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Wild Flora of East Tennessee
East Tennessee

Wildflowers and trees that have been identified near the Cherokee National Forest
at the base of the Appalachian Mountains since August 2004.

Updated 8/16/05
WILDFLOWERS Bloomed Color Photos Comments
Asiatic Dayflower
Commelina communis
August Blue 1 Ground creeper beside the road.
Beefsteak Plant
Perilla frutescens
September Pink - Mint-like, all over. Non-native.
Birdfoot Violet
Viola pedata
March Pale violet-blue - Tiny, in lawn, field. Very pretty, like snowflakes from distance.
Black-eyed Susan
Rudbeckia hirta
July Yellow - All over.
Blue-eyed Grass
Sisyrinchium albidum
Summer Blue - Beside creek.
Cardinal Flower
Lobelia cardinalis
August Red - In shade on roadside, beside creek.
Pilea pumila
August White - In the shade at edge of forest.
Common Blue Violet
Viola sororia
April Purple Blue - All over.
Common Evening Primrose
Oenothera biennis
October Yellow 1 All over.
Common Morning Glory
Ipomoea purpurea
October Purple 1 Here and there.
Common Milkweed
Asclepias syriaca
July Pink - Alongside road.
Common Mullien
Verbascum thapsus
July Yellow - All over.
Confederate Violet
Viola sororia
April White w/purple center - In lawn. Variety of Common Blue Violet.
Crown Vetch
Coronilla varia
June Pink - All over.
Hemerocallis fulva
June Orange - Roadside. Non-native.
Dutchman's Pipe
Aristolochia durior
Spring - 1 In forest.
Dwarf Purple Iris
Iris verna
April Purple Blue - Along roadside in shade of forest. Also called Dwarf Blue Flag. Tennessee and Michigan state flower.
Field Garlic
Allium vineale
Summer Reddish bulblets w/green "hair". - In lawn, everywhere. Also called Allium "Hair". Non-native.
Field Mint
Mentha arvensis
June Purple - Beside road.
Erigeron spp.
May White - In forest.
Four-leaf Yam
Dioscorea quaternata
April Green - In forest.
Glechoma hederacea
April Purple Blue - In lawn. Tiny creeper.
Golden Ragwort
Senecio aureus
April Yellow - In ditches, near creek. Small daisy-like.
Euonymus americanus
Spring - 1 2 3 In shade at edge of forest.
Indian Tobacco
Lobelia inflata
July Purple - Weed in garden.
Ivyleaf Morning Glory
Ipomoea hederacea
August Pink, blue, purple - All over.
Japanese Honeysuckle
Lonicera japonica
September White - Very fragrant. In shade at edge of forest. Non-native.
Johnson Grass
Sorghum halepense
July Reddish plumes - All over. Non-native.
Horse Nettle
Solanum carolinese
August White - All over.
Impatiens capensis
August Orange - All over in shade of forest.
Joe-Pye Weed
Eupatorium purpureum
August Purple Pink - All over.
Phoradendron serotinum
Spring White - Evergreen, in tops of trees.
Mitchella repens
Summer Red berries - In forest edge.
Pink Lady's Slipper
Cypripedium acaule
May Pink - In forest.
Phytolacoa americana
August Pink 1 All over.
Rosebay Rhododendron
Rhododendron maximum
July White - All over in forest.
Small Red Morning Glory
Ipomoea coccinea
August Orange Red 1 Tiny vine in sunny spaces.
Smooth Vetch
Vicia cillosa
May Purple - All over.
Stiff Aster
Aster linariifolius
October Pale Blue - All over.
Summer Phlox
Phlox paniculata
July Pink - Beside road.
Swamp Buttercup
Ranunculus septentrionalis
April Yellow - All over.
Tall Ironweed
Vernonia altissma
August Dark Purple 1 All over.
Venus' Looking Glass
Triodanis perfoliata
May Purple - All over.
Virgin's Bower
Clematis virginiana
August White - All over in shade of forest edge.
Rorippa masturtium-aquaticum
May White - In creek.
Wild Potato Vine
Ipomoea pandurata
July White w/dark pink eye - In forest.
Actinomeris alternifolia
September Yellow - All over.

Species Count 8/10/05 47

Photos Comments
Ailanthus altissima
Yellow - All over. Non-native.
American Holly
Ilex opaca
Evergreen 1 In field. Bright red berries thru winter.
Black Walnut
Juglaus nigra
- Yellow - Near creek.
Eastern Redbud
Cercis canadensis
Dark Pink
- - Everywhere.
Flowering Dogwood
Cornus florida
White, Pink
- - Everywhere.
Red Maple
Acer rubrum
Red, Orange, Yellow - All over in forest. Wonderful variable fall color.
Oxydendrum arboreum
- Red - At edge of forest.
Swamp Willow
Salix nigra
- Yellow - Near creek, came down in storm and regrew from stump.
Weeping Willow
Salix babylonica
- Yellow - Landscape tree.
Yellow Poplar
Liriodendron tulipifera
Yellow 1 All over. Tennessee state tree.

Species Count 8/10/05 10


Butterflies of North America

Caterpillars of Eastern Forests

Michigan Wildlife Species

Moths of North America

Patuxent Bird Identification InfoCenter


American Birding Association

Backyard Bird Lovers Forum

Backyard Wildlife Habitat

Birds of North America, Audubon's Watercolors

Crafty Birds House and Feeder Plans - Migration Map

Operation RubyThroat

The Butterfly Website

The Hummingbird Website


"All About Tennessee Wildflowers" ~ Jan W. Midgley

"Birds of Michigan" ~ Ted Black & Gregory Kennedy

"Birds of North American" ~ A Golden Field Guide

"Butterflies and Moths" ~ A Golden Guide

"Eastern Forests" ~ The Audubon Society

"Edible Wild Plants" ~ Peterson Field Guides

"North American Insects and Spiders - Eastern Region" ~ National Audubon Society

"North American Wildflowers - Eastern Region" ~ National Audubon Society

"North American Wildlife" ~ Reader's Digest

"Stokes Field Guide To Birds - Eastern Region" ~ Donald & Lillian Stokes

"Trees of the Southeastern United States" ~ Wilbur H. & Marion B. Duncan

"Wildflowers of the Eastern United States" ~ Wilbur H. & Marion B. Duncan

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