Ankylosaurus casts replicas dinosaurs

Ankylosauria casts

Animantarx ramaljonesi skeleton

Animantarx ramaljonesi skeleton

Animantarx (an-i-MAN-tahrks; "living citadel") is a genus of nodosaurid ankylosaurian dinosaur from the Upper Cretaceous of western North America.

Animantarx was covered in heavy armor scutes, but lacked a tail club. The generic name is composed of the Latin words animatus ("living" or "animated") and arx ("fortress" or "citadel"), referring to its armored nature. In particular, the name is a reference to a comment made by paleontologist R. S. Lull about ankylosaurs, that as "an animated citadel, these animals must have been practically unassailable..."

Animantarx Nodosaur Skeleton (Animantarx ramaljonesi skeleton)

Early Cretaceous, from the Cedar Mountain Formation of Western Colorado, USA

Molded from a specimen at the College of Eastern Utah, Price, Utah

The type species is the only one known so far, and is called A. ramaljonesi after its discoverer, Ramal Jones. His wife, Carol Jones, also discovered the contemporaneous dinosaur Eolambia nearby.

Skeleton length: approximately 11'

Mounted skeleton $28,000

Unmounted skeleton $14,000

Skull also available separately $295.


Ankylosaur Skeleton Mymoorapelta maysi

Mymoorapelta ("Shield of Mygatt-Moore") is an ankylosaur from the Late Jurassic (Kimmeridgian-Tithonian) Morrison Formation (Brushy Basin Member) of western Colorado.

The taxon is known from portions of a disarticulated skull, parts of three different skeletons and other postcranial remains.

(Kingdom: Animalia, Phylum: Chordata, Class: Sauropsida, Superorder: Dinosauria, Order: Ornithischia, Suborder: Thyreophora, Infraorder: Ankylosauria, Family: Ankylosauridae?, Subfamily: Polacanthinae?, Genus: Mymoorapelta, Species: M. maysi, Binomial name: Mymoorapelta maysi)

Mymoorapelta maysi Ankylosaur Skeleton

Late Jurassic, Morrison Formation of Western Colorado

Juvenile Skeleton Measurements: 11.6 feet long and 2.7 feet high

Specimen: Museum of Western Colorado

Quarry: Mygatt-Moore Quarry

Ankylosaur Skeleton Mymoorapelta maysi cast replica

Assembled Mount, was $26,000 Sale: $25,500

Unassembled Kit, $18,000

Ankylosaurus magniventris tail club cast replica (by special arrangement).
Specimen Number: AMNH 5214
Late Cretaceous
Where Found: Red Deer River, Alberta
Date Found: B. Brown and P.C. Kaisen, 1913
Size: 3'11" x 2'2" x 5"
Please call or email us for photos and price.

We have a Euoplocephalus skeleton and skull cast replicas available.

The price of the Euoplocephalus skull is $2,500

For the price of the Euoplocephalus skeleton please contact us at (314) 503-9750 or email us at taylormadefossils@yahoo.com

Ankylosaur (Gastonia burgei) Juvenile skeleton

Gastonia burgei juvenile skeleton Ankylosaur fossil cast

Assembled Mount, $29,000

Unassembled $17,000

Gastonia burgei Ankylosaur Juvenile skeleton

Measurements: 11 feet long

Specimen: Brigham Young University Earth Sciences Museum

Quarry: Dalton Wells



Gastonia burgei Skeleton (adult) Ankylosaur fossil replica

Gastonia burgei Ankylosaur Skeleton

Early Cretaceous, Cedar Mountain Formation of Eastern Utah

Adult Skeleton Measurements: 15 feet long and 4.6 feet high

Specimen: College of Eastern Utah Prehistoric Museum

(Kingdom: Animalia, Phylum: Chordata, Class: Sauropsida, Superorder: Dinosauria, Order: Ornithischia, Suborder: Thyreophora, Infraorder: Ankylosauria, Family: Ankylosauridae, Subfamily: Polacanthinae, Genus: Gastonia)

Discovered in Gaston Quarry.

Includes complete internal skeleton and aprox 62 pieces of external armor and full sacral shield.

Additional photo

Assembled skeleton Mount, $41,000

Unassembled skeleton $25,000



Gastonia Skull cast replica

Gastonia Skull

Cast replica of a juvenile Gastonia Burgei ankylosaur.

This skull measures 7 x 10 x 5" with base.

Resin cast $250 (plus shipping)

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Pinacosaurus Skull cast replica

Pinacosaurus Skull, adult in matrix

Scientific Name: Pinacosaurus grangeri

Molded from an original fossil discovered in Mongolia

Formation: Djadochta

Late Cretaceous

Pinacosaurus ("plank lizard") is a genus of medium-sized ankylosaur dinosaurs (late Campanian, Cretaceous), in Mongolia and China. Pinacosaurus had between two and five additional holes near each nostril, which have not been explained.

Kingdom: Animalia, Phylum: Chordata, Class: Sauropsida, Superorder: Dinosauria, Order: Ornithischia, Suborder: Thyreophora, Infraorder: Ankylosauria, Family: Ankylosauridae, Subfamily: Ankylosaurinae, Genus: Pinacosaurus, (Gilmore, 1933), Species: Pinacosaurus grangeri (Gilmore, 1933, type) Pinacosaurus mephistocephalus (Godefroit et al., 1999), Synonyms: Ninghsiasaurus, Syrmosaurus (Maleev, 1952), Virminicaudus

Pinacosaurus Skull cast measures: 12",

$450 (plus shipping)

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Pinacosaurus grangeri juvenile cast replicas

Pinacosaurus juvenile skull cast measures: 5.5",

Pinacosaurus cast replica $198

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Pinacosaurus Skull, Juvenile with base,

Scientific Name: Pinacosaurus grangeri

Location: Mongolia Formation: Djadochta

Late Cretaceous,

Pinacosaurus was a lightly-built, medium-sized ankylosaur with a long skull that reached a length of 5 meters (16 ft). Like all ankylosaurids, it had a bony club at the end of its tail which it used as a defensive weapon against predators. The most unusual element in the original specimen is the presence of two additional egg-shaped holes, one on top of the other, where the nostrils are normally found. The openings are characteristic of the genus, and the number varies: Godefroit et al. described four in 1999, and in 2003 a juvenile specimen with five pairs of openings was described.


Saichania Skull #1

Saichania Skull cast replica

Saichania (meaning 'beautiful one') was an ankylosaurid dinosaur from the Cretaceous Period of what is now Mongolia.

Scientific Name: Saichania sp.

Late Cretaceous

Discovered in the Barun Goyot Formation of Mongolia.

Skull with base measures 17.5"

Was $750 Sale $725 (plus shipping)

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Color of all casts may vary

Click for image of front of skull

Click for image of left side of skull.

Click to see image of top of skull

Color of casts may vary.



Saichania Skull #2 with neck vertabra

Scientific Name: Saichania chulsanensis

Here is another Saichania skull that also has preserved neck vertabra and armor pieces.

Saichania was about six meters long. This beautiful skull measures 18.5"

Late Cretaceous

The original skull was discovered in Mongolia

From the Barun Goyot Formation

Saichania skull cast #2: $750

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Saichania chulsanensis tail club cast
Saichania chulsanensis

Meaning of Name: Beautiful
Classification: Ankylosauria; Ankylosauridae
Late Cretaceous (Campanian),
Molded from an original fossil discoved in the Barun Goyot Formation, 75 mya
Locality: Gobi Desert, Southern Peoples' Republic of Mongolia
Cast Size: 93cm (36.61 inches) in length

$995 plus shipping

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Talarurus plicatospineus cast replicas

Talarurus plicatospineus skeleton cast replica

Talarurus (pronounced tal-uh-ROOR-us) is a genus of hippopotamus-sized ankylosaurid dinosaur with heavy armour and a club tail. It was named by Evgeny Maleev in 1952.

Meaning of Name: Basket tail, Talarurus (Greek talaros = "wicker basket" + Greek oura = "tail" + us)

Classification: ANKYLOSAURIA; Ankylosauridae

Late Cretaceous (Santonian), Tayn Shireh Formation

Locality: Gobi Desert, South Eastern Peoples' Republic of Mongolia

(Kingdom: Animalia, Phylum: Chordata, Class: Sauropsida, Superorder: Dinosauria, Order: Ornithischia, Suborder: Thyreophora, Infraorder: Ankylosauria, Family: Ankylosauridae, Genus: Talarurus)

Talarurus plicatospineus skeleton cast.

Size: 450cm in length

$29,950 (we ship anywhere in the world)



Tarchia kielanae skull cast replica
Tarchia kielanae cast replica (PIN N 3142/250)

Locality: Khermin Tsav, Gobi Desert, Southern Mongolia

Late Cretaceous (Campanian), Barun Goyot Formation

Size: Estimated to be 3-4 metres long, although only the skull is known This skull measures 40cm in length

Meaning of name: "Brain"

Pronunciation: TAR-kee-a

Classification: Ankylosauria: Ankylosauridae

Tarchia in Mongolian means "brain". This name was applied because although the other ankylosaur from the Barun Goyot Formation, Saichania chulsanensis, has a skull twice the size, Tarchia has a larger braincase. However, the brain of Tarchia was still tiny in comparison to any mammal of the same size.

All that is known of this armoured dinosaur is a skull, so there is much more to be learned about it in the future.

Tarchia cast replica

$1,495.00 (plus shipping)

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Ankylosaur scutes cast replicas

Individual Ankylosaurus scutes. We can sell individual parts of any of our skeletons. Just ask.

Cast replica Ankylosaur scutes range in price.

The two pictured are $30 each.

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A scute or scutum (Latin scutum, plural: scuta "shield") is a chitinous, or bony external plate or scale.



Ankylosaurus statue

Ankylosaurus fiberglass dinosaur statue

Net Wt. (kg) : 17.5
Gross Wt. (kg) : 19.25
CBM : 0.6802
Figure (LxWxH, in) : 88.78 x 25.25 x 31.5
Pack (LxWxH, in) : 89.75 x 26 x 32.25
$1,400 Sale: $995 Plus shipping.

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For more information or photos please call (314) 503-9750 or email us.

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Scientific classification

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Sauropsida
Superorder: Dinosauria
Order: Ornithischia
Suborder: Thyreophora
Infraorder: Ankylosauria
Family: Ankylosauridae
Genus: Ankylosaurus Brown, 1908

Ankylosaurus (which means 'fused lizard') is a genus of ankylosaurid dinosaur, containing one species, A. magniventris. Fossils of Ankylosaurus are found in geologic formations dating to the very end of the Cretaceous Period in western North America.

Although a complete skeleton has not been discovered and several other dinosaurs are represented by more extensive fossil material, Ankylosaurus is often considered the archetypal armored dinosaur. Other ankylosaurids shared its well-known features, like the heavily-armored body and massive bony tail club, but Ankylosaurus was the largest member of its family.

In comparison with modern land animals the adult Ankylosaurus was very large. Some scientists have estimated a length of 9 meters (30 ft).[1] Another reconstruction suggests a significantly smaller size, at 6.25 m (20.5 ft) long, up to 1.5 m (5 ft) wide and about 1.7 m (5.5 ft) high at the hip. Ankylosaurus may have weighed over 6,000 kilograms (13,000 lb).[2] The body shape was low-slung and quite wide. Ankylosaurus was quadrupedal, with the hind limbs longer than the forelimbs. Although its feet are still unknown to science, comparisons with other ankylosaurids suggest Ankylosaurus probably had five toes on each foot. The skull was low and triangular in shape, wider than it was long. The largest known skull measures 64.5 centimeters (25 in) long and 74.5 cm (29 in) wide. Like other ankylosaurs, Ankylosaurus was herbivorous, with small, leaf-shaped teeth suitable for cropping vegetation. These teeth were smaller, relative to the body size, than in any other ankylosaurid species.[3] Ankylosaurus did not share the grinding tooth batteries of the contemporaneous ceratopsid and hadrosaurid dinosaurs, indicating that very little chewing occurred. Bones in the skull and other parts of the body were fused to increase their strength.[4]

The most obvious feature of Ankylosaurus is its armor, consisting of massive knobs and plates of bone, known as osteoderms, embedded in the skin. Osteoderms are also found in the skin of crocodiles, armadillos and some lizards. The bone was probably overlain by a tough, horny layer of keratin. These osteoderms ranged greatly in size, from wide, flat plates to small, round nodules. The plates were aligned in regular horizontal rows down the animal's neck, back, and hips, with the many smaller nodules protecting the areas between the large plates. Smaller plates may have been arranged on the limbs and tail. Compared to the slightly more ancient ankylosaurid Euoplocephalus, the plates of Ankylosaurus were smooth in texture, without the high keels found on the armor of the contemporaneous nodosaurid Edmontonia. A row of flat, triangular spikes may have protruded laterally along each side of the tail. Tough, rounded scales protected the top of the skull, while four large pyramidal horns projected outwards from its rear corners

Tail club

Ankylosaurus tail club, AMNHThe famous tail club of Ankylosaurus was also composed of several large osteoderms, which were fused to the last few tail vertebrae. It was heavy and supported by the last seven tail vertebrae, which interlocked to form a stiff rod at the base of the club. Thick tendons have been preserved, which attached to these vertebrae. These tendons were partially ossified (or bony) and were not very elastic, allowing great force to be transmitted to the end of the tail when it was swung. It seems to have been an active defensive weapon, capable of producing enough of a devastating impact to break the bones of an assailant.[4] It has also been proposed that the tail club acted as a decoy for the head, although this idea is now largely discredited

Ankylosaurus magniventris existed between 68 to 65.5 million years ago, in the final Maastrichtian stage of the Late Cretaceous Period, and was one of the dinosaurs to survive until the Cretaceous-Tertiary extinction event. The type specimen is from the Hell Creek Formation of Montana, while other specimens have been found in the Lance Formation of Wyoming and the Scollard Formation in Alberta, Canada, all of which date to the end of the Cretaceous.[1]

The Lance, Hell Creek and Scollard Formations represent different sections of the western shore of the shallow sea that divided western and eastern North America during the Cretaceous. They represent a broad coastal plain, extending westward from the seaway to the newly formed Rocky Mountains. These formations are composed largely of sandstone and mudstone, which have been attributed to floodplain environments.[6][7][8] The Hell Creek is the best studied of these ancient environments. At the time, this region was subtropical, with a warm and humid climate. Many plant species were supported, primarily angiosperms, with less common conifers, ferns and cycads. An abundance of fossil leaves found at dozens of different sites indicates that the area was largely forested by small trees.[9]

Fossils of Ankylosaurus are considerably rare in these sediments, compared to Edmontosaurus and the super-abundant Triceratops, which make up most of the large herbivore fauna. Another ankylosaur, Edmontonia, is also found in the same formations. However, Ankylosaurus and Edmontonia seem to have been separated both geographically and ecologically. Ankylosaurus had a wide muzzle, perhaps used for non-selective grazing and may have been limited to the upland regions, away from the coast, while Edmontonia had a narrower muzzle, indicating a more selective diet, and seems to have lived at lower elevations, closer to the coast.[4]

Classification

Ankylosaurus was named as the type genus of the family Ankylosauridae.[10] Ankylosaurids are members of the larger taxon Ankylosauria, which also contains the nodosaurids. Ankylosaur phylogeny is a contentious topic, with several mutually exclusive analyses presented in recent years, so the exact position of Ankylosaurus within Ankylosauridae is unknown. Ankylosaurus and Euoplocephalus are often thought to be sister taxa.[1] However, other analyses have found these genera in different positions.[11][12] Further discoveries or research may clarify the situation.

Ankylosaurus was named by American paleontologist Barnum Brown, in 1908. The generic name is derived from the Greek words ankulos ('curved') and sauros ('lizard'). Brown intended this name in the same sense as the medical term ankylosis, to refer to the stiffness produced by the fusion of many bones in the skull and body, so the name is often translated as 'stiffened lizard.' The type species is A. magniventris, from the Latin magnus ('great') and venter ('belly'), referring to the great width of the animal's body.[10]

A team led by Brown discovered the type specimen of A. magniventris (AMNH 5895) in the Hell Creek Formation of Montana, in 1906. This consisted of the top of the skull, as well as vertebrae, ribs, part of the shoulder girdle and armor. Six years earlier, Brown found the skeleton of a large theropod dinosaur (AMNH 5866) in the Lance Formation of Wyoming. This specimen was named Dynamosaurus imperiosus in 1905 but is now thought to belong to Tyrannosaurus rex. Associated with AMNH 5866 were more than 75 osteoderms of various sizes, which were attributed to Dynamosaurus. However, these osteoderms are nearly identical in form to those of A. magniventris and most probably belong to this species. In 1910, while on an expedition to Alberta, Barnum Brown recovered his third specimen of A. magniventris (AMNH 5214), from the Scollard Formation. AMNH 5214 includes a complete skull and the first known tail club, as well as ribs, limb bones and armor. All three of the above specimens are now housed at the American Museum of Natural History in New York City. The largest known skull of this animal (NMC 8880) was collected in Alberta by Charles M. Sternberg, in 1947 and is now housed at the Canadian Museum of Nature. Many other isolated bones, armor plates and teeth have been found over the years.[4]

In popular culture

Since its description in 1908, Ankylosaurus has been publicized as the archetypal armored dinosaur, and due to its easily recognizable appearance and the intense public interest in dinosaurs, Ankylosaurus has been a feature of worldwide popular culture for many years. A life-sized reconstruction of Ankylosaurus featured at the 1964 World's Fair in New York City greatly contributed to its popularity.[4] Ankylosaurus has also been featured on several television documentary miniseries, including Walking with Dinosaurs (1999) and The Truth About Killer Dinosaurs (2005).

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Ankylosauria is split into two families, Nodosauridae (the nodosaurids) and Ankylosauridae (the ankylosaurids). The big difference is that most ankylosaurids (except the "polacanthines") have bony clubs at the end of their tails, which nodosaurids lack.

The nodosaurids had narrow heads, and frequently had large spikes protruding from their bodies. This group traditionally includes Nodosaurus, Edmontonia, and Sauropelta.

Also available (please inquire)

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