Ruling Monarchs

(Rulers of Kingdoms and Empires, February 1-November 14, 1908)

CountrySovereignBornAcceded
SiamKing Chulalongkorn20 September18531 October1868
Greece King George I 24 December 1845 27 June 1863
SerbiaKing Peter I 11 July 184412 June1903
Romania King Carol I 20 April 1839 (10 May)
26 March
(1866)
1881
Austro-Hungarian Empire Emperor Franz Joseph I 18 August 1830 2 December 1848
Bulgaria King Ferdinand I 26 February 1861(7 July)
5 October
(1887)
1908
Ottoman EmpireSultan Abdul Hamid II21 September184231 August1876
Italy King Vittorio Emanuele III11 November 186929 July 1900
Russian Empire Emperor Nicholas II 18 May 1868 1 November 1894
British Empire King Edward VII9 November 184122 January1901
German Empire Emperor Wilhelm II 27 January 1859 15 June 1888
Sweden King Gustaf V16 June18588 December 1907
NorwayKing Haakon VII3 Aug187218 November1905
Denmark King Frederik VIII 3 June 1843 29 January 1906
Netherlands Queen Wilhelmina 31 August 1880 23 November 1890
Chinese EmpireEmperor Guangxu14 August18711 December1874
JapanEmperor Mutsuhito3 November18523 February1867
PortugalKing Manuel II19 March18891 February1908
Spain King Alfonso XIII 17 May 188617 May 1886

Not Pictured:
King Leopold II of Belgium (17 Dec 1865), b 1835
King Prithvi of Nepal (17 May 1881), b 1875
Emperor Menelik II of Ethiopia (3 Nov 1889), b 1844
Shah Mohamed Ali of Persia (8 Jan 1907), b 1872
Emperor Sunjong of Korea (20 Jul 1907), b 1874
King Ugyen Wangchuk of Bhutan (17 Dec 1907), b 1862

Nine Kings 1910
European Sovereigns
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