Ancestors of Ronald Mike OSBORNE

Ninth Generation

256. Ephriam OSBORNE Sr. was born on 21 Aug 1723 in Duchess Co., NY. He died in 1794 in Grayson Co., VA. Ephriam married Elizabeth HOWARD "Betty" about 1741.

Ephraim Osborne, Sr.

Ephraim, Sr. and his brother Caleb migrated from New Jersey to the Yadkin Valley area of North Carolina around 1750.  Caleb died in Rowan County before August 7, 1781.  Caleb Osborne had at least seven children.  Several of the sons moved to the Clinch Valley area of Russell and Scott Counties, Virginia.  At least one son moved on to Indiana.

By 1766, Ephraim Osborne, Sr. and family were in Montgomery County, Virginia, living on Saddle Creek, a branch of New River.  It was there that Osborne’s Fort was built.  In later years, Ephraim Osborne was granted a license to operate an ordinary.  On March 4, 1786, Ephraim Osborne, Sr’s. name appeared on the Revenue tax list (Montgomery County) and on October 28, 1789, he was still living in the same area.

On April 23, 1894, Ephraim Osborne, Sr. was exempted from paying the county levy in Grayson County, Virginia.  This is the last record found in his name, so he apparently died in Grayson County some time after April 1794.

Children of Ephraim Osborne Sr.
Robert Osborne - died after 1810 in Barren County, Kentucky.  Solomon Osborne - died at age 21 in Watauga County, North Carolina during an Indian attack. Captain Enoch Osborne - died September 1818 in Grayson Co., Virginia.  Jonathan Osborne - died April 1834 in Ashe County, North Carolina.  Ephraim Osborne, Jr. - died 1852 in Harlan County, Kentucky.  Elender Osborne (probably).

From "Osborne and Related Families" by Ben Osborne:

"The following records are evidence that this family was in southwest VA in the 1770's and later years.  Stephen Osborn, Ephraim, Osborn, and Enoch Osborn appear on a list of surveys presented by the Loyal Land Company to the Land Office at Augusta County, VA prior to May 1783.  Loyal Company Papers are at the Archives--Virginia State Library.  The 1771 tax list for Botetourt Co, VA lists Robert Osborn, Enoch Osborn, and Jonathan Osborn.  Delinquent tax payer for 1773, Fincastle Co, VA was Ephraim Osborn.  A Montgomery Co, VA justice for 1777 was Enoch Osburn.  A Enoch Osbourne served as a Captain in the Montgomery Co, VA Militia about 1777.  Jonathan Osborn filed for a pension for service in the Revolutionary War in 1832 in Ashe Co, NC and mentioned his brother, Enoch Osborn in southwest VA.  The following Osbornes took the Oath of Allegiance in Montgomery Co, VA in 1777: Jeremiah (his mark) Ozburn, Capt. Enoch Ozburn, Sr, and Stephen Ozburn, SR.  Courthouses of southwest VA would probably produce many more records on this surname.

Ephraim was a fur collector and was in the service of Christopher Gist on the Yadkin River.  Betty Howard was a relative of Mrs. Gist; they married in 1749 and settled north of the Yadkin River about 10 miles from the Gist residence. This was the same year that Christopher Gist brought the Boone family to their first NC home.  Ephraim made his way to Snow Creek, VA and to Starraton, Augusta Co, VA and visited the families of James Watson and George Gibson's relatives in 1751.  About 1757, some say 1761, the moved from Rowan Co, NC to Grayson Co, VA, and lived there until he died in 1796.  He and his son Jonathan were in the battle of Point Pleasant in 1774 in Bland Co, VA.

Early Osbornes and Alleys, p. 1:" Ephraim Osborn, Sr, is believed to have come from New Jersey (Israel Clem, grandson of John Osborn,stated that the Osborns came from NJ.)  The Calendar of New Jersey Wills includes these same names in significant numbers) to NC. He was in Rowan Co by 1753 (pension # 58912).  He died in Grayson Co, VA after April 23rd 1794.  He was probably a brother to Caleb Osborne.

Ephraim Osborne Sr is said to have been married to Elizabeth Howard. Though proof of marriage is lacking, his wife may well have been a Howard (On Feb 5, 1778, Cornelius Howard was living on the South Fork of the Yadkin River, near Caleb Osborn (McCubbins' File).  How long he had been there is unknown to this compiler.  The will of Joshua Howard, Baltimore, was dated 7/3/1738 and proved 9/4/1738.  Sons:  Francis, Cornelius, Edward. daus: Sarah, Mary, Violetta Gist, Elizabeth Wells.  This MAY have been the same Cornelius Howard.  In 1790, James and Samuel Howard were in Montgomery Co.   Samuel is said to have been the first Howard to settle in Harlan Co, KY).

The name of Ephraim Osborn appeared on the 1759 tax list of Rowan Co and on the 1761 tax list of Caleb Osborn in the Forks of the Yadkin. That must have been the year that he and his family moved to the Hollow of Surrey, for his name appeared on Elijah Skidmore's list in 1761.

In 1762, he returned to testify for Caleb Osborn in a suit against Frederick Friley (Rowan Co Min Bk 2-247).

In 1766, Ehpraim Osborn, Sr, and family were in Fincastle (Montgomery) Co, VA (#S8912).  In 1772, his name appeared on William Herbert's tax list in Fincastle Co.  On the 14th of December 1774, Ephraim Osborn, Sr obtained a Loyal Land Co grant of 260 acres, in Fincastle Co, lying on both sides of Saddle Creek, a Branch of New River.  The grant had been ordered one year earlier. (Survey Bk A-123).

It was there that Osborn's Fort was built.  In later years, Ephraim Osborn was granted a license to operate an ordinary.

In 1774, William Scott filed suit against Ephraim Osborn; the suit was abated in 1779.  (Montgomery Co Min Bk 2-64, 3-22)

Ephraim Oborn, Sr, took the Oath of Allegiance in 1777.  In 1779, he was paid for patrolling, presumably against Indians and Tories.  (Bk 2-285).  On the 1781 militia list, the name of Ephraim Osborn, Lieut., followed immediately after the name of Capt Enoch Osborn.  But, Ephraim Osborn was designated "not fit" for military service.

On March 4, 1786, Ephraim Osborn, Sr's name appeared on the revenue tax list. (Montgomery Co Wills and Deeds, p. 92).  On October 28, 1789, he was still living in the same area, with property on both sides of Saddle Creek (Netti Yantis' Montgomery Co Circa 1790).

On April 23, 1794, Ephraim Osborn, Sr was exempted from paying the county levy (Grayson Co VA Order Bk 1-43).  This is the last entry found in his name in the records of Mongomery or Grayson Co.  Efforts to trace his children by land descent have failed completely.

Children of Ephraim Osborn, Sr:  (As Osborn researchers know, Jonathan Osborn's pension statement is the basis for most of the conclusions concerning this branch of the Osborn family.  Note that Ephraim is of record early in the Forks of the Yadkin; and that the tax list places him in the Hollow of the Surry at about the time mentioned by Jonathan.  Furthermore, Mary (Wood) McMullen, in her accout of the hunting trip, placed together the members of the family, as listed above, and NOT the other early Osborns.  It must have been Ephraim, Sr who was with them, because Ephraim Jr was but 10 years of age in 1764.  Altogether, this is strong circumstantial evidence that these were indeed the sons of Ephraim Osborn, Sr.

    1.  Robert
    2.  Solomon
    3.  Enoch
    4.  Jonathan
    5.  Ephraim Jr
    6.  Ellender (probably)

Note:  "For many years, the story has been circulated that a James Osborn, of Warwick Co, England,came to the colonies, bringing son Jonathan, and that this Jonathan was the father of Ephraim Osborn.  This story originated in 1945 when the late Will H Daniel, of Huntington, W VA employed a researcher to trace his lineage.  The authenticity of the story may be checked by writing the Kansas State Historical Society."

Osborne Fort Cemetery 1812-1877:  "It is located on Rt 711 just east of the River Ridge Thoroughbred Farm's barn no 1 in Independence, VA. Its name is derived from the fort built nearby for the protection of settlers from the Indians.  It seems that this area and section of New River was a favorite hunting and fishing site of the Indians, and they didn't give it up without raids and fighting.  Early settlers in this area included the surnames of Baker, Cox, Osborne, Hash, Ward, Phipps, Livesay, and Howell.  The Osborne tract was between Bridle Creek and Saddle Creek, and the Osborne Fort and cemetery were located thereon.  The Osborne Fort Cemetery remained in the Osborne family for 5 generations.  During this time the plot was taken care of.   But the farm and cemetery passed into other hands and the cemetery was all but destroyed.

Pioneer Settlers of Grayson Co, Va by BF Nuckolls (1914) p. 171:  "Esq Enoch Osborne settled on New River near Bridle Creek; this for many years was known as the Osborne settlement.  Enoch Osborne had 3 brothers, Solomon, Ephraim, and Jonathan, who came to this country with their rfamilies about the same time and settled on New River near together.
    A fort was built on the farm now occupied by Joshua Osborne and son, John, at Ancella Post Office.  Indian depredations were common in the border settlements, and preparations for protection and defense were necessary.
    It was fortunate for society that the first settlers were people of moral worth and piety.  Enoch Osborne's wife was a Miss Hash.  He and his wife were Christians and aided very much in planting the standard of Christian civilization over the land that was so recently inhabited by savages.  Their home was a resting place for the wayworn traveling preachers.  The venerable Bishop Asbury called with them, rested, and took refreshments, as he was making his ministerial tours through this newly settled country, preaching the gospel.  It was at the Old Fort where Esq Enoch Osborne, Sr, first located a home.
    An incident occurred with the Osborne brothers in their newly occupied territory that tells of the dangers and exposures to which pioneer settlers were subjected.  Enoch Osborne and brothers Solomon and Ephraim went into what is now  Watauga NC on a hunting trip, deer being plentiful in that section.  Getting wet by a shower of rain and wet bushes, they struck up camp in the evening and lay down to sleep and rest, hanging up their clothes by the campfire to dry.  The Indians surprised them by shooting into the camp and killing Solomon Osborne; an Indian chased Enoch some distance and lost him in the dark.  Ephraim, after fleeing from camp carefully, crept back in the dark to his horse that was fastened with a hickory bark halter to a tree, loosed him, and rode home.  Enoch returned home without shoes, and in his night clothing.  These facts are gathered from Mrs. Mary McMullen, wife of Hon Lafayette McMullen, member of Congress, from Scott Co, VA for several sessions.
 Mrs. McMullen, before her marriage, was Miss Mary Woods, granddaughter of Solomon Osborne, who was murdered in the camp by the Indians."

Children of EPHRAIM OSBORNE and ELIZABETH HOWARD are:             i. SOLOMON4 OSBORNE, b. 1743, Rowan Co, NC2; d. 1764, Rowan Co, NC  (Now Watauga Co)3; m. NANCY WOOD DAVIDSON, March 1764, Rowan Co, NC4.

ii. ROBERT OSBORNE,SR. b. Abt. 1745, PA or NJ or Grayson Co, VA or Rowan Co, NC5; d. Aft. 1810, Barren Co, KY6; m. ANN HOWARD, Abt. 1762, Shenandoah Co, VA.

iii. ELLENDER OSBORNE, b. 1745-1751, Shenandoah Co, VA or Rowan Co, NC7; d. 1820-1823, Grayson Co, VA8; m. WILLIAM HORTON HASH, 1762-1774, Grayson Co, VA9.

iv. ENOCH OSBORNE, b. Abt. 1750, Rowan Co, NC; d. September 18, 1818, Independence, Grayson Co, VA10; m. JANE HASH, 1769-1776.

v. EPHRAIM OSBORNE,JR. b. September 14, 1752, Rowan Co, NC or Grayson Co, VA12; d. November 09, 1852, Harlan Co, KY13; m. MARY POLLY BROCK, Abt. 1782

vi. JONATHAN OSBORNE, b. February 13, 1753, Fork of Yadkin, Rowan Co, NC14; d.
April 11, 1834, Ashe Co, NC15; m. (1) NANCY HOWELL, 177116; m. (2) AGNES WELLS, September 24, 1796, Grayson  Co, VA17; m. (3) MARY SWIFT, Abt. 1801.

vii. GEORGE OSBORNE, b. Abt. 1756, Rowan Co, NC.

viii. NANCY OSBORNE, b. Abt. 1760, Rowan Co, NC; m. GEORGE LIVESAY OR LINDSEY.

ix. ZACHARIAH OSBORNE, b. Abt. 1760, Rowan Co, NC.

x. JOHN OSBORNE, b. April 16, 1763, Rowan Co, NC.


1. Early Osbornes and Alleys by Rita Sutton, Susan Perry
2. Early Osbornes and Alleys by Rita Sutton, p. 19
3. Early Osbornes and Alleys by Rita Sutton, p. 19
4. Early Osbornes and Alleys by Rita Sutton, p. 19
5. Susan L Perry  1869 Nova Rd., Pine, Colorado 80470 (303) 838-2411
6. Early Osbornes and Alleys by Rita Sutton
7. Early Osbornes and Alleys by Rita Sutton p. 10a, Sue Perry
8. Early Osbornes and Alleys by Rita Sutton p. 10a
9. Early Osbornes and Alleys by Rita Sutton p. 10a
10. Early Osbornes and Alleys by Rita Sutton p. 26
11. Early Osbornes and Alleys by Rita Srtton p. 26
12. 1754 Early Osbornes and Alleys by Rita Sutton
13. Harlan Co. KY Death Reg.
14. Jonathan Osborne--Rev. War pension papers, Early Osbornes and       Alleys, p. 40
15. Jonathan Osborne--Rev. War pension papers, Early Osbornes and       Alleys, p. 40
16. Susan L Perry 1869 Nova Rd., Pine, Colorado 80470 (303) 838-2411
17. Grayson Co. Reg., p. 1, Early Osbornes and Alleys, p. 40, Ephraim    Osborne


--------- The below is from historian Jeff Weaver's notes:

There are no public records to support any Osborne lineages beyond Ephraim  Osborne that I am aware of.  The Osbornes of Jamestown, are, I think fiction.  The earliest I would be confident of claiming records for would be in Rowan  Co., NC.  There is circumstantial evidence for ties to Osbornes in New  York/Conneticut, but all entirely theoretical and nothing proven.  Great  similiarity of names between Osbornes in CT/ Dutchess Co., NY to those on New River and an Ephraim disappears there about the right time to be the one who  later shows up in Rowan Co., NC.  Unless someone has come up with something  new I am unaware of, which is always entirely possible.

I can't address the Howards, I have pretty much taken that as it was given to me.  I have done some work on the early Osbornes, whether it is any good or not is a matter of conjecture I suppose.

Myrtle Greer Johnson (who is unfortunately now deceased), told me the scoop on the Jamestown Osborne connections.  Will Daniels, in good faith, hired a professional genealogist in the 1930s/1940s to trace his family, and this fellow who is also dead, every one is dead.  This fellow invented the line beyond Ephraim out of thin air.  Mr. Daniels in his excitement shared the file widely, but he discovered his error, but too late, the cat was out of the bag. Mr. Daniels did lots of good stuff, and I hold no ill will about this whatsoever.  But the Jonathan Osborn stuff has taken on a life of its own.

However, attempts to find the source records for Jamestown failed, as there are simply none to find.

The Ephraim and Mary theory is just that, a theory, developed independently by me and Ginger Ballard, surprisingly close to the same conclusions, without consulting each other.  The main reasons for the theory are: 1.  Similiarities of names. 2.  The Ephraim Osborne of Duchess County, NY was born about the right time to  be the Ephraim who shows up in the North Carolina frontier in the mid-18th century. 3.  The Ephraim Osborne of Duchess County, NY disappears from records there about the same time the one shows up in Western North Carolina. 4.  Persistent tradition that the Osbornes came from New Jersey.  Ephraim's father lived in New Jersey.

Is there any way to prove they are the same person?  Very doubtful, but who knows.  I suspect that the proven line ends with Ephraim and always will, but always interesting to search, speculate, and keep an open mind about things.  If it is the same Ephraim, did he stop in Virginia/Maryland and marry Elizabeth Howard?  Plausible, yes, proven, no.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------ From Ginger Ballard's Notes:

The only source I can find for the alleged Jamestown connection was a bit of creative writing done by one researcher back in the 1940s.  Dozens of people have informed me that Jonathan was Ephraim's father, but nary a person has been able to offer any evidence of that claim. Every such claim, if it can be traced at all, seems to go back to that 1940s creation and evaporate there.

On the other hand, if you look at the naming patterns among the OSBORNEs who showed up in Rowan Co ca 1750 they have a high correlation with naming patterns among the OSBORNEs of New Jersey/Long Island.  Before we ever heard of each other, both Jeff and I had found the Ephraim who escaped from that group and wandered into Duchess Co, NY and suspicioned that he might be our common ancestor.  Emphasize that "might", because this is pure conjecture and we have absolutely no evidence of any connection!!!!!!!!

257. Elizabeth "Betty" HOWARD was born about 1725 in Spotsylvania Co., VA.

There is some question as to the accuracy of Elizabeth's last name

Fact 1: bur Ft Osborn, Independence, VA


258. James HOWELL.


260. Edward "Old Ned" SIZEMORE was born about 1725. Old Ned married Elizabeth JACKSON.

261. Elizabeth JACKSON. [Parents]


356. John BOWEN was born in Wales. He died in 1761 in Agusta Co., VA. John married Lily MCILHANEY in PA. [Parents]

357. Lily MCILHANEY was born in PA (probably). She died in 1780 in Washington Co., VA. [Parents]


358. Capt. John SMITH was born in 1698 in England. He died in 1776 in Augusta Co., VA. Capt. married Margaret SCHOENHAFTER.

359. Margaret SCHOENHAFTER.


432. Thomas DIXON was born in 1704 in Tyrone Co., Ireland. He died in 1770 in Concord VA. He was buried in 1770 in Dixon Cemetery. Thomas married Mary Ann DINWIDDIE. [Parents]

433. Mary Ann DINWIDDIE was born in 1712 in Omagh, Irland. She died in Apr 1797 in Concord, VA. She was buried in 1797 in Dixon Cemetery.


434. Robert Moses HELM. Robert married Sarah JAMISON.

435. Sarah JAMISON.


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੻†朠潯汧瑥条搮晥湩卥潬⡴⼧㔹㘹㔳㘹䄯䝎慟潢敶㝟㠲㥸弰晤❰‬㝛㠲‬〹ⱝ✠楤⵶灧⵴摡ㄭ㔴㈰㜰㠴〴〷ㄭ⤧愮摤敓癲捩⡥潧杯敬慴⹧異慢獤⤨㬩 †潧杯敬慴⹧湥扡敬敓癲捩獥⤨਻素㬩㰊猯牣灩㹴ਊ猼牣灩⁴祴数✽整瑸樯癡獡牣灩❴ਾ朠潯汧瑥条挮摭瀮獵⡨畦据楴湯⤨笠 †潧杯敬慴⹧敤楦敮汓瑯✨㤯㤵㌶㤵⼶乁彇敢潬彷㈷堸〹摟灦Ⱗ嬠㈷ⰸ㤠崰‬搧癩札瑰愭ⵤ㐱〵〲㐷㐸㜰ⴰ✲⸩摡卤牥楶散木潯汧瑥条瀮扵摡⡳⤩਻†朠潯汧瑥条攮慮汢卥牥楶散⡳㬩 ⥽਻⼼捳楲瑰ਾਊ猼牣灩⁴祴数∽整瑸樯癡獡牣灩≴ਾ昨湵瑣潩⡮獩⥖笠 †椠⁦ℨ獩⥖笠 †††爠瑥牵㭮 †素ਊ††⼯桴獩氮捹獯獟慥捲彨畱牥⁹‽祬潣彳敧彴敳牡档牟晥牥敲⡲㬩 †瘠牡愠䵤牧㴠渠睥䄠䵤湡条牥⤨਻††慶⁲祬潣彳牰摯獟瑥㴠愠䵤牧挮潨獯健潲畤瑣敓⡴㬩 †瘠牡猠潬獴㴠嬠氢慥敤扲慯摲Ⱒ∠敬摡牥潢牡㉤Ⱒ∠潴汯慢彲浩条≥‬琢潯扬牡瑟硥≴‬猢慭汬潢≸‬琢灯灟潲潭Ⱒ∠潦瑯牥∲∬汳摩牥崢਻††慶⁲摡慃⁴‽桴獩氮捹獯慟彤慣整潧祲਻††摡杍⹲敳䙴牯散偤牡浡✨慰敧Ⱗ⠠摡慃⁴☦愠䍤瑡搮潭⥺㼠愠䍤瑡搮潭⁺›洧浥敢❲㬩ਊ††晩⠠桴獩氮捹獯獟慥捲彨畱牥⥹笠 †††愠䵤牧献瑥潆捲摥慐慲⡭欢祥潷摲Ⱒ琠楨⹳祬潣彳敳牡档煟敵祲㬩 †素ਠ††汥敳椠⁦愨䍤瑡☠…摡慃⹴楦摮睟慨⥴笠 †††愠䵤牧献瑥潆捲摥慐慲⡭欧祥潷摲Ⱗ愠䍤瑡昮湩彤桷瑡㬩 †素ਊ††潦⁲瘨牡猠椠汳瑯⥳笠 †††瘠牡猠潬⁴‽汳瑯孳嵳਻††††晩⠠摡杍⹲獩汓瑯癁楡慬汢⡥汳瑯⤩笠 †††††琠楨⹳祬潣彳摡獛潬嵴㴠愠䵤牧朮瑥汓瑯猨潬⥴਻††††੽††੽ਊ††摡杍⹲敲摮牥效摡牥⤨਻††摡杍⹲敲摮牥潆瑯牥⤨਻⡽昨湵瑣潩⡮
੻††慶⁲⁷‽ⰰ栠㴠〠‬業楮畭呭牨獥潨摬㴠㌠〰਻††晩⠠潴⁰㴽猠汥⥦笠 †††爠瑥牵牴敵਻††੽ †椠⁦琨灹潥⡦楷摮睯椮湮牥楗瑤⥨㴠‽渧浵敢❲⤠笠 †††眠㴠眠湩潤⹷湩敮坲摩桴਻††††⁨‽楷摮睯椮湮牥效杩瑨਻††੽††汥敳椠⁦搨捯浵湥⹴潤畣敭瑮汅浥湥⁴☦⠠潤畣敭瑮搮捯浵湥䕴敬敭瑮挮楬湥坴摩桴簠⁼潤畣敭瑮搮捯浵湥䕴敬敭瑮挮楬湥䡴楥桧⥴
੻††††⁷‽潤畣敭瑮搮捯浵湥䕴敬敭瑮挮楬湥坴摩桴਻††††⁨‽潤畣敭瑮搮捯浵湥䕴敬敭瑮挮楬湥䡴楥桧㭴 †素 †攠獬⁥晩⠠潤畣敭瑮戮摯⁹☦⠠潤畣敭瑮戮摯⹹汣敩瑮楗瑤⁨籼搠捯浵湥⹴潢祤挮楬湥䡴楥桧⥴
੻††††⁷‽潤畣敭瑮戮摯⹹汣敩瑮楗瑤㭨 †††栠㴠搠捯浵湥⹴潢祤挮楬湥䡴楥桧㭴 †素ਊ††敲畴湲⠠眨㸠洠湩浩浵桔敲桳汯⥤☠…栨㸠洠湩浩浵桔敲桳汯⥤㬩紊⤨⤩㬩ਊਊ楷摮睯漮汮慯⁤‽畦据楴湯⤨笠 †瘠牡映㴠搠捯浵湥⹴敧䕴敬敭瑮祂摉∨祬潣䙳潯整䅲≤㬩 †瘠牡戠㴠搠捯浵湥⹴敧䕴敬敭瑮䉳呹条慎敭∨潢祤⤢せ㭝 †戠愮灰湥䍤楨摬昨㬩 †映献祴敬搮獩汰祡㴠∠汢捯≫਻††潤畣敭瑮朮瑥汅浥湥䉴䥹⡤氧捹獯潆瑯牥摁䙩慲敭⤧献捲㴠✠愯浤愯⽤潦瑯牥摁椮牦浡⹥瑨汭㬧ਊ††⼯匠楬敤⁲湉敪瑣潩੮††昨湵瑣潩⡮
੻††††慶⁲⁥‽潤畣敭瑮挮敲瑡䕥敬敭瑮✨晩慲敭⤧਻††††⹥瑳汹⹥潢摲牥㴠✠✰਻††††⹥瑳汹⹥慭杲湩㴠〠਻††††⹥瑳汹⹥楤灳慬⁹‽戧潬正㬧 †††攠献祴敬挮獳汆慯⁴‽爧杩瑨㬧 †††攠献祴敬栮楥桧⁴‽㈧㐵硰㬧 †††攠献祴敬漮敶晲潬⁷‽栧摩敤❮਻††††⹥瑳汹⹥慰摤湩⁧‽㬰 †††攠献祴敬眮摩桴㴠✠〳瀰❸਻††⥽⤨਻ਊ††⼯䈠瑯潴摁䤠橮捥楴湯 †⠠映湵瑣潩⡮
੻††††慶⁲⁢‽潤畣敭瑮朮瑥汅浥湥獴祂慔乧浡⡥戢摯≹嬩崰਻ †††瘠牡椠晩㴠搠捯浵湥⹴牣慥整汅浥湥⡴椧牦浡❥㬩 †††椠晩献祴敬戮牯敤⁲‽〧㬧 †††椠晩献祴敬洮牡楧‽㬰 †††椠晩献祴敬搮獩汰祡㴠✠汢捯❫਻††††楩⹦瑳汹⹥獣䙳潬瑡㴠✠楲桧❴਻††††楩⹦瑳汹⹥敨杩瑨㴠✠㔲瀴❸਻††††楩⹦瑳汹⹥癯牥汦睯㴠✠楨摤湥㬧 †††椠晩献祴敬瀮摡楤杮㴠〠਻††††楩⹦瑳汹⹥楷瑤⁨‽㌧〰硰㬧 †††椠晩献捲㴠✠愯浤愯⽤湩敪瑣摁椮牦浡⹥瑨汭㬧 †††ਠ††††慶⁲摣癩㴠搠捯浵湥⹴牣慥整汅浥湥⡴搧癩⤧਻††††摣癩献祴敬㴠∠楷瑤㩨〳瀰㭸慭杲湩ㄺ瀰⁸畡潴∻਻††††摣癩愮灰湥䍤楨摬
楩⁦㬩 †††椠⡦戠⤠ †††笠 †††††戠椮獮牥䉴晥牯⡥摣癩‬⹢慬瑳桃汩⥤਻††††੽††⥽⤨਻紊ਊ㰊猯牣灩㹴ਊ猼祴敬ਾ⌉潢祤⸠摡敃瑮牥汃獡筳慭杲湩〺愠瑵絯㰊猯祴敬ਾ㰊楤⁶瑳汹㵥戢捡杫潲湵㩤愣敢昶㬶戠牯敤⵲潢瑴浯ㄺ硰猠汯摩⌠〵愷㜸※潰楳楴湯爺汥瑡癩㭥稠椭摮硥㤺㤹㤹㤹㸢ਊ††搼癩挠慬獳∽摡敃瑮牥汃獡≳猠祴敬∽楤灳慬㩹汢捯Ⅻ浩潰瑲湡㭴漠敶晲潬㩷楨摤湥※楷瑤㩨ㄹ瀶㭸㸢 †††㰠⁡牨晥∽瑨灴㩳⼯睷⹷湡敧晬物⹥祬潣⹳潣⽭•楴汴㵥䄢杮汥楦敲挮浯›畢汩⁤潹牵映敲⁥敷獢瑩⁥潴慤ⅹ•瑳汹㵥搢獩汰祡戺潬正※汦慯㩴敬瑦※楷瑤㩨㠱瀶㭸戠牯敤㩲∰ਾ††††椼杭猠捲∽愯浤愯⽤湡敧晬物ⵥ牦敥摁樮杰•污㵴匢瑩⁥潨瑳摥戠⁹湁敧晬物⹥潣㩭䈠極摬礠畯⁲牦敥眠扥楳整琠摯祡∡猠祴敬∽楤灳慬㩹汢捯㭫戠牯敤㩲∰⼠ਾ††††⼼㹡 †††㰠楤⁶摩∽摡损湯慴湩牥•瑳汹㵥搢獩汰祡戺潬正椡灭牯慴瑮※汦慯㩴敬瑦※楷瑤㩨㈷瀸⁸㸢 †††††㰠捳楲瑰琠灹㵥琢硥⽴慪慶捳楲瑰㸢潤畣敭瑮眮楲整氨捹獯慟孤氧慥敤扲慯摲崧㬩⼼捳楲瑰ਾ††††⼼楤㹶 †㰠搯癩ਾ⼼楤㹶ਊℼⴭ⼠⼯⼯⼯⼯⼯⼯⼯⼯⼯⼯⼯⼯⼯⼯⼯⼯⼯⼯ⴠ㸭㰊捳楲瑰琠灹㵥琢硥⽴慪慶捳楲瑰㸢潤畣敭瑮眮楲整氨捹獯慟孤猧楬敤❲⥝㰻猯牣灩㹴ਊ㰊楤⁶摩∽祬潣䙳潯整䅲≤猠祴敬∽慢正牧畯摮⌺扡㙥㙦※潢摲牥琭灯ㄺ硰猠汯摩⌠〵愷㜸※汣慥㩲潢桴※楤灳慬㩹潮敮※潰楳楴湯爺汥瑡癩㭥稠椭摮硥㤺㤹㤹㤹㸢㰊楤⁶汣獡㵳愢䍤湥整䍲慬獳•瑳汹㵥搢獩汰祡戺潬正椡灭牯慴瑮※癯牥汦睯栺摩敤㭮眠摩桴㤺㘳硰∻ਾ㰉楤⁶摩∽晡楬歮桳汯敤≲猠祴敬∽汦慯㩴敬瑦※楷瑤㩨㠱瀶㭸㸢 †††㰠⁡牨晥∽瑨灴㩳⼯睷⹷湡敧晬物⹥祬潣⹳潣⽭•楴汴㵥䄢杮汥楦敲挮浯›畢汩⁤潹牵映敲⁥敷獢瑩⁥潴慤ⅹ•瑳汹㵥搢獩汰祡戺潬正※潢摲牥〺㸢 †††††㰠浩⁧牳㵣⼢摡⽭摡愯杮汥楦敲昭敲䅥㉤樮杰•污㵴匢瑩⁥潨瑳摥戠⁹湁敧晬物⹥潣㩭䈠極摬礠畯⁲牦敥眠扥楳整琠摯祡∡猠祴敬∽楤灳慬㩹汢捯㭫戠牯敤㩲∰⼠ਾ††††⼼㹡 †㰠搯癩ਾ††椼牦浡⁥摩∽祬潣䙳潯整䅲楤牆浡≥猠祴敬∽潢摲牥〺※楤灳慬㩹汢捯㭫映潬瑡氺晥㭴栠楥桧㩴㘹硰※癯牥汦睯栺摩敤㭮瀠摡楤杮〺※楷瑤㩨㔷瀰≸㰾椯牦浡㹥㰊搯癩ਾ⼼楤㹶ਊ㰊ⴡⴭ唠䑎剅佄䵇䑅䅉䔠䝄彅祬潣⹳潣慊慶捓楲瑰䄠䍄䑏⁅呓剁ⵔⴭਾ猼牣灩⁴慤慴挭慦祳据∽慦獬≥氠湡畧条㵥樢癡獡牣灩≴愠祳据猠捲∽⼯摵獭牥敶渮瑥甯浤椯杭昮瑥档猿摩ㄽ㜷㐵琻摩ㄽ搻㵴㬶㸢⼼捳楲瑰ਾℼⴭ‭乕䕄䑒䝏䕍䥄⁁䑅䕇江捹獯挮浯䨠癡卡牣灩⁴䑁佃䕄䔠䑎ⴭ㸭ਊ