And the priest shall put some of the blood upon the horns of the altar of sweet incense before the LORD, which is in the tabernacle of the congregation. Leviticus 4:7
All through Holy Scripture you constantly meet with the mention of blood. Without shedding of blood is no remission. The blood of Jesus Christ, his Son, cleanseth us from all sin. Ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold, from your vain conversation received by tradition from your fathers, but with the precious blood of Christ. The word blood is recorded over and over again, and if any complain of the preacher that he frequently uses this expression, he makes no kind of apology for it, he would be ashamed of himself if he did not often speak of the blood. The Word of God is as full of references to blood as the body of a man is full of life and blood.
But what does the blood mean in Scripture? It means not merely suffering, which might be very well typified by blood; but it means suffering unto death, it means the taking of a life. To put it very briefly, a sin against God deserves death as its punishment, and what God said by the mouth of the prophet Ezekiel still standeth true, The soul that sinneth, it shall die. The only way by which God could fulfill his threatening sentence, and yet forgive guilty men, was that Jesus Christ, his Son, came into the world, and offered his life instead of ours. His life, because of the dignity of his person, and the majesty of his nature, was so vast in its value that he could give it not only for one man, but for the whole multitude of men who should believe in him. Now, that by which men are saved is the suffering of Jesus Christ even unto death, as Peter writes, Christ also hath once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, that he might bring us to God. Paul puts it, Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree, and again, He hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him. All the sacrifices under the law, when their blood was poured out, were typical of the life of Christ given for men as a sacrifice in the room and place and stead of those who had offended unto the death against the law of God, and therefore were doomed to die. You who hear me constantly, know very well what I mean. Have I ever given any uncertain sound about this great central truth? There is no way of salvation under heaven but by faith in the substitutionary sacrifice of Jesus Christ; and the way by which we are redeemed from eternal wrath is by Christ having stood as Substitute for us, and having died in our place, as it is written, The chastisement of our peace was upon him, and with his stripes we are healed.
It is worthy of note that, in the death of Christ, the shedding of blood was made very conspicuous, as if to refresh our memories about the teaching of the types of the Mosaic law. Jesus was scourged unto bleeding; his temples were pierced and lacerated with a crown of thorns; his hands and feet were nailed with iron to the cross; his side was opened by the soldiers spear, and forthwith there flowed thereout blood and water. There are many ways by which men may die without the shedding of blood; the capital punishment of our own country is free from this accompaniment; but our Savior was ordained to die by a death in which the shedding of blood was conspicuous, as if to link him for ever with those sacrifices which were made as types and symbols of his great atoning work. My dear brother, Mr. Pearce, in his prayer seemed to set forth Christ evidently crucified among you. I wish that, even though you have to use your imaginations a little, you would think that you see Jesus on the cross. Picture him here to-night, and lovingly watch him. You will need few words from me if you do but catch a sight of him. Behold your Savior pouring out his lifes blood that he might bear your guilt away, dying for you that you might live for ever.
In the verse before our text, we read that the priest was to take of the blood of the bullock of the sin offering, and sprinkle it seven times before the Lord, before the veil of the sanctuary. The veil concealed the inner dwelling-place of God, and this veil was to be sprinkled seven times, that is, perfectly. There was to be a perfect presentation of the precious blood before the place where God was concealed. After that was done, the priest was to take some of the blood of the bullock, and smear with it the four horns of the golden altar, which stood just in front of the veil, and near the golden candlestick. This altar was intended for the burning of sweet incense upon it, and the priest was to smear with blood the four horns of it. What was meant by that act? Let me read the text again, and then at once seek to explain it. The priest shall put some of the blood upon the horns of the altar of sweet incense before the Lord.
I. My first observation is this: THE ATONEMENT WAS PRESENTED WITH A VIEW TO THE LORD.
Have you not often heard it said that all the atonement accomplished was something in relation to us? We think upon the death of Christ, and it stirs our affections; but that is the only result, so some teachers say. It brings us to God, but it does not bring God to us. That is what they say; but when we turn to Holy Scripture, we find that the bloodshedding was with reference to God himself, as well as with reference to us, because in the text it is distinctly said, The priest shall put some of the blood upon the horns of the altar of sweet incense before the Lord. Its place was where the Lord would specially see it. I would like the young people, when they get home, to take a pencil, and mark in the first chapters of the Book of Leviticus how often the expression is used, before the Lord. The bringing of the bullock, the killing of the sacrifice, the sprinkling of the blood, all was to be done before the Lord. Whether any man saw it or not, was of small account, for it was before the Lord. True, it was done in the presence of the congregation; but it is specified over and over again that it was before the Lord. I would remind you that, in the memorable type of the paschal lamb, the Lord gave special instructions as to where the blood was to be sprinkled. Was it to be within the house? Remember that all the people were inside the house; on the passover night there was not a man outside. Where, then, was the blood put? Upon the interior walls of the house, where they could see it? Might it not tend to comfort them if they could look upon it? That was not the Lords plan, and the blood was not put where the people could see it, it was sprinkled outside the house, and the inspired account tells us that the Lord himself said to Moses and Aaron, And they shall take of the blood, and strike it on the two side posts and on the upper door post of the houses,.... and when I see the blood, I will pass over you. It was put where God could see it, and, as if to show that that was the main point, it was put where the people could not see it, that it might be distinctly said to them, It is, after all, Gods sight of the great sacrifice which saves you. Next, the place of the blood is where the Lord sees it in reference to us; understand that, where the Lord sees it with reference to us. They charge us with teaching that the atonement in some way changes the nature of God; we have never said so, and we never dreamed anything of the kind. Above all things, we have ever taught that God is immutable, and cannot be changed either in his nature or in his purpose. They tell us that we teach, and they tell others that we teach, that the sacrifice of Christ was offered to make God love his people. We have over and over and over again denied this, and declared that
Twas not to make Jehovahs love
Towards the sinner flame,
That Jesus, from his throne above,
A suffering man became.
Twas not the death which he endured,
Nor all the pangs he bore,
That Gods eternal love procured,
For God was love before.
Christ in his sacrifice is the result of Gods love, not the cause of it. Yet, dear friends, we do confess, without any demur, to this fact, that the death of Christ has a reference to Gods dealing with us in this way. The claims of divine justice must be met, the Judge of all the earth must do right, and he cannot suffer sin to go unpunished. Our own conscience confirms that truth; there is no sinner, even when he is most hardened, who deep down in his soul does not know that to be true; and when he lies dying, it causes him great trouble to think that he is going where God must visit his sin upon him. Now, what Christ has done is this: the Father has given us in Christ that which satisfies the claims of infinite justice. God can be just and yet the Justifier of him that believeth. Executing the death-penalty upon our Surety, he declares that whosoever believeth on him shall not perish, but have everlasting life. Oh, dear friends, this it is, Gods looking on, and seeing in his Son the vindication of his law, the honoring of his holiness it is this which is the very essence of Christs sacrifice as to its result upon us! I believe that the great Lord, the just Judge of all, looks on Jesus Christ with extreme delight as having suffered for his people. He sees in the sufferings of Christ the honoring of his own holiness. Jesus loved holiness so much that he would sooner die than that holiness should be impugned. He was so true, so upright, so just, that he would rather suffer to the death on the tree, than that God should in the least degree violate his word, or infringe his justice. The Father looks on Christs great sacrifice, and he takes great delight in it, because he sees in it his own holiness honored and glorified.
And what a delight he must take in the love of Christ, when he sees that Jesus loved us with a love which many waters could not quench, and which death itself could not drown! The great Father looks to the death of Christ, and sees Christs love there triumphant on the tree, and he is charmed with it. I do not think that you and I can ever tell what pleasure the Father has in the finished work and sacrifice of his dear Son. We read that he smelled a savor of rest in what was only a typical sacrifice; but what a savor of rest must the great heart of the Infinite Jehovah find in the infinite sacrifice of his Well beloved! You look upon it with bleared and bedimmed eyes, yet you see enough to make you wonder and adore; but what does God see in the atonement of Jesus? Ah, beloved, we cannot fully answer you; but we know that he sees there that which he eternally looks upon with infinite complacency, and for the sake of it he looks upon us, poor guilty ones as we are, with complacency, too. He loves us because of what Christ has done in reference to us.
That is my first remark; and though I have but feebly set it forth, yet, beloved, it is a great and glorious truth. The atonement has a bearing towards the Lord himself; and, therefore, in this ancient type, the blood was smeared upon the altar of sweet incense before the Lord.
II. But now, secondly, coming to the very heart of the text, THE ATONEMENT GIVES POWER TO THE INTERCESSION OF THE LORD JESUS CHRIST.
That altar of sweet incense was the type of Christ pleading for men, making intercession for the transgressors. The horns of the altar signify the power of his intercession, and the power of Christs intercession lies in his sacrifice, lies in the blood. If I might be allowed to picture such a scene, I seem to see the Divine Son pleading with his Father, and he pleads the merit of his own blood.
The Father sees it, first, as a reason why the Son should plead with him, for the blood shows his nearness of kin to man. Has Jesus blood? Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same. Here is the token to his Father that he is truly man; here is the sure testimony of his identification with his people for whom he maketh intercession. The mark is made by his own blood upon the horns of the altar; and its presence there proves that he is qualified to plead for men, seeing that, while he is God, his blood shows that he is evidently also man.
I hear him begin to plead, and if Justice would stay him, and say, How canst thou plead for the guilty? Before this great white throne, unsullied by a stain, how canst thou ask that God should bless the impure and foul? Jesus points to his own blood as the token of his removal of impeding sin. The Lamb of God, that taketh away the sin of the world, has taken it away by the shedding of his own blood. The blood of Jesus Christ his Son cleanseth us from all sin. Bear me, my Father, he cries, hear my plea on behalf of the penitent sinner. I have put away his sin. Answer my prayer, and bless him, for I have taken away the sin that cursed him. I have borne its penalty, and made expiation for it by my death.
Do you not think also that this blood, which is the very power of Christs intercession, signifies his fulfillment of covenant engagements? We read of the blood of the everlasting covenant. Jesus had engaged with his Father to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and he has done so. By his death he could say, of his work as the Messiah, It is finished. By that death he had fulfilled his suretyship engagement to his Father, in connection with the covenant of grace; and this, beloved, is the very sinew of his strength in interceding for his people, this is the very essence of his pleading. He has done all that he agreed to do, therefore he asks the Father to fulfill his part of the eternal covenant, and to save the people redeemed by the blood shed on Calvary.
And it seems to me that Christ also uses his blood as the great power of his pleading in his claim of reward. Have I not died for my people? Then wilt thou not let them live, O my Father? Behold, O Justice, with uplifted sword, if thou dost seek me, let these go their way. Jesus seems to say, My Lord, my God, I have become thy servant; I took upon myself the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of sinful flesh; and I have performed all the service thou didst lay upon me. Reward me, then, for all my toil. Let me see of the travail of my soul, let me be satisfied according to the promise which thou didst make to me when I undertook this work. Do you not see, then, my brother, my sister, that the blood on the horns of the altar means this, that Christs blood is the very strength of his pleading with God? Because he died for guilty men, therefore to-day, when he asks for the sinners salvation, he will have it granted to him, for the blood prevails with God, speaking better things than that of Abel.
III. And now, in the last place, I want to say to you that THIS BLOOD GIVETH ACCEPTANCE TO OUR WORSHIP.
We bring to God sweet incense; through Jesus Christ our Savior, our prayers, our praises, our services, are like the mixture of sweet perfumes which were burnt of old upon the altar before God; but it is the blood-mark on the altar that makes the incense acceptable. It is the atoning sacrifice of our Lord Jesus Christ that gives prayer, praise, and service acceptance in the sight of God.
In beginning to speak upon this point, I want you to notice that the blood is on the altar before we begin to pray. It was the blood that gave acceptance to the incense burnt upon the altar; it was not the stacte, onycha, and galbanum, those sweet spices, with pure frankincense, that by themselves ascended with fragrance unto the Lord; there must be the blood of the sacrifice sprinkled on the horns of the altar. What does this mean? Why, beloved, that God accepts us in Christ because of Christ himself, and Christ alone. It is true that we are to bring forth good works; for faith without works is dead. Still, the reason of our acceptance with God is not our good works, but Christ, and his atoning sacrifice alone. As we come to him, we sing,
Nothing in my hand I bring,
Simply to thy cross I cling.
Before you have performed a single work of holiness, before you have felt any of those sweet emotions which come out of the possession of divine love shed abroad in your heart, if you believe in the Lord Jesus Christ, you are accepted with God, Christ has saved you. Therefore is it that a man is justified by faith without works, for it is the faith that justifies him, as it lays hold on Christ. There shall be an abundance of sweet spices on the altar by-and-by; but apart from them, and before there has been a living coal smoking there, the altar has been consecrated unto God by the sprinkling of the blood of the sacrifice. I like to think of that glorious fact. Let your good works be multiplied, but keep all of them at a distance from the sacrifice of Christ; never dream of adding them to Christs sacrifice to make it complete, for it is perfect without anything of yours. When thou dost repent of sin, if thou beginnest to trust in thy repentance, away with thy repentance! When thou dost serve God, if thou beginnest to trust in thy service, away with it! Away with it! It becomes an antichrist if it takes the place that should be occupied by Jesus only, for his precious blood alone can put away sin.
But now I want you to note, dear friends, that, whenever you come to God with your worship, you must take care that you notice the blood on the altar, because it removes the sin of our worship. The best worship that we ever render to God is far from perfect. Our praises, ah, how faint and feeble they are! Our prayers, how wandering, how wavering they are! When we get nearest to God, how far off we are! When we are most like him, how greatly unlike him we are! This I know, that my tears need be wept over, and my faith is so mingled with unbelief that I have to repent of that sad admixture. Brethren, keep your eye fixed on the blood of Jesus! There is no prayer, no praise, that can come before God of itself, for it is so imperfect; therefore, keep your eye on the blood of Jesus, that the sin even of your holy things may be put away by the sacrifice once offered on Calvary.
Do you not think also that we should pray a great deal better if we thought more of the blood on the altar as our plea in prayer? I remember a Primitive Methodist prayer-meeting, at which a brother could not get on with his supplication. He was very earnest and fervent, but he could not make any progress; he did not seem as if he had power to pray. He shouted, as Methodists do, but there is not much in that; yet he could not get on with real praying, till a friend at the farther end of the room cried out, Plead the blood, brother! Plead the blood! He did so, and then he began to pray with mighty power. Here lies the force of all thy pleas in prayer; if thou canst plead for Jesus sake, and in his name, by his agony and bloody sweat, by his cross and passion, then thou hast found out the great secret of prevailing with God; thy hand is on the lever, and thou canst move the world if thou wilt.
Should we not also make the precious blood of Jesus the highest note of our praises? When we are praising God, we think a great deal of the music. I do not blame anybody for doing that, especially if he is the leader of the psalmody; but, brethren, we may come to think more of the melody and the harmony than we do of the heart and soul of praise. Keep your eye on the crucified Christ, and then sing as loudly as you like. Fix your gaze on those five precious wounds, they shall help you to praise Christ better than all the notes of the gamut, for what higher note can we ever reach than this, Unto him that loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own blood? Now you have sounded out the very highest note in the scale. Oh, the precious blood, the atoning sacrifice, the great substitution of our Lord Jesus Christ! The Hallelujah Chorus of all the redeemed shall have no nobler note than this, He loved us and saved us. He loved us and died for us, and we are washed in his blood.
Let me here say that every sort of worship, not only prayer and praise, but every kind of worship that we can render to the Lord, will be acceptable with God in proportion as we exhibit with it the blood upon the altar. I find it a very sweet way of worshipping God to sit down and meditate; I hope you feel the same. You do not want any words at such seasons. You have been reading a chapter of the Bible, and God has spoken to you, and you perhaps have knelt in prayer, and have spoken with him. Now you sit down and meditate. I like to sit quite still, and look up, or sit quite still with closed eyes, and just think. Now, the thinking, the meditating, the contemplation, which will be best for you, and most acceptable with God, is that which keeps close to the cross, and near the precious sacrifice. Do you notice what holy men and women say when they come to die? You stand at their bedside, and talk to them. If they are in any trouble and distress of conscience, what do they begin to talk about? Why, about the precious sacrifice of Christ upon the cross! It does not matter to what sect they belong, or to what denomination they have been joined in life; they always come back to this point at the last. There is no passing out of this life with comfort, there is no hope of entering into heaven with delight, except as we are resting upon the precious blood of Christ.