by Marion Nicholl Rawson, 1935.
In the 1600's countless little mills were buzzing busily throughout the
inhabited part of this country. They were hand-power, animal power, wind
and water-power mills, grist mills, saw mills, wool and cotton mills and
various other kinds of mills. They supplied many things necessary to the
life of the Colonists. They manifested primitively all the basic mechanical
principles which are used in the industry of the present day - the staff,
post, wheel, rude pulley, wedge, incline plane, and screw. This volume is
therefore not only a romantic story of those early mills which will delight
Americana-ists, but an invaluable source study which will trill American
industrialists, who will see in their imaginations how their own great enterprises
"I have tried to show," says Mrs. Rawson, "the gradual development
of milling, beginning with the hole gouged in a tree stump, for a mortar
in which corn was to be pounded, and a knot of wood for a pestle; through
the use of a stick for a lever to turn millstones; the advance to the wheel
and axle with a crank; to the connecting of the axle and shaft with a water
wheel or a windmill sail; and so on through milling as far as the coming
of the initial factory as such. The history of early mills is also given
in part, where established, by whom and for what purpose, and some of the
earliest ones which are still standing are listed."
The illustrations, also by Mrs. Rawson, include sketches of many of the
old mills and early miller's homes, just as they looked; and there are drawings
which show various parts of mill equipment, such as old looms, dams, raceways,
furrowed millstones, water wheels, water windlasses, and sailing vessel
pulleys. The book is filled with that special fragrance which hangs around
the thing of Old America and which today lives on in the mild of those who
revere the rugged and inventive living of the past.
E. P. DUTTON & CO., INC.
300 Fourth Avenue, New York.
FRONTISPIECE: Old sugar-cane mill at De Leon Springs, Brick chimney built
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