and Services Available from Pond Lily Mill Restorations
My grandfather was a millwright. My father was building mill dams during
the 1930's, and one of the dams he constructed was for Drake's Mills, that
I would later work in. I grew up in northwestern Pennsylvania with a love
and understanding for water mills and mill technology. I have spent years
studying mills. I realized when I became interested in the subject that
it was near the end of an era. Books are helpful, but there were few in
local libraries. In reading the books I had available, I realized they were
rarely written by people with practical experience. I wanted to learn the
way the old-timers had, by hands-on experience. I developed friendships
with several millers and millwrights and gained this knowledge from them
about what had been their life's occupation. So I learned from millers,
millstone dressers, and millwrights who had learned in the same way.
A millwright learns his trade as an apprentice. And over time, he builds
his skills to become a master millwright. A good millwright knows how to
go about milling, so everything is right. He puts love and care into everything
he does. A good millwright is a craftsman who takes pride in his work.
Mr. Hazen is a master miller and millwright. He was the miller and millwright
at the Pierce Mill (a four story Oliver Evans Mill), in Rock Creek Park,
Washington, D. C., from September 1984 until June 1995. Mr. Hazen has dressed
millstones and acted as a milling consultant on a number of mills. Since
August 1994, he has been an authorized service representative, millwright
and millstone dresser for the Meadows Mill Company. He was an apprentice
miller and millwright from May 1973 to May 1978 at Zortman's Flour &
Feed Mill. He has been employed in several operating mills, both commercial
Mr. Hazen shares his knowledge with others as an author of articles and
cartoons in the publication OLD MILL NEWS. He is an active member of the
Society for the Preservation of Old Mills, and is on their Board of Directors.
He is also on their Technical Advisory Committee and Editorial & Article
Review Committee. Mr. Hazen is a lifetime member of the International Molinological
Society, as well as others.
o MILLSTONE DRESSER- Provides services of regrooving
the millstone furrows, reducing high spots, laying out furrows, cracking
the millstone, leveling the bed stone, truing the millstone spindle, balancing
the runner stone. Millstone dressing may also be used as a form of demonstration.
o INSPECTION SITE EVALUATION- Investigate a site, building,
complex, interior machinery, processes; collect information and data.
o MILLING CONSULTATION- Discuss, decide and plan options;
give technical and professional advice; develop plan of action and options.
o RESEARCH- Investigate the mill's history, changes in technology
& machinery. This may involve genealogical research, property records,
company records, library and archives sources, personal interviews, etc.
o DESIGN- Make plans, preliminary sketches, patterns to
recreate the original plans that may have been lost; make current sets of
plans; develop sets of plans to improve current and/or past operations.
o MODELS- Create scale copy of an existing object. Recreation
of an object or site. Create cut away view of a building, machinery. Static
or operable model. For display or presentation.
o ILLUSTRATION- Provide a diagram or art work to tell a
story, explain a process. For use in posters, folders, displays, art works,
o INTERPRETATION- Use a developed interpretive plan and
presentation for educational purposes. Developed for a variety of age groups
and interests, to express concepts, processes, technology, and history.
o INTERPRETIVE PLANNING- Develop an interpretive program,
create outlines, objectives, visual aids, slides, games, tools, hands on
material. A plan of action for an interpreter to follow.
o REPORTS (WITH COSTS ESTIMATES, CONSTRUCTION DETAILS)-
Use investigation to prepare a presentation, develop a formal statement
for a plan of action. May include photos, drawings, plans, text, history,
and a solution with various options and costs.
o LECTURE- Present program to class, workshop, special interest
group. May include visual aids.
o MILLING- Produce meal and flour products in a mill, for
production or demonstration.
o DEMONSTRATION- Display, show millwork process to public.
Period costume and use of period tools available.
o APPRENTICESHIPS (TEACHING) - Teach the craft of
milling, millstone dressing. Initiatory training over a set period to teach
the novice mill operation and maintenance, and the production art of flour
& grain milling in their own mill.
o WORKSHOPS - A seminar for discussing or studying a subject,
solving problems, teaching a process or method. For example a workshop may
be done on "Millstone Dressing," that may last several
hours to a full day. An example of a three day to a full week workshop may
be, "Hands-On Workshops for Architectural Documentation and Interpretation
of Historic Buildings and Sites." The theory and practices of documenting
historic buildings, sites, and districts from initial assessment to written
analysis, photographs, and/or drawings. Application of the principles of
stabilization, restoration, and utilization of historic structures and sites
to museum interpretation or in historic preservation nominations of historic
buildings or districts. Field Methods in Preservation Technology Intensive
on-site fieldwork experience addressing issues of architectural conservation
and historic building technology. Includes methods, techniques, and theories
of preservation technology and accepted conservation practices.
o HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING - Design of water systems, determine
available and required horse power of machinery. Develop and design layout
of hydraulic systems that include: Mill dam, head and tail mill races, sluice
box, overflows, gates using natural streams and artificially pumped water