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9th Generation - Ezekial & Hannah Oborn Harlan Jr. - Kingfisher & "Na-ni" aka "Ghi-Ga-U" aka Nancy Ward Beloved Woman - Dutch Tauchee & Nancy F. Clan Broom - James & Judith Collier Hicks

Ezekial Harlan (Jr.) (Ellis Harlan’s Father) ********************************************************************************
DATE OF BIRTH: May 19, 1707
LOCATION OF BIRTH: Kennett Twp., Chester, Pennsylvania
LOCATION OF MARRIAGE: Concord, Delaware Pennsylvania
DATE OF MARRIAGE: December 23, 1724
LOCATION OF DEATH: Doe Run Village, Chester, Pennsylvania
Hannah Oborn Harlan (Ellis Harlan’s Mother) ********************************************************************************
DATE OF BIRTH: April 21,1707
LOCATION OF BIRTH: Concord Twp., Delaware, Pennsylvania
Hannah born May 17, 1730
*Ellis Harlan born 1732
Ezekiel born 1733
Jonathan born 1734
Kingfisher (Catherine Kingfisher’s Father)From the Deer Clan ********************************************************************************
UNITED IN MARRIAGE TO: “Na-ni” aka “Ghi-Ga-U” aka Nancy Ward
LOCATION OF MARRIAGE: Chota, East Tennessee, Cherokee Country
LOCATION OF DEATH: A Creek Warrior killed him at the Battle of Taliwa, with Nancy by his side.
AGE AT DEATH: 71 years old
“Na-ni” aka “Ghi-Ga-U” aka Nancy Ward(Catherine Kingfisher’s Mother) ********************************************************************************
DATE OF BIRTH: 1728/1745? 1738
LOCATION OF BIRTH: Chota, City of Refuge East Tennessee, Cherokee country
DEPARTED THIS LIFE ON: 1822/1824? 1822
LOCATION OF DEATH: Womankiller Ford, Benton, Tennesse
AGE AT DEATH: 84 years old
Catherine Kingfisher
Hiskyteehee Fivekiller Kingfisher b. abt. 1754.
Hiskyteehee married a woman named Catherine and there is no known children. *One source says one year and the other says another so I put both.
Na-ni (Nancy Ward) GHI-GA-U •BIRTH: ABT 1745, East Tennessee,Cherokee country •DEATH: 1824, Woman Killer For,Ocowee River •REFERENCE: GH00000001 Father: NA-NI Family 1: Bryan WARD 1.Elizabeth WARD Family 2: (Deer Clan ) KINGFISHER •MARRIAGE: BEF 1776, East Tennessee,Cherokee contry 1.Catherine KINGFISHER 2.Fivekiller KINGFISHER*
NAME Na-ni (Nancy Ward ) /Ghi-ga-u/
Line 26 from GEDCOM File not recognizable or too long: DEATH PLACE: Woman Killer Ford, Ocowee River
Source: Emett Stars ' Old Cherokee Families' researched Oct 1995 page 350 Commonly called Nancy Ward or later years as Granny Ward.She was also known as White Rose or Beloved Woman of the Cherokees. The honor as Beloved Woman or Ghi-ga-u was bestowed upon her in 1776 for her deeds of valor as a warior. When her husband, Kingfisher was killed at the time, fighting the Muskogees, she took up his rifle and fought in his place.
Family 1:
1.Na-ni (Nancy Ward) GHI-GA-U
Source: Emett Stars ' Old Cherokee Families' researched Oct 1995 page 350 this entry made to show a parent for Ghi-ga-u.
Source:IGI microfich USA Native Americans #0002 page 18, 11th row gives name of Na-nih as related to a male named Arch and the happening was a marriage in 1821. the rest of the numbers are Sept 3 1990OG 1760727..may order.
Nancy Ward
c. 1738-1824 Cherokee tribal leader
Nancy Ward was spared the sight of her people's exile to Indian Territory in 1838, but because her spirit was present at Chota, they knew she had preserved that connection to their eastern home.
The role of Ghighua, or Beloved Woman, among the Cherokee was an influential one indeed. The most noted of the Cherokee Beloved Women was Nancy Ward, or Nan'yehi. Closely related to such leaders as Old Hop, the emperor of the Cherokee nation in the 1750s, Attakullakulla, the Wise Councillor of the Cherokee, and Osconostato, the Great Warrior of the Cherokee nation, Ward won the honored title of Ghighua and her own leadership position after displaying great bravery in battle. But Ward was not merely a warrior. She spoke on behalf of her people with U.S. representatives and wisely counseled the tribe against land cession. She did not live to see her warnings become reality as the Cherokee were dispossessed of their eastern lands.
Born about 1738 at Chota, a "Peace Town" or "Mother Town" in the Overhill region of the Cherokee Nation, Ward came into the world at the beginning of a crucial era in Cherokee history. Raised by her mother, Tame Deer, and her father, Fivekiller (who was also part Delaware or Lenni Lenap‚), Nan'yehi realized at a young age that her people were in turmoil. Missionaries, Moravians (Christians who seek to persuade others to accept their religion and follow the Bible as their rule of faith and morals) in particular, were trying to gain access to the Cherokee people in order to convert them. Still very conservative (resistant to change), preserving their traditional customs and religion, the Cherokees had a mixed reaction to the missionaries. Many regarded them as a threat, others saw them as a blessing.
One of those who straddled this fence was Nan'yehi's very influential maternal uncle, Attakullakulla ("Little Carpenter"). He eventually struck a deal allowing Moravians into Cherokee territory, but only if they would build schools to instruct Cherokee youth in English and the ways of the white man. Later critics would see this as evidence of Attakullakulla's desire for the Cherokee to accept European ways; others saw this as a tactic to teach the tribe more about their enemy. Like her uncle, Nan'yehi too would try to find the middle ground between tradition and innovation.
Ward married a Cherokee man named Kingfisher while in her early teens. Kingfisher was a great warrior, and Nan'yehi was at his side in battle, helping prepare his firearms and rallying Cherokee warriors when their spirits flagged. In 1755, the Cherokees fought the Creeks at the Battle of Taliwa. During the fighting near present city of Canton in northern Georgia, Nancy (as was the custom of the Cherokee women) was lying behind a log, chewing bullets so they would lacerate more, when her husband, Kingfisher was killed. Nan'yehi, about 18 years old at this time, took up her slain husband's gun and, singing a war song, led the Cherokees in a rout of the enemy and fought throughout the rest of the battle as a warrior. Out of her loss was born a decisive victory for her people and a title of honor for her: "Beloved Woman."
The Cherokee were a matrilineal (tracing family relations through the mother) society, and thus their fields had always been controlled by women. Women of great influence became known as Beloved Women, often working behind the scenes in shaping decisions. The role of Ghigau or Beloved Woman was the highest one to which a Cherokee woman could aspire. It was unusual for one as young as Nan'yehi to be so named, but since the name also translates as "War Woman" and was usually awarded to women warriors (or warriors' mothers or widows), Nan'yehi had duly earned it. Much responsibility went with the many privileges of the rank, and, although young, Nan'yehi showed herself capable.
Among the privileges accorded Nan'yehi as a Beloved Woman were voice and vote in General Council, leadership of the Women's Council, the honor of preparing the Black Drink--a tea used in ceremonies to purify--and giving it to warriors before battle, and the right to save a prisoner already condemned to execution. Nan'yehi would exercise all these rights and would serve as her people's sage (wise person) and guide. Another of the Beloved Woman's duties was as ambassador, or peace negotiator. It is through this role that Ward became a figure in non-Cherokee history. Ward, who had been "apprenticed" as a diplomat at her uncle's side, was a shrewd negotiator who took a realistic view of how to help the Cherokee people survive. She had grown up during a time when continued white settlement on Cherokee lands, in violation of the Royal Proclamation of 1763, in which the British Empire had recognized the rights of Native people, created constant tension in Indian-white relations.
When militant Cherokees prepared to attack illegal white communities on the Watauga River, Ward disapproved of intentionally taking civilian lives. She was able to warn several of the Watauga settlements in time for them to defend themselves or flee. One of the settlers unfortunate enough to be taken alive by the Cherokee warriors was a woman named Mrs. Bean. The captive was sentenced to execution and was actually being tied to a stake when Ward exercised her right to spare condemned captives. Taking the injured Mrs. Bean into her own home to nurse her back to health, Ward learned two skills from her which would have far-reaching consequences for her people.
Mrs. Bean, like most "settler women," wove her own cloth. At this time, the Cherokee were wearing a combination of traditional hide (animal skin) clothing and loomed cloth purchased from traders. Cherokee people had rough-woven hemp clothing, but it was not as comfortable as clothing made from linen, cotton, or wool. Mrs. Bean taught Ward how to set up a loom, spin thread or yarn, and weave cloth. This skill would make the Cherokee people less dependent on traders, but it also Europeanized the Cherokee in terms of gender roles. Women came to be expected to do the weaving and house chores; as men became farmers in the changing society, women became "housewives."
Another aspect of Cherokee life that changed when Ward saved the life of Mrs. Bean was that of raising animals. The white woman owned dairy cattle, which she took to Ward's house. Ward learned to prepare and use dairy foods, which provided some nourishment even when hunting was bad. However, because of Ward's introduction of dairy farming to the Cherokee, they would begin to amass large herds and farms, which required even more manual labor. This would soon lead the Cherokee into using slave labor. In fact, Ward herself had been "awarded" the black slave of a felled Creek warrior after her victory at the Battle of Taliwa and thus became the first Cherokee slaveowner.
From these accommodations to European-based ways of life, one might get the idea that Ward was selling out the Cherokee people. But her political efforts proved the contrary. She did not seek war, but neither did she counsel peace when she felt compromise would hurt her tribe. In 1781 Ward entered into peace talks with Tennessee politician and soldier John Sevier at the Little Pigeon River in present-day Tennessee, she had called for peace but warned Sevier to take the treaty back to "his women" for them to ratify. It did not occur to the Cherokee that women did not decide matters of war and peace in the white man's world, as they did in many southeastern tribes. Ward was also a negotiator for the Cherokee at the 1785 signing of the Treaty of Hopewell, the first treaty the Cherokee made with the "new" United States.
By the turn of the nineteenth century, it was already becoming apparent to the Cherokee that the Americans intended to get as much Cherokee land as possible and that the day might come when the Natives would be forced off their homelands. Ward, by now called "Nancy" by the many non-Indians she had befriended, feared that each time the Cherokee voluntarily handed over land, they were encouraging the settlers' appetite for it. She feared that someday their hunger for land would destroy her people. In 1808, the Women's Council, with Ward at its head, made a statement to the Cherokee people urging them to sell no more land. Again, in 1817, when Ward took her seat in council, her desperation was ill concealed. She told the younger people to refuse any more requests for land or to take up arms against the "Americans" if necessary.
When she became too aged to make the effort to attend further General Council meetings, Ward sent her walking stick in her place thereafter. Some contemporary sources say she "resigned" her position as Beloved Woman with this action, but the mere absence from council did not indicate the end of her term. Ward was well aware that Cherokee "removal" west of the Mississippi River was almost a foregone conclusion. Rather than face the sorrow of leaving her homeland, she decided to find a way to blend in to the white world.
Nan'yehi had become Nancy Ward when she married for the second time to an Irish (or Scots-Irish) trader Bryant Ward. Who is believed to have served in the British Army before becoming an Indian trader. Their marriage was legal in the Cherokee Nation, but he had a white wife. Together they had one child: Elizabeth “Betsy” Ward, who was married to Joseph Martin, and then to a trader named Bernard Hughes. Nancy and Bryan Ward seperated before 1765, apparently amicably, because she visited him and his white wife on several occasions and had business dealings with one of his sons. By now, her three children were grown, so she was accorded the indulgence of "modern conveniences" because of her advanced age and the great integrity with which she had long discharged her duty to her people. Therefore, when she and Ward took to the innkeeping trade, there was no disrespect voiced toward the Beloved Woman. Their inn was situated near the Mother Town of Chota, on Womankiller Ford of the Ocowee River, in eastern Tennessee.
Ward returned to Chota, her birthplace, in 1824. She was cared for by her son, Fivekiller, who reported seeing a white light leave her body as she died. The light was said to have entered the most sacred mound in the Mother Town. Ward was spared the sight of her people's exile to Indian Territory in 1838, but because her spirit was present at Chota, they knew she had preserved that connection to their eastern home. The last woman to be given the title of Beloved Woman until the late 1980s, Ward remains a powerful symbol for Cherokee women. She is often referred to by feminist scholars as an inspiration and is revered by the Cherokee people of Oklahoma as well as the Eastern Band Cherokees of North Carolina.
Allen, Paula Gunn, The Sacred Hoop, Beacon Press, 1992. American Indian Women: A Research Guide, edited by Gretchen Bataille and Kathleen Sands, Garland Publishing, 1991. Green, Rayna, Women in American Indian Society, Chelsea House, 1992. Native American Women, edited by Gretchen M. Bataille, Garland Publishing, 1993.
Ghigau, Beloved Woman
Nancy Ward b c 1738, d c 1822. She was a full blood of the Wolf Clan, born in Chota, the City of Refuge and Capitol of the Cherokee Nation. Her grandfather was Moytoy of Tellico Supreme Chief 1730 -- 1760. Moytoy's second daughter, born about 1663 and her husband, The "Raven" of Chota were Nancy's parents.
Nancy holds a position of great significance in Cherokee history. In 1738, Tame Doe (the sister of Attakullakulla) and her husband, thought to be a Delaware Indian brave or Chief ( who died early in her life) gave birth to a daughter named Nancy, who in time became the last true Ghigau or Beloved Woman of the Cherokees, and who in her views regarding Cherokee and white relationships was an ally of Little Carpenter (Attakullakulla), her uncle.
In the early 1750's, she married the noted war leader, Kingfisher of the Deer Clan, and was at his side when in 1755 he was killed by Creek warriors at the battle of Taliwa. She immediately picked up his weapons and rallied the Cherokee warriors to overwhelming victory. Her first tangible reward was a black slave who had been left behind by the retreating Creeks, and legend has it that this was the beginning of black slavery among the Cherokees. Back at Chota, she was chosen to fill the vacant position of Beloved Woman. It was believed that the Supreme Beings often spoke to the people through the Beloved Women, and they were given absolute power in the question of what to do with prisoners taken in war, a power exclusive to Ghigau. Nancy did not hesitate to use this power.
She was also head of the influential Woman's Council that consisted of a representative from each clan, and she sat as a voting member of the Council of Chiefs. In the late 1750's, about 1759, she married an already wed white trader named Bryant Ward, who before 1760 left her and returned to his white wife and children in South Carolina. White traders were required by Cherokee custom to take a Cherokee wife in order to remain within the territory of the Cherokee Nation.
In 1772, an English diplomat named Robertson visited Nancy's home at Chota, which he described as being furnished in a barbaric splendor that befitted her high rank. She was then thirty - five years old and he pictured her as "queenly and commanding" (Mooney -Myths of the Cherokee pg. 204)
In June 1776, Dragging Canoe, the first cousin of Nancy and Attacullaculla's son, Abraham and Raven, Cherokee War Chiefs, with 250 warriors each, at the instigation of the British, planned to attack Western settlements, Ghigau warned the settlers of the impending attacks.
Then on July 20, 1776, Abraham, marching to attack Watauga in East Tennessee , captured Mrs. William Bean, mother of the first white child born in Tennessee. When the war party returned to Cherokee Country, Mrs. Bean was condemned to be burned at the stake. She was conducted to the top of a mound that stood in the center of Tuskeegee, which was located just above the mouth of the Tellico or Little Tennessee River. Bound at the stake, faggots piled around, torch about to be applied, Ghigau appeared , cut the thongs and took the captive to her home, where Mrs. Bean taught her how to keep house and make butter. As soon as it was safe, Ghigau sent her brother, Tuskeegeeteehee, or Longfellow of Chistatoa and her son Hiskyteehee, or Fivekiller sometimes called Littlefellow, to escort Mrs. Bean home and to her husband.
Numerous settlements had been made on Cherokee land, in direct violation of royal decree from England. When the Revolutionary War broke out, the Cherokees again sided with the English. In 1776, the Cherokees prepared to attack simultaneously the frontier settlements of Virginia, the Carolinas, and Georgia. The responsibility assigned to 700 warriors from Chota was to strike the settlers who lived in the Watauga area. As much for the Cherokees' sake as for that of the settlers, Nancy Ward helped Isaac Thomas, William Fawling and another white man to escape from Chota to warn the Wataugans in time to build fortifications. This act established Nancy's reputation as a friend of the settlers.
When in October 1776 Colonel William Christian led nearly 2,000 troops in a devastating raid, out of respect for Nancy Ward he spared Chota, while most of the other Cherokee towns were ravaged. In 1780, at a time when most of the Watauga men were away from home and engaged in the King's Mountain campaign, at the same time, the frontier rear guards became short on rations. Nancy Ward agreed to supply beef and had some cattle driven in for Colonel Christian and his men.
The Cherokees again prepared to attack the settlements in the Watauga area. Nancy Ward warned the whites a second time, but when the soldiers returned from King's Mountain and learned of the threat, they were enraged, and set out to teach the Cherokees a lesson they would never forget. Despite Nancy Ward's pleas for mercy and friendship, Chota was destroyed along with other towns, and for a short time she and her family were placed in protective custody. When they were released, they returned to help rebuild the town, and on July 20, 1781, she was the featured speaker for the Cherokees when the reeling people reluctantly accepted a peace treaty with the Wataugans.
When the Treaty of Hopewell was made in South Carolina in 1785, she offered another dramatic plea for continued peace between the Indians and the whites. Once the unhappy war years were ended she lived in Chota, where although it was no longer the capitol of the Nation, it was still a City of Refuge, and from all over the Nation she took into her home orphaned and homeless waifs, including mixed bloods.
Ghigau conducted an inn at the Womankiller Ford of the Ocowee River for many years and became quite wealthy; her property consisted of livestock, slaves and money. Travelers called her "Granny Ward" because of her age and that she was the widow of Bryant Ward. As an old woman, she was described as a person of remarkable beauty and poise, with a “queenly and commanding presence.” When Nancy grew too old to meet with the council and other chiefs, she sent her servant to take her walking stick, her badge of authority, to her appointed seat in the council building to assure that her spirit was there, most notably the council at Amoah, May 6, 1817, the renunciation of her delegated rights and in favor of the first Constitutional Enactment of the Cherokees.
"Nancy Ward died at her home at the Womankiller Ford, in the Spring of 1822. Nancy Ward died a truly remarkable woman who earned a permanent place of honor in Cherokee and white history" ( The Cherokee People pp. 193 - 194) Her grave site, a designated state park, is located on a knoll next to U. S. Highway 411, just South of Benton, Tennessee. Buried beside her son, Fivekiller, a veteran of the War of 1812, and her brother Longfellow. Her grave site overlooks the site where Nancy ran her inn, where the old Unicoy Pike crossed the Ocoee River. ( the Pike was the main road from Knoxville into Northern Georgia and was a popular resting place for travelers) The Chattanooga, Tennessee, Nancy Ward Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution placed a brass plaque on Nancy's grave in 1926. The Polk County and State Centennial Commission honored Nancy as an American Patriot by placing a plaque near her grave that reads:
Nancy Ward, Princess and Prophetess of the Cherokee Nation, Pocahontas of Tennessee, constant friend of the American Pioneer, had as her main objective, promoting peace between the Cherokees and the Pioneers. In 1776 she warned the settlers on the Watauga Holst Rivers of the impending attack by the Cherokees. She also saved Mrs. William Bean from being burned at the stake. During the Indian outbreak of 1780, she helped many prisoners escape and often supplied starved prisoners with food. She was queenly and commanding in appearance and manner, tall, erect, and beautiful with an imperious and kindly air........."
There are no known pictures of Nancy Ward.
NOTES: Tuskeegee is the town name of one of the original 8 subdivisions of the Cuesta peace town of the Coosas, primal mother tribe of the Muskogees (Creeks) Choctaws, Chickasaws, and Seminoles. The suffix " tee hee " means killer, therefore, Ghigau 's brother was " Tuskeegeekiller, known to the English by the descriptive name of Longfellow, because of his stature. Hisky is Cherokee for the number 5, her son's name in English was Fivekiller.
On the Reservation Roll 1817: Nancy's Cherokee name was Nanye'hi; Nancy Ward may have been half Delaware or full blood Cherokee. Her Grandfather was Moytoy of Tellico, Supreme Chief 1730-1760. Some say it was his second daughter married to "Raven" of Chota who were Nancy's grandparents. "Raven" was a Cherokee Title bestowed upon a brave warrior. Longfellow her brother carried the name for awhile and so did her son, Fivekiller.
Tame Doe was her mother and the sister of Attakullakulla (The Little Carpenter, so named because he was so good at putting treaties together between the Cherokee's and Whites), Tame Doe is thought to have married a Delaware Indian Chief but much uncertainty surrounds this. The whites believe she was married to an Englishman. Whether Nancy was 1/2 white, Delaware or full blood Cherokee is uncertain. Emmett Starr claims her to be full blood Cherokee. Dragging Canoe was the son of Attakullakulla and Nancy's first cousin. Attakullakulla has other sons, Little Owl, Beaver etc. Dragging Canoe fought on the side of the English during the Revolutionary War.
Nancy however, helped the Americans and as such is an American Patriot. A Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution in Chattanooga TN is named after her. She married first Kingfisher of the Deer Clan, she was of the Wolf Clan. Cherokees could not marry within their clans. Kingfisher was killed at the battle of Taliwa, while fighting the Creeks. This battle made her the "Beloved Woman" of the Cherokee Nation. There is a tremendous amount of information available about Nancy. She is in Who's Who in Colonial America and Who's Who in American Women.
The Ridge is related to Nancy Ward also Sequoyah, who discovered the Cherokee Language and Elias Boudinot, first editor of the Cherokee Advocate.
Notable Women Ancestors Distinguished Women of Past and Present
Strong matrilineal clans are still the core of the society. Each clan has a name(Paint Clan, Deer Clan, Wolf Clan...) and members of each clan populate villages. Intraclan marriages are forbidden. When married, the man lives with his wife's clan. Anyone may speak at council, which is ruled by the oldest warriors, and in some cases, elder women.
The following was taken out of “A Brief History of the Cherokee” by Mary Evelyn Rogers page 81:
The Cherokee were not satisfied with the Treaty of Holston. They felt they had signed under duress. On December 28th, 1791, a delegation of Cherokees arrived in Philadelphia. They were Bloody Fellow, Kingfisher, The Northward, Kitigiski (The Prince), and Testeekee (The Disturber). George Miller and James Carey accompanied them as interpreters. “After being clothed,” the Cherokee met with President Washington , who told them the Secretary of War (Henry Knox) would hear their grievances.
On January 5th, 1792, the Cherokee delegation met with Secretary Knox. They persuaded Knox to increase the annual payment from $1,000.00 (Treaty of Holston) to $1,500.00 in a supplemental Treaty, signed February 17th.
Page 95: In October 1793, John Sevier led 700 men across the Little Tennessee along the Great War Path through Hiwassee to Ustanali, on the Coosawatie River, which was found abandoned. It was burned and supplies of grain and meat were taken. William Gant, a sentry was killed during the night.
The following night, Sevier left his camp fires alight and went to Etowah, which he reached on the 17th. He found the Indians entrenched on the south bank. Sevier sent Colonel Kelly across at a ford about half a mile away, and the Cherokees abandoned their fortifications to oppose it, whereupon most of Kelly’s men returned to the main body, which crossed at the original south bank pass, while the few men who had crossed lower down attacked the Indians from the rear. After Chief Kingfisher was killed, the Cherokees gathered their wounded and left. Several dead Cherokee men, who were left behind, were scalped.
*Dutch Tauchee Broom(Chief Broom Father) ********************************************************************************
LOCATION OF BIRTH: Cherokee Nation, Georgia
* Nancy F. Clan Broom (Chief Broom’s Mother) ********************************************************************************
James Hicks (Robert Hicks’ Father) ********************************************************************************
LOCATION OF BIRTH: Greenville County, North Carolina
DEPARTED THIS LIFE ON: December 23, 1793
LOCATION OF DEATH: Brunswick County, North Carolina
AGE AT DEATH: 93 years old
Judith Collier Hicks (Robert Hicks’ Mother) ********************************************************************************
Robert Hicks was the son of James Hicks, (b. 1700) and Judith Collier. James parents were Robert Hicks Jr. and I believe Elizabeth Irvin. (Need to check that one.) Robert Jr. was the son of Robert, the original immigrant who came over from England in about 1683.
Indenture made 24 November 1771 betw. James Hicks Jr. and Judith his wife of the County of Brunswick and Charles Hicks son of the said James Hicks and Judith of the county aforesaid, for true love that we do bare unto said Charles and for Five pounds, sell to Charles Hicks, part of that Tract of Land Containing Estimation six hundred and fifty acres, lying and being in County of Brunswick and Bounded as follows Beginning at a hicory on Avent's Creek Thence North twenty six Degrees West sixty eight poles to a red oak thence South seventy Eight Degrees west two hundred and fourteen poles to a beach thence South Fifteen Degrees West fifty poles to a Red oak thence South seventy two Degrees West forty six Pole to a red oak on the Indian Branch thence up the meanders of the said branch to Winfield's Corner White Oak on the same thence along his line South twenty five Degrees East forty pole to a red Oak thence North Seventy three degrees East fifty six poles to Duggars Corner White Oak thence along his line South Eighty two Degrees East two hundred poles to his corner on Buck lick Creek thence Down the said Creek to where it emptye into avents creek thence Down the said Creek to hulings line and thence along Hulings line to the Beginning three hundred and fifty acres of the said Land was granted unto John Honicut by Patent bearing Date the tenth Day of April one thousand seven hundred and fifty one and the other two hundred and fifty acres being part of a Trct of Land granted unto William Thompson by patent bearing date the Fifth Day of February one thousand hundred (sic) and fifty three. Signed James Hicks. No Witnesses.
Court 25 November 1771, Indenture acknowledged by James Hicks.
Deed Book 10, page 281, Brunswick County, Virginia
Indenture made 18 Nov 1773, between William Blunt of Sussex Gentlemen and Charles Hicks of Brunswick, Whereas James Hicks of the County of Brunswick did by his Certain deed of Mortgage bearing date the Twelfth day of December in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred & Sixty six for the security of the payment of Three hundred & thirty five pounds Ten shillings Currt. money which the said James Hicks did then ___ & ___ actually Indebted unto the said Wm. Blunt make over & Convey one Certain Tract or parcel of Land situate lying & being in the County of Brunswick Containing the Quantity and bounded as by the said Deed Reference being thereto had may more fully appear which said sum of Three hundred & thirty five pounds ten shillings hath since been paid by the said James Hicks unto the said William Blunt, and Whereas the said James Hicks hath by his Deed of Bargain and Sale bearing date the twenty fourth day of November, 1772, made over & conveyed the aforesaid Tract or parcel of Land & premises unto his son Charles Hicks which said Deed is duly recorded in the Court of the County of Brunswick Reference thereto being had may also more fully and at large appear, that Wm. Blunt for & in consideration of his having been fully & Justly paid & satisfied by the said James Hicks, by these presents relinquish make over & Disclaim all title Interest & right whatsoever which he evern had or might have unto the said Tract or parcel of Land. Signed Wm Blunt. Witnesses: Jas. Mason, D. Fisher, David Mason.
Court 22 Nov 1773, Indenture was proved by the oaths of James Mason Daniel Fisher and David Mason.
Deed Book 11, page 188, Brunswick County, Virginia
Indenture made the 22nd day of June, 1756, between John Hicks and Robert Rivers of Dinwiddie County, for 42 pounds, 10 shillings conveying by estimation 200 acres on both sides of Stevens Branch on North side of Maherrin River, and is part of the Patent granted to John Hicks of Surry County for 400 acres on the 28th day of September, 1728, and devised to his son, John Hicks, in the Last Will and Testament of John Hicks. Witnesses were William Vaughan, Thomas Vines, and Peter Smith. Presented in Court on June 22, 1756.
Deed Book 6, page 60, Brunswick County, Virginia

The Generations

1st Generation - Homer Eugene & Mollie Edith Jackson Mann
2nd Generation - Avery "Henderson" & Bertha Elizabeth Miller Mann - Charles J. & Emma Lou Hope Jackson
3rd Generation - David Sproul & Elizabeth Miller Mann - George & Martha Wilson Miller - Able & Mollie Jackson - "Eu-nau-le" & "Cun-nu-cha-te"
4th Generation - Avery Vann & Susanna Spaniard Miller - Richard Carey "R.K." & Elzira Wilson nee Hicks Mann - John A. & Nancy J. Miller - "Cul-lau-noo-has-ke" & "A-kin-ne"
5th Generation - Andrew & Catherine Hicks Miller - Frank & Hannah "Oo-wah-de-yah-hih" Spaniard
6th Generation - Chief Charles Renatus Hicks & Lydia "Chuike" Halfbreed Hicks - David & Nannie "N-wa-lee-ya-he" Otterlifter Miller
7th Generation - Nathan & Nancy Broom Hicks - Chief Halfbreed & "Gu-w-li-si" - Otterlifetr & Susannah Harlan Otterlifter
8th Generation - Chief & Nancy Elizabeth Broom - Ellis & Catherine Kingfisher Harlan - Robert & Mary Ellige Hicks
10th Generation - Ezekial & Ruth Buffington Harlan - "Skayagustuegwo" & "Tame Doe" - Robert & Elizabeth Irvin Hicks Jr.
11th Generation - Chief Moytoy & Unknown - George & Elizabeth Duck Harlan - Richard Bobbington Buffington & Ann - Robert & Frances Hicks
12th Generation - James Harlan & Unknown - Thomas & Ann Bovington Jr.
13th Generation - William Harlan & Unknown - Thomas & Joan Harberd Bovington
Hamilton Guide Service