Architecture Technical Overview
[Amiga] [Apollo] [Atari] [Mac II] [Mac Entry Level] [Mac Quadra] [Mac AV] [NeXT Architecture] [Radius Rocket] [Sun 3 Series]
NeXT computers were powerful and amazing computers around their time. The orginal NeXT computers were a 25MHz 68030 computer and then later the Turbo Series with a 66/33MHz 68040 versions were introduced. All versons contain a Motorola DSP processor. All NeXT computers have ethernet and SCSI2 capabilities. The color computers supported 32bit graphics. These computers were perfection and simply the state of art.
Besides the hardware, what made these black slabs or cubes even more impressive was the operating systems, NeXTSTEP, later known as OPENSTEP for Mach. NeXTSTEP is a Mach kernel with a BSD 4.3 UNIX personality and contains a rich set of object oriented libraries for rapidly developing applications. And impressive applications like Lotus Improv and Adobe Illustrator, were developed. Newer versions of NeXTSTEP, now controlled by Apple Computer, Inc. will not be supported on this hardware. Also, Apple has later announced the technical support will not support these platforms as well. This could be possible grounds for litigation if NeXT users were so pressed.
Generally Linux/m68k runs on any MC68020 with an external MC68551 PMMU (Paged Memory Management Unit) processor. Other processors after the MC68020 have a built-in MMU (Memory Management Unit) with exception of the MC68EC030 and other EC processors which cannot work with Linux/m68k. It is good to have an FPU (Floating Point Unit) or math co-processor as it is slow to use an emulator and difficult to configure. Commonly, MC68881 math processor is used with the MC68020 and the MC68882 is used with the MC68030. The newer MC68040 contains a built-in math coprocessor. The MC68LC040 does not have the built-in math coprocessor.
Currently under development is the booter, used to bootstrap the operating system as opposed to NeXTSTEP. The major obsticle to Linux/m68k is the lack of documentation for the hardware. There is however essential information in the older development kits. Plan9 operating system apparently supports this platform, but the licensing restrictions are too restrictive, that this may possibly not be used to glean important information for a port. Once a port is making good progress, all NeXT machines will have the potential to be supported as they all have MC68030 or MC68040 processors.
- TMC (Turbo Memory Controller) - managers the memory for I/O address.
- Peripheral Controller - Controls communication and interrupt levels of various devices and 7 high-speed DMA channels.
SCSI-2 connector (50 pin)
2 RS-423 serial ports (8 mini-din)
1 DSP port (DB-15)
1 MegaPixel Display port (DB-19)
1 Laser printer port (DB-9)
1 10Base-T Ethernet
1 Thin Ethernet, IEE 802.3a
This monochrome diaplay is connected through the MegaPixel display port which offers power, video display, audio input and output, and a keyboard port. The NeXT keyboard has the connector for the mouse; later models were compatible with the ADB (Apple Desktop Bus) specification. Color displays did not contain the set of adapters on the back of the monitor, for these were split off into a seperate soundbox device.
1 Headphone jack (1/8" output)
1 set of stereo Left and Right RCA jack
1 MegaPixel Display connector (DB-19)
1 Keyboard Port (5 mini-din)
1 Microphone jack (1/8" input)
The NeXT keyboard has a port for the NeXT bus mouse which works similiarly to the Microsoft Bus mouse or the Macintosh Plus mouse. The keyboard then sneds the data through its keyboard data line connected to the MegaPixel display.
1 8 mini-din mouse port
NeXTstation and NeXTstation Turbo
- Processor: 50/25MHz or 66/33MHz MC68040, 25MHz DSP56001
- Audio: 16bit 8 channel stereo in/out
- Memory IC: TMC (Turbo Memory Controller)
- Control ICs: Peripheral Controller controls 7 DMA channels
- Floppy: Internal ED (Extended Density) Floppy drive (2.88 megabyte)
Other Pages of Interests
- GNUSTEP - Is a freeware implementation of the OPENSTEP API. Included as part of this endeavor is Display GhostScript and gcc support for Objective C.
- OPENSTEP Specification in HTML
- GNUSTEP FAQ
- GNU Objective C Class Library Home Page
- NEXTSTEP/OpenStep WWW
- NiCE Internet Links
- NEXTTOYOU Homepage
NeXT Hardware Links
These pages were created to illustrate the basic machine information of the NeXT Family as a service to the NeXT and Linux/m68k enthusiasts. I would deeply appreciate any suggestions people may have regarding additional information they would like to have added. Email firstname.lastname@example.org.