Site hosted by Build your free website today!

 Early Papiernik History


trencin_castle_3.jpg (79599 bytes)  (Trencin Castle at left)    Hornie Srnie is a very small village, located southwest of Trencin, in the valley of the White Carpathian Mountains near the Vah River, in the Trencin District of Slovakia.  The records in the Catholic Church at Hornie Srnie began in the year 1789.  The earliest found Papiernik  record in the Hornie Srnie Catholic church book was the birth of Andrej Papiernik on 19 September 1795, and his parents were identified as Jan Papiernik and Eva Hosova, whose marriage was recorded as 9 October 1797; the record did not disclose the name of Jan's or Eva's parents. Jan Papiernik and Eva Hosova had six more children born to their marriage.  

Note:  The suffix "ova is added to feminine names in the Slovak language.  Because of the duplication of names, I have added a Roman number to help in the identification of those with the same names.  

These seven children were born to Jan Papiernik and Eva Hosova:

     * Andrej Papiernik was born 19 September 1795 in Hornie Srnie
        Anna I Papiernik was born 8 December 1801 in Hornie Srnie
        Katarina Papiernik was born 18 February1807 in Hornie Srnie
        Anna II  Papiernik was born 24 September 1809 in Hornie Srnie
        Eva was Papiernik born 22 April 1812 in Hornie Srnie
        Alzabeta Papiernik was born 30 December 1813 in Hornie Srnie
        Jan II Papiernik was born 14 August 1818 in Hornie Srnie

vah_river.jpg (6823 bytes)     Jan Papiernik died on 29 May 1830 and his wife Eva (Hosova) Papiernik died on 11 March 1835 in the village of Horne Srnie.   During their lifetime, the small village of Hornie Srnie was a part of the Hungarian Empire under the domination of the Hapsburg Dynasty of Austria.  Napoleon had been fighting with many of the countries of Europe, but he was defeated by the Hapsburg forces in the Battle of Austerlitz in the bordering state of Moravia.  His defeat and postwar treaties strengthened Austria's hold on Hungary and the Czech and Slovak lands. The Slovak people were struggling to maintain their identity as a Slovak people and maintaining the Slovakian language.  The Hapsburgs were demanding that the nations under their control speak German and the Hungarians were insisting that everyone speak the Magyar language.  Vah River is shown above at the right.

*     *     *

    Jan Papiernik and Eva Hosova's oldest son, Andrej Papiernik, born 19 September 1795, married Katarina Marton on 8 November 1824 in the Horne Srnie Catholic Church.  Katarina Marton was also born in Horne Srnie on 11 February 1807.  Although there were only three generations of Papierniks prior to the birth of    There were many people with the surname of Papiernik in this small village and it was decided that the name Kricek would be added to this branch of the family to differentiate it from the other Papiernik families.  

hay_stacks.gif (23972 bytes)    The lives of the peasants changed very little from that of their ancestors.  The family retained their Catholic religion and like most of the villager in this small village, they raised their own vegetables, rabbits, chickens and other small animals in the self-sustaining life style of their peasantry lives.  The picture at left was taken in 1992 near Horne Srnie.

    There were eleven children born to their marriage.               

        Jan Papiernik-Kricek was born 10 March 1826 in Horne Srnie
        Anna Papiernik-Kricek was born on 10 October 1829 in Horne Srnie
        Katarina Papiernik-Kricek was born on 11 May 1832 in Horne Srnie
        Andrej Papiernik-Kricek was born on 15 November 1834 in Horne Srnie
        Juraj I Papiernik-Kricek was born on 11 April 1837 in Horne Srnie
      *Juraj II Papiernik-Kricek was born on 8 May 1838 in Horne Srnie
        Gasper Papiernik-Kricek was born on 8 January 1844 in Horne Srnie
        Martin Papiernik-Kricek was born on 7 November 1846 in Horne Srnie
        Maria Papiernik-Kricek was born on 7 August 1848 in Horne Srnie
        Alzbeta Papiernik-Kricek was born on 3 Jun 1851 in Horne Srne

    At the time of the birth of Maria, Andrej and Katarina's tenth child, nearly all of Europe was involved in revolutions. Slovakia also tried to demand their national rights and freedom.  Although they failed in their quest, they laid a foundation for future political cultural goals and several uprisings followed.  Katarina died on 3 December 1865 and Andrej died on 1 December 1867, both died in the village of Horne Srnie where they had lived all their lives.

*     *     *

    Juraj II Papiernik-Kricek, born 8 May 1838, married Marie Stefanek-Bacur on 20 November 1861.   Marie was also born in Horne Srnie on 18 March 1838;  her parents were Andrej Stefanek and Anna Marton.  The status of the peasants in Slovakia changed very little during Juraj and Marie's lifetimes, although there was several uprisings by the peasants in protest to their domination by the Hungarian government.  

The following seven children were born to their marriage:

 hudcovska.jpg (126717 bytes)     Eva Papiernik-Kricek was born 7 January 1866 and died on 10 February 1867 in Horne Srnie
     Karoline Papiernik-Kricek was born 7 November 1867 and died 7 November 1867 in Horne Srnie
  * Martin II Papiernik-Kricek was born 13 November 1868 and died on 17 September 1933  in Horne Srnie
     Michal Papiernik-Kricek was born 1 October 1871 in Horne Srnie
     Andrej III Papiernik-Kricek was born 27 November 1873 in Horne Srnie
     Jan II Papiernik-Kricek was born 13 December 1877 in Horne Srnie
     Juraj III Papiernik-Kricek was born 16 1883 in Horne Srnie

    Juraj II Papiernik-Kricek (born 8 May 1838) died on 5 March 1893 in Horne Srnie, five weeks short o f his 55th birthday.  The death record of his wife, Maria Stefanek-Bacur Papiernik was not found.  The photo above are of Martin and Maria's grave. .

*     *     *

   Martin Papiernik-Kricek, born 13 November 1868, married Frantiska Struhar on 9 November 1892 in the Catholic Church in Horne Srnie, Slovakia.  Frantiska was born on 15 December 1868 and was the daughter of Jan Struhar and Frantiska Urban.  Jan Struhar was a wheel maker in Horne Srnie.  Frantiska Urban was the daughter of  a miller in Nedasov, Moravia, and was baptized at the Catholic Church in Brumov in the State of Moravia.  The name of Struhar was sometimes spelled Struhal in the church records. 

   In 1918, after World War I, Slovakia won their independence from Hungary.  The country of Czechoslovakia was created by uniting the Republics of Czech, Slovakia and Moravia.  A union that was to endure as a democratic nation until the end of World War II, at which time Russia occupied the land.

    These two children were born to their marriage.  It is unknown whether there were more children, but these are the only two that were identified by the researcher.

   Marie II Papiernik-Kricek, born 2 February 1894 in Horne Srnie, died on 20 January 1959 in Milwaukee,Wisconsin 
Joseph Papiernik-Kricek, born 13 Feb 1895 in Horne Srnie, died on 17 September 1980 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. 

   Martin Papiernik-Kricek (13 November 1868) died 17 Sep 1933 in Horne Srnie.  Frantiska Struhar (born 15 December 1868) died on 13 October 1959 in Horne Srnie.

*     *     *

marie.jpg (10766 bytes)    Marie Papiernik-Kricek, born 2 February 1894 in Hornie Srnie, emigrated to Milwaukee, Wisconsin, U.S.A. in 1914.  She dropped the Kricek from her surname at that time.  There was a Slovak community in Milwaukee that lived in the vicinity of Saint Stephen's Catholic Church, located at Brown and 4th Street, in Milwaukee.  The church served as a source of support that helped alleviate the homesickness and loneliness of these emigrants living so far from their homeland.  It was at this church that Marie met Eduard Csernej (Cherney) and they were married there on 28 August 1915.  Since the pronunciation of Csernej in Slovak sounded like Cherney in English, the name was changed  to accommodate this pronunciation.(Marie's photo at right)

    The following six children, all boys, were born to their marriage:

    Joseph Cherney was born 8 January 1917 in Milwaukee; he died on 24 September 1941 in West Bend, Washington County, Wisconsin
    Anthony Cherney was born 6 January 1919 in Milwaukee; he died on 16 August 1980 in Brookfield, Waukesha County, Wisconsin
    John Cherney was born 20 March 1921 in Milwaukee; he died on 26 May 1927 in Milwaukee.
    Paul Cherney was born on 24 June 1923 in Milwaukee; he died on 10 August 1969 in Winnebago, Winnebago County, Wisconsin.
    Francis (Frank) Cherney was born on 24 June 1925 in Milwaukee; he died on 7 May 1993 in Fort Myers, Lee County, Florida
    Eduard Cherney II was born 14 October 1926 in Milwaukee; he died 15 July 2000 in Menomonee Falls, Waukesha County, Wisconsin.

    Eduard and Marie prospered the first years of their marriage. They built up a small estate that included Electric Company stock and a few duplexes.  Everything seemed to be going well for the family until the day their third son, John, was killed by a hit and run driver in front of their home.  The pain of losing their son so suddenly and seemingly so unmercifully was devastating.  They sued the doctor's son who had driven the car that killed him.  The case dragged on in the courts for years.  The results brought little satisfaction as they lost the law suit and had the court costs to pay as well.  At this same time the country experienced the "great depression," and many people including the Cherney family lost their homes, their savings, and theirjobs. 

   Eduard died on 4 January 1941of a peptic ulcer.  He was only 56 years old at the time of his death.  Mary died on 20 January 1957, just prior to her 63rd birthday.  She suffered from the crippling affects of  rheumatoid arthritis for many years and the cause of her death was diagnosed as "poisoning of the spleen."

*     *     *

Joe__Sophia.jpg (12245 bytes)Joseph Papiernik-Kricek emigrated to Milwaukee about 1917; he had been sponsored by his brother-in-law, Eduard Cherney.  Eduard also helped Joseph obtain a job at the Gas Company where he was working.  Joseph worked at the Gas Company until his retirement in about 1960 and he made several trips to his homeland.  On one of those trips he married Sophia Belko, born on 27 April 1899 in Slovakia; the village of her birth is unknown.  

    Joseph and Sophia had one son:

   Felix Papiernik, born 16 May 1928 in Slovakia, died on 3 July 1990 in Milwaukee.

    Joseph lived to the age of 85; he died on 17 September 1980 in Milwaukee.  Sophia was 79 when she died on 28 November 1978 in Milwaukee

*     *     *

felix.jpg (10378 bytes)Felix Papiernik, born 16 May 1928, married  Rose Zemanovic on 9 January 1954 at Saint Stephen Catholic Church in Milwaukee.  Rose was born on 26 June 1932 in Milwaukee.  Felix died on 3 July 1990 in Milwaukee. 

    Felix and Rose had four children:

    Darlene Frances Papiernik, born 18 January 1955 in Milwaukee,  married Dean Marcus Kulinski
    Daniel John Papiernik, born 10 February 1958 in Milwaukee, married Diane Jean David.
    Geraldine Papiernik, born 10 February 1958 in Milwaukee, married Jeffrey Cain.
    Karen Ann Papiernik, born 23 August 1959 in Milwaukee, married George Charles Figarino.

*     *     * 

Top of Page