A Brief Note on the
Life of Fereydun Moshiri


Iraj Bashiri

Copyright, Bashiri 2001

Fereydun Moshiri was born in August 1927 in the capital city of Tehran, Iran. From an early age, Moshiri was attracted to the arts, especially literature. By 1946, when he lost both his parents, he was already a poet. His elegy on the death of his father, although traditional in the main, is redolent with portents of innovations yet to come. In the same year (1946), Moshiri joined the Ministry of Post and Telegraph, adding a new burden to his already full schedule of studies and creative work. "Farda-i Ma," a journal that dealt with the literature and politics of the time, not only promoted Moshiri's poetic works but allowed the young poet to shine at the side of such great literary personalities as Mohammad Hussein Shahriyar and Fereydun Tavallali.

 Moshiri married a fellow student, Eghbal Akhavan, studying painting at Tehran University, in 1954. They have two children, Bahaar and Babak,.

 Before he was a poet, Fereydun Moshiri was a journalist. This profession, which he entered at the age of fifteen, acquainted him with such influential figures as Dehkhoda, Pourdavoud, and Mo'in. In fact, it was interviewing these major figures of Persian literature that enabled him to, by 1956, publish his first volume of poetry entitled "Teshnai Tufan" (Thirsting for the Storm).

In style, Moshiri bridges the gap between traditional Persian poetry where all the bayts must be of equal strength and length and New Poetry that emphasizes content at the expense of a rigid form. In this he compares quite favorably with his master Nima Yushij who in the course of his gradual transition from the traditional school established a totally new trend in Persian poetry. Moshiri, however, in certain cases, stands aloof. He refuses sensationalism by approaching difficult themes with a particular sense of dignity. In this way he retains the color and comfort that has been the hallmark of traditional Persian poetry while adding the vibrancy and conviction that is required by modern trends. It is this combination that imparts humanity to Moshiri's poetry and, as is evident from his most cited piece, "The Alley," it is this same combination that makes his poetry acceptable to a larger audience.

Moshiri's published works include "Gunahi Darya" (The Fault of the Sea, 1957), "Nayafteh" (Undiscovered, 1958), and "Abr" (Cloud, 1960). Moshiri's poetic works also appear in various collections, including "Parvaz Ba Khorshid" (Flying Alongside the Sun, 1970), "Bahar ra Bovar Kon (Have Faith in the Spring Season, 1978), "Ah Baran" (Oh, the Rain, 1988), and his last published work, "Ta Subhi Tobnaki Ahura'i" (Until the Bright Ahuric Dawn, 2001). In October 1997, Moshiri read many of his best poems at a gathering at the University of California, Berkeley.

Fereydun Moshiri died October 24, 2000, in "Tehran-Clinic" Hospital of cancer. He was seventy-four years old.

The Alley

Fereydun Moshiri


Iraj Bashiri

Copyright, Bashiri 2001

Click Here to view the Farsi version

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