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Communal Violence Against Women


The Global Persecution of Women

Human Rights

Article 3, UDHR.

Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person.

Article 5, UDHR.

No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.

Article 5, CEDAW

States Parties shall take all appropriate measures:

(a) To modify the social and cultural patterns of conduct of men and women, with a view to achieving the elimination of prejudices and customary and all other practices which are based on the idea of the inferiority or the superiority of either of the sexes or on stereotyped roles for men and women;


"India," DOS Report 2005.

Dalit women were often singled out for harassment. For example, they were occasionally stripped naked by mobs and paraded in public for offending persons belonging to higher castes. Police-failed to arrest a man in Haryana who in February 2004 cut off a 50 year-old dalit woman's nose. In December in Keraragard, Orissa, upper-caste Hindus and a priest beat four dalit women for entering a temple forbidden to them. The village council then fined the women approximately $22 (Rs. 1,000). The district collector ordered a probe into the incident.

Amnesty International, “India,” Country Report, 2005, (covering events January–December 2004).

Impunity continued for most perpetrators of widespread rape and killing in Gujarat in 2002. During the communal violence Muslim women were specifically targeted and several hundred women and girls were threatened, raped and killed; some were burned alive.


The Global Persecution of Women