Text of the Unit V Review

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What is a “red”? Why were they feared in the 1920’s?
someone with communist sympathies, connection with Russian Revolution
What group wanted to form “one big union” to fight against the “employment class”?
Industrial Workers of the World or the “Wobblies”
Identify two examples of anti-immigrant sentiment from the twenties.
Sacco & Vanzetti, Al Smith, KKK, quotas & restrictions
What group worked to oppress everybody who was not a White Protestant? Why did this group grow in the 1920’s?
KKK, tension in cities between poor whites and blacks and immigrants
What Attorney General started the “Red Scare”?
Mitchell Palmer
What legal organization was formed in response to the Palmer Raids? Name a leading member of this organization.
ACLU, Clarence Darrow
List three characteristics of life in rural America in the 1920s.
cultural homogeneity, religious fundamentalism, farming, traditional values, country music & ice cream socials
Identify three characteristics of urban America in the 1920’s.
cultural diversity, new immigrants, religious diversity, speakeasies & jazz, manufacturing
What encouraged consumption of all kinds of new goods in the twenties?
new marketing techniques, installment plan
Why were so many Americans in a hurry to get rich quick in the 1920’s? What two areas did they invest in to accomplish this?
new American dream defined by possessions, stock market and real estate
What is “buying on the margin”? Why is this a problem?
taking a loan on profits to buy more stock, market crashes and nobody can pay back their loans
List two new electronic conveniences of the ‘20s.
vacuum cleaner, washing machine, radio, refrigerator, toaster
How did the automobile change American life?
demand for roads, faster transportation, closed distances, greater contact
Why were Republican Presidents like Harding and Coolidge so popular in the 1920’s?
isolationist and pro-business
Identify 2 ways Harding’s tenure was scandalous.
womanizer, seized alcohol at poker parties, embezzlement by cabinet members, Tea Pot Dome
Who took over after Harding died & cleaned up after the scandals?
Describe Coolidge’s business philosophy.
hands off, pro-ownership
What was the charge in the Scopes’ Monkey Trial? What did the trial represent?
teaching evolution, clash between rural and urban values
How many farmers lost their farms in the ‘20s? What institutions lost a lot of money as a result?
1/2 million, the banks
Why was there a surplus in farm products?
overproduction from WWI
What amendment made alcohol illegal? How successful was it in reducing consumption of alcohol?
18th, not very
Who took over distribution of alcohol during prohibition?
organized crime
Identify two things that helped “liberate” America in the ‘20s.
Jazz, Radio, Movies, Literature of the Lost Generation, Automobiles
Name two ways women established new independent attitudes in the 20s.
Bobbing Hair, wearing shorter skirts, moving out on their own, voting
What amendment gave women the right to vote? Did the votes of women significantly change the American political scene?
19th, no
Name two types of jobs commonly held by middle class women.
nursing, teaching, higher level clerical
Name 2 big athletes of the Twenties.
Babe Ruth, Red Grange, Bill Tilden, Jack Dempsey, Gertrude Elderle, Bobby Jones
Name two famous entertainers of the ‘20s.
Chaplin, Gillespie, Clara Bo, Valentino, Jolson, Robeson, Mills
Name two types of jobs commonly held by lower class women.
factory, lower clerical, janitorial
What was the Harlem Renaissance?
the flourishing growth of the arts in Harlem in the 1920’s
Name 2 authors that were part of the Harlem Renaissance.
Langston Hughes, Countee Cullen, Claude McKay
Name two writers that were part of the “Lost Generation”. Why were they lost?
F. Scott Fitzgerald, Ernest Hemingway, Sinclair Lewis, H.L. Mencken; disillusioned by destruction of WWI