The Language of Martinique
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some useful Kreyol Matnik sentences.
Indefinite article is placed before the noun.........youn
Definite article is attached by hyphen to the end of the noun
1. after a consonant add -la
tab = table
youn tab = a table
tab la = the table
sè tab la = the tables
2. after nasals (m, n, gn, ng) add -nan
fanm = family
youn fanm = a family
fanm lan = the family
sè fanm lan = the families
3. after vowels add -a
bato = boat
youn bato = a boat
bato a = the boat
sè bato a = the boats
Nouns have no gender
for plural place sè before the noun and la, lan, a after it.
bèf = cow
sè bèf la = (the) cows
Kreyol doesn't use 's to show possession, nor does it use "of". To expression
possession or "of the", you place the thing possessed in front of the possessor.
kay Jan. Jean's house.
finèt loto a. the car's window. / the window of the car
There is only one form of the pronoun. Any change is caused for liaison and not for
1st||m / mwen||nou|
2nd||w / ou||zòt|
3rd||i / y |
li after a consonant
| y / yo|
When the pronoun precedes a verb, it is the subject.
When it follows a verb, it is the direct object.
When two pronouns follow a verb, the first is the indirect object and the second is the direct
When the pronoun follows a noun, it is the possessive adjective.
For the subject of a verb, you usually use the abbreviated form.
For the subject of an adjective or linking verb, use the full form.
For the object of the verb, put the full form to the after of the verb (except for mwen
is at times abbreviated )
Adjectives require no verb and are translated as "to be..."
malad = sick
Mwen malad. = I am sick.
Nou malad. = We are sick.
tro = too (much)
plis = more, most
place pli before the adjective = -er, more
I vye = He is old.
I pli vye = He is older.
I pli vye.= He is oldest.
more..... than || pi .... ki|
less .... than || mwens ... ki|
I pli vye ki frè li. = He is older than his brother.
I mwens bèl ki sè li. = He is less pretty than his sister.
In making adverbs from adjectives, -man is like the English -ly.
ra = rare
raman = rarely
konplèt = whole
konplètman = wholly
The base verb is used as infinitive, as imperative, as simple present and simple past with time
learned from context. Other tenses are made by adding verbal particles.
here to see the complete
a Kreyol verb.There should be no irregular verbs.
The linking verbs sè / yè connects two nouns in a "to be" statement. Sè is not
needed if there is
a noun and an adjective. Yè is used for emphasis. See below for details.
Types of Sentences.
A. To be sentences with a noun and verbal adjective.
Mwen las. = I am tired.
Yo nan marchè. = They are at the market.
In this sentence, you may still use the verb particles even though the verb is understood (or
In interrogative sentences, add yè to the end.
Kikotè yo yè? = Where are they?
B. To be sentences with sè.
Use sè if
1. predicate is a noun (it is a ...)
John sè youn jadinye. = John is a gardener.
2. subject is sa (that)
Sa sè bon. = That is good.
3. predicate is non-inherent adjective/noun
4. emphatic statements with yè
Sè matnik mwen yè
= I am haitian
move predicate to second position with subject in third and add yè
C. To be sentence without the subject noun.
Sè youn machin. = It's a car.
D. Transitive sentences.
These follow the "subject - verb - indirect object - direct object" format.
Ou a wè youn gro bato. = You will see a big boat.
Yo tè ban-mwen anpil lajan. = They gave me a lot of money.
I montre sè timoun lan liv la. = He showed the children the book.( or the book
to the children).
I montre yo liv la.= He showed them the book.
I montre yo li. = He showed it to them.
E. Transitive/ Intransitive sentence.
Contains a noun phrase subject, a predicate containing an intransitive verb, and, sometimes,
one or more adverbials.
I vini jodi-a. = He came today.
Anita ap desann Fòdefrans. = Anita is going down to Fort-de-France.
For To (..Do) Phrases
Use pou, for.
Mwen gen tan pou fè bagay-la.
I have time to do this thing. (pou = for to...)
Use ni....pou or dwèt.
Kikote li ale? = Where did he go?
Kikote pou li ale? =Where should he go?
place fo at beginning of sentence
Dwèt ou ale. = You have to go.
For (that) relative make two sentences
or add ke between the sentences
Li di-li ke li prale. = He told him that he's going.
For the meaning "that which"or "what", you the same format and sa in place of
Li di-li sa li we. = He said what he knows
In if/then statements the if part uses tè
the then part uses ta
Si mwen tè konnen sa, mwen pa ta fè-li. = If I had known that, I would not have
Recently Completed Action
Mwen fini manje=I have just eaten
Use pé (to be able)
Le ou ké vini, mwen ka travay. =
When you come, I'll be working.
Pandan ou tè dòmi, mwen tè travay.=
While you slept, I worked.
To make a statement negative place pa before the verb.
pa || not|
pa janm || never|
pa ____ anyen || not ____ anything (nothing)|
pa ____ pèsonn || not ____ anybody (nobody)|
Mwen wè youn moun. = I see a man.
M pa wè youn moun. = I don't see a man.
M pa janm wè sè moun lan. = I never see men.
M pa wè anyen.= I don't see anything.
M pa wè pèsonn. = I don't see anyone.
To make a question without the use of question words, raise
your intonation at the end of
Ou rele Paul. = Your name is Paul.
Ou rele Pal? = Is your name Paul?
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