School of Mill Architecture,
Diller-Heishman's Mill, further Reflections and Information.
1. The Mills are Characteristically:
2. Putting the Arch in the Architecture of Diller-Heishman's
Mill Original Considerations:
3. Further Considerations in the Technology of Water Power
at Diller-Heishman's Mill - Speculations Facts, and Time.
Web-Master's Note: The first Johnson Wheel may have
been constructed by John Johnson (1771-1842). A surveyor, architect,
millwright, and civil engineer of Chittenden County, Vermont.
He first patented a water wheel in 1818, in Knox County, Indiana.
They were constructed by Nelson Johnson of Jasper, New York. He
patented his water wheel in 1837, in Erwin Centre, New York, and
in 1841 in Trangle, New York. Other Johnson Wheels were constructed
by A. Johnson, Nathan Johnson, Joseph H. Johnson, and John Johnson.
4. Production and Transportation to Market.
Web-Master's Note: Using 30 barrels per day to measure
the mill's output. Each barrel contained 196 pounds of flour.
The mill could grind basically 9 thousand pounds of wheat per
day, and of that 6 thousand pounds went in to the barrels. The
rest being termed "offals" consisting of middlings and
bran. If the mill had three pairs of millstones and one pair was
down for millstone dressing, the remaining three pairs would have
no problem grind this amount of grain in a normal water power
day. The Napoleonic Wars elevated the price of a barrel of flour
from 4 dollars to a high of 11 dollars. Do the math!
152 grist mills
9 iron furnaces
1 rolling mill
3 paper mills
12 oil mills
25 clover mills
25 cotton mills
25 cotton mill and woolen mills
He put the annual production of the grist mills at 52,000 tons.
It would be of great interest to know what Diller's annual production
was at this time.
5. The Civil War at the Mill: A Diversion and Speculation.
6. Final Operation of the Mill - A Combined Milling Business
by Neuhauser and Wright.
Jesse B. Neuhauser and Morgan C. Wright rented the Barnitz Mill
on July 1, 1946. They ran this mill well, and in ----, ----, when
they bought the Heishman Mill from that family and began the combined
operation of the two mills, milling engineering drawings and account
books suggest that the Barnitz Mill was the dominant operation
of the two.
7. Some Corrections and Afterthoughts.
8. Future Examination Specific to this Mill and Historical
Mills in General.
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Copyright 2002 by T. R. Hazen