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Conodquinet School of Mill Architecture,
Diller-Heishman's Mill, further Reflections and Information.

Conodquinet School of Mill Architecture,
Diller-Heishman's Mill,
further Reflections and Information
William F. Foshag
August 2001.
(Draft Copy Version)

1. The Mills are Characteristically:

2. Putting the Arch in the Architecture of Diller-Heishman's Mill Original Considerations:

3. Further Considerations in the Technology of Water Power at Diller-Heishman's Mill - Speculations Facts, and Time.

One of the many forms of the "Johnson Wheel."
Louis J. Johnson Improvement in Turbine Water-Wheel.
Number 205,392 Patented June 25, 1878.

Web-Master's Note: The first Johnson Wheel may have been constructed by John Johnson (1771-1842). A surveyor, architect, millwright, and civil engineer of Chittenden County, Vermont. He first patented a water wheel in 1818, in Knox County, Indiana. They were constructed by Nelson Johnson of Jasper, New York. He patented his water wheel in 1837, in Erwin Centre, New York, and in 1841 in Trangle, New York. Other Johnson Wheels were constructed by A. Johnson, Nathan Johnson, Joseph H. Johnson, and John Johnson.

4. Production and Transportation to Market.

Web-Master's Note: Using 30 barrels per day to measure the mill's output. Each barrel contained 196 pounds of flour. The mill could grind basically 9 thousand pounds of wheat per day, and of that 6 thousand pounds went in to the barrels. The rest being termed "offals" consisting of middlings and bran. If the mill had three pairs of millstones and one pair was down for millstone dressing, the remaining three pairs would have no problem grind this amount of grain in a normal water power day. The Napoleonic Wars elevated the price of a barrel of flour from 4 dollars to a high of 11 dollars. Do the math!

152 grist mills
9 iron furnaces
14 forges
1 rolling mill
3 paper mills
12 oil mills
25 clover mills
25 cotton mills
25 cotton mill and woolen mills

He put the annual production of the grist mills at 52,000 tons. It would be of great interest to know what Diller's annual production was at this time.

5. The Civil War at the Mill: A Diversion and Speculation.

6. Final Operation of the Mill - A Combined Milling Business by Neuhauser and Wright.

Jesse B. Neuhauser and Morgan C. Wright rented the Barnitz Mill on July 1, 1946. They ran this mill well, and in ----, ----, when they bought the Heishman Mill from that family and began the combined operation of the two mills, milling engineering drawings and account books suggest that the Barnitz Mill was the dominant operation of the two.

7. Some Corrections and Afterthoughts.

8. Future Examination Specific to this Mill and Historical Mills in General.

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