"Order=Disorder; self=not-self; affirmation=negation; ultimate emanations of absolute art. Absoluteness and purity of chaos cosmically ordered eternal in the globule second without duration without breath without light without control. - I love an old work for its novelty. It is only contrast that attaches us to the past." -Tristan Tzara


The period of chaos and confusion is a period of duality. A student of Zen is in conflict with the interplay of opposites and, even if he has accepted the possibility that yes can equal no and in can also be out, their exclamation of it is dualistic. Zen enlightenment occurs only when there is no dualistic thought.

Shunryu Suzuki is one of the Zen masters known for helping to bring Zen to the west. His lectures translated the eastern way into western understanding.

His lecture "No Dualism" explains that studies of Zen "...should be without gaining ideas, without expectations..." The discovery of the interplay between opposites "form=emptiness and emptiness=form" is a gaining idea and dualistic. "When your practice becomes effortless you can stop your mind [The mind takes over the whole body]. This is the stage of form=form and emptiness=emptiness." There is no dualism here. "When you say 'whatever I do is buddha nature, so it doesn't matter what I do and there is no need to [meditate and study Zen].' That is already a dualistic understanding of our every day life. If it really doesn't matter then there's no need for you to even say so. As long as you are concerned about what you do, that is dualistic."

{So, that is why this paper is dualistic}

This fascination with chance, the interplay of opposites and the conscious attempt to desymbolize was a dualistic stage in the thinking process of Dadaist action. Perhaps the disentegration of the Cabaret Voltaire group was indicative of the elimination of dualistic thought.

As a result each dadaist found their own "secret way" and the group disentegrated. Tristan went on with Dadaism, but with other artists and in different cities. Other members of the group found other things to do.

"The words of truth are always paradoxical."
-Lao Tzu