Megadermatids are medium-sized to large bats with a head and body length of 6.5 to 14.0 cm. These "false vampires" or yellow-winged bats look comical with their long erect noseleaf (fleshy protrusion from the nose) and huge ears. Echolocation calls are made through the nose, and the large noseleaf focuses the sound, acting like a megaphone. Megadermatid ears also have a fleshy protrusion called a tragus. The tragus is divided in this family, and the ears are joined at the base by a band of skin across the forehead. There is an extensive tail membrane (uropatagium), but the tail itself is short or absent.
The megadermatid family includes 4 genera and 5 species. These bats are found in the Old World tropics and subtropics: Central Africa, South Asia, the Malay region, Philippines and Australia.
bug leaf nosed bat
false vampire bat
Family Pteropodidae (Old World fruit-eating bats)
Family Rhinopomatidae (long-tailed or mouse-tailed bats) Family Craseonycteridae (bumblebee bat) Family Emballonuridae (sac-winged or sheath-tailed bats) Family Nycteridae (slit-faced or hollow-faced bats) Family Megadermatidae (false vampire bats) Family Rhinolophidae (horseshoe bats or Old-World leaf-nosed bats) Family Noctilionidae (bull-dog or mastiff bats) Family Mormoopidae (naked-backed bats) Family Phyllostomidae (New World leaf-nosed bats) Family Natalidae (funnel-eared or long legged bats) Family Furipteridae (smoky or thumbless bats) Family Thyropteridae (disc-winged bats) Family Myzopodidae (old world sucker-footed bats) Family Vespertilionidae (evening bats) Family Mystacinidae (New Zealand short-tailed bats) Family Molossidae (free-tailed bats)
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