Text of the World War II Review
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What act of terror made the Nazi anti-Semitic program a clear reality?
What was appeasement?
Britain & Franceís policy of giving Hitler small pieces of territory to keep him happy
What kinds of propaganda were used by the Nazis? Who was their minister of propaganda?
marches, rallies, radio, print; Joseph Goebbels
What was the Nazisí economic policy?
Gear all production toward strong military state
At what point before WWII did Hitler say he was "done" adding territory?
Where did Hitler look for territory after Czechoslovakia?
What treaty guaranteed his security on the eastern front?
Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact
Why did the Japanese bomb Pearl Harbor?
the U.S cut off shipments of oil
What was the Vichy government?
controlled non-occupied France during WWII
What event led to hardships on the German homefront?
failure of Soviet Invasion
Name two places Hitler took territory before the war started.
Czechoslovakia, Austria, Rhineland
What event started the war in Europe?
Germanyís invasion of Poland
How long did it take Germany to conquer Western Europe at the start of the war?
9 months (9/39-6/40)
What was the Battle of Britain (or Blitz)?
massive German air raids over a period of months in 1940
What law allowed us to provide supplies for Great Britain while remaining neutral?
What was the Atlantic Charter?
An agreement on war goals between Churchill and Roosevelt signed in 8/41 (before we entered the war
Where did the U.S. enter the fighting in the war against Germany?
What offensive operation by the Germans eventually helped lead to their downfall?
invasion of the USSR
What was the Allied invasion of Normandy called?
How long did it take the Japanese to establish control of the entire Western Pacific?
5 months (12/41-4/42)
What two kinds of fighting were most common in the Pacific?
naval air battles & amphibious assaults (island hopping)
What battle was considered the turning point in the Pacific?
Where did the Japanese resort to the greatest amount of kamikaze activity? Why was this island geographically significant?
Okinawa, less than 500 miles from Japan
What was the name of the program to create the A-Bomb? Where did many of itís scientists come from?
Manhattan Project, Europe Ė which they left because of anti-Semitism
What were Trumanís two main options to defeat Japan?
invasion or A-Bomb
On what two cities was the A-Bomb dropped?
Hiroshima & Nagasaki
Identify two things that were controversial about the use of the A-Bomb.
used on civilians, radiation, start arms race, unknown effects
Where was the next major campaign after winning in North Africa? Why was it difficult to fight there?
Sicily (Italy), rugged mountainous terrain
What did we use to attack German manufacturing and military centers from 1942 until the end of the war?
Long range Bombers
What was so difficult about attacking Omaha beach on D-Day?
Faced a big cliff and a shallow beach
What invasion marked the beginning of the end for the Germans in Europe?
What was the last major German counter attack?
Battle of the Bulge
Name two places where the Big 3 met to discuss post war plans.
Tehran, Yalta, & Potsdam
Name two things the U.S. wanted from the Soviets at Yalta.
in the U.N., out of Eastern Europe, help vs, Japan
Name two things the Soviets wanted out of us and the British at Yalta.
Friendly satellite states in Eastern Europe, reparations and forced labor from the Germans
How did WWII solve the problems of the Great Depression?
boosted production & wages, created full employment
How did the governments raise money for the war effort?
Selling war bonds
Name two goods that were rationed during WWII.
rubber, gasoline, sugar, flour, meat products
Identify three uses for propaganda.
recruit for war effort, conserve/ration, donít blab, hate the enemy, believe in our cause, stay united