TEUHVANT17 AP TELPUIL (TELPUIL16 AP ERB, ERB15 AP GRATUS, GRATUS14 AP IUMETEL, IUMETEL13 AP RITIGERN, RITIGERN12 AP OUDICANT, OUDICANT11 AP OUTIGERN, OUTIGERN10 AP ELIUD, ELIUD9 AP EUDAF, EUDAF8 AP EUDELEN, EUDELEN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)7 died Unknown.

       

Child of TEUHVANT AP TELPUIL is:

32.              i.    TEGFAN18 AP TEUHVANT, d. Unknown.

 

 

Generation No. 18

 

31.  CEIN18 AP GUORCEIN (GUORCEIN17 AP DOLI, DOLI16 AP GUORDOLI, GUORDOLI15 AP DYFWN, DYFWN14 AP GURDUMN, GURDUMN13 AP AMGUALOYT, AMGUALYOT12 AP ANGUERIT, ANGUERIT11 AP OUMUN, OUMUN10 AP DYFWN, DYFWN9 AP BRITHGUEIN, BRITHGUEIN8 AP EUGEIN, EUGEIN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)7 died Unknown.

       

Child of CEIN AP GUORCEIN is:

33.              i.    TEGID19 AP CEIN, b. Abt. 314, of Wales; d. Unknown.

 

 

32.  TEGFAN18 AP TEUHVANT (TEUHVANT17 AP TELPUIL, TELPUIL16 AP ERB, ERB15 AP GRATUS, GRATUS14 AP IUMETEL, IUMETEL13 AP RITIGERN, RITIGERN12 AP OUDICANT, OUDICANT11 AP OUTIGERN, OUTIGERN10 AP ELIUD, ELIUD9 AP EUDAF, EUDAF8 AP EUDELEN, EUDELEN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)7 died Unknown.

       

Child of TEGFAN AP TEUHVANT is:

34.              i.    GUOTEPAUC19 AP TEGFAN, d. Unknown.

 

 

Generation No. 19

 

33.  TEGID19 AP CEIN (CEIN18 AP GUORCEIN, GUORCEIN17 AP DOLI, DOLI16 AP GUORDOLI, GUORDOLI15 AP DYFWN, DYFWN14 AP GURDUMN, GURDUMN13 AP AMGUALOYT, AMGUALYOT12 AP ANGUERIT, ANGUERIT11 AP OUMUN, OUMUN10 AP DYFWN, DYFWN9 AP BRITHGUEIN, BRITHGUEIN8 AP EUGEIN, EUGEIN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)8,9 was born Abt. 314 in of Wales10, and died Unknown.

 

More About TEGID AP CEIN:

Ancestral File Number: MQR8-35

       

Child of TEGID AP CEIN is:

35.              i.    PADARN20 AP TEGID, b. Abt. 339, of Wales; d. Unknown.

 

 

34.  GUOTEPAUC19 AP TEGFAN (TEGFAN18 AP TEUHVANT, TEUHVANT17 AP TELPUIL, TELPUIL16 AP ERB, ERB15 AP GRATUS, GRATUS14 AP IUMETEL, IUMETEL13 AP RITIGERN, RITIGERN12 AP OUDICANT, OUDICANT11 AP OUTIGERN, OUTIGERN10 AP ELIUD, ELIUD9 AP EUDAF, EUDAF8 AP EUDELEN, EUDELEN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)11 died Unknown.

       

Child of GUOTEPAUC AP TEGFAN is:

36.              i.    COEL20 AP GUOTEPAUC, d. 430.

 

 

Generation No. 20

 

35.  PADARN20 AP TEGID (TEGID19 AP CEIN, CEIN18 AP GUORCEIN, GUORCEIN17 AP DOLI, DOLI16 AP GUORDOLI, GUORDOLI15 AP DYFWN, DYFWN14 AP GURDUMN, GURDUMN13 AP AMGUALOYT, AMGUALYOT12 AP ANGUERIT, ANGUERIT11 AP OUMUN, OUMUN10 AP DYFWN, DYFWN9 AP BRITHGUEIN, BRITHGUEIN8 AP EUGEIN, EUGEIN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)12 was born Abt. 339 in of Wales12, and died Unknown.

 

More About PADARN AP TEGID:

Ancestral File Number: MQQJ-CJ

       

Child of PADARN AP TEGID is:

37.              i.    EDERN21 AP PADARN, b. Abt. 364, of Wales; d. Unknown.

 

 

36.  COEL20 AP GUOTEPAUC (GUOTEPAUC19 AP TEGFAN, TEGFAN18 AP TEUHVANT, TEUHVANT17 AP TELPUIL, TELPUIL16 AP ERB, ERB15 AP GRATUS, GRATUS14 AP IUMETEL, IUMETEL13 AP RITIGERN, RITIGERN12 AP OUDICANT, OUDICANT11 AP OUTIGERN, OUTIGERN10 AP ELIUD, ELIUD9 AP EUDAF, EUDAF8 AP EUDELEN, EUDELEN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)13 died 43014.  He married YSTRADAL VERCH CADFAN15, daughter of CADFAN AP CYNAN.  She died Unknown.

 

Notes for COEL AP GUOTEPAUC:

[Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens,  (Carroll and Graf Publishers, New York, 1998), pgs. 97-98.]

[DA1;P84] COEL "HEN" (THE OLD) Ruler of the northern Britons, c410s-c430s
Whether the nursery rhyme about Old King Cole has any connection with the real King Cole is unlikely, but that a real King Coel existed is indisputable, although records of him survive only from later songs and genealogies. He was almost certainly a native Briton whose forebears had probably been high-ranking individuals amongst the Romano-British nobility. He was likely to be either from the British tribe of the Brigantes or, more likely, the Votadini. In the late fourth century and early fifth century the northern frontier of the Roman empire, which had retrenched along Hadrian's Wall, came under fierce attack from the Picts to the north. Following the withdrawal of support from Rome in 410, the British were left to fend for themselves. In such events leaders emerge, and it was under these circumstances that Coel emerged. Whether he was a "dux bellorum," as John Morris has suggested, is not proven, but there is little doubt that he met the need for strong leadership to protect the northern British against the Picts as well as from incursions by the Irish who, over the last century, had made regular forays into the Galloway territory of what is now Scotland. Coel has become the name associated with whichever leader first took control during this period of considerable unrest. Gildas and others record this as a period of civil wars, invasions and ultimately famine. It lasted for about a generation from some time after 410 to around 450. That period also saw the arrival of Saxons or other Germanic adventurers who probably came as mercenaries to help in Coel's army rather than as invaders. Some may have received land in payment. It has been conjectured that HENGEST's lieutenant OISC (sometimes described as his son) could have been the leader of these Germans, perhaps of a second and more significant wave that came across in the 440s and 470s.
     The extent of Coel's "kingdom" is uncertain. It is possible that it extended as far south as York, perhaps to a line between the Humber and the Mersey, and possibly as far north as the Antonine Wall between the Forth and the Clyde. This is a vast territory, too much for one man to govern, and covering more than one tribe. Coel would almost certainly have appointed a number of commanders, perhaps the leaders of the individual tribes. Whether or not these were related to him as later genealogies suggest can neither be proved not disproved. One son, GARBANIAWN (or Germanianus), ruled the southern Votadini, the territory known to the British as Bryneich, which became Bernicia under the Angles. Coel's son-in-law, CUNEDDA, ruled the territory of the northern Votadini, the also known as the Gododdin, a realm later known as Lothian (from the ruler Lewdwn or LEUDONUS). Another son, Cenen or CENEU, seems to have taken command of the lands south of Bryneich, around York, firmly in the territory of the eastern Brigantes, which later became known as Deira but at this time probably known as Catraeth. To the west was CERETIC who commanded the territory of the Clyde, including Galloway and probably down into Cumbria, the territory of the Novantae and Selgovae. It is difficult to say for sure how definite these commands were. Coel might have moved his commanders about or, more likely, perhaps during or soon after his death the old tribal enmities returned with leaders fighting for supremacy. Whatever the case, their final power bases almost certainly formed the core of later (mostly short-lived) British kingdoms. Coel's own headquarters are variously stated as being at York or in the area around Ayr, which is now called Kyle, possibly named after him. Coel seems to have dominated this area for perhaps twenty years, possibly up until the year 430 or beyond. One legend has it that he died fighting the Irish near Ayr.
     There is certainly no truth in the stories perpetuated by Geoffrey of Monmouth that Coel was the duke of Colchester, and that his daughter Helena married the Roman emperor CONSTANTIUS. It seems that Colchester later adopted Coel as its own patron, because of the similarity of names. It is true that later generations of rulers in northern Britain claimed themselves as "sons of Coel". Whether this was literal, or whether it meant they had inherited the lands that he ruled, we cannot be sure. The most famous amongst them are DUMNAGUAK (or Dyfnwal), MORCANT, ELEUTHER, PEREDUR and PABO.

Known as: Hen, "The Old," "Old King Cole"15

Reign: Bet. 410 - 430, King of the Northern Britons16

       

Children of COEL AP GUOTEPAUC and YSTRADAL VERCH CADFAN are:

38.              i.    GARBANIAWN21 AP COEL, b. Bef. 388; d. Unknown.

39.             ii.    GWAWL VERCH COEL, b. Abt. 388, of Wales; d. Unknown.

40.            iii.    CENEU AP COEL, b. Aft. 388; d. Bet. 470 - 479.

 

 

Generation No. 21

 

37.  EDERN21 AP PADARN (PADARN20 AP TEGID, TEGID19 AP CEIN, CEIN18 AP GUORCEIN, GUORCEIN17 AP DOLI, DOLI16 AP GUORDOLI, GUORDOLI15 AP DYFWN, DYFWN14 AP GURDUMN, GURDUMN13 AP AMGUALOYT, AMGUALYOT12 AP ANGUERIT, ANGUERIT11 AP OUMUN, OUMUN10 AP DYFWN, DYFWN9 AP BRITHGUEIN, BRITHGUEIN8 AP EUGEIN, EUGEIN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)17 was born Abt. 364 in of Wales17, and died Unknown.

 

More About EDERN AP PADARN:

Ancestral File Number: HPGD-GG

       

Child of EDERN AP PADARN is:

41.              i.    CUNEDDA22 AP EDERN, b. Abt. 386, of County Cardigan, Wales; d. Unknown.

 

 

38.  GARBANIAWN21 AP COEL (COEL20 AP GUOTEPAUC, GUOTEPAUC19 AP TEGFAN, TEGFAN18 AP TEUHVANT, TEUHVANT17 AP TELPUIL, TELPUIL16 AP ERB, ERB15 AP GRATUS, GRATUS14 AP IUMETEL, IUMETEL13 AP RITIGERN, RITIGERN12 AP OUDICANT, OUDICANT11 AP OUTIGERN, OUTIGERN10 AP ELIUD, ELIUD9 AP EUDAF, EUDAF8 AP EUDELEN, EUDELEN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)18 was born Bef. 38818, and died Unknown.

 

Notes for GARBANIAWN AP COEL:

[Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens,  (Carroll and Graf Publishers, New York, 1998), pg. 99.]

[DA3] GARBANIAWN or GERMANIANUS Ruler of the southern Votadini, in Bryneich around c430s to 450s. The later genealogies treat him as the son of COEL and the father of Dumnagual "Moilmut". Nothing more is known about either of them, but it is likely that their main fort was at Bamburgh, and that most of their lives would have been spent in fighting the Picts and the increasing onslaught of the Angles and Saxons who began to harry the eastern coasts during Garbaniawn's reign. He may be the same as Geoffrey of Monmouth's Gorbonianus, whom he records as a benign and peaceful king.

Reign: Bet. 430 - 450, Ruler of the Southern Votadini19

       

Child of GARBANIAWN AP COEL is:

42.              i.    DUMNAGUAL22 AP GARBANIAWN, d. Unknown.

 

 

39.  GWAWL21 VERCH COEL (COEL20 AP GUOTEPAUC, GUOTEPAUC19 AP TEGFAN, TEGFAN18 AP TEUHVANT, TEUHVANT17 AP TELPUIL, TELPUIL16 AP ERB, ERB15 AP GRATUS, GRATUS14 AP IUMETEL, IUMETEL13 AP RITIGERN, RITIGERN12 AP OUDICANT, OUDICANT11 AP OUTIGERN, OUTIGERN10 AP ELIUD, ELIUD9 AP EUDAF, EUDAF8 AP EUDELEN, EUDELEN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)20 was born Abt. 388 in of Wales20, and died Unknown.  She married CUNEDDA AP EDERN20 in North Wales20, son of EDERN AP PADARN.  He was born Abt. 386 in of County Cardigan, Wales20, and died Unknown.

 

More About GWAWL VERCH COEL:

Ancestral File Number: MQR7-H3

 

Notes for CUNEDDA AP EDERN:

[Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens,  (Carroll and Graf Publishers, New York, 1998), pg. 99.]

[DA4] CUNEDDA  Ruler of northern Britain but subsequently founder of the Venedotian kingdom of Gwynnedd.

[Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens,  (Carroll and Graf Publishers, New York, 1998), pgs. 141 and 142.]

[ED1;DA4] CUNEDDA  Lothian (Gododdin), 430s; North Wales, 450s-c460s.
Cunedda is one of the founding fathers of the Welsh royal dynasties, which means he has attracted as much tradition as history. There can be little doubt that he really existerd, but how much of his life we can consider genuine is difficult to say, although there is nothing to dispute the generally accepted story. The name Cunedda is better known today as Kenneth, and it derives from the Celtic Counodagos, meaning "good lord", and is related to the later named Cinead, meaning "born of fire". Both of these derivations may be significant in Cunedda's case, as his genealogy (if it is correct) makes him the grandson of Padarn Beisrudd, which translates as Paternus of the Scarlet Cloak. Paternus was almost certainly a Roman official of high rank who, sometime around the year 388 was placed in command of the troops in the area of the Votadini or the Gododdin, in what later became Bernicia and Lothian. It is not quite certain whether Paternus had authority over the whole of this territory, or whether his domain was either south or north of the Wall. This command probably continued through Paternus's son, Eternus, to Cunedda who, around the year 430, effectively became the leader of the tribes of the Votadini, although he may not have been native to them. At this time Cunedda would have been heavily involved in the wars against the Picts who were threatening the lands south of Hadrian's Wall. During this period Cunedda married Gwawl, the daughter of COEL "HEN".
     Around the year 450 the problems throughout Britain became acute. Famine ravaged the land and Britain was beset by further invasions from the Saxons to the east and the Irish to the west. At this time, perhaps under instruction from the high king of the British (see VORTIGERN), Cunedda and his family moved south, leaving his eldest son, Tybion, in control in the north. Cunedda's role was to protect Wales from the invasions of the Irish. He established himself in north Wales, in the territory of the Venedotians, which he became the core of the later kingdom of Gwynedd. Cunedda succeeded in holding the Irish incursions at bay, although he was never able to drive them out of Demetia, in south-west Wales. It is not certain where Cunedda established his base, though the old Roman fort at Chester is the most likely.
     We know little about Cunedda himself, although his name may suggest a powerful lod with an aristocratic bearing. He certainly needed to be authoritative to command respect from the beleaguered Romano-British forces, though the degree of his success was plainly limited. A battle poem celebrating his successes calls him Cunedda the Lion, which is probably testament to his strength and courage. Although his dates are subject to degrees of uncertainty, he was probably born around the year 400 and may have lived into his 60s. Later tradition ascribed him nine sons, from whom territories of northern and central Wales derived their names, though it was not until the tenth century that the genealogies linked these to Cunedda. It is thus difficult to know for certain how many children Cunedda had and how these were linked to later generations of rulers, CEREDIG and EINION have separate entries.

Ancestral File Number: HPGD-CX

Known as: Wledig

 

More About CUNEDDA AP EDERN and GWAWL VERCH COEL:

Marriage: North Wales20

       

Children of GWAWL VERCH COEL and CUNEDDA AP EDERN are:

43.              i.    DUNANT22 AP CUNEDDA, d. Unknown.

44.             ii.    TYBION AP CUNEDDA, b. Abt. 408, of Meirionydd, County Merionethshire, Wales; d. Unknown.

                 iii.    EDERN AP CUNEDDA20, b. Abt. 410, of Edeirnion, County Merionethshire, Wales20; d. Unknown.

More About EDERN AP CUNEDDA:

Ancestral File Number: MQQH-RG

                 iv.    RHUFON AP CUNEDDA20, b. Abt. 411, of Rhufoniog, County Denbighshire, Wales20; d. Unknown.

More About RHUFON AP CUNEDDA:

Ancestral File Number: MQQH-SM

45.             v.    CEREDIG AP CUNEDDA, b. Abt. 413, of County Ceredigion, Wales; d. Unknown.

                 vi.    AFLOEG AP CUNEDDA20, b. Abt. 414, of Cafflogion, Llyn, County Caernarvonshire, Wales20; d. Unknown.

More About AFLOEG AP CUNEDDA:

Ancestral File Number: MQQH-V0

                vii.    YSFAEL AP CUNEDDA20,21, b. Abt. 416, of Wales22; d. Unknown.

More About YSFAEL AP CUNEDDA:

Ancestral File Number: QL4T-DW

46.          viii.    EINION AP CUNEDDA, b. Abt. 417, of North Wales; d. Unknown.

                  ix.    DUNOG AP CUNEDDA22, b. Abt. 419, of County Dunoding, Wales22; d. Unknown.

More About DUNOG AP CUNEDDA:

Ancestral File Number: MQQJ-20

                   x.    TEGID VERCH CUNEDDA22, b. Abt. 420, of Wales22; d. Unknown.

More About TEGID VERCH CUNEDDA:

Ancestral File Number: MQQJ-1S

                  xi.    DOGFAEL AP CUNEDDA22, b. Abt. 422, of Dogfeiling, Dyffryn Clwyd, County Denbighshire, Wales22; d. Unknown.

More About DOGFAEL AP CUNEDDA:

Ancestral File Number: MQQJ-0M

                 xii.    GWEN VERCH CUNEDDA22, b. Abt. 424, of Wales22; d. Unknown.

More About GWEN VERCH CUNEDDA:

Ancestral File Number: MQQH-ZH

                xiii.    GWRON AP CUNEDDA22, b. Abt. 426, of Wales22; d. Unknown.

More About GWRON AP CUNEDDA:

Ancestral File Number: MQR7-Q9

 

 

40.  CENEU21 AP COEL (COEL20 AP GUOTEPAUC, GUOTEPAUC19 AP TEGFAN, TEGFAN18 AP TEUHVANT, TEUHVANT17 AP TELPUIL, TELPUIL16 AP ERB, ERB15 AP GRATUS, GRATUS14 AP IUMETEL, IUMETEL13 AP RITIGERN, RITIGERN12 AP OUDICANT, OUDICANT11 AP OUTIGERN, OUTIGERN10 AP ELIUD, ELIUD9 AP EUDAF, EUDAF8 AP EUDELEN, EUDELEN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)23 was born Aft. 38823, and died Bet. 470 - 47924.

 

Notes for CENEU AP COEL:

[Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens,  (Carroll and Graf Publishers, New York, 1998), pg. 99.]

[DA5] CENEU or CENEN Ruler of the southern Votadini or of the Brigantes in Yorkshire, probably 450s to 470s. It may have been him who faced the settlement of Deira by SOEMIL. (See under AELLE or COEL "HEN" for details.)

Reign: Bet. 450 - 470, Ruler of the Rheged and Catraeth (equal to Cumbria and York)24

       

Children of CENEU AP COEL are:

47.              i.    GURGUST22 AP CENEU, d. Abt. 500.

48.             ii.    CENEU AP CENEU, d. Unknown.

49.            iii.    MASGUIC AP CENEU, d. Unknown.

50.            iv.    MOR AP CENEU, d. Unknown.

51.             v.    PABO AP CENEU, b. Abt. 460; d. 530.

 

 

Generation No. 22

 

41.  CUNEDDA22 AP EDERN (EDERN21 AP PADARN, PADARN20 AP TEGID, TEGID19 AP CEIN, CEIN18 AP GUORCEIN, GUORCEIN17 AP DOLI, DOLI16 AP GUORDOLI, GUORDOLI15 AP DYFWN, DYFWN14 AP GURDUMN, GURDUMN13 AP AMGUALOYT, AMGUALYOT12 AP ANGUERIT, ANGUERIT11 AP OUMUN, OUMUN10 AP DYFWN, DYFWN9 AP BRITHGUEIN, BRITHGUEIN8 AP EUGEIN, EUGEIN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)25 was born Abt. 386 in of County Cardigan, Wales25, and died Unknown.  He married GWAWL VERCH COEL25 in North Wales25, daughter of COEL AP GUOTEPAUC and YSTRADAL VERCH CADFAN.  She was born Abt. 388 in of Wales25, and died Unknown.

 

Notes for CUNEDDA AP EDERN:

[Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens,  (Carroll and Graf Publishers, New York, 1998), pg. 99.]

[DA4] CUNEDDA  Ruler of northern Britain but subsequently founder of the Venedotian kingdom of Gwynnedd.

[Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens,  (Carroll and Graf Publishers, New York, 1998), pgs. 141 and 142.]

[ED1;DA4] CUNEDDA  Lothian (Gododdin), 430s; North Wales, 450s-c460s.
Cunedda is one of the founding fathers of the Welsh royal dynasties, which means he has attracted as much tradition as history. There can be little doubt that he really existerd, but how much of his life we can consider genuine is difficult to say, although there is nothing to dispute the generally accepted story. The name Cunedda is better known today as Kenneth, and it derives from the Celtic Counodagos, meaning "good lord", and is related to the later named Cinead, meaning "born of fire". Both of these derivations may be significant in Cunedda's case, as his genealogy (if it is correct) makes him the grandson of Padarn Beisrudd, which translates as Paternus of the Scarlet Cloak. Paternus was almost certainly a Roman official of high rank who, sometime around the year 388 was placed in command of the troops in the area of the Votadini or the Gododdin, in what later became Bernicia and Lothian. It is not quite certain whether Paternus had authority over the whole of this territory, or whether his domain was either south or north of the Wall. This command probably continued through Paternus's son, Eternus, to Cunedda who, around the year 430, effectively became the leader of the tribes of the Votadini, although he may not have been native to them. At this time Cunedda would have been heavily involved in the wars against the Picts who were threatening the lands south of Hadrian's Wall. During this period Cunedda married Gwawl, the daughter of COEL "HEN".
     Around the year 450 the problems throughout Britain became acute. Famine ravaged the land and Britain was beset by further invasions from the Saxons to the east and the Irish to the west. At this time, perhaps under instruction from the high king of the British (see VORTIGERN), Cunedda and his family moved south, leaving his eldest son, Tybion, in control in the north. Cunedda's role was to protect Wales from the invasions of the Irish. He established himself in north Wales, in the territory of the Venedotians, which he became the core of the later kingdom of Gwynedd. Cunedda succeeded in holding the Irish incursions at bay, although he was never able to drive them out of Demetia, in south-west Wales. It is not certain where Cunedda established his base, though the old Roman fort at Chester is the most likely.
     We know little about Cunedda himself, although his name may suggest a powerful lod with an aristocratic bearing. He certainly needed to be authoritative to command respect from the beleaguered Romano-British forces, though the degree of his success was plainly limited. A battle poem celebrating his successes calls him Cunedda the Lion, which is probably testament to his strength and courage. Although his dates are subject to degrees of uncertainty, he was probably born around the year 400 and may have lived into his 60s. Later tradition ascribed him nine sons, from whom territories of northern and central Wales derived their names, though it was not until the tenth century that the genealogies linked these to Cunedda. It is thus difficult to know for certain how many children Cunedda had and how these were linked to later generations of rulers, CEREDIG and EINION have separate entries.

Ancestral File Number: HPGD-CX

Known as: Wledig

 

More About GWAWL VERCH COEL:

Ancestral File Number: MQR7-H3

 

More About CUNEDDA AP EDERN and GWAWL VERCH COEL:

Marriage: North Wales25

       

Children are listed above under (39) Gwawl Verch Coel.

 

 

42.  DUMNAGUAL22 AP GARBANIAWN (GARBANIAWN21 AP COEL, COEL20 AP GUOTEPAUC, GUOTEPAUC19 AP TEGFAN, TEGFAN18 AP TEUHVANT, TEUHVANT17 AP TELPUIL, TELPUIL16 AP ERB, ERB15 AP GRATUS, GRATUS14 AP IUMETEL, IUMETEL13 AP RITIGERN, RITIGERN12 AP OUDICANT, OUDICANT11 AP OUTIGERN, OUTIGERN10 AP ELIUD, ELIUD9 AP EUDAF, EUDAF8 AP EUDELEN, EUDELEN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)26 died Unknown.

 

More About DUMNAGUAL AP GARBANIAWN:

Known as: Moilmut26

       

Children of DUMNAGUAL AP GARBANIAWN are:

                   i.    BRAN23 AP DUMNAGUAL26, d. Unknown.

Notes for BRAN AP DUMNAGUAL:

[Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens,  (Carroll and Graf Publishers, New York, 1998), pg. 99.]

[DA9] BRAN "HEN" (the OLD) Chieftain of the Votadini, fl 500s. Bran's name is recorded amongst the genealogies of the Men of the North and it is likely that he ruled the area of the Votadini soon after LEUDONUS. From his nickname, "the Old", we must assume that he was either old when he became chieftain, or succeeded in surviving for longer than most during these turbulent times. That suggests that he came to some agreement with the Angles, who by now were settling along the eastern coastline and Bran's time may therefore have been one of relative calm. Since his reign would coincide with that of the legendary ARTHUR, he may well have been part of that period of prosperity.

Known as: Hen or "The Old"26

Reign: 500, Votadini (may be Gododdin and Bryneich)27

52.             ii.    CINCAR AP DUMNAGUAL, d. Unknown.

 

 

43.  DUNANT22 AP CUNEDDA (CUNEDDA22 AP EDERN, EDERN21 AP PADARN, PADARN20 AP TEGID, TEGID19 AP CEIN, CEIN18 AP GUORCEIN, GUORCEIN17 AP DOLI, DOLI16 AP GUORDOLI, GUORDOLI15 AP DYFWN, DYFWN14 AP GURDUMN, GURDUMN13 AP AMGUALOYT, AMGUALYOT12 AP ANGUERIT, ANGUERIT11 AP OUMUN, OUMUN10 AP DYFWN, DYFWN9 AP BRITHGUEIN, BRITHGUEIN8 AP EUGEIN, EUGEIN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)28 died Unknown.

 

Notes for DUNANT AP CUNEDDA:

[Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens,  (Carroll and Graf Publishers, New York, 1998), pg. 162.]

EI. DUNODING
This kingdom was just north of Merioneth and covered the territories around the north-east of Cardigan Bay which subsequently became subject to Gwynedd. It received its name from Dunant (fl 460s), a son of Cunedda. .

The king list details Dunant's successors as Ebiaun, Dinacat, Meurig, Ebiaun (II), Isaac, Podgen, Poddelgu, Ebiaun (III), Brochmael, Eiciawn, Iouanaul, Ceredig, Bleidudd and Cuhelin. The dynasty may have remained relatively autonymous until the time of Rhodri Mawr in the mid ninth century. Nothing is known about these kings and we must treat them as little more than vassals to the kings of Gwynedd.

Reign: Bet. 460 - 469, Ruler of Dunoding29

       

Child of DUNANT AP CUNEDDA is:

53.              i.    EBIAUN23 AP DUNANT, d. Unknown.

 

 

44.  TYBION22 AP CUNEDDA (CUNEDDA22 AP EDERN, EDERN21 AP PADARN, PADARN20 AP TEGID, TEGID19 AP CEIN, CEIN18 AP GUORCEIN, GUORCEIN17 AP DOLI, DOLI16 AP GUORDOLI, GUORDOLI15 AP DYFWN, DYFWN14 AP GURDUMN, GURDUMN13 AP AMGUALOYT, AMGUALYOT12 AP ANGUERIT, ANGUERIT11 AP OUMUN, OUMUN10 AP DYFWN, DYFWN9 AP BRITHGUEIN, BRITHGUEIN8 AP EUGEIN, EUGEIN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)30 was born Abt. 408 in of Meirionydd, County Merionethshire, Wales30, and died Unknown.

 

More About TYBION AP CUNEDDA:

Ancestral File Number: MQQH-Q9

       

Child of TYBION AP CUNEDDA is:

54.              i.    MEIRION23 AP TYBION, d. Unknown.

 

 

45.  CEREDIG22 AP CUNEDDA (CUNEDDA22 AP EDERN, EDERN21 AP PADARN, PADARN20 AP TEGID, TEGID19 AP CEIN, CEIN18 AP GUORCEIN, GUORCEIN17 AP DOLI, DOLI16 AP GUORDOLI, GUORDOLI15 AP DYFWN, DYFWN14 AP GURDUMN, GURDUMN13 AP AMGUALOYT, AMGUALYOT12 AP ANGUERIT, ANGUERIT11 AP OUMUN, OUMUN10 AP DYFWN, DYFWN9 AP BRITHGUEIN, BRITHGUEIN8 AP EUGEIN, EUGEIN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)30 was born Abt. 413 in of County Ceredigion, Wales30, and died Unknown.  He married ELERI VERCH BRYCHAN31, daughter of BRYCHAN AP ANLACH and MARCHELL VERCH TEWDRIG.  She died Unknown.

 

Notes for CEREDIG AP CUNEDDA:

[Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens,  (Carroll and Graf Publishers, New York, 1998), pg. 131.]

[EB1] CEREDIG Ceredigion, fl 470s.
Ceredig is the eponymous founder of Ceredigion, and supposed son of CUNEDDA. His existence, though, is subject to doubt, and his name may have been assumed by working back from the name of the territory. If he existed, he must have been a younger son of Cunedda, as EINION inherited the heartland of Venedotia (Gwynedd), while Ceredig inherited the coastal territory of west Wales. He probably ruled it as a sub-kingdom of Gwynedd, assuming it existed as a kingdom at all at that time. There is some archaeological evidence to suggest that the southern part of Ceredigion was culturally part of Dyfed and thus had closer Irish connections. Ceredig is recorded as marrying Eleri, the daughter of BRYCHAN, which, if true, would place him closer to the early sixth century. Two of Ceredig's daughters married the native rulers of Gwent and Glywysing (see TEITHFALLT and GLYWYS) suggesting that Ceredig was keen to develop alliances in south Wales. It is just possible that this Ceredig bears some relation to CERETIC, the ruler of Alclud, for although the latter is clearly identified with Dumbarton, both would have had opportunities to undertake slave trading in Ireland.

Ancestral File Number: MQQH-TS

Reign: 470, Ruler of Ceredigion32

       

Children of CEREDIG AP CUNEDDA and ELERI VERCH BRYCHAN are:

55.              i.    CORUN23 VERCH CEREDIG, d. Unknown.

56.             ii.    GWAWL VERCH CEREDIG, d. Unknown.

57.            iii.    IUSAY AP CEREDIG, d. Unknown.

58.            iv.    SANDDE AP CEREDIG, d. Unknown.

 

 

46.  EINION22 AP CUNEDDA (CUNEDDA22 AP EDERN, EDERN21 AP PADARN, PADARN20 AP TEGID, TEGID19 AP CEIN, CEIN18 AP GUORCEIN, GUORCEIN17 AP DOLI, DOLI16 AP GUORDOLI, GUORDOLI15 AP DYFWN, DYFWN14 AP GURDUMN, GURDUMN13 AP AMGUALOYT, AMGUALYOT12 AP ANGUERIT, ANGUERIT11 AP OUMUN, OUMUN10 AP DYFWN, DYFWN9 AP BRITHGUEIN, BRITHGUEIN8 AP EUGEIN, EUGEIN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)33 was born Abt. 417 in of North Wales33, and died Unknown.  He married PRAWST VERCH TIDLET33.  She was born Abt. 422 in of County Powys, Wales33, and died Unknown.

 

Notes for EINION AP CUNEDDA:

[Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens,  (Carroll and Graf Publishers, New York, 1998), pg. 142.]

[ED2] EINION "YRTH" Venedos (Gwynedd), c470s-c480s.
Little is recorded of Einion's period of authority. As one of the sons of CUNEDDA he must have been highly respected, and the fact that he inherited the core territory of North Wales, may suggest he was the senior of the sons who accompanied Cunedda to Wales. With the help of his brothers, especially CEREDIG, and his nephew MEIRION, Winion was able to build upon the conquests of his father and carve out the territories which became the later kingdoms of Gwynedd, Ceredigion and Meirionydd. He was the father of CADWALLON "LAWHIR".

Ancestral File Number: HPGD-F9

Reign: Bet. 470 - 480, Ruler of Venedos (Gwynedd)34

 

More About PRAWST VERCH TIDLET:

Ancestral File Number: QL4T-F3

       

Children of EINION AP CUNEDDA and PRAWST VERCH TIDLET are:

                   i.    LLYR23 AP EINION35, b. Abt. 428, of Wales35; d. Unknown.

More About LLYR AP EINION:

Ancestral File Number: QL4T-KR

Known as: Marini

59.             ii.    CADWALLON AP EINION, b. Abt. 442, of Wales; d. 534.

                 iii.    EINION AP EINION35, b. Abt. 444, of Wales35; d. Unknown.

More About EINION AP EINION:

Ancestral File Number: QL4T-HF

60.            iv.    OWAIN AP EINION, b. Abt. 446, of Wales; d. Unknown.

                  v.    TEGOG AP EINION35, b. Abt. 450, of Wales35; d. Unknown.

More About TEGOG AP EINION:

Ancestral File Number: QL4T-LX

 

 

47.  GURGUST22 AP CENEU (CENEU21 AP COEL, COEL20 AP GUOTEPAUC, GUOTEPAUC19 AP TEGFAN, TEGFAN18 AP TEUHVANT, TEUHVANT17 AP TELPUIL, TELPUIL16 AP ERB, ERB15 AP GRATUS, GRATUS14 AP IUMETEL, IUMETEL13 AP RITIGERN, RITIGERN12 AP OUDICANT, OUDICANT11 AP OUTIGERN, OUTIGERN10 AP ELIUD, ELIUD9 AP EUDAF, EUDAF8 AP EUDELEN, EUDELEN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)36 died Abt. 50037.

 

Notes for GURGUST AP CENEU:

[Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens,  (Carroll and Graf Publishers, New York, 1998), pg. 99.]

[DA8] GURGUST "THE RAGGED" Rheged, fl 480s-500s.
Gurgust , which is a Latinised spelling of GWRGI, is listed in the genealogies as a grandson of COEL and the great-grandfather of URIEN. In the great upheaval of the century after Roman rule, it seems likely that Gurgust inherited most of the Brigantian territory from his father Ceneu, particularly the area of Rheged and the west, though it seems that the central part of the territory went to his brother PABO.

Known as: The Ragged38

Reign: Bet. 480 - 500, Rheged39

       

Children of GURGUST AP CENEU are:

61.              i.    ELEUTHER23 AP GURGUST, d. Abt. 550.

62.             ii.    MERCHIAUN AP GURGUST, d. Abt. 540.

 

 

48.  CENEU22 AP CENEU (CENEU21 AP COEL, COEL20 AP GUOTEPAUC, GUOTEPAUC19 AP TEGFAN, TEGFAN18 AP TEUHVANT, TEUHVANT17 AP TELPUIL, TELPUIL16 AP ERB, ERB15 AP GRATUS, GRATUS14 AP IUMETEL, IUMETEL13 AP RITIGERN, RITIGERN12 AP OUDICANT, OUDICANT11 AP OUTIGERN, OUTIGERN10 AP ELIUD, ELIUD9 AP EUDAF, EUDAF8 AP EUDELEN, EUDELEN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)40 died Unknown.

       

Child of CENEU AP CENEU is:

63.              i.    ARTHWYS23 AP CENEU, d. Unknown.

 

 

49.  MASGUIC22 AP CENEU (CENEU21 AP COEL, COEL20 AP GUOTEPAUC, GUOTEPAUC19 AP TEGFAN, TEGFAN18 AP TEUHVANT, TEUHVANT17 AP TELPUIL, TELPUIL16 AP ERB, ERB15 AP GRATUS, GRATUS14 AP IUMETEL, IUMETEL13 AP RITIGERN, RITIGERN12 AP OUDICANT, OUDICANT11 AP OUTIGERN, OUTIGERN10 AP ELIUD, ELIUD9 AP EUDAF, EUDAF8 AP EUDELEN, EUDELEN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)40 died Unknown.

       

Child of MASGUIC AP CENEU is:

64.              i.    LLENAUC23 AP MASGUIC, d. Unknown.

 

 

50.  MOR22 AP CENEU (CENEU21 AP COEL, COEL20 AP GUOTEPAUC, GUOTEPAUC19 AP TEGFAN, TEGFAN18 AP TEUHVANT, TEUHVANT17 AP TELPUIL, TELPUIL16 AP ERB, ERB15 AP GRATUS, GRATUS14 AP IUMETEL, IUMETEL13 AP RITIGERN, RITIGERN12 AP OUDICANT, OUDICANT11 AP OUTIGERN, OUTIGERN10 AP ELIUD, ELIUD9 AP EUDAF, EUDAF8 AP EUDELEN, EUDELEN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)40 died Unknown.

       

Children of MOR AP CENEU are:

65.              i.    ARTHWYS23 AP MOR, d. Unknown.

66.             ii.    MORYDD AP MOR, d. Unknown.

 

 

51.  PABO22 AP CENEU (CENEU21 AP COEL, COEL20 AP GUOTEPAUC, GUOTEPAUC19 AP TEGFAN, TEGFAN18 AP TEUHVANT, TEUHVANT17 AP TELPUIL, TELPUIL16 AP ERB, ERB15 AP GRATUS, GRATUS14 AP IUMETEL, IUMETEL13 AP RITIGERN, RITIGERN12 AP OUDICANT, OUDICANT11 AP OUTIGERN, OUTIGERN10 AP ELIUD, ELIUD9 AP EUDAF, EUDAF8 AP EUDELEN, EUDELEN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)40 was born Abt. 46041, and died 53042.

 

Notes for PABO AP CENEU:

[Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens,  (Carroll and Graf Publishers, New York, 1998), pgs. 99-100.]

[DA10] PABO or PAPPO central Yorkshire, fl early 500s.
Pabo was the brother of GURGUST and the grandson of COEL. He was called "the Pillar of Britain" which presumably means he was a strength to the British in the dark days of invasion from the Picts, Irish and Saxons, as well as the in-fighting between the British tribes. Just where he ruled is not entirely clear. It has been suggested that he controlled the Pennines throughout Yorkshire, though it has also been suggested that he ventured west into Rheged and may have controlled parts of Cumbria. In all probability Pabo controlled central Brigantia whilst Gurgust controlled the west. Although he divided his territories between hsi sons DUNAUT and Samyl, it seems that his nephew, MERCHIAUN, must have taken over Cumbria. The dating of Pabo is difficult. His son, Dunaut, is recorded in the "Welsh Annals" as cying in 595, and he was also present at the Battle of Arthuret in 573. Assuming that Dunaut was probably then in his thirties, would suggest that Pabo lived from around 510 to 550. However, if he were genuinely the grandson of Coel, who is traditionally dated to around the year 430, Pabo's father CENEU would have lived probably from around 430-480, which would place Pabo into the period roughly 460-520. He has been associated with the Welsh saint Pabo who died in about 530 and who is buried at Llanbabo in Anglesey. It is possible that Pabo retired there in his old age, perhaps in his sixties.

Reign: Bet. 500 - 530, Central Yorkshire42

       

Children of PABO AP CENEU are:

                   i.    DUNAUT23 AP PABO43, d. 59544.

Notes for DUNAUT AP PABO:

[Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens,  (Carroll and Graf Publishers, New York, 1998), pg. 106.]

[DA28] DUNAUT the STOUT Pennines and central Brigantia, fl 570s-595.
Dunaut was the son of PABO and great-grandson of COEL, if we can trust the ancient genealogies. On the basis that Dunaut lent his name to the territory around Dent in the Yorkshire Dales, we may believe that he inherited that part of his father's domain. He is identified as fighting alongside his cousins PEREDUR and GWRGI against GWENDDOLAU at the battle of Arthuret in 573. The "Welsh Annals" record his death in the year 595. Both these dates are very late for someone recorded as only three generations removed from COEL, so we must assume that a generation or two are missing. His family fled to Powys where his son, Deiniol, founded the monastery at Bangor. Another of Dunaut's sons is believed to be the bard Aneirin.

Known as: The Stout45

Reign: Bet. 570 - 595, Ruler of Central Yorkshire46

67.             ii.    SAMYL AP PABO, d. Unknown.

 

 

Generation No. 23

 

52.  CINCAR23 AP DUMNAGUAL (DUMNAGUAL22 AP GARBANIAWN, GARBANIAWN21 AP COEL, COEL20 AP GUOTEPAUC, GUOTEPAUC19 AP TEGFAN, TEGFAN18 AP TEUHVANT, TEUHVANT17 AP TELPUIL, TELPUIL16 AP ERB, ERB15 AP GRATUS, GRATUS14 AP IUMETEL, IUMETEL13 AP RITIGERN, RITIGERN12 AP OUDICANT, OUDICANT11 AP OUTIGERN, OUTIGERN10 AP ELIUD, ELIUD9 AP EUDAF, EUDAF8 AP EUDELEN, EUDELEN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)47 died Unknown.

       

Child of CINCAR AP DUMNAGUAL is:

68.              i.    MORCANT24 AP CINCAR, d. Unknown.

 

 

53.  EBIAUN23 AP DUNANT (DUNANT23 AP CUNEDDA, CUNEDDA22 AP EDERN, EDERN21 AP PADARN, PADARN20 AP TEGID, TEGID19 AP CEIN, CEIN18 AP GUORCEIN, GUORCEIN17 AP DOLI, DOLI16 AP GUORDOLI, GUORDOLI15 AP DYFWN, DYFWN14 AP GURDUMN, GURDUMN13 AP AMGUALOYT, AMGUALYOT12 AP ANGUERIT, ANGUERIT11 AP OUMUN, OUMUN10 AP DYFWN, DYFWN9 AP BRITHGUEIN, BRITHGUEIN8 AP EUGEIN, EUGEIN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)48 died Unknown.

       

Child of EBIAUN AP DUNANT is:

69.              i.    DINACAT24 AP EBIAUN, d. Unknown.

 

 

54.  MEIRION23 AP TYBION (TYBION23 AP CUNEDDA, CUNEDDA22 AP EDERN, EDERN21 AP PADARN, PADARN20 AP TEGID, TEGID19 AP CEIN, CEIN18 AP GUORCEIN, GUORCEIN17 AP DOLI, DOLI16 AP GUORDOLI, GUORDOLI15 AP DYFWN, DYFWN14 AP GURDUMN, GURDUMN13 AP AMGUALOYT, AMGUALYOT12 AP ANGUERIT, ANGUERIT11 AP OUMUN, OUMUN10 AP DYFWN, DYFWN9 AP BRITHGUEIN, BRITHGUEIN8 AP EUGEIN, EUGEIN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)48 died Unknown.

 

Notes for MEIRION AP TYBION:

[Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens,  (Carroll and Graf Publishers, New York, 1998), pg. 160.]

[EH1] MEIRION or MARIANUS Meirionydd, fl 490s.
The semi-legendary founder of the kingdom of Meirionydd; traditionally the grandson of CUNEDDA. His father, Tybion, apparently stayed in the north when Cunedda and his other sons moved into Wales. Meirion followed at some later date. Although Meirionydd was culturally part of Powys, it became one of the vassal kingdoms to Gwynedd, through the sons of Cunedda, and although it retained its own dynasty for three centuries, it is not clear how independent it remained. Most of its kings left little mark on the history of Wales, although of special significance are GWRIN, IDRIS, BROCHMAEL and CYNAN.

Reign: 490, Ruler of Meirionydd49

       

Child of MEIRION AP TYBION is:

70.              i.    CATGUALART24 AP MEIRION, d. Unknown.

 

 

55.  CORUN23 VERCH CEREDIG (CEREDIG23 AP CUNEDDA, CUNEDDA22 AP EDERN, EDERN21 AP PADARN, PADARN20 AP TEGID, TEGID19 AP CEIN, CEIN18 AP GUORCEIN, GUORCEIN17 AP DOLI, DOLI16 AP GUORDOLI, GUORDOLI15 AP DYFWN, DYFWN14 AP GURDUMN, GURDUMN13 AP AMGUALOYT, AMGUALYOT12 AP ANGUERIT, ANGUERIT11 AP OUMUN, OUMUN10 AP DYFWN, DYFWN9 AP BRITHGUEIN, BRITHGUEIN8 AP EUGEIN, EUGEIN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)50 died Unknown.  She married TEITHFALLT AP NYNNIAW50, son of NYNNIAW AP ERBIN.  He died Unknown.

 

Notes for TEITHFALLT AP NYNNIAW:

[Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens,  (Carroll and Graf Publishers, New York, 1998), pg. 123.]

[EA3] TEITHFALLT or TEWDFALCH Gwent, fl 480s.
The son of NYNNIAW, he married Corun the daughter of CEREDIG the son of CUNEDDA. His name is a Celtic version of Theodosius and may have been adopted to reflect the glory still attached to a Roman commander called Theodosius, who restored peace in Britain in the period 367-371 after quelling an uprising of Picts and Irish. Teithfallt might even have been distantly related to him. He was succeeded by his son TEWDRIG, though parts of Gwent at this time were also shared by Honorius or Ynyr.

Reign: 480, Ruler of Gwent51

 

Child of CORUN VERCH CEREDIG and TEITHFALLT AP NYNNIAW is:

                   i.    VERCH TEITHFALLT24, d. Unknown.

 

 

56.  GWAWL23 VERCH CEREDIG (CEREDIG23 AP CUNEDDA, CUNEDDA22 AP EDERN, EDERN21 AP PADARN, PADARN20 AP TEGID, TEGID19 AP CEIN, CEIN18 AP GUORCEIN, GUORCEIN17 AP DOLI, DOLI16 AP GUORDOLI, GUORDOLI15 AP DYFWN, DYFWN14 AP GURDUMN, GURDUMN13 AP AMGUALOYT, AMGUALYOT12 AP ANGUERIT, ANGUERIT11 AP OUMUN, OUMUN10 AP DYFWN, DYFWN9 AP BRITHGUEIN, BRITHGUEIN8 AP EUGEIN, EUGEIN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)52 died Unknown.  She married GLYWYS52.  He died Unknown.

       

Child of GWAWL VERCH CEREDIG and GLYWYS is:

71.              i.    GWYNLLYW24 AP GLYWYS, d. Unknown.

 

 

57.  IUSAY23 AP CEREDIG (CEREDIG23 AP CUNEDDA, CUNEDDA22 AP EDERN, EDERN21 AP PADARN, PADARN20 AP TEGID, TEGID19 AP CEIN, CEIN18 AP GUORCEIN, GUORCEIN17 AP DOLI, DOLI16 AP GUORDOLI, GUORDOLI15 AP DYFWN, DYFWN14 AP GURDUMN, GURDUMN13 AP AMGUALOYT, AMGUALYOT12 AP ANGUERIT, ANGUERIT11 AP OUMUN, OUMUN10 AP DYFWN, DYFWN9 AP BRITHGUEIN, BRITHGUEIN8 AP EUGEIN, EUGEIN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)53 died Unknown.

 

Notes for IUSAY AP CEREDIG:

[Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens,  (Carroll and Graf Publishers, New York, 1998), pg. 131.]

[EB2] IUSAY Ceredigion, fl 500s.
Iusay is recorded as the son of CEREDIG, but whether he actually ruled in Ceredigion or merely serves as a genealogical link is uncertain. His reign coincided with that of AIRCOL "LAWHIR" of Demetia who almost certainly ruled the southern half of Ceredigion. Iusay, if he had any role at all, might have been as a defender of Gwynedd against the Irish of Demetia.

Reign: 500, Ruler of Ceredigion54

       

Child of IUSAY AP CEREDIG is:

72.              i.    SERGUIL24 AP IUSAY, d. Unknown.

 

 

58.  SANDDE23 AP CEREDIG (CEREDIG23 AP CUNEDDA, CUNEDDA22 AP EDERN, EDERN21 AP PADARN, PADARN20 AP TEGID, TEGID19 AP CEIN, CEIN18 AP GUORCEIN, GUORCEIN17 AP DOLI, DOLI16 AP GUORDOLI, GUORDOLI15 AP DYFWN, DYFWN14 AP GURDUMN, GURDUMN13 AP AMGUALOYT, AMGUALYOT12 AP ANGUERIT, ANGUERIT11 AP OUMUN, OUMUN10 AP DYFWN, DYFWN9 AP BRITHGUEIN, BRITHGUEIN8 AP EUGEIN, EUGEIN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)55 died Unknown.

       

Child of SANDDE AP CEREDIG is:

                   i.    DEWI24 AP SANDDE55, d. Unknown.

 

 

59.  CADWALLON23 AP EINION (EINION23 AP CUNEDDA, CUNEDDA22 AP EDERN, EDERN21 AP PADARN, PADARN20 AP TEGID, TEGID19 AP CEIN, CEIN18 AP GUORCEIN, GUORCEIN17 AP DOLI, DOLI16 AP GUORDOLI, GUORDOLI15 AP DYFWN, DYFWN14 AP GURDUMN, GURDUMN13 AP AMGUALOYT, AMGUALYOT12 AP ANGUERIT, ANGUERIT11 AP OUMUN, OUMUN10 AP DYFWN, DYFWN9 AP BRITHGUEIN, BRITHGUEIN8 AP EUGEIN, EUGEIN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)56 was born Abt. 442 in of Wales56, and died 53457.  He married MEDDYF VERCH MAELDAF58.  She was born Abt. 446 in of Nanconwy, Arllechwedd, County Caernarvonshire, Wales58, and died Unknown.

 

Notes for CADWALLON AP EINION:

[Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens,  (Carroll and Graf Publishers, New York, 1998), pg. 142.]

[ED3] CADWALLON "LAWHIR [LONGHAND]" Gwynedd, c500-c534.
A grandson of CUNEDDA and father of the notorious MAELGWYN, Cadwallon succeeded his father EINION as ruler of the Venedotian territory in north Wales. We can derive some understanding of Cadwallon from his name and nickname. Cadwallon became a common Welsh name, especially amongst rulers, because it translates as "battle leader", though this is its first appearance amongst the post- Roman rulers. "Lawhir" means longhand, and almost certainly refers to a physical attribute rather than meaning his power extended over a large area. As his son, Maelgwyn, was also known as the Tall, we can imagine that Cadwallon was a tall and powerful leader who held his territory by the regular deployment of troops around North Wales. It was during Cadwallon's reign that ARTHUR gained his victory over the Saxons at Badon. Although we do not know that Cadwallon was present at that battle, we can presume that he was involved in earlier skirmishes against the Saxons, most likely in the territory around Chester and down through the Welsh marshes. Although he would have benefited from the peace that followed Badon, Cadwallon had to remain on the alert to defend his western borders from continued threats from the Irish. One noted episode remembered by the Welsh bards is that Cadwallon led his army into Anglesey to defeat the Irish and claim the island, which later became his base. It is possible that Cadwallon was succeeded by a brother, whose name we do not know, who was subsequently murdered by Maelgwyn.

Ancestral File Number: QL4T-G8

Known as: Lawhir (Longhand)

Reign: Bet. 500 - 534, Ruler of Gwynedd, Wales59

 

More About MEDDYF VERCH MAELDAF:

Ancestral File Number: QL4T-N9

       

Child of CADWALLON AP EINION and MEDDYF VERCH MAELDAF is:

73.              i.    MAELGWYN24 AP CADWALLON, b. 497, of North Wales; d. 549.

 

 

60.  OWAIN23 AP EINION (EINION23 AP CUNEDDA, CUNEDDA22 AP EDERN, EDERN21 AP PADARN, PADARN20 AP TEGID, TEGID19 AP CEIN, CEIN18 AP GUORCEIN, GUORCEIN17 AP DOLI, DOLI16 AP GUORDOLI, GUORDOLI15 AP DYFWN, DYFWN14 AP GURDUMN, GURDUMN13 AP AMGUALOYT, AMGUALYOT12 AP ANGUERIT, ANGUERIT11 AP OUMUN, OUMUN10 AP DYFWN, DYFWN9 AP BRITHGUEIN, BRITHGUEIN8 AP EUGEIN, EUGEIN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)60 was born Abt. 446 in of Wales60, and died Unknown.

 

More About OWAIN AP EINION:

Ancestral File Number: QL4T-JL

Known as: Danwyn

       

Child of OWAIN AP EINION is:

74.              i.    CYNLAS24 AP OWAIN, d. Unknown.

 

 

61.  ELEUTHER23 AP GURGUST (GURGUST22 AP CENEU, CENEU21 AP COEL, COEL20 AP GUOTEPAUC, GUOTEPAUC19 AP TEGFAN, TEGFAN18 AP TEUHVANT, TEUHVANT17 AP TELPUIL, TELPUIL16 AP ERB, ERB15 AP GRATUS, GRATUS14 AP IUMETEL, IUMETEL13 AP RITIGERN, RITIGERN12 AP OUDICANT, OUDICANT11 AP OUTIGERN, OUTIGERN10 AP ELIUD, ELIUD9 AP EUDAF, EUDAF8 AP EUDELEN, EUDELEN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)61 died Abt. 55062.

 

Notes for ELEUTHER AP GURGUST:

[Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens,  (Carroll and Graf Publishers, New York, 1998), pgs. 100-101.]

[DA14] ELEUTHER or ELIDYR Catraeth and York, fl 530s-550s.
There were two kings of the North with this name. Although the names are the same (the Roman and Cetic equivalents) over the years they have become known separately in order to avoid confusion (see ELIDYR). Wleuther (also known as Eliffer) was the son of GURGUST. In the inter-dynastic rivalries amongst the sons and successors of COEL in the fifth and sixth centuries, Eleuther seems to have inherited or claimed the lands around York and Catraeth (modern Catterick).  He is known as "Eleuther of the Great Army", from which we can presume he was a powerful defender of his lands, particularly against the increasing waves of Angles who were settling in Northumbria in the mid sixth century (see IDA and AELLE). Eleuther was father of PEREDUR.
     Geoffrey of Monmouth must have detected a whiff of these historical facts in his own "History" although they got lost beneath the delight of his own imagination. His Elidurus the Dutiful was one of the five sons of the heroic and unfortunate Morvidus, who was killed by a sea-monster. His eldest son, Gorbonianus, was a benign king under whose reign Britain prospered, but after his death his brother, Archgallo was a tyrant. He was deposed and his brother Elidurus made king in his place. After five years Elidurus encountered Archgallo wandering lost in the forests of the north and he forced his nobles to swear allegiance to Archgallo and accept him as their king. Archgallo was a changed man and ruled wisely for ten years from his kingdom at York. After his death, Elidurus returned to the throne but now faced an insurrection from his younger brothers Ingenius and PEREDURUS who dethroned Elidurus, imprisoned him in London, and then shred the kingdom between them. Ingenius died seven years later and Peredurus ruled alone, a good king who was fondly remembered. After his death, Elidurus was released and restored to the throne. He must by now have been very old. He was succeeded by an unnamed nephew, and thereafter Geoffrey rattles through the names of over thirty kings, few of whom are known amongst the historical records, although the much later ruler Samuil was probably his cousin SAMWL. The fact that Geoffrey has Elidurus ruling from York rather than London suggests he was basing him upon the real king of this name.

Cause of Death: Murdered62

Reign: Bet. 530 - 550, Catraeth and York62

       

Children of ELEUTHER AP GURGUST are:

                   i.    GURCI24 AP ELEUTHER63, d. 58064.

Notes for GURCI AP ELEUTHER:

[Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens,  (Carroll and Graf Publishers, New York, 1998), pg. 102.]

[DA18] GWRGI or GURCI Catraeth and York (?), fl 560s-580s.
Gwrgi was the son of ELEUTHER and brother of PEREDUR. The two brothers may have either jointly ruled, or split their kingdom, in which case Gwrgi almost certainly inherited the lands around Catraeth (modern Catterick). The two brothers are always recorded together and are reckoned amongst the last defenders of the British against the invading Angles in north-eastern Britain.

Cause of Death: Killed in battle64

Reign: Bet. 550 - 58064

75.             ii.    PEREDUR AP ELEUTHER, d. 580, Caer Greu, England.

 

 

62.  MERCHIAUN23 AP GURGUST (GURGUST22 AP CENEU, CENEU21 AP COEL, COEL20 AP GUOTEPAUC, GUOTEPAUC19 AP TEGFAN, TEGFAN18 AP TEUHVANT, TEUHVANT17 AP TELPUIL, TELPUIL16 AP ERB, ERB15 AP GRATUS, GRATUS14 AP IUMETEL, IUMETEL13 AP RITIGERN, RITIGERN12 AP OUDICANT, OUDICANT11 AP OUTIGERN, OUTIGERN10 AP ELIUD, ELIUD9 AP EUDAF, EUDAF8 AP EUDELEN, EUDELEN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)65 died Abt. 54066.

 

Notes for MERCHIAUN AP GURGUST:

[Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens,  (Carroll and Graf Publishers, New York, 1998), pg. 100.]

[DA13] MERCHIAUN "GUL" (the LEAN) Rheged, fl 510s-540s.
Merchiaun appears in the old genealogies of the Men of the North as the son of GURGUST and brother of ELEUTHER. He may well be the same as the elder MORCANT of the Votadini, although they are shown as cousins. We may imagine that there was considerable territorrial conflict between the descendants of COEL as old tribal rivalries erupted. Merchiaun seems to have carved out for himself a kingdom in southern Cumbria, south of Carlisle, including what is now the Lake District and parts of Lancashire. This would have brought him into conflict with PABO and his son DUNAUT. Merchiaun's kingdom became one of the most powerful of the North, particularly under Merchiaun's grandson URIEN. He was succeeded by his son ELIDYR.

Known as: Gul "The Lean"67

Reign: Bet. 510 - 540, Rheged68

       

Children of MERCHIAUN AP GURGUST are:

76.              i.    ELIDYR24 AP MERCHIAUN, d. 560.

                  ii.    GORLAIS AP MERCHIAUN69, d. Unknown.

77.            iii.    CINMARC AP MERCHIAUN, d. 570.

 

 

63.  ARTHWYS23 AP CENEU (CENEU22, CENEU21 AP COEL, COEL20 AP GUOTEPAUC, GUOTEPAUC19 AP TEGFAN, TEGFAN18 AP TEUHVANT, TEUHVANT17 AP TELPUIL, TELPUIL16 AP ERB, ERB15 AP GRATUS, GRATUS14 AP IUMETEL, IUMETEL13 AP RITIGERN, RITIGERN12 AP OUDICANT, OUDICANT11 AP OUTIGERN, OUTIGERN10 AP ELIUD, ELIUD9 AP EUDAF, EUDAF8 AP EUDELEN, EUDELEN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)69 died Unknown.

       

Child of ARTHWYS AP CENEU is:

78.              i.    CINBELIN24 AP ARTHYS, d. Unknown.

 

 

64.  LLENAUC23 AP MASGUIC (MASGUIC22 AP CENEU, CENEU21 AP COEL, COEL20 AP GUOTEPAUC, GUOTEPAUC19 AP TEGFAN, TEGFAN18 AP TEUHVANT, TEUHVANT17 AP TELPUIL, TELPUIL16 AP ERB, ERB15 AP GRATUS, GRATUS14 AP IUMETEL, IUMETEL13 AP RITIGERN, RITIGERN12 AP OUDICANT, OUDICANT11 AP OUTIGERN, OUTIGERN10 AP ELIUD, ELIUD9 AP EUDAF, EUDAF8 AP EUDELEN, EUDELEN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)69 died Unknown.

       

Child of LLENAUC AP MASGUIC is:

                   i.    GWALLAWG24 AP LLENAUC69, d. 59570.

Notes for GWALLAWG AP LLENAUC:

[Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens,  (Carroll and Graf Publishers, New York, 1998), pgs. 105-106.]

[DA27] GWALLAWG or GUALLANC Elfed ot Elmet, fl 570s-590s.
Gwallawg is usually identified as a king of Elmet in the late sixth century who allied with URIEN of Rheged, RHDDERCH of Alclud and MORCANT of Galloway in their desperate stand against the Angles settled in Bernicia. Elmet was a small British kingdom at the southern end of the Pennines, near Leeds, and thus would have formed an enclave to the south of Rheged, and perhaps part of the kingdom established by Samwl son of PABO in the 550s or 560s. However, the genealogies show Gwallawg as a son of Llenauc, whose name was the origin of Lennox in the area north of the Clyde, There was a Gwallawg or Gwallauc recorded as a "judge", presumably ruler, of the area known as Elvet near Stirling. Since the Gwallawg who joined forces with Urien and Rhydderch had a fleet of ships, he is much more likely to have been the ruler of Stirling than Leeds. Gwallawg was at the seige of Lindisfarne in 590 but, after the death of Urien, joined with Urien's enemies to try and destroy his sons and his kingdom. Gwallawg's fate is not known but he is likely to have been killed by OWAIN, Urien's son, soon after.

Reign: Bet. 570 - 590, Elmet; though this name may also apply to a ruler of Galloway and the Clyde70

 

 

65.  ARTHWYS23 AP MOR (MOR22 AP CENEU, CENEU21 AP COEL, COEL20 AP GUOTEPAUC, GUOTEPAUC19 AP TEGFAN, TEGFAN18 AP TEUHVANT, TEUHVANT17 AP TELPUIL, TELPUIL16 AP ERB, ERB15 AP GRATUS, GRATUS14 AP IUMETEL, IUMETEL13 AP RITIGERN, RITIGERN12 AP OUDICANT, OUDICANT11 AP OUTIGERN, OUTIGERN10 AP ELIUD, ELIUD9 AP EUDAF, EUDAF8 AP EUDELEN, EUDELEN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)71 died Unknown.

       

Child of ARTHWYS AP MOR is:

79.              i.    KEIDYAW24 AP ARTHWYS, d. Unknown.

 

 

66.  MORYDD23 AP MOR (MOR22 AP CENEU, CENEU21 AP COEL, COEL20 AP GUOTEPAUC, GUOTEPAUC19 AP TEGFAN, TEGFAN18 AP TEUHVANT, TEUHVANT17 AP TELPUIL, TELPUIL16 AP ERB, ERB15 AP GRATUS, GRATUS14 AP IUMETEL, IUMETEL13 AP RITIGERN, RITIGERN12 AP OUDICANT, OUDICANT11 AP OUTIGERN, OUTIGERN10 AP ELIUD, ELIUD9 AP EUDAF, EUDAF8 AP EUDELEN, EUDELEN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)72 died Unknown.

       

Child of MORYDD AP MOR is:

80.              i.    MADOG24 AP MORYDD, d. Unknown.

 

 

67.  SAMYL23 AP PABO (PABO22 AP CENEU, CENEU21 AP COEL, COEL20 AP GUOTEPAUC, GUOTEPAUC19 AP TEGFAN, TEGFAN18 AP TEUHVANT, TEUHVANT17 AP TELPUIL, TELPUIL16 AP ERB, ERB15 AP GRATUS, GRATUS14 AP IUMETEL, IUMETEL13 AP RITIGERN, RITIGERN12 AP OUDICANT, OUDICANT11 AP OUTIGERN, OUTIGERN10 AP ELIUD, ELIUD9 AP EUDAF, EUDAF8 AP EUDELEN, EUDELEN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)73 died Unknown.

       

Child of SAMYL AP PABO is:

81.              i.    GUTICURN24 AP SAMYL, d. Unknown.

 

 

Generation No. 24

 

68.  MORCANT24 AP CINCAR (CINCAR23 AP DUMNAGUAL, DUMNAGUAL22 AP GARBANIAWN, GARBANIAWN21 AP COEL, COEL20 AP GUOTEPAUC, GUOTEPAUC19 AP TEGFAN, TEGFAN18 AP TEUHVANT, TEUHVANT17 AP TELPUIL, TELPUIL16 AP ERB, ERB15 AP GRATUS, GRATUS14 AP IUMETEL, IUMETEL13 AP RITIGERN, RITIGERN12 AP OUDICANT, OUDICANT11 AP OUTIGERN, OUTIGERN10 AP ELIUD, ELIUD9 AP EUDAF, EUDAF8 AP EUDELEN, EUDELEN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)73 died Unknown.

 

Notes for MORCANT AP CINCAR:

[Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens,  (Carroll and Graf Publishers, New York, 1998), pg. 100.]

[DA11] MORCANT "BULC" seems to have ruled the Votadini, south of Edinburgh in the early years of the sixth century. The name means "defender of the sea edge" and is the ideal name for the rulers along the cliff forts of north-east Britain. The genealogies show him as descending from Germanianus, the son of COEL, though this may not be a direct descent. He probably ruled a tribe who had some authority sown the north-east coast of England, perhaps north of the Tyne, in the territory which became Bernicia. His nickname means "lightning", which suggests he may have been a warlord with an ability to strike fast in raids and battles. Bulc was a proud and well established nickname amongst the Celts, and comes from the same word as the name of the tribe Belgae.

Reign: Bet. 510 - 540, Ruler of the Votadini74

       

Child of MORCANT AP CINCAR is:

82.              i.    COLEDAUC25 AP MORCANT, d. Unknown.

 

 

69.  DINACAT24 AP EBIAUN (EBIAUN24 AP DUNANT, DUNANT23 AP CUNEDDA, CUNEDDA22 AP EDERN, EDERN21 AP PADARN, PADARN20 AP TEGID, TEGID19 AP CEIN, CEIN18 AP GUORCEIN, GUORCEIN17 AP DOLI, DOLI16 AP GUORDOLI, GUORDOLI15 AP DYFWN, DYFWN14 AP GURDUMN, GURDUMN13 AP AMGUALOYT, AMGUALYOT12 AP ANGUERIT, ANGUERIT11 AP OUMUN, OUMUN10 AP DYFWN, DYFWN9 AP BRITHGUEIN, BRITHGUEIN8 AP EUGEIN, EUGEIN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)75 died Unknown.

       

Child of DINACAT AP EBIAUN is:

83.              i.    MEURIG25 AP DINACAT, d. Unknown.

 

 

70.  CATGUALART24 AP MEIRION (MEIRION24 AP TYBION, TYBION23 AP CUNEDDA, CUNEDDA22 AP EDERN, EDERN21 AP PADARN, PADARN20 AP TEGID, TEGID19 AP CEIN, CEIN18 AP GUORCEIN, GUORCEIN17 AP DOLI, DOLI16 AP GUORDOLI, GUORDOLI15 AP DYFWN, DYFWN14 AP GURDUMN, GURDUMN13 AP AMGUALOYT, AMGUALYOT12 AP ANGUERIT, ANGUERIT11 AP OUMUN, OUMUN10 AP DYFWN, DYFWN9 AP BRITHGUEIN, BRITHGUEIN8 AP EUGEIN, EUGEIN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)75 died Unknown.

 

Notes for CATGUALART AP MEIRION:

[Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens,  (Carroll and Graf Publishers, New York, 1998), pg. 160.]

[EH2] CATGUALART Meirionydd, fl 510s.
The son of MEIRION. His reign coincided with that of CADWALLON "LAWHIR", to whom he was almost certainly a vassal.

Reign: 510, Ruler of Meirionydd76

       

Child of CATGUALART AP MEIRION is:

84.              i.    GWRIN25 AP CATGUALART, d. Unknown.

 

 

71.  GWYNLLYW24 AP GLYWYS (GWAWL24 VERCH CEREDIG, CEREDIG23 AP CUNEDDA, CUNEDDA22 AP EDERN, EDERN21 AP PADARN, PADARN20 AP TEGID, TEGID19 AP CEIN, CEIN18 AP GUORCEIN, GUORCEIN17 AP DOLI, DOLI16 AP GUORDOLI, GUORDOLI15 AP DYFWN, DYFWN14 AP GURDUMN, GURDUMN13 AP AMGUALOYT, AMGUALYOT12 AP ANGUERIT, ANGUERIT11 AP OUMUN, OUMUN10 AP DYFWN, DYFWN9 AP BRITHGUEIN, BRITHGUEIN8 AP EUGEIN, EUGEIN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)79 died Unknown.  He married GLWADYS VERCH BRYCHAN80.  She died Unknown.

 

Notes for GWYNLLYW AP GLYWYS:

[Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens,  (Carroll and Graf Publishers, New York, 1998), pg. 124.]

[EA6] GWYNLLYW or GUNLYU "MILWR" (the WARRIOR) Glywysing, fl 520s.
The son of GLYWYS and great-grandson of CUNEDDA. He gave his name to the "cantref" of Gwynllwg to the west of Gwent. Gwynllyw is remembered by the Welsh as a saint, but only for the asceticism of his later life. As his epithet implies, his early life was spent in battle, almost certainly fighting the Irish settlers in Demetia and the Saxons in the east. It is quite possible that Gwynllyw was involved in the battle of Badon, which defeated the Saxons and allowed a period of relative peace. Gwynllyw married Glwadys, a daughter of BRYCHAN - she must have been one of the younger girls as Gwynllyw's grandfather, CEREDIG, had also married one of Brychan's daughters. They had at least three children of whom the eldest, CADOC, became one of the most renowned saints in Wales. It was he who admonished his father for his violent ways, so that Gwynllyw later turned his back on worldly affairs and became a hermit.

Known as: Gunlyu "Milwr" (the Warrior)81

Reign: 520, Ruler of Glywysing82

       

Child of GWYNLLYW AP GLYWYS and GLWADYS VERCH BRYCHAN is:

                   i.    CADOC25 AP GWYNLLYW83, d. Unknown.

Notes for CADOC AP GWYNLLYW:

[Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens,  (Carroll and Graf Publishers, New York, 1998), pg. 121.]

[EA8] CADOC Glywysing, fl 550s.
The eldest son of GWYNLLYW, who apparently spent part of his early life as the secular ruler of Glywysing. It is likely that he assumed the responsibility after his father abdicated to become an anchorite, but it is unlikely that Cadoc remained a ruler for long. Legend has it that Cadoc found it difficult to defend Glywysing against the oppression of MAELGWYN "HIR" and his son RHUN as well as from the Saxons to the east in the days after Camlann, and prayed to God to send a new king. The answer appeared in the form of MEURIG AP TEWDRIG. Cadoc's greatest achievement was the foundation of the Celtic monastery at Nantcarfan (now Llancarfan). He travelled widely, throughout Brittany and Cornwall as well as Wales, and he is believed to have ended his days in Italy.

Reign: 550, Ruler of Glywysing84

 

 

72.  SERGUIL24 AP IUSAY (IUSAY24 AP CEREDIG, CEREDIG23 AP CUNEDDA, CUNEDDA22 AP EDERN, EDERN21 AP PADARN, PADARN20 AP TEGID, TEGID19 AP CEIN, CEIN18 AP GUORCEIN, GUORCEIN17 AP DOLI, DOLI16 AP GUORDOLI, GUORDOLI15 AP DYFWN, DYFWN14 AP GURDUMN, GURDUMN13 AP AMGUALOYT, AMGUALYOT12 AP ANGUERIT, ANGUERIT11 AP OUMUN, OUMUN10 AP DYFWN, DYFWN9 AP BRITHGUEIN, BRITHGUEIN8 AP EUGEIN, EUGEIN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)85 died Unknown.

 

Notes for SERGUIL AP IUSAY:

[Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens,  (Carroll and Graf Publishers, New York, 1998), pg. 131.]

[EB3] SERGUIL Ceredigion, fl 530s.
Serguil was the son of IUSAY and grandson of CEREDIG. At this time Ceredigion was a frontier zone between Gwynedd, then ruled by MAELGWYN, and Dyfed, ruled by VORTEPOR, and there was not room for much in between.

Reign: 530, Ruler of Ceredigion86

       

Child of SERGUIL AP IUSAY is:

85.              i.    BODGU25 AP SERGUIL, d. Unknown.

 

 

73.  MAELGWYN24 AP CADWALLON (CADWALLON24 AP EINION, EINION23 AP CUNEDDA, CUNEDDA22 AP EDERN, EDERN21 AP PADARN, PADARN20 AP TEGID, TEGID19 AP CEIN, CEIN18 AP GUORCEIN, GUORCEIN17 AP DOLI, DOLI16 AP GUORDOLI, GUORDOLI15 AP DYFWN, DYFWN14 AP GURDUMN, GURDUMN13 AP AMGUALOYT, AMGUALYOT12 AP ANGUERIT, ANGUERIT11 AP OUMUN, OUMUN10 AP DYFWN, DYFWN9 AP BRITHGUEIN, BRITHGUEIN8 AP EUGEIN, EUGEIN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)87 was born 497 in of North Wales87,88, and died 54989,90.  He married (1) GWALLWEN VERCH AFALLACH91.  She was born Abt. 471 in of North Wales91, and died Unknown.  He married (2) VERCH GIROM92, daughter of GIROM and VERCH GERAINT.  She died Unknown.

 

Notes for MAELGWYN AP CADWALLON:

[Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens,  (Carroll and Graf Publishers, New York, 1998), pgs. 142-143.]

[ED4;P102] MAELGWYN "HIR (the TALL)" Gwynedd, [520s?] c534-c549.
Maelgwyn was one of the most powerful rulers of early sixth century Britain, so much so that he has been regarded by some as the original of king ARTHUR, especially as Gildas, who rebuked Maelgwyn severely in his "Ruin of Britain", called him the "dragon of the island", a reference to the title of Pendragon or high king. Others have tried to associate Maelgwyn with Lancelot, although the links are purely circumstantial. Nevertheless, with Maelgwyn, we have a king whose reign coincides with the height of Arthur's fame and who was certainly the senior king amongst the British after Arthur's death. Maelgwyn's nickname, "Hir", means Tall, and his name, "gwyn", means fair, so we can picture him as a tall, powerful, blond man, probably quite handsome (since he won over women later in his life). Geoffrey of Monmouth (who calls him Malgo) specifically refers to his handsome features, but also states that he was homosexual. Gildas's name for him, Maglocunus, means Great Hound which is probably descriptive not only of his strength and power but of his tenacity and single-mindedness.
     Maelgwyn's life was turbulent. Called by Gildas "first in evil", he was regarded as a vicious tyrant, but he also had a period of repentance during which he turned to the church, before he once again took up a life of tyranny. Gildas records that in his youth he killed his uncle. This may have been Owain or Eugene, the father of CYNLAS, who became a rival with Maelgwyn over the territories within Gwynedd. It is possible that Maelgwyn had been too young when his father died to inherit directly but that a year or two later, perhaps still only in his late teens, he took control by force. Having established himself in Gwynedd he then seems to have been smitten by his conscience, for he is alleged to have become a monk. It was quite common amongst the Celtic nobility for older brothers to become secular younger brother who rebelled against the church in his youth but later saw the error of his ways. This suggests, however, that Maelgwyn stepped down as ruler and there is no evidence that this happened. What evidence there is suggests that rather than enter the church, Maelgwyn paid for his past deeds by bounty to it. He is reputed to have founded the bishopric of Bangor and to have built or strengthened other churches. However, this period of grace lasted only a limited time before Maelgwyn returned to his evil ways. He married, but soon his passions turned to his nephew's wife. Maelgwyn murdered his wife and nephew and took his nephew's wife as his own. There is also reason to believe that he married a Pictish princess. He established a rich and powerful court at Deganwy, to which he attracted many bards whom he ensured wrote copiously of his triumphs and achievements. He was recognized as both a great patron of the arts and as a lawgiver, though some of this was probably his own propaganda! Those who despised Maelgwyn may have felt he eventually received just retribution, as he died of a plague (probably cholera) which was then sweeping Europe.
     Somehow the traditional span ascribed to Maelgwyn's reign does not seem long enough for all of this to happen, and certainly not for Maelgwyn to have had a son old enough to succeed him after his death if Maelgwyn only married after becoming king. The implication is that Maelgwyn may have usurped only part of Gwynedd in his youth when the territory ws divided between EINION's sons. This may have happened as early as 515, when Maelgwyn was perhaps about eighteen. He may then indeed have retired to a monastery during the early 520s before returning to secular life in the late 520s, at which time he would have married. Upon his father's death in 534 Maelgwyn would have made a claim for total rulership, killing the nearest claimant, his nephew, and marrying his wife, who it seems had encouraged Maelgwyn in his plans. His son and successor, RHUN, was almost certainly a child of the first marriage. Maelgwyn was also the father of BRUDE, who was chosen by the Picts to be their leader. By the time of his death Maelgwyn was firmly established as the primary ruler of the British, and a natural successor to ARTHUR.

Ancestral File Number: HPGD-9L

Cause of Death: Died in a plague (probably cholera)93

Reign: Bet. 520 - 549, Ruler of Gwynnedd, Wales94

 

More About GWALLWEN VERCH AFALLACH:

Ancestral File Number: HS3G-8R

       

Child of MAELGWYN AP CADWALLON and GWALLWEN VERCH AFALLACH is:

86.              i.    RHUN25 AP MAELGWN, b. 520, of Wales; d. Abt. 586.

 

Children of MAELGWYN AP CADWALLON and VERCH GIROM are:

87.             ii.    BRUDE25 MAC MAELGWN, d. 584.

                 iii.    DOMNACH VERCH MAELGWN95, d. Unknown; m. AEDAN MAC GABHRAN96; d. Unknown.

 

 

74.  CYNLAS24 AP OWAIN (OWAIN24 AP EINION, EINION23 AP CUNEDDA, CUNEDDA22 AP EDERN, EDERN21 AP PADARN, PADARN20 AP TEGID, TEGID19 AP CEIN, CEIN18 AP GUORCEIN, GUORCEIN17 AP DOLI, DOLI16 AP GUORDOLI, GUORDOLI15 AP DYFWN, DYFWN14 AP GURDUMN, GURDUMN13 AP AMGUALOYT, AMGUALYOT12 AP ANGUERIT, ANGUERIT11 AP OUMUN, OUMUN10 AP DYFWN, DYFWN9 AP BRITHGUEIN, BRITHGUEIN8 AP EUGEIN, EUGEIN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)97 died Unknown.

 

Notes for CYNLAS AP OWAIN:

[Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens,  (Carroll and Graf Publishers, New York, 1998), pg. 152.]

[EE2] CUNEGLASUS Powys and Rhos (?), fl 530s.
Cuneglasus is one of five rulers of Britain whom Gildas attacks for their wickedness in his "Ruin of Britain". Cuneglasus seems to have been evil since his youth, not only in his murder and conquests (he clearly led a large warband) but in the rejection of his wife and the desire to marry her sister who, though also regarded as villainous, had apparently turned to God. Little is said to help us identify Cuneglasus, though the reference to him as "driver of the chariot of the Bear's stronghold", makes one wonder whether he had at one stage fought alongside ARTHUR ("arctos" in Latin can mean the Great Bear). He was certainly a contemporary of Arthur and, with the peace that emerged following Badon, Cuneglasus may have carved out for himself and his warriors a kingdom in mid/ north Wales in the lands between Powys and Gwynedd - one suggestion has been the "cantref" of Penllyn. Attempts have been made to link him with Cynlas, the son of Owain and grandson EINION AP CUNEDDA, which is possible, as the dates would be about right. If so, Cynlas was not of the main line of Powys, and his descendants, starting with CARADOG AP MEIRION would later succeed to the kingdom of Gwynedd.

Reign: 530, Ruler of Powys and Rhos98

       

Child of CYNLAS AP OWAIN is:

88.              i.    MAIG25 AP CYNLAS, d. Unknown.

 

 

75.  PEREDUR24 AP ELEUTHER (ELEUTHER23 AP GURGUST, GURGUST22 AP CENEU, CENEU21 AP COEL, COEL20 AP GUOTEPAUC, GUOTEPAUC19 AP TEGFAN, TEGFAN18 AP TEUHVANT, TEUHVANT17 AP TELPUIL, TELPUIL16 AP ERB, ERB15 AP GRATUS, GRATUS14 AP IUMETEL, IUMETEL13 AP RITIGERN, RITIGERN12 AP OUDICANT, OUDICANT11 AP OUTIGERN, OUTIGERN10 AP ELIUD, ELIUD9 AP EUDAF, EUDAF8 AP EUDELEN, EUDELEN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)99 died 580 in Caer Greu, England100.

 

Notes for PEREDUR AP ELEUTHER:

[Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens,  (Carroll and Graf Publishers, New York, 1998), pgs. 102-103.]

[DA19] PEREDUR York, fl 560s-580.
Peredur was one of the great heroes of the north, in the battles between the British and the invading Angles. His exploits passed into the legends around king ARTHUR, and his name later became inextricably linked with that of Sir Perceval. The real Peredur was the son of ELEUTHER and the brother of GWRGI. Eleuther seems to have established a strong kingdom in the territory around York, and with his sons developed one of the stronger defences against the Angles, who had been invading and settling in Northumbria since the middle of the sixth centry (see AELLE and IDA). The brothers also had to face expansion from British opportunists who were fighting over their own territories in northern Britain in the lands either side of Hadrian's wall. In the century since the death of COEL only a few strong kings had emerged with sufficient authority to sustain and develop their lands. In most cases the kins were "tyrants", as later chroniclers recalled them, leaders of war-bands who took what lands they might and, in the absence of money, traded in people. The slave trade between northern Britain and Ireland was what so angered St Patrick (see CERETIC). Peredur was one of the stronger kings who sought to establish authority and a rule of law across northern Britain. He was thwarted in his plans firstly by the renegade chieftain GWENDDOLAU. His father, CEIDIAW, had invaded northern Rheged and the lands around Galloway, and seemed to be expanding into the territory of the Brigantes. Peredur and Gwrgi faced Gwenddolau and defeated him at the famous battle of Arfderydd, also known as Arthuret, which is dated to 573AD (though there is no reason to presume that date is wholly accurate). Defending their territories on both flanks must have been very difficult to Peredur and Gwrgi, and serves to emphasise what strong rulers they were. However they met their fate in 580 when they marched against the army of the Angles in Bernicia at Caer Greu, an unidentified site. Both Peredur and Gwrgi were killed. Peredur's son, Gwgaun, who may also have fought in the battle and survived, is recorded as not taking up his inheritance. He may well have fled to any of the remaining British kingdoms, possibly either Rheged or Elmet, but his fate is not known. After Peredur's death, York came under the rule of the Angles.
     The Arthurian Peredur has become so entwined with the story of the Holy Grail that it is difficult to sift out any genuine historical facts about him. Geoffrey of Monmouth lists the rule of a Peredurus in his "History", although places the king to at leasts 200 or even 300BC. In his story Peredurus is the brother of Elidurus whom he deposes, ruling benignly in his stead, so much so that he was the best remembered of the sons of Morvidus. The general feeling remains that Peredur was revered as a strong king and one of the last great defenders of Britain. See also PEREDUR of Dumnonia, page 118.

Cause of Death: Killed in battle100

Reign: Bet. 550 - 580100

       

Child of PEREDUR AP ELEUTHER is:

                   i.    GWGAUN25 AP PEREDUR101, d. Unknown.

 

 

76.  ELIDYR24 AP MERCHIAUN (MERCHIAUN23 AP GURGUST, GURGUST22 AP CENEU, CENEU21 AP COEL, COEL20 AP GUOTEPAUC, GUOTEPAUC19 AP TEGFAN, TEGFAN18 AP TEUHVANT, TEUHVANT17 AP TELPUIL, TELPUIL16 AP ERB, ERB15 AP GRATUS, GRATUS14 AP IUMETEL, IUMETEL13 AP RITIGERN, RITIGERN12 AP OUDICANT, OUDICANT11 AP OUTIGERN, OUTIGERN10 AP ELIUD, ELIUD9 AP EUDAF, EUDAF8 AP EUDELEN, EUDELEN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)102 died 560103.

 

Notes for ELIDYR AP MERCHIAUN:

[Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens,  (Carroll and Graf Publishers, New York, 1998), pg. 103.]

[DA20] ELIDYR or ELEUTHER "THE HANDSOME" Rheged and/or Man, fl 540s-c560.
Elidyr was the son fo MERCHIAUN who became king of Rheged some time in the mid sixth century. He almost certainly also inherited the kingdom of the Isle of Man, though it is possible that he ruled only Man, and that the kingdom of Rheged was divided between him and his brother CINMARC. Elidyr had married the sister of RHUN, king of Gwynedd, whose capital was on the Isle of Anglesey. The islands of Man and Anglesey have long been regarded as part of a single unit, known as the Mevanian Islands to the Romans, and probably inhabited by related Celtic tribes since before the Roman conquest. On the death of MAELGWYN, Elidyr believed he had a claim on Anglesey and so invaded the island in about 560. He was killed in the conflict. His brother Cinmarc and other kings of the North raided Anglesey in revenge for Elidyr's death, but this only angered Rhun more who marched on the northern Britons to teach them a lesson which they never forgot. Elidyr should not be confused with his namesake who is usually named ELEUTHER.

Cause of Death: Killed on a raid104

Known as: Eluether, the Handsome105

Reign: Bet. 540 - 560, Ruler of Rheged106

       

Child of ELIDYR AP MERCHIAUN is:

89.              i.    LLYARCH25 AP ELIDYR, d. 640.

 

 

77.  CINMARC24 AP MERCHIAUN (MERCHIAUN23 AP GURGUST, GURGUST22 AP CENEU, CENEU21 AP COEL, COEL20 AP GUOTEPAUC, GUOTEPAUC19 AP TEGFAN, TEGFAN18 AP TEUHVANT, TEUHVANT17 AP TELPUIL, TELPUIL16 AP ERB, ERB15 AP GRATUS, GRATUS14 AP IUMETEL, IUMETEL13 AP RITIGERN, RITIGERN12 AP OUDICANT, OUDICANT11 AP OUTIGERN, OUTIGERN10 AP ELIUD, ELIUD9 AP EUDAF, EUDAF8 AP EUDELEN, EUDELEN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)107 died 570108.

 

Notes for CINMARC AP MERCHIAUN:

[Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens,  (Carroll and Graf Publishers, New York, 1998), pg. 103.]

[DA21] CINMARC or KYNMARCH rheged, fl 560s-c570s.
The son of MERCHIAUN and the father of URIEN. We can imagine that in Cinmarc's time, if not earlier, the rulers of Rheged established an overlordship of the Isle of Man. Cinmarc is known to have had a substantial fleet of ships for in around the year 560 he and his contemporaries, RHYDDERCH and CLYDNO, raided Anglesey in revenge for the death of his brother ELIDYR at the hands of the Welsh king RHUN. They did a lightning strike and returned, but this incurred the wrath of Rhun whose march across north England in revenge passed into legend.

Reign: Bet. 560 - 570, Ruler of Rheged108

       

Children of CINMARC AP MERCHIAUN are:

90.              i.    ENHINTI25 VERCH CINMARC, d. Unknown.

91.             ii.    URIEN AP CINMARC, b. Abt. 540; d. Abt. 590.

 

 

78.  CINBELIN24 AP ARTHYS (ARTHWYS23 AP CENEU, CENEU22, CENEU21 AP COEL, COEL20 AP GUOTEPAUC, GUOTEPAUC19 AP TEGFAN, TEGFAN18 AP TEUHVANT, TEUHVANT17 AP TELPUIL, TELPUIL16 AP ERB, ERB15 AP GRATUS, GRATUS14 AP IUMETEL, IUMETEL13 AP RITIGERN, RITIGERN12 AP OUDICANT, OUDICANT11 AP OUTIGERN, OUTIGERN10 AP ELIUD, ELIUD9 AP EUDAF, EUDAF8 AP EUDELEN, EUDELEN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)109 died Unknown.

 

Notes for CINBELIN AP ARTHYS:

[Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens,  (Carroll and Graf Publishers, New York, 1998), pg. 103.]

[DA22] CINBELIN or KYNVELIN Goddodin, fl 540s-570s.
Cinbelin (the name is a variant of Cunobelinus of Cymbeline) was the son of DUMNAGUAL. After his father's death, Cinbelin established himself in the territory of the Goddodin amongst the northern Votadini, with his base at Traprain Law near Dunbar. He apparently inherited the major part of his father's army which was probably required on the eastern front to combat the growing number of Angles establishing themselves in Bernicia, and the consequence of the infighting amongst the ejected Britons, led by MORCANT. One ancient chronicle suggests that Cinbelin was a Brigantian chieftain who took an army north and imposed himself upon the Votadini. If this is true then the genealogies must be wrong. There is probably just enough weight of evidence to favour the genealogies. Cinbelin's son, CLYDNO, further established himself as a force amongst the Goddodin.

Reign: Bet. 540 - 570, Northern Votadini110

       

Children of CINBELIN AP ARTHYS are:

                   i.    CYNWYD25 AP CINBELIN111, d. Unknown.

                  ii.    CLYDNO AP CINBELIN112, d. Unknown.

Notes for CLYDNO AP CINBELIN:

Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens,  (Carroll and Graf Publishers, New York, 1998), pg. 104.

[DA24} CLYDNO (or CLINOG) "EITIN" Votadini, fl 560s-580s.
Clydno succeeded his father, CINBELIN, as ruler of the Gododdin, acquiring the name "Eiten" (Edinburgh) to distinguish him from his uncle, CLYDNO, who was ruling Alclud, at the other end of the Antonine Wall. Clydno appears as an ally of RHYDDERCH (who was his cousin's son) against the rebellious dynasty of MORCANT and his sons. Clydno was also involved in the expedition led by Rhydderch with CINMARC of Rheged against RHUN of Gwynedd. Though the scored an initial success, Rhun's remarkable march against the northern Britains in about the year 560 put a stop to any ambitions they had in that direction. Soon afterward, their energies were directed towards stemming the invasion of the Angles along the north-east coast of Britain. It is not clear what the relationship is between Clydno and Mynyddog "Mwynfawr", who seems to have succeeded him. At this time the kingdom of the Gododdin became suffocated by the Bernician kingdom under ATHELRIC.

Reign: Bet. 560 - 580, Northern Votadini113

 

 

79.  KEIDYAW24 AP ARTHWYS (ARTHWYS23 AP MOR, MOR22 AP CENEU, CENEU21 AP COEL, COEL20 AP GUOTEPAUC, GUOTEPAUC19 AP TEGFAN, TEGFAN18 AP TEUHVANT, TEUHVANT17 AP TELPUIL, TELPUIL16 AP ERB, ERB15 AP GRATUS, GRATUS14 AP IUMETEL, IUMETEL13 AP RITIGERN, RITIGERN12 AP OUDICANT, OUDICANT11 AP OUTIGERN, OUTIGERN10 AP ELIUD, ELIUD9 AP EUDAF, EUDAF8 AP EUDELEN, EUDELEN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)114 died Unknown.

 

Notes for KEIDYAW AP ARTHWYS:

[Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens,  (Carroll and Graf Publishers, New York, 1998), pg. 101.]

[DA15] CEIDIAW Galloway and Kyle (?), fl 540s-550s.
Ceidiaw (or Keidyaw) is remembered only as the father of GWENDDOLAU. We may presume that he helped conquer the lands around Galloway and Kyle, and possibly into northern Rhegeh sometime in the middle of the sixth century. He may have usurped the kingdom of RHUN. It is interesting to speculate whether he was the origin of either Geoffrey of Monmouth's Cador of Cornwall or of the legendary ARTHUR's seneschal Cei or Kay.

Reign: Bet. 540 - 550, Ruler of Galloway and Kyle115

       

Child of KEIDYAW AP ARTHWYS is:

                   i.    GWENDDOLAU25 AP KEIDYAW116, d. Abt. 573117.

Notes for GWENDDOLAU AP KEIDYAW:

[Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens,  (Carroll and Graf Publishers, New York, 1998), pgs. 103-104.]

[DA23] GWENDDOLAU Galloway and northern Rheged, 560s-573.
Gwenddolau was the son to CEIDIAW, one of a number of renegade chieftains who sought to gain land for themselves amongst the emerging kingdoms of northern Britain, particularly the land between the Walls. Gwenddolau's campaign was eventually thwarted by a confederate army led by PEREDUR of York who defeated and killed Gwenddolau at the battle of Arfderydd or Arthuret, north of Carlisle, in about the year 573. What has kept Gwenddolau's name alive is the name of his court adviser, Myrddin or Merlin. Merlin is supposed to have gone mad with grief after his lord's death and fled into the Caledonian forest where he lived like a wild animal.

Cause of Death: Killed in battle118

Reign: Bet. 560 - 573, Ruler of Galloway119

 

 

80.  MADOG24 AP MORYDD (MORYDD23 AP MOR, MOR22 AP CENEU, CENEU21 AP COEL, COEL20 AP GUOTEPAUC, GUOTEPAUC19 AP TEGFAN, TEGFAN18 AP TEUHVANT, TEUHVANT17 AP TELPUIL, TELPUIL16 AP ERB, ERB15 AP GRATUS, GRATUS14 AP IUMETEL, IUMETEL13 AP RITIGERN, RITIGERN12 AP OUDICANT, OUDICANT11 AP OUTIGERN, OUTIGERN10 AP ELIUD, ELIUD9 AP EUDAF, EUDAF8 AP EUDELEN, EUDELEN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)120 died Unknown.

       

Child of MADOG AP MORYDD is:

                   i.    MYRDDIN25 AP MADOG120, d. Unknown.

 

 

81.  GUTICURN24 AP SAMYL (SAMYL23 AP PABO, PABO22 AP CENEU, CENEU21 AP COEL, COEL20 AP GUOTEPAUC, GUOTEPAUC19 AP TEGFAN, TEGFAN18 AP TEUHVANT, TEUHVANT17 AP TELPUIL, TELPUIL16 AP ERB, ERB15 AP GRATUS, GRATUS14 AP IUMETEL, IUMETEL13 AP RITIGERN, RITIGERN12 AP OUDICANT, OUDICANT11 AP OUTIGERN, OUTIGERN10 AP ELIUD, ELIUD9 AP EUDAF, EUDAF8 AP EUDELEN, EUDELEN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)120 died Unknown.

       

Child of GUTICURN AP SAMYL is:

92.              i.    CADWALLON25 AP GUTICURN, d. Unknown.

 

 

Generation No. 25

 

82.  COLEDAUC25 AP MORCANT (MORCANT24 AP CINCAR, CINCAR23 AP DUMNAGUAL, DUMNAGUAL22 AP GARBANIAWN, GARBANIAWN21 AP COEL, COEL20 AP GUOTEPAUC, GUOTEPAUC19 AP TEGFAN, TEGFAN18 AP TEUHVANT, TEUHVANT17 AP TELPUIL, TELPUIL16 AP ERB, ERB15 AP GRATUS, GRATUS14 AP IUMETEL, IUMETEL13 AP RITIGERN, RITIGERN12 AP OUDICANT, OUDICANT11 AP OUTIGERN, OUTIGERN10 AP ELIUD, ELIUD9 AP EUDAF, EUDAF8 AP EUDELEN, EUDELEN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)120 died Unknown.

       

Child of COLEDAUC AP MORCANT is:

                   i.    MORCANT26 AP COLEDAUC120, d. Unknown.

Notes for MORCANT AP COLEDAUC:

[Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens,  (Carroll and Graf Publishers, New York, 1998), pg. 104.]

[DA25] MORCANT If the genealogies are correct this ruler was the grandson of Morcant "Bulc", and lived in the latter half of the sixth century. He is probably the same as the avaricious king Morken who appears in Jocelyne's "Life of St Kentigern" and who is described as ruling the Cambrian kingdom in the territory of the Clyde in the early years of Kentigern's ministry, around the 580s. Morken had probably expanded the kingdom of his grandfather so that it stretched between the Votadini of Edinburgh across to the territory of the Alclud. This would have brought him into conflict with URIEN of Rheged which resulted in Morcant killing Urien. There does not seem to have been any retribution for this unless we read something more into the legends of St Kentigern. Kentigern had asked Morken for provender for the new community he had established at Glasgow. Morken refused saying that, if Kentigern's god was so powerful, He could provide. Following Kentigern's prayers the river Clyde flooded destroying all of Morken's corn. Morken was furious and determined to expel Kentigern from his lands, but he seems to have been smitten with some ailment of the foot from which he died, and which plagued his descendants thereafter. The relationship between Urien and Morcant has caused some commentators to speculate that Morcant may be the original of Mordred whose similar lust for revenge and power resulted in the death of ARTHUR.

Reign: Bet. 580 - 590, Ruler of the Votadini121

 

 

83.  MEURIG25 AP DINACAT (DINACAT25 AP EBIAUN, EBIAUN24 AP DUNANT, DUNANT23 AP CUNEDDA, CUNEDDA22 AP EDERN, EDERN21 AP PADARN, PADARN20 AP TEGID, TEGID19 AP CEIN, CEIN18 AP GUORCEIN, GUORCEIN17 AP DOLI, DOLI16 AP GUORDOLI, GUORDOLI15 AP DYFWN, DYFWN14 AP GURDUMN, GURDUMN13 AP AMGUALOYT, AMGUALYOT12 AP ANGUERIT, ANGUERIT11 AP OUMUN, OUMUN10 AP DYFWN, DYFWN9 AP BRITHGUEIN, BRITHGUEIN8 AP EUGEIN, EUGEIN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)122 died Unknown.

       

Child of MEURIG AP DINACAT is:

93.              i.    EBIAUN26 AP MEURIG, d. Unknown.

 

 

84.  GWRIN25 AP CATGUALART (CATGUALART25 AP MEIRION, MEIRION24 AP TYBION, TYBION23 AP CUNEDDA, CUNEDDA22 AP EDERN, EDERN21 AP PADARN, PADARN20 AP TEGID, TEGID19 AP CEIN, CEIN18 AP GUORCEIN, GUORCEIN17 AP DOLI, DOLI16 AP GUORDOLI, GUORDOLI15 AP DYFWN, DYFWN14 AP GURDUMN, GURDUMN13 AP AMGUALOYT, AMGUALYOT12 AP ANGUERIT, ANGUERIT11 AP OUMUN, OUMUN10 AP DYFWN, DYFWN9 AP BRITHGUEIN, BRITHGUEIN8 AP EUGEIN, EUGEIN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)122 died Unknown.

 

Notes for GWRIN AP CATGUALART:

[Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens,  (Carroll and Graf Publishers, New York, 1998), pgs. 160-161.]

[EH3] GWRIN "FARFDRWCH" (of the RAGGED BEARD) Meirionydd, fl 530s.
The grandson of MEIRION and, as a contemporary of MAELGWYN "HIR", likely to be a vassal king of Gwynedd. This is the same king identified by Geoffrey of Monmouth as Gurguit Barbtruc [P24], though he had displaced him to some time around 300BC. According to Geoffrey, Gurguit was a wise and clement king who nevertheless waged war on his neighbours when they defied him. Gurguit fought the Danes, chased them back to their home country and subdued them. On his return he encountered thirty boats full of Spanish exiles looking for a homeland. Gurguit led them to Ireland, which was then deserted, and there they became established what truth we can deduce from this is hard to say. Gwrin may well have been a wise king but faced with considerable onslaught from his neighbours and from Irish pirates. It was during Gwrin's reign that St Cadfan came to Wales and established churches at Tywyn and Bardsey.

Known as: Farfdrwch (of the Ragged Beard)122

Reign: 530, Ruler of Meirionydd123

       

Child of GWRIN AP CATGUALART is:

94.              i.    GLITNOTH26 AP GWRIN, d. Unknown.

 

 

85.  BODGU25 AP SERGUIL (SERGUIL25 AP IUSAY, IUSAY24 AP CEREDIG, CEREDIG23 AP CUNEDDA, CUNEDDA22 AP EDERN, EDERN21 AP PADARN, PADARN20 AP TEGID, TEGID19 AP CEIN, CEIN18 AP GUORCEIN, GUORCEIN17 AP DOLI, DOLI16 AP GUORDOLI, GUORDOLI15 AP DYFWN, DYFWN14 AP GURDUMN, GURDUMN13 AP AMGUALOYT, AMGUALYOT12 AP ANGUERIT, ANGUERIT11 AP OUMUN, OUMUN10 AP DYFWN, DYFWN9 AP BRITHGUEIN, BRITHGUEIN8 AP EUGEIN, EUGEIN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)132 died Unknown.

 

Notes for BODGU AP SERGUIL:

[Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens,  (Carroll and Graf Publishers, New York, 1998), pg. 131.]

[EB4] BODGU Ceredigion, fl 560s.
Nothing is known about Bodgu's life. He was the son of SERGUIL and the father of ARTBODGU. He ruled (assuming he had any authority at all) at the time of RHUN, the mighty lord of Gwynedd, and it is more probably that Bodgu served as a frontier vassal king.

Reign: 560, Ruler of Ceredigion133

       

Child of BODGU AP SERGUIL is:

95.              i.    ARTBODGU26 AP BODGU, d. Unknown.

 

 

86.  RHUN25 AP MAELGWN (MAELGWYN25 AP CADWALLON, CADWALLON24 AP EINION, EINION23 AP CUNEDDA, CUNEDDA22 AP EDERN, EDERN21 AP PADARN, PADARN20 AP TEGID, TEGID19 AP CEIN, CEIN18 AP GUORCEIN, GUORCEIN17 AP DOLI, DOLI16 AP GUORDOLI, GUORDOLI15 AP DYFWN, DYFWN14 AP GURDUMN, GURDUMN13 AP AMGUALOYT, AMGUALYOT12 AP ANGUERIT, ANGUERIT11 AP OUMUN, OUMUN10 AP DYFWN, DYFWN9 AP BRITHGUEIN, BRITHGUEIN8 AP EUGEIN, EUGEIN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)134 was born 520 in of Wales134,135, and died Abt. 586136.  He married PERWYR VERCH RHUN136.  She was born Abt. 496 in of Wales136, and died Unknown.

 

Notes for RHUN AP MAELGWN:

[Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens,  (Carroll and Graf Publishers, New York, 1998), pgs. 143-144.]

[ED5] RHUN "HIR" Gwynedd, c549-?580s.
Rhun was the son and successor of MAELGWYN. He was probably in his late twenties when his father died of the plague. The early part of Rhun's reign shows that he could claim to be the most powerful king of his day in Britain, and that he could even have established himself at the head of a pan-British kingdom. Sometime after his father's death, presumably aroung 560, ELIDYR, the ruler of Rheged, who had married Rhun's sister, believed he had claim to Gwynedd, and more especially the island of Anglesey. At this time Elidyr almost certainly ruled the Isle of Man as well and the islands of Man and Anglesey have a long historic association. Elidyr's attempt at conquest, however, failed, for he was killed by Rhun. Elidyr's cousins from the north, particularly RHYDDERCH "HEN" and CLYDNO "Eiten" who ruled Strathclyde and Lothian, were wary of Rhun's power. Rhun's half- brother, BRUDE, had recently been elected ruler of the Picts, which meant that Rhydderch and Clydno were trapped between a growing dynastic power to north and south. Rhydderch and Clydno along with Elidyr's brother CINMARC, sailed down to Anglesey and sacked the town of Arfon (now Caernarvon) on the mainland. Instead of building upon their advantage they now retreated, clearly feeling they had taught Rhun a lesson. But the opposite happened. Rhun gave them a demonstration of his power. Mustering forces from all over north Wales, Rhun led an army, probably the greatest force that had been seen since the days of ARTHUR, and marched from Wales up through Rheged (Lancashire) and across the Pennines to York. In all that march, which lasted several months, Rhun was unopposed. In effect he exercised authority over all of north Wales and northern Britain and, in alliance with Brude, extending into the lands of the Picts. Rhun could have sought to establish a major kingdom. But he did not have a sufficient power base back in Wales to sustain such rule, and though his authority was recognized, he did not take control of the territory. Instead he made peace with PEREDUR of York, apparently marrying his cousin Perwyr, and then returned to Gwynedd. The expedition, which probably took place in the early 560s, lasted about a year, and passed into Welsh legend. It is therefore surprising that nothing more is heard of Rhun although he ruled for perhaps another twenty years. One can conjecture that during that period he established Gwynedd as a prosperous and strong kingdom not threatened by any outside powers. Rhun was succeeded by BELI AP RHUN, who was either his son or nephew.

Ancestral File Number: HPGD-63

Known as: Hir (the Tall)

Reign: Bet. 549 - 586, Ruler of Gwynedd137

 

More About PERWYR VERCH RHUN:

Ancestral File Number: HS3G-7L

       

Child of RHUN AP MAELGWN and PERWYR VERCH RHUN is:

96.              i.    BELI26 AP RHUN, b. Abt. 517, North Wales; d. 599.

 

 

87.  BRUDE25 MAC MAELGWN (MAELGWYN25 AP CADWALLON, CADWALLON24 AP EINION, EINION23 AP CUNEDDA, CUNEDDA22 AP EDERN, EDERN21 AP PADARN, PADARN20 AP TEGID, TEGID19 AP CEIN, CEIN18 AP GUORCEIN, GUORCEIN17 AP DOLI, DOLI16 AP GUORDOLI, GUORDOLI15 AP DYFWN, DYFWN14 AP GURDUMN, GURDUMN13 AP AMGUALOYT, AMGUALYOT12 AP ANGUERIT, ANGUERIT11 AP OUMUN, OUMUN10 AP DYFWN, DYFWN9 AP BRITHGUEIN, BRITHGUEIN8 AP EUGEIN, EUGEIN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)138 died 584139.  He married VERCH GILDAS140, daughter of GILDAS MAC GALAM.  She died Unknown.

 

Notes for BRUDE MAC MAELGWN:

[Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens,  (Carroll and Graf Publishers, New York, 1998), pgs. 172-173.]

[FA13] BRUDE (I) MAC MAELCHEON Picts, 556-84.
Most historical king-lists of the Picts start with Brude, ignoring his many predecessors. Brude's appearance was a departure from procedent. It was traditional amongst the Picts to elect their king from within a select aristocracy who were sons of Pictish princesses. Brude, however, is generally acknowledged to have been the son of MAELGWYN, the ruler of Gwynedd (though his identification is not definite). i fwe accept this, then it is clear that Maelgwyn must have married a Pictish princess, which gave Brude his authority, but it also meant that Brude brought with him considerable strength. Maelgwyn was regarded as the most powerful ruler in Britain and his son, RHUN, continued to enforce that authority.
     Brude took over a kingdom that had suffered considerably in the last decade, particularly at the hands of the Scots of Dal Riata, and their king GABHRAN. Initially Brude shared the kingdom with his predecessor, GALAM, but after a year Galam was deposed. As we cannot be absolutely sure of dates at this time it is possible Brude's position was strengthened when his half-brother, Rhun, marched on the north to seek revenge for the raid on Anglesey by ELIDYR of Rheged, who was assisted by CLYTNO of the Gododdin. Rhun's army marched to the very shores of the Forth and it is possible that one of the results of this was the deposing of Galam. Rhun's army may also have assisted Brude in his fight against the Dal Riatans. Within the first two years of his reign Brude had successfully defeated Gabhran and driven the Scots back into their kingdom. Gabhran died either in that conflict of soon after, and his son and successor, CONALL, was not inclined to oick any further fights with Brude.
     After these initial conflicts to establish his authority, Brude dominated the Picts by his strength of character and his wisdom. There was a further major change with Brude. He could claim descent from Christians but it is unlikely that he was a practising Christian himself, merely sympathetic to the faith. The Picts were pagans, steeped in their centuries-old druidic culture. St Columba used the opportunity of Brude's sympathies, however, to help convert the Picts to Christianity. In 565 Columba travelled across northern Pictland to Brude's capital at Inverness. Adomnan's life of Columba provides a dramatic telling of this jouney and of the reception that Columba received. Brude apparently ordered that the gates of his castle be closed against Columba, but Columba made a sign of the cross upon the gates and as he laid his hand upon them they burst open. Thereafter Columba was apparently set in contest against Brude's chief druid, Broichan, to see who could achieve the most through the power of their religion. Columba's achievements apparently converted Brude and Columba baptized him and hundreds of his people in Loch Ness. This colorful account is probably more fantasy than fact, but there can be little doubt that the sheer passion of Columba would have impressed Brude and that he was happy to give Columba freedom to preach the Christian message across his lands. He would also have formally authorised Columba to build his monastery on Iona.
     Brude ruled the Picts for nearly thirty years and proved one of their most powerful and gifted kings. He maintained peace during a period of otherwise significant hostilities to the south, and was acknowledged as sole ruler not only by all of the Pictish chieftains on the mainland, but those amongst the Orkneys and the Western Isles. Brude's temper must have been roused in 580 when the Dal Riatan king, AEDAN MAC GABHRAN, marched through Pictland in an expedition against Orkney, and it is likely that the end of Brude's reign saw a continued rise in hostilities throughout the land. The southern Picts, who remained the most hostile to Brude, continued to rebel occasionally and it is likely that Brude was killed in a battle against then in the year 584, when he was aroung the age of sixty. It seems that after his death the Picts repeated their election procedure by selecting as their new king the son of another powerful ruler, this time GARTNAIT, son of their old enemy Aedan mac Gabhran.

Cause of Death: possibly killed in battle141

Elected: chosen by the Picts to be their leader142

Reign: Bet. 556 - 584, Ruler of the Picts143

       

Child of BRUDE MAC MAELGWN and VERCH GILDAS is:

                   i.    GWID26 MAC BRUDE144, d. Unknown; m. VERCH ERB144; d. Unknown.

 

 

88.  MAIG25 AP CYNLAS (CYNLAS25 AP OWAIN, OWAIN24 AP EINION, EINION23 AP CUNEDDA, CUNEDDA22 AP EDERN, EDERN21 AP PADARN, PADARN20 AP TEGID, TEGID19 AP CEIN, CEIN18 AP GUORCEIN, GUORCEIN17 AP DOLI, DOLI16 AP GUORDOLI, GUORDOLI15 AP DYFWN, DYFWN14 AP GURDUMN, GURDUMN13 AP AMGUALOYT, AMGUALYOT12 AP ANGUERIT, ANGUERIT11 AP OUMUN, OUMUN10 AP DYFWN, DYFWN9 AP BRITHGUEIN, BRITHGUEIN8 AP EUGEIN, EUGEIN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)145 died Unknown.

       

Child of MAIG AP CYNLAS is:

97.              i.    CANGAN26 AP MAIG, d. Unknown.

 

 

89.  LLYARCH25 AP ELIDYR (ELIDYR24 AP MERCHIAUN, MERCHIAUN23 AP GURGUST, GURGUST22 AP CENEU, CENEU21 AP COEL, COEL20 AP GUOTEPAUC, GUOTEPAUC19 AP TEGFAN, TEGFAN18 AP TEUHVANT, TEUHVANT17 AP TELPUIL, TELPUIL16 AP ERB, ERB15 AP GRATUS, GRATUS14 AP IUMETEL, IUMETEL13 AP RITIGERN, RITIGERN12 AP OUDICANT, OUDICANT11 AP OUTIGERN, OUTIGERN10 AP ELIUD, ELIUD9 AP EUDAF, EUDAF8 AP EUDELEN, EUDELEN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)146 died 640147.

 

Notes for LLYARCH AP ELIDYR:

[Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens,  (Carroll and Graf Publishers, New York, 1998), pgs. 106-107.]

[DA30;NA1] LLYARCH "HEN" Rheged and Man, c560-595.
Llyarch was the son of ELIDYR who was killed in about the year 560. It is not clear how old Llywarch was at this time. He may still have been a youth. Elidyr had married the daughter of MAELGWYN of Gwynedd, so it is possible that Llywarch was Maelgwyn's grandson and related to the royal family of Gwynedd and Powys. Although he succeeded to the kingdom of Rheged it is unclear exactly where the boundaries of his territory were. It is possible that he governed southern Rheged whilst his uncle CINMARC and cousin URIEN ruled northern Rheged. His authority may also have extended to the Isle of Man, though this was conquered by Aedan of Dal Riata in 582. Cinmarc may, in any case, have ruled until Llywarch came of age. Llywarch may later have settled into a role as vassal king once Urien came to power. He was more of a scholar and poet than a ruler and it seems that once the power of Rheged waned after the death of Urien and later Owain, Llywarch retired to his relatives in Powys, in North Wales, where he was court poet. He is said to have lived to a great age, dying perhaps as late as 640 when he must have been well into his nineties. It is probable that he died earlier but that his name lived on amongst other court poets who may have used his name on their work. Llywarch's poetry, or least what can be attributed to him, included tributes to Urien, and a lament upon the deaths of Llywarch's own sons in battles against the Angles. Llywarch's descendants are supposed to have ruled Man (see DIWG).

[Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens,  (Carroll and Graf Publishers, New York, 1998), pg. 422.]

[NA1;DA30] LLYARCH "HEN" Rheged and Man, c560-595.
Llywarch the Old was a son of the Men of the North, though also descended from the rulers of Gwynedd. He did not seem to have the temperament to be a king, and he retired at the earliest opportunity to be a poet at the court of the kings of Powys and Gwynedd. It is not certain that he ruled Man, though legend describes the island as belonging to his successors in the kingdom of Rheged. Man was also one of the Mevanian Islands, the other being Anglesey, and it is possible that even after he retired to Gwynedd, Llywarch retained authority over the two islands, at least until Man was conquered by Aedan of Dal Riata in 582. "See page 106 for more details."

Known as: Hen148

Reign: Bet. 560 - 595, Ruler of Rheged149

Retirement: to Powys149

       

Child of LLYARCH AP ELIDYR is:

98.              i.    DIWG26 AP LLYWARCH, d. Unknown.

 

 

90.  ENHINTI25 VERCH CINMARC (CINMARC24 AP MERCHIAUN, MERCHIAUN23 AP GURGUST, GURGUST22 AP CENEU, CENEU21 AP COEL, COEL20 AP GUOTEPAUC, GUOTEPAUC19 AP TEGFAN, TEGFAN18 AP TEUHVANT, TEUHVANT17 AP TELPUIL, TELPUIL16 AP ERB, ERB15 AP GRATUS, GRATUS14 AP IUMETEL, IUMETEL13 AP RITIGERN, RITIGERN12 AP OUDICANT, OUDICANT11 AP OUTIGERN, OUTIGERN10 AP ELIUD, ELIUD9 AP EUDAF, EUDAF8 AP EUDELEN, EUDELEN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)150 died Unknown.  She married TEWDRIG AP BUDIC150, son of BUDIC AP ALDROENUS and VERCH TEITHFALLT.  He died 584151.

 

Notes for TEWDRIG AP BUDIC:

[Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens,  (Carroll and Graf Publishers, New York, 1998), pg. 125.]

[EA9;SA9] TEWDRIG Gwent (and later Glywysing), fl 550s-c584.
The name Theodoric (and its Celtic equivalent Tewdrig) were popular in the sixth century and this blurs identification of some individuals. This Tewdrig may have been the son (or grandson) of TEITHFALLT, who ruled Gwent at the end of the fifth century, or he may have been the son of Budic, a Celtic ruler of Brittany, who was exelled after the death of his father (in 556) and returned to Wales, where he had spent much of his youth engaged in aiding the British in their battles against the Irish in both Wales and Cornwall. Whichever the case, he ascended the throne with considerable prestige gained from his youthful valour. He built upon that prestige by marrying Enhinti, the sister of URIEN of Rheged, who was already becoming regarded as the most powerful British king. Tewdrig continued his exploits in Wales and Cornwall, and through his actions firmly established Gwent as the most powerful nation in south Wales, driving back the Irish of Demetia and increasing the territory of Glywysing. Towards the end of his long life he retired to become an anchorite, apparently living in a cave or cell near Tintern. However, he emerged a few years later to help his son, MEURIG, in an offensive against the Saxons who were making great advances around Gloucester. The Saxon annals record a Saxon withdrawal from the Wye around the year 584, and this may be the year of Tewdrig's death. He was mortally wounded in battle and died three days later. He ordered that he be buried where he died and a church established there. The traditional burial place is Mathern, near Chepstow.

Cause of Death: Abdicated but killed in battle151

Reign: 550, Ruler of Gwent151

       

Children of ENHINTI VERCH CINMARC and TEWDRIG AP BUDIC are:

                   i.    MEURIG26 AP TEWDRIG, d. 615.

                  ii.    MARCHELL VERCH TEWDRIG, d. Unknown.

 

 

91.  URIEN25 AP CINMARC (CINMARC24 AP MERCHIAUN, MERCHIAUN23 AP GURGUST, GURGUST22 AP CENEU, CENEU21 AP COEL, COEL20 AP GUOTEPAUC, GUOTEPAUC19 AP TEGFAN, TEGFAN18 AP TEUHVANT, TEUHVANT17 AP TELPUIL, TELPUIL16 AP ERB, ERB15 AP GRATUS, GRATUS14 AP IUMETEL, IUMETEL13 AP RITIGERN, RITIGERN12 AP OUDICANT, OUDICANT11 AP OUTIGERN, OUTIGERN10 AP ELIUD, ELIUD9 AP EUDAF, EUDAF8 AP EUDELEN, EUDELEN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)152 was born Abt. 540153, and died Abt. 590153.

 

Notes for URIEN AP CINMARC:

[Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens,  (Carroll and Graf Publishers, New York, 1998), pgs. 104-105.]

[DA26] URIEN Rheged, c570-590.
Urien is one of the better attested rulers of the North Britons in the period between the end of the Roman Empire in Britain and the emergence of the Saxon kingdoms of England. He ruled the territory known as Rheged, which equates roughly to Cumbria and Lancashire and possibly part of Galloway. Urien inherited the kingdom from CINMARC around the year 570, probably just after the battle of Arthuret in which the northern renegade GWENDDOLAU was killed. Urien is not specifically named as being at that battle, and he may therefore have benefited from the victory of PEREDUR, DUNAUT and his father Cinmarc. This gave Urien authority over the region north of Carlisle into the old kingdom of Galloway. This brought him into conflict with the expansionist regime of MORCANT of the Votadini, who had been expelled from his lands to the east by the Angles of Bernicia and was carving out for himself a kingdom south of the Clyde.
     In 580, or soon after, the Angles defeated and killed PEREDUR of York and his brother leaving the old British kingdoms of York and Catraeth exposed. The main conflict was with THEODORIC of Bernicia. Urien appears to have recovered the lands of Catraeth, around Catterick and Richmond, but was then defeated by Theodoric and had to seek refuge back in his homeland. It seems that Urien then succeeded in convincing the other British kings RHYDDERCH, and GWALAWG and Morcant to forget their differences and unite to defend their lands against the Angles. A vast confederate army swept across the Cheviots and down on the Angles. Although their main fort was at Bamburgh, the focus of the ensuing battle was on the headland opposite Lindisfarne, where Urien and his army succeeded in trapping the English on the island. The weight of the siege went in favour of the British and the Bernicians were nearly annihilated. However, during the siege, one of Morcant's men, called Lovan, slew Urien. The motive was probably jealousy. Bamburgh was the site of Morcant's original kingdom and it seemed he wanted the victory and the spoils to be his. Unfortunately with the death of Urien the strength evaporated from the army and they departed, even on the edge of victory. Urien's battle was continued by his son OWAIN.
     Urien was so famous in his day that his exploits have been compared with those of King ARTHUR. Like Arthur he commanded forces who fought the Picts and Saxons. Like Arthur his kingdom was regarded as one of plenty where no man suffered. There are those that believe Urien was the original Arthur. His adventures form part of the later Arthurian legends, where he appears as the husband of Morgan Le Fay. Urien's family is also well remembered. His sister, called variously Enhinti or Efrddf, who may have been a twin, reputedly married king TEWDRIG of Gwent and was the mother of King MEURIG. In addition to his successor, Owain, Urien was the father of Rhun, who entered the Celtic church and is recorded as baptising EDWIN of Northumbria during his exile in Powys. Interestingly, although the genealogies list Urien's grandfather as MERCHIAUN, tradition also cites his mother's father as BRYCHAN who was the founding ruler of Breichiniog. There probably were considerable links between the British of the North and the British of Wales during the fifth and sixth centuries, which were, however, severed (other than by sea) once the English kingdoms established themselves across the north and in the Midlands. Urien's cousin LLYWARCH, who briefly ruled part of southern Rheged early in Urien's career went into self-imposed exile in Wales and became renowned as a poet.

Reign: Bet. 570 - 590, Ruler of Rheged153

       

Children of URIEN AP CINMARC are:

99.              i.    OWAIN26 AP URIEN, d. 595.

100.           ii.    RHUN AP URIEN, d. 630.

 

 

92.  CADWALLON25 AP GUTICURN (GUTICURN24 AP SAMYL, SAMYL23 AP PABO, PABO22 AP CENEU, CENEU21 AP COEL, COEL20 AP GUOTEPAUC, GUOTEPAUC19 AP TEGFAN, TEGFAN18 AP TEUHVANT, TEUHVANT17 AP TELPUIL, TELPUIL16 AP ERB, ERB15 AP GRATUS, GRATUS14 AP IUMETEL, IUMETEL13 AP RITIGERN, RITIGERN12 AP OUDICANT, OUDICANT11 AP OUTIGERN, OUTIGERN10 AP ELIUD, ELIUD9 AP EUDAF, EUDAF8 AP EUDELEN, EUDELEN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)154 died Unknown.

       

Child of CADWALLON AP GUTICURN is:

                   i.    CEREDIG26154, d. 625155.

Notes for CEREDIG:

[Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens,  (Carroll and Graf Publishers, New York, 1998), pg. 107.]

[DA33] CEREDIG Elmet, expelled 619 or 625.
Ceredig is recorded as the last king of Elmet, in the southern Pennines around Leeds, who was expelled from his domain by EDWIN of Northumbria in either 619 or 625 (scribal error may have miscopied a date which is now difficult to confirm, but the earlier date is more likely). How long Ceredig had ruled and who his predecessors were is not known. An earlier ruler of Elmet, GWALLAWG, is more likely to have been a ruler of a similarly named territory (Elvet) around the Clyde and Forth near Stirling. PABO's son, Samyl, established his own kingdom in the southern Pennines around the year 560, so it is possible that Ceredig was Samwl's grandson. The genealogies show the descendants of Samwl as Guticun (or Gutigern) and Catguallian (or Cadwallan) but nothing more is known of them. Cadwallan and Ceredig are such common Celtic names that it is difficult to distinguish the exploits of one from another.

Reign: Bet. 595 - 625, Ruler of Elmet155

 

 

Generation No. 26

 

93.  EBIAUN26 AP MEURIG (MEURIG26 AP DINACAT, DINACAT25 AP EBIAUN, EBIAUN24 AP DUNANT, DUNANT23 AP CUNEDDA, CUNEDDA22 AP EDERN, EDERN21 AP PADARN, PADARN20 AP TEGID, TEGID19 AP CEIN, CEIN18 AP GUORCEIN, GUORCEIN17 AP DOLI, DOLI16 AP GUORDOLI, GUORDOLI15 AP DYFWN, DYFWN14 AP GURDUMN, GURDUMN13 AP AMGUALOYT, AMGUALYOT12 AP ANGUERIT, ANGUERIT11 AP OUMUN, OUMUN10 AP DYFWN, DYFWN9 AP BRITHGUEIN, BRITHGUEIN8 AP EUGEIN, EUGEIN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)156 died Unknown.

       

Child of EBIAUN AP MEURIG is:

101.            i.    ISAAC27 AP EBIAUN, d. Unknown.

 

 

94.  GLITNOTH26 AP GWRIN (GWRIN26 AP CATGUALART, CATGUALART25 AP MEIRION, MEIRION24 AP TYBION, TYBION23 AP CUNEDDA, CUNEDDA22 AP EDERN, EDERN21 AP PADARN, PADARN20 AP TEGID, TEGID19 AP CEIN, CEIN18 AP GUORCEIN, GUORCEIN17 AP DOLI, DOLI16 AP GUORDOLI, GUORDOLI15 AP DYFWN, DYFWN14 AP GURDUMN, GURDUMN13 AP AMGUALOYT, AMGUALYOT12 AP ANGUERIT, ANGUERIT11 AP OUMUN, OUMUN10 AP DYFWN, DYFWN9 AP BRITHGUEIN, BRITHGUEIN8 AP EUGEIN, EUGEIN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)156 died Unknown.

 

Notes for GLITNOTH AP GWRIN:

[Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens,  (Carroll and Graf Publishers, New York, 1998), pg. 161.]

[EH4] GLITNOTH "GARAHNHIR (LONGSHANKS)" Meirionydd, fl 570s.
The son of GWRIN "FARFDRWCH". Nothing is recorded of him in the annals, but it is possible he is treated by Geoffrey of Monmouth as GUITHELIN [P25], a temperate and liberal king whose wife, Marcia, apparently developed an extensive Code of Laws subsequently used by King ALFRED. Although Geoffrey is totally confused, it is not beyond the bounds of possibility that Glitnoth, who was a contemporary of RHUN "HIR" of Gwynedd, did seek to establish some kind of law code for the Welsh courts, though no record of it survives.

Reign: 570, Ruler of Meirionydd157

       

Child of GLITNOTH AP GWRIN is:

102.            i.    GUEINOTH27 AP GLITNOTH, d. Unknown.

 

 

95.  ARTBODGU26 AP BODGU (BODGU26 AP SERGUIL, SERGUIL25 AP IUSAY, IUSAY24 AP CEREDIG, CEREDIG23 AP CUNEDDA, CUNEDDA22 AP EDERN, EDERN21 AP PADARN, PADARN20 AP TEGID, TEGID19 AP CEIN, CEIN18 AP GUORCEIN, GUORCEIN17 AP DOLI, DOLI16 AP GUORDOLI, GUORDOLI15 AP DYFWN, DYFWN14 AP GURDUMN, GURDUMN13 AP AMGUALOYT, AMGUALYOT12 AP ANGUERIT, ANGUERIT11 AP OUMUN, OUMUN10 AP DYFWN, DYFWN9 AP BRITHGUEIN, BRITHGUEIN8 AP EUGEIN, EUGEIN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)158 died Unknown.

 

Notes for ARTBODGU AP BODGU:

[Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens,  (Carroll and Graf Publishers, New York, 1998), pg. 131.]

[EB5] ARTBODGU AP BODGU Ceredigion, fl 600s.
Fifth in line of descent from CEREDIG. At this time Ceredigion was almost certainly ruled from Gwynedd; but, during Artbodgu's reign, Ceredigion seems to emerge as having some identity of its own, distinct from Gwynedd to the north and Dyfed to the south, and it might be that he was the first to start seriously carving out a kingdom of his own. His son was ARTGLYS.

Reign: 600, Ruler of Ceredigion159

       

Child of ARTBODGU AP BODGU is:

103.            i.    ARTGLYS27 AP ARTBODGU, d. Unknown.

 

 

96.  BELI26 AP RHUN (RHUN26 AP MAELGWN, MAELGWYN25 AP CADWALLON, CADWALLON24 AP EINION, EINION23 AP CUNEDDA, CUNEDDA22 AP EDERN, EDERN21 AP PADARN, PADARN20 AP TEGID, TEGID19 AP CEIN, CEIN18 AP GUORCEIN, GUORCEIN17 AP DOLI, DOLI16 AP GUORDOLI, GUORDOLI15 AP DYFWN, DYFWN14 AP GURDUMN, GURDUMN13 AP AMGUALOYT, AMGUALYOT12 AP ANGUERIT, ANGUERIT11 AP OUMUN, OUMUN10 AP DYFWN, DYFWN9 AP BRITHGUEIN, BRITHGUEIN8 AP EUGEIN, EUGEIN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)160 was born Abt. 517 in North Wales160, and died 599160,161.

 

Notes for BELI AP RHUN:

[Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens,  (Carroll and Graf Publishers, New York, 1998), pg. 144.]

[ED6] BELI AP RHUN Gwynedd, 580s-c599.
Little is known about the reign of Beli, the son or nephew of RHUN, even though he inherited a powerful and stable kingdom. It may be pertinent that although his forebears, Rhun, MAELGWYN and CADWALLON were all noted for their height and strength, no such name attached itself to Beli, possibly an undistinguished ruler who reigned during a period of relative peace and thus failed to pass into legend. He was succeeded by his son IAGO.

Ancestral File Number: HPGD-8F

Reign: Bet. 586 - 599, Ruler of Gwynedd161

       

Child of BELI AP RHUN is:

104.            i.    IAGO27 AP BELI, b. Abt. 540, of Wales; d. 613.

 

 

97.  CANGAN26 AP MAIG (MAIG26 AP CYNLAS, CYNLAS25 AP OWAIN, OWAIN24 AP EINION, EINION23 AP CUNEDDA, CUNEDDA22 AP EDERN, EDERN21 AP PADARN, PADARN20 AP TEGID, TEGID19 AP CEIN, CEIN18 AP GUORCEIN, GUORCEIN17 AP DOLI, DOLI16 AP GUORDOLI, GUORDOLI15 AP DYFWN, DYFWN14 AP GURDUMN, GURDUMN13 AP AMGUALOYT, AMGUALYOT12 AP ANGUERIT, ANGUERIT11 AP OUMUN, OUMUN10 AP DYFWN, DYFWN9 AP BRITHGUEIN, BRITHGUEIN8 AP EUGEIN, EUGEIN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)162 died Unknown.

       

Child of CANGAN AP MAIG is:

105.            i.    CADWAL27 AP CANGAN, d. Unknown.

 

 

98.  DIWG26 AP LLYWARCH (LLYARCH25 AP ELIDYR, ELIDYR24 AP MERCHIAUN, MERCHIAUN23 AP GURGUST, GURGUST22 AP CENEU, CENEU21 AP COEL, COEL20 AP GUOTEPAUC, GUOTEPAUC19 AP TEGFAN, TEGFAN18 AP TEUHVANT, TEUHVANT17 AP TELPUIL, TELPUIL16 AP ERB, ERB15 AP GRATUS, GRATUS14 AP IUMETEL, IUMETEL13 AP RITIGERN, RITIGERN12 AP OUDICANT, OUDICANT11 AP OUTIGERN, OUTIGERN10 AP ELIUD, ELIUD9 AP EUDAF, EUDAF8 AP EUDELEN, EUDELEN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)163 died Unknown.

 

Notes for DIWG AP LLYWARCH:

[Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens,  (Carroll and Graf Publishers, New York, 1998), pg. 422.]

[NA2] DIWG Man, fl 600s.
Diwg is listed in the genealogies as the son of LLYWARCH "HEN" and as the ancestor of GWRIAD, the father of MERFYN "FRYCH". Although tradition linked the descendants of Llywarch with the Isle of Man, it is not clear how far Gwriad's ancestors held authority over Man. It is probable that Diwg and his descendants held Man as vassals of the rulers of Gwynedd as a defence against the Irish throughout the seventh and eighth centuries.

Reign: 600, Ruler of Man164

       

Child of DIWG AP LLYWARCH is:

106.            i.    GWYAR27 AP DIWG, d. Unknown.

 

 

99.  OWAIN26 AP URIEN (URIEN25 AP CINMARC, CINMARC24 AP MERCHIAUN, MERCHIAUN23 AP GURGUST, GURGUST22 AP CENEU, CENEU21 AP COEL, COEL20 AP GUOTEPAUC, GUOTEPAUC19 AP TEGFAN, TEGFAN18 AP TEUHVANT, TEUHVANT17 AP TELPUIL, TELPUIL16 AP ERB, ERB15 AP GRATUS, GRATUS14 AP IUMETEL, IUMETEL13 AP RITIGERN, RITIGERN12 AP OUDICANT, OUDICANT11 AP OUTIGERN, OUTIGERN10 AP ELIUD, ELIUD9 AP EUDAF, EUDAF8 AP EUDELEN, EUDELEN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)165 died 595166.

 

Notes for OWAIN AP URIEN:

[Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens,  (Carroll and Graf Publishers, New York, 1998), pg. 106.]

[DA29] OWAIN MAP URIEN Rheged, c590-c595.
Owain was the son and successor of Urien who took over after his father's treacherous murder while fighting the Angles of Bernicia. Owain continued the battle against THEODORIC and his successor ATHELRIC. He allied himself with the Gododdin king MYNYDDOG and together they sought to reunite a confederate British army to defeat the Bernicians. The resultant host, which numbered in its thousands (some records say tens of thousands) met the English under ATHELFRITH at Catraeth (Catterick) in 595, give or take a year. The result was total annihilation for the British. Even allowing for poetic licence the latter ballad of the battle, which cites there was only one survivor amongst the British, indicates how total the victory was for the English. Owain fell in the battle and with his death the kingdom of Rheged was extinguished. Owain's uncle LLYWARCH retired to live in Powys as a court poet where Owain's own brother, Rhun also settled as a priest. Owain is remembered in Arthurian legend as Sir Yvain, though his adventures there have little relation to his harsh struggle for British survival.

Reign: Bet. 590 - 595, Ruler of Rheged166

       

Child of OWAIN AP URIEN is:

                   i.    ST. KENTIGERN27 AP OWAIN167, d. Unknown.

 

 

100.  RHUN26 AP URIEN (URIEN25 AP CINMARC, CINMARC24 AP MERCHIAUN, MERCHIAUN23 AP GURGUST, GURGUST22 AP CENEU, CENEU21 AP COEL, COEL20 AP GUOTEPAUC, GUOTEPAUC19 AP TEGFAN, TEGFAN18 AP TEUHVANT, TEUHVANT17 AP TELPUIL, TELPUIL16 AP ERB, ERB15 AP GRATUS, GRATUS14 AP IUMETEL, IUMETEL13 AP RITIGERN, RITIGERN12 AP OUDICANT, OUDICANT11 AP OUTIGERN, OUTIGERN10 AP ELIUD, ELIUD9 AP EUDAF, EUDAF8 AP EUDELEN, EUDELEN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)167 died 630168.

 

Notes for RHUN AP URIEN:

[Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens,  (Carroll and Graf Publishers, New York, 1998), pg. 107.]

[DA32] RHUN MAP URIEN Rheged, fl 600s.
Whether Rhun ever succeeded to the kingship of Rheged is uncertain. He was the younger brother of OWAIN and may well have already entered the church by the time Owain fell at Catraeth. He may briefly have returned in order to defend the kingdom against being overwhelmed by the Bernicians but if he ruled at all it is likely to be only as a client king to ATHELFRITH. This was probably of only a short duration for we read of Rhun being resident in Powys a few years later, where he is supposed to have baptized the young EDWIN of Northumbria. Rhun may therefore have left the kingdom to his son RHOETH.

Reign: 600, Ruler of Rheged168

Retirement: Retired to the priesthood168

       

Child of RHUN AP URIEN is:

107.            i.    RHOETH27 AP RHUN, d. Unknown.

 

 

Generation No. 27

 

101.  ISAAC27 AP EBIAUN (EBIAUN27 AP MEURIG, MEURIG26 AP DINACAT, DINACAT25 AP EBIAUN, EBIAUN24 AP DUNANT, DUNANT23 AP CUNEDDA, CUNEDDA22 AP EDERN, EDERN21 AP PADARN, PADARN20 AP TEGID, TEGID19 AP CEIN, CEIN18 AP GUORCEIN, GUORCEIN17 AP DOLI, DOLI16 AP GUORDOLI, GUORDOLI15 AP DYFWN, DYFWN14 AP GURDUMN, GURDUMN13 AP AMGUALOYT, AMGUALYOT12 AP ANGUERIT, ANGUERIT11 AP OUMUN, OUMUN10 AP DYFWN, DYFWN9 AP BRITHGUEIN, BRITHGUEIN8 AP EUGEIN, EUGEIN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)169 died Unknown.

       

Child of ISAAC AP EBIAUN is:

108.            i.    PODGEN28 AP ISAAC, d. Unknown.

 

 

102.  GUEINOTH27 AP GLITNOTH (GLITNOTH27 AP GWRIN, GWRIN26 AP CATGUALART, CATGUALART25 AP MEIRION, MEIRION24 AP TYBION, TYBION23 AP CUNEDDA, CUNEDDA22 AP EDERN, EDERN21 AP PADARN, PADARN20 AP TEGID, TEGID19 AP CEIN, CEIN18 AP GUORCEIN, GUORCEIN17 AP DOLI, DOLI16 AP GUORDOLI, GUORDOLI15 AP DYFWN, DYFWN14 AP GURDUMN, GURDUMN13 AP AMGUALOYT, AMGUALYOT12 AP ANGUERIT, ANGUERIT11 AP OUMUN, OUMUN10 AP DYFWN, DYFWN9 AP BRITHGUEIN, BRITHGUEIN8 AP EUGEIN, EUGEIN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)169 died Unknown.

 

Notes for GUEINOTH AP GLITNOTH:

[Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens,  (Carroll and Graf Publishers, New York, 1998), pg. 161.]

[EH5] GUEINOTH Meirionydd, fl 600s.
A contemporary and possibly a vassal king of IAGO AP BELI of Gwynedd. He was the father of IDRIS.

Reign: 600, Ruler of Meirionydd170

       

Child of GUEINOTH AP GLITNOTH is:

109.            i.    IDRIS28 AP GUEINOTH, d. 632, On the banks of the river Severn.

 

 

103.  ARTGLYS27 AP ARTBODGU (ARTBODGU27 AP BODGU, BODGU26 AP SERGUIL, SERGUIL25 AP IUSAY, IUSAY24 AP CEREDIG, CEREDIG23 AP CUNEDDA, CUNEDDA22 AP EDERN, EDERN21 AP PADARN, PADARN20 AP TEGID, TEGID19 AP CEIN, CEIN18 AP GUORCEIN, GUORCEIN17 AP DOLI, DOLI16 AP GUORDOLI, GUORDOLI15 AP DYFWN, DYFWN14 AP GURDUMN, GURDUMN13 AP AMGUALOYT, AMGUALYOT12 AP ANGUERIT, ANGUERIT11 AP OUMUN, OUMUN10 AP DYFWN, DYFWN9 AP BRITHGUEIN, BRITHGUEIN8 AP EUGEIN, EUGEIN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)171 died Unknown.

 

Notes for ARTGLYS AP ARTBODGU:

[Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens,  (Carroll and Graf Publishers, New York, 1998), pgs. 131-132.]

[EB6] ARTGLYS Ceredigion, fl 640s.
Artglys lived at a time when Gwynedd underwent an internal struggle between its ruling dynasty and the usurper CADFAEL. Consequently Ceredigion could seek some independence, and the archaelogical evidence indicates that around the early seventh century Ceredigion began to develop its own culture. Artglys probably started what his son CLYDOG continued and which developed particularly in the reign of SEISYLL.

Reign: 640, Ruler of Ceredigion172

       

Child of ARTGLYS AP ARTBODGU is:

110.            i.    CLYDOG28 AP ARTGLYS, d. Unknown.

 

 

104.  IAGO27 AP BELI (BELI27 AP RHUN, RHUN26 AP MAELGWN, MAELGWYN25 AP CADWALLON, CADWALLON24 AP EINION, EINION23 AP CUNEDDA, CUNEDDA22 AP EDERN, EDERN21 AP PADARN, PADARN20 AP TEGID, TEGID19 AP CEIN, CEIN18 AP GUORCEIN, GUORCEIN17 AP DOLI, DOLI16 AP GUORDOLI, GUORDOLI15 AP DYFWN, DYFWN14 AP GURDUMN, GURDUMN13 AP AMGUALOYT, AMGUALYOT12 AP ANGUERIT, ANGUERIT11 AP OUMUN, OUMUN10 AP DYFWN, DYFWN9 AP BRITHGUEIN, BRITHGUEIN8 AP EUGEIN, EUGEIN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)173 was born Abt. 540 in of Wales173, and died 613173,174.

 

Notes for IAGO AP BELI:

[Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens,  (Carroll and Graf Publishers, New York, 1998), pgs. 144-145.]

[ED7] IAGO AP BELI Gwynedd, c599-c613 (or 615?).
The name Iago is the Welsh equivalent of Jacob or James. Although little is recorded about Iago ap Beli, it was during his reign that the power of the Angles in Mercia grew under PYBBA and his son PENDA. Later evidence suggests that the Welsh and the Mercians became allies, and it may be that Iago entered into some form of agreement with Pybba that the latter would not attack him in return for support for Mercia when needed. This was especially important because of the growing power of ARHELFRITH of Northumbria. In 604, Athelfrith had driven EDWIN out of Northumbria and the young king sought refuge at the courts of Iago and SELYF of Powys. Athelfrith, determined to be rid of Edwin turned his wrath against the Welsh; it seems that the Mercians provided little assistance. Athelfrith slaughtered the monks of a monastery at Bangor and then his forces defeated and killed Selyf at the Battle of Chester. It is not recorded that Iago took part in this battle; in fact it is suggested that Iago may already have abdicated as king and died that same year in a monastery. He was succeeded by his son CADFAN.

Ancestral File Number: QL4T-9D

Reign: Bet. 599 - 613, Ruler of Gwynedd174

       

Child of IAGO AP BELI is:

111.            i.    CADFAN28 AP IAGO, b. Abt. 569, of Wales; d. 625.

 

 

105.  CADWAL27 AP CANGAN (CANGAN27 AP MAIG, MAIG26 AP CYNLAS, CYNLAS25 AP OWAIN, OWAIN24 AP EINION, EINION23 AP CUNEDDA, CUNEDDA22 AP EDERN, EDERN21 AP PADARN, PADARN20 AP TEGID, TEGID19 AP CEIN, CEIN18 AP GUORCEIN, GUORCEIN17 AP DOLI, DOLI16 AP GUORDOLI, GUORDOLI15 AP DYFWN, DYFWN14 AP GURDUMN, GURDUMN13 AP AMGUALOYT, AMGUALYOT12 AP ANGUERIT, ANGUERIT11 AP OUMUN, OUMUN10 AP DYFWN, DYFWN9 AP BRITHGUEIN, BRITHGUEIN8 AP EUGEIN, EUGEIN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)175 died Unknown.

       

Child of CADWAL AP CANGAN is:

112.            i.    IDGWYN28 AP CADWAL, d. Unknown.

 

 

106.  GWYAR27 AP DIWG (DIWG26 AP LLYWARCH, LLYARCH25 AP ELIDYR, ELIDYR24 AP MERCHIAUN, MERCHIAUN23 AP GURGUST, GURGUST22 AP CENEU, CENEU21 AP COEL, COEL20 AP GUOTEPAUC, GUOTEPAUC19 AP TEGFAN, TEGFAN18 AP TEUHVANT, TEUHVANT17 AP TELPUIL, TELPUIL16 AP ERB, ERB15 AP GRATUS, GRATUS14 AP IUMETEL, IUMETEL13 AP RITIGERN, RITIGERN12 AP OUDICANT, OUDICANT11 AP OUTIGERN, OUTIGERN10 AP ELIUD, ELIUD9 AP EUDAF, EUDAF8 AP EUDELEN, EUDELEN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)176 died Unknown.

 

More About GWYAR AP DIWG:

Reign: 630, Ruler of Man177

       

Child of GWYAR AP DIWG is:

113.            i.    TEGID28 AP GWYAR, d. Unknown.

 

 

107.  RHOETH27 AP RHUN (RHUN26 AP URIEN, URIEN25 AP CINMARC, CINMARC24 AP MERCHIAUN, MERCHIAUN23 AP GURGUST, GURGUST22 AP CENEU, CENEU21 AP COEL, COEL20 AP GUOTEPAUC, GUOTEPAUC19 AP TEGFAN, TEGFAN18 AP TEUHVANT, TEUHVANT17 AP TELPUIL, TELPUIL16 AP ERB, ERB15 AP GRATUS, GRATUS14 AP IUMETEL, IUMETEL13 AP RITIGERN, RITIGERN12 AP OUDICANT, OUDICANT11 AP OUTIGERN, OUTIGERN10 AP ELIUD, ELIUD9 AP EUDAF, EUDAF8 AP EUDELEN, EUDELEN7 AP AMALECH, AMALECH6 AP BELI, BELI5 AP BRAN, BRAN4 AP LLYR, LLYR3 AP CASWALLON, CASWALLON2 AP BELI, BELI1)178 died Unknown.

 

Notes for RHOETH AP RHUN:

[Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens,  (Carroll and Graf Publishers, New York, 1998), pg. 108.]

[DA34] RHOETH MAP RHUN Rheged, fl 620s.
Rhoeth was almost certainly only a client-king of Rheged if he ruled at all in anything but name. He was probably a prince in exile in North Wales in his youth, following the death of his uncle OWAIN at the battle of Catraeth, but may have been restored to his kingdom sometime after 600 when his father, RHUN, entered the church. If such was so, then he would have ruled as a vassal to king ATHELFRITH of Northumbria. His lands would almost certainly have been confiscated again by EDWIN of Northumbria, although since Rhoeth's father had baptized Edwin, the Northumbrian may have shown rather more respect for the prince of Rheged than he did for the rulers of the other British kingdoms that he overran in the early part of his reign. It is recorded that Rhoeth's daughter, Rhiainmelt, which means "Queen of the Lightning", married the later Northumbrian king OSWY. It is likely that during Oswy's reign, Rheged was annexed, perhaps to protect it against the expansionist regime of OWEN MAP BILI of Strathclyde.

Reign: 620, Ruler of Rheged179

       

Child of RHOETH AP RHUN is:

                   i.    RHIAINMELT28 VERCH RHOETH180, d. Unknown; m. OSWY OF NORTHUMBRIA180, Abt. 634181; b. Abt. 611181; d. Abt. 670182.

Notes for OSWY OF NORTHUMBRIA:

[Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens,  (Carroll and Graf Publishers, New York, 1998), pgs. 281-283.]

[L16] OSWY or OSWIU Northumbria, 5 August 642-15 February 670.
Oswy fled with his brother OSWALD into exile in Dal Riata in 616 or 617 and was raised by the monks of Iona. Oswy was born aroung the year 611, and in his infancy was baptized into the Christian faith. It is likely that while he was in exile Oswy had a couple of romantic affairs. Around the year 634 he married Rhiainmelt or Riemmelth, the daughter of RHOETH of Rheged. This was a significant alliance between the English and a former major British kingdom, and may be seen as part of Oswald's strategy in the north, where he also seems to have reached an agreement with OWEN MAP BILI of Strathclyde. Oswy had at least on son by Rhiainmelt, ALFRITH, but his wife must have died within a few years, perhaps even in childbirth, as she is no longer mentioned. A year or two after her death Oswy took part in the Dal Riatan dynastic squabbles in Ireland and there he became involved with Fina, the daughter of the former high king Colman. It is not recorded that they married, yet no scandal seems to have been attached to the relationship even though Fin bore Oswy a son, the future king ALDFRITH.
     We hear little of Oswy during the reign of Oswald, though there is little doubt that he would have assisted his brother in his campaigns, quite possibly in the north. It is possible that Oswy administered much of Bernicia on Oswald's behalf, while Oswald campaigned in the south. It is likely that Oswy was at the battle of Maserfield in 642, when Oswald was killed, as Oswy would almost certainly also have met his death. Although Oswy immediately inherited the kingdom of Bernicia, it seems that he had problems in keeping a hold on Deira, which may well have remained a disputed zone between PENDA and Oswy. It was a year before Oswy could recover his brother's remains from the battlefield and bury the body at Bardney in Lindsey. By this time Oswine, the son of Edwin's cousin OSRIC, had succeeded in installing himself as king of Deira. This may have been part of a special arrangement for in 642 or 643, Oswy married his cousin, Enfleda, the daughter of Edwin. Although Oswine recognized Oswy as his overlord the relationship between the two seems to have been severely strained, with Oswy the more intractable. By the year 651 the two kings were at loggerheads, and though both raised an army, Oswine refused to fight and instead sought refuge at Gilling. He was betrayed and killed on Oswy's orders. Enfleda was furious over this and insisted that Oswy build a monastery at Gilling in expiation. Oswy installed his nephew, ATHEWALD, as king of Deira, but he soon came under the influence of Penda, who was still seeking Oswy's downfall. Penda had been harrying Northumbria for several years since Maserfield, and around the year 644 had advanced as far as Bamburgh, but a change in the wind direction saved the town from the threatened conflagration. Evidently by the year 653 Penda and Oswy sought to make alliances through marriage. Oswy's son ALFRITH was married to Penda's daughter Cyneburh, while Penda's son PEADA, sought to marry Oswy's daughter Alflaed. A condition of Peada's marriage was that he be baptized into the Christian faith, which Peada accepted. Following this Oswy began to send Christian missionaries throughout Mercia. Penda may have seen this as a subversive infiltration of his people and, though he was not against Christianity, he clearly would not have supported its spread of it weakened his hold over his kingdom. Moreover in 653 Oswy's nephew TALORCEN became king of the Picts, possibly at Oswy's instigation. This, combined with his alliance with Dal Riata and Strathclyde gave Oswy a formidable strength in the north. To counter this Penda raised a mighty army with over thirty contingents and marched north, forcing Oswy to retreat perhaps as far as Stirling. A peace agreement was achieved, in November 655, and Penda took Oswy's son EGFRITH as hostage. As Penda was returning south, Oswy, and a smaller army, overtook him at the river Winwaed, near Leeds, where Oswy defeated and killed Penda and many of his allies, including his nephew Athelwald.
     It was from 655 that Oswy coul lay claim to being "bretwalda", or overlord of the Saxons in England. He established Peada as king of the southern Mercians but a year later, possibly at Oswy's instigation, Peada was murdered. Oswy now ruled all of Mercia. He established his son ALFRITH as ruler of Deira and with his nephew as king of the Picts. Oswy could lay claim to being overlord of all of northern Britain and as far south as the Thames, and also held close alliances with CENWEALH of Wessex and EORCENBERHT of Kent. Even though WULFHERE succeeded in recovering Mercia in 658, Oswy's authority was still considerable, and it was this that enabled him to make one of the most significant decisions of his day.
     Ever since his marriage to Enfleda, Oswy had become aware of the differences between the Celtic church, into which he had been baptized, and the Roman churchto which Enfleda belonged. Although both professed Christian teachings there was a clash over the calculation of Easter. Because this differed every year, Oswy could be celebrating Easter while his wife was still fasting in Lent. Oswy might have continued to suffer this, but matters became a problem when in 658 Alfrith became an ardent supporter of the Roman church, expelling Eata and Cuthbert from the monastery at Ripon and installing the Roman proponent Wilfrid. There was now a split within Oswy's own kingdom and he needed it resolved. In 664 he called a synod at Whitby, where he had recently established a new monastery. What factors influenced Oswy are unclear: whether he was won over by the silver tongue of Wilfrid, or whether he realised that he needed the support of Rome and the continent rather than the Picts and Scots, but Oswy found in favour of the Roman church. This decision was fundamental and resulted in a significant ecclesiastical reorganization over the next few years which, despite Oswy's probable intention, favoured the rulers of southern England more, especially Wulfhere and Cenwealh. It seems likely that by the time of Oswy's death, aged 58 according to Bede, his overlordship had already waned, and Northumbria would never again exert quite the same power. Nevertheless Oswy was one of the few kings of Northumbria to die naturally and not be killed or deposed. Bede records that he died of an illness. He was succeeded by his son Egfrith. His wife, Enfleda, retired to the monastery of Whitby, where her daughter Elfleda had been brought up and in 680, upon the death of the incumbent abbess Hilda, Enfleda and her daughter became joint abbesses. Enfleda died in about 704, aged about eighty.

Cause of Death: Died of an illness182

Reign: Bet. 05 Aug 642 - 15 Feb 669/70, Ruler of Northumbria183

More About OSWY OF NORTHUMBRIA and RHIAINMELT VERCH RHOETH:

Marriage: Abt. 634183

 

 

Generation No. 28

 

108.  PODGEN28 AP ISAAC (ISAAC28 AP EBIAUN, EBIAUN27 AP MEURIG, MEURIG26 AP DINACAT, DINACAT25 AP EBIAUN, EBIAUN24 AP DUNANT, DUNANT23 AP CUNEDDA, CUNEDDA22 AP EDERN, EDERN21 AP PADARN, PADARN20 AP TEGID, TEGID19 AP CEIN, CEIN18 AP GUORCEIN, GUORCEIN17 AP DOLI, DOLI16 AP GUORDOLI, GUORDOLI15 AP DYFWN, DYFWN14