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The Anunnakist Pantheon:
Principle Deities of the Sumero-Akkadians

Relief depicting an Anunnaki God, from the Palace at Nimrud (Kalah) (gypsum)

Alphabetical Listing of the Anunnaki Pantheon
Sumerian and Akkadian Deities

Who's Who in Ancient Sumer?

The Anunnaki Gods and Goddesses of ancient Sumer are somewhat difficult to assemble into a comprehensive pantheon because the Mesopotamian region consisted of several ancient cultures, such as the Sumerians, Canaanites, Semites, Hittites and the later Akkadians (Babylonians).

Each of these ancient cultures worshipped the Anunnaki Gods in one form or another, but unfortunately for us, they also employed a wide and often contradictory variety of names and epithets to describe the Anunnaki.

Further difficulties in assembling the Anunnaki Pantheon arise from the fact that Mesopotamia, with it's prosperous cities and fertile fields, was a prized commodity in ancient times, and thus Mesopotamia was the focus of many invading armies from other empires throughout the ages.

With each new conquering settlement, the names and attributes of the Gods were often changed or assimilated by the conquering cultures, thus leaving modern day scholars with a rather complex and often paradoxical puzzle of identities to solve.

Many of the attributes of the original Gods were assimilated by later Gods, and the ruling pantheons were replaced with new leaderships. Often, Gods and Goddesses of the local conquered region were relegated to lesser powers, while the God of the conquering race was then placed in charge of the entire pantheon of local deities.

To further cloud the issue of the Anunnaki Pantheon, many of the ancient myths inscribed on the thousands of cuneiform tablets are yet to be deciphered, translated and catalogued by archaeologists and scholars.

Conversely, some of the myths that have already been translated are copied works, from much earlier ancient source texts, and often, in the act of transcribing these myths, both ancient and modern scribes have confused the identities of the Gods.

In some regional tablets certain deities may be listed as husband and wife, while in other texts from other regions these same deities are listed as brother and sister or mother and son, or father and daughter.

In addition to this, many of the Anunnaki were also known by their epithet names such as 'The Sky King' or 'Father of the Gods', which were often used by these ancient cultures to describe several different deities, often of quite varying natures.

What we presently know of the historical Anunnaki is limited to a handful of myths and epic tales that have been translated during the last 160 years since their discovery. Within the Anunnakist Tradition, all of these myths are explored and examined.

The Anunnaki Pantheon presented here represents the entire known major pantheon, along with some of the lesser-known deities of Mesopotamian mythology. The majority of information regarding the magickal aspectations of the Anunnaki is derived from trance work and ritual observations. In time, as more Anunnaki are discovered in the ancient tablets and through magickal workings, this list will grow. We hope.

Sumerian vs. Akkadian

The two most distinct pantheons of the Anunnaki come from the ancient cultures of Sumer and Akkadia (Babylon) with Sumer, being the eldest of the two. The Akkadian Pantheon developed from the root structure of the Sumerian family of Gods, but with the founding of Babylon, new Gods and Goddesses were added and some older Gods were dropped or had their names and natures altered.

The Pantheon included here contains the major and minor deities of both the Sumerian and Akkadian cultures. In most cases, the Deities are listed by their primary Sumerian name; the Akkadian name usually appears in the 'Other Names' section of the individual listing.

Alphabetical Listing of the Anunnaki Pantheon
Sumerian and Akkadian Gods/Goddesses

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