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Cloze Activities

These are the reasons why cloze activities are beneficial.

Reasons Why

  • It uses sentence and context structure to find meaning of unknown word in context.
  • It uses context to successfully detemine the missing words in a passage.
  • It develops understanding why context is important.
  • It supports prior knowledge by utilizing highly predictable text, or previously read text.
  • It builds on specific reading strategies by deleting selected cues (i.e. nouns/verbs for meaning clues, pronouns for sentence structure, and letter/s for phonics).

Teacher Prep.

  • First decide what the purpose is of the activity. You can prepare the text by using the following.
    • Letters and letter clusters should be deleted to encourage the use of phonics clues (i.e., those derived from letter sound relationships).
    • Function word, such as conjunctions, prepositions, and pronouns, help students focus on the structure of the sentence.
    • Content words, such as nouns, verbs, require the use of meaning in the sentence.
Delete every fifth word or the type of word on which you have chosen to focus.
  • For most students, passages written at their instructional level provide the appropriate level of difficulty.

Types Of Examples To Use

Literature Books/Story Books

Henry and Mudge

"One night Henry and his f____ were watching TV. Suddenly M____ ran to the door barking. When Henry's father opened the d____, they saw the s____ cat they had ever seen. And it looked terrible."


Homework Oh, Homework

"Homework! Oh, homework! I h____ you! You stink! I wish I could w____ you away in the sink. Only if a b____ could explode you to bits. Homework! Oh, homework! You're g____ me fits."

Fairy Tales/Folk Tales

The Three Little Pigs

"Once upon a time there were three little pigs. One day the three little pigs left home. Each little pig wanted to build a ____. The first little pig mad a house of ____. The second little pig made a house of ____. The third little pig mad a house of ____."

Nursery Ryhmes

Mary Had a Little Lamb

"Mary had a little ____. It's fleece was white as ____. Everywhere that Mary went the ____ was sure to go."


There Was an Old Lady

"There was on old lady who swallowed a ____. I don't know why she ____ a fly, perhaps she'll die. There was on old lady who swallowed a ____. That ____ and wriggled and jiggled inside her. She swallowed the spider to ____ the fly. I don't know why she swallowed a fly, perhaps she'll ____.