Tennessee Slave Toney CHAPMAN in Service of the CSA

Included on TENNESSEE COLORED PENSION APPLICATIONS FOR CSA SERVICE, is the name Toney CHAPMAN. Toney was a Black man born in or near Farmington in Marshall County, Tennessee on June 18, 1849. His master's name was B. F. Chapman, a private in the War Between the States.

Tony was only about twelve years old at the outset of the Civil War in 1861, but two years later in 1863, he went into service with his master, willingly, or otherwise. After all, young Tony was a slave and he likely had little or no choice in the matter of serving his master in battle. Toney and his master served with Company A of the 4th/8th Tennessee Cavalry Regiment. Col. Baxter Smith and Capt. David W. Alexander were two of the leaders of the Company.

Although the exact date of his departure from the army is not known, Toney was discharged from service near Raleigh, North Carolina. After his discharge, Toney, while still a teenager, returned to Marshall County and lived there with B. F. Chapman for several more years.

Toney filed the "Colored Man's Application for Pension" with the State of Tennessee on June 18, 1921, his seventy-second birthday. The application shows Toney and his wife had a combined estate worth $250, and their combined income for the previous year, 1920, was $857. Scott D. Davis and W. W. Walker, both of Lewisburg, Marshall County, Tennessee, signed the application as witnesses for Toney.

On September 27, 1923, Toney died in Marshall County at the age of seventy-four years, three months, one week and two days. A search of records at the Tennessee State Library and Archives in Nashville, has failed to yield a death certificate for Toney.

In 1892, there was a reunion of veterans of Company A of the 4th/8th (Baxter Smith's) Tennessee Cavalry Regiment at Farmington. Twenty-eight veterans posed for a photo that day. Dr. Thomas Alexander Allen and Scott D. Davis are the only members of the group who have been identified for sure. Bill Allen is the submitter of the photo and great-grandson of Dr. Allen. Tentatively, Bill has identified the single African-American in the picture, standing at the far right, as Toney Chapman.

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This site is developed and maintained by Willie L. Robinson.

DATE DEVELOPED: March 28, 2000

LAST UPDATE: March 05, 2011


George Washington Carver High School of Picayune, Mississippi
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