Text of the Unit III Review Game


Back to the Unit Page


Name one factor that may have led to the population boom that started in the mid-1700’s.

End of the plague, less warfare, improved health

What were Jethro Tull’s two main contributions to the Ag. Rev.?

iron plow and seed drill

Name the two crops that were introduced from the New World.  How did these help?

potatoes & corn, more variety in diet and helped replenish the soil

Why did landlords want to enclose their lands?

higher bread prices, wanted to force the use of new methods to increase productivity

What happened to many peasants as a result of enclosure?

cut loose from the land, forced to look for other employment

In which industry did the Industrial Revolution start?  Why?

textiles, the larger population needed to be clothed

What did the flying shuttle create a demand for?  What invention helped solve this?

thread/yarn, spinning jenny

Name two reasons the Industrial Revolution started in Great Britain.

coal & iron, individual liberties, roads & waterways, relatively mobile social structure

Name 2 benefits of the steam engine.

Move factories away from rivers, constant source of power, leads to development of cities

What did many “new” cities lack that would have helped them handle the influx of people?

infrastructure (roads, sewers, housing, etc.)

In what kinds of places did the “new cities” spring up?

waterways, road hubs, sea ports

Why did the Bourgeoisie resent the nobility?

inherited legal rights & privileges

What system was replaced by the factory system?

cottage or “putting-out”

What cause did John Wilkes associate himself with?

opposition to George III & individual liberty

How did GB try to address the massive war debt they were left with after the 7 Years War?  What was the response to this?

Taxing their colonists, the colonists hated it

What were the American colonists originally trying to protect when they revolted against GB?

Rights as Englishmen

How did the new gov’t the Americans created differ from all previous gov’ts?

Equality of all white men, no aristocracy or social classes by birth, no king

Name three causes of the French Rev..

Food shortages & prices, heavy taxation of poor, little taxation of nobles & clergy, bourgeoisie vs. nobles, nobles vs. monarchy

What group did the 3rd Estate form when they left the Estates General?  What did they promise in the Tennis Court Oath?

National Assembly, keep meeting until they wrote a constitution

What did Louis XVI do to cause the poor to storm the Bastille?

muster troops around Paris which made them think he was going to stop the revolution

How did French nobles react to the Great Fear?

renounced their rights, cleared the way for a Constitution

Identify a way in which Louis XVI demonstrated his anti-revolutionary sentiment.

muster troops, stall on Dec. of Rights, flee to Varennes, refractory clergy

Why did the women of Paris march on Versailles?

food, make Louis agree to Dec. of Rights

Despite their active participation in the revolution, which two groups were consistently left out of the benefits?

poor (esp. urban) & women

What kind of reaction did the invasion by Austria & Prussia produce?

panic, fear, “invasion mentality”

What tool did the Convention use to mobilize France for war? name two components of this tool.

levee en masse; conscription of all males, price ceilings, war production

What two places did the Dec. of Rights of Man and Citizen get its ideas from?

Declaration of Independence & Enlightenment

What radical member of the third estate led the Reign of Terror?  What eventually happened to him?

Robespierre, he was guillotined

Name two parts of the Napoleonic Code.

civic equality, no guilds, promotion based on merit, end to social hierarchy, religious tolerance

What two groups supported Nappy’s rise to power?

bourgeoisie & land owning peasants

Name two things Nappy did to squash his people who opposed him.

Centralize government, execution, give them high government posts (with little power), secret police

Who formed the Quadruple Alliance against him?

GB, Austria, Prussia, Russia

Who supported the Spanish Guerillas against Nappy?

RC Church & GB (Wellington)

What strategy did the Russians use to defeat Napoleon after his invasion in 1812?

Scorched earth (destroy everything useful & back up) & starve him out

Who rallied to attack Napoleon from the east in 1813-14?  From the west?

East: Austria, Prussia & Russia; West: Great Britain

How did he bring an end to the Ancien Regime (the Old Regime)?

spread ideals of French Rev. across Europe

What was the goal of the Continental System?

Economic defeat of GB

What effect does Napoleon have on the political power of the Church?

greatly diminishes it because of religious toleration

In what two areas did romanticism flourish?  Why?

Germany and GB, they were most impacted by actions of Nappy

What period of history did many romantics look to for inspiration?  How can this be seen in their architecture?

Middle Ages, gothic revival

How did Rousseau serve as a bridge between the enlightenment and the romantic era?

Emphasis on emotion and total experience in human education

Why did the Romantics reject the classics?

Because they rejected the idea that humans remain basically the same over time

Identify at least three English romantic poets.

Keats, Byron, Wordsworth, Coleridge, Shelley, Johnson, Blake