Summer School Test III Review Game

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What is the basic message of Mao’s Four Slogans?
do the opposite of what the enemy wants/expects
What was Mao’s “Long March”?
when Mao and the communists broke the nationalist siege and marched north to their only remaining base
Why did Jiang feel the peasants were not ready for a republic?
They were very poor and illiterate
Why did Jiang suppress all opposition and censor free expression?
he feared Communist influence
Where did Gandhi receive an education that emphasized nationalism and self-reliance?
Great Britain
Where was Gandhi when his eyes were opened to racial injustice?
South Africa (and its policy of Apartheid)
How did Gandhi respond to the massacre at Amritsar?
Launched his first major campaign of non-violent passive resistance
What kind of things did Gandhi encourage the Indians to do in their resistance of the British?
Boycott, refuse to pay taxes, refuse to work for the British
What event exposed the British to a great deal of outrage from the rest of the world?
The march on the salt mine
What act of terror made the Nazi anti-Semitic program a clear reality?
What was appeasement?
Britain & France’s policy of giving Hitler small pieces of territory to keep him happy
What kinds of propaganda were used by the Nazis? Who was their minister of propaganda?
marches, rallies, radio, print; Joseph Goebbels
What was the Nazis’ economic policy?
Gear all production toward strong military state
At what point before WWII did Hitler say he was “done” adding territory?
after Sudetenland
Name two places Hitler took territory before the war started.
Czechoslovakia, Austria, Rhineland
What 1939 treaty guaranteed Hitler’s security on the eastern front?
Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact
What event started the war in Europe?
Germany’s invasion of Poland
Why did the Japanese bomb Pearl Harbor?
the United States had cut off shipments of oil & steel
What was the Vichy government?
controlled non-occupied France during WWII
What offensive created hardships on the German homefront?
failure of Soviet Invasion
How long did it take Germany to conquer Western Europe at the start of the war?
9 months (9/39-6/40)
What was the Battle of Britain (or Blitz)?
massive German air raids over a period of months in 1940
Where did the U.S. enter the fighting in the war against Germany?
North Africa
What offensive operation by the Germans eventually helped lead to their downfall?
invasion of the USSR
What was the Allied invasion of Normandy called? Why was it so important?
D-Day/Op. Overlord, opened up a second front
How long did it take the Japanese to establish control of the entire Western Pacific?
5 months (12/41-4/42)
What two kinds of fighting were most common in the Pacific?
naval air battles & amphibious assaults (island hopping)
What battle was considered the turning point in the Pacific?
Where did the Japanese resort to the greatest amount of kamikaze activity? Why was this island geographically significant?
Okinawa, less than 500 miles from Japan
What was the name of the program to create the A-Bomb? Where did many of it’s scientists come from?
Manhattan Project, Europe – which they left because of anti-Semitism
What were Truman’s two main options to defeat Japan?
invasion or A-Bomb
On what two cities was the A-Bomb dropped?
Hiroshima & Nagasaki
Identify two things that were controversial about the use of the A-Bomb.
used on civilians, radiation, start arms race, unknown effects
Where was the next major campaign after winning in North Africa? Why was it difficult to fight there?
Sicily (Italy), rugged mountainous terrain
What did the United States use to attack German manufacturing and military centers from 1942 until the end of the war?
Long range Bombers
What was so difficult about attacking Omaha beach on D-Day?
Faced a big cliff and a shallow beach
What invasion marked the beginning of the end for the Germans in Europe?
D-Day/Operation Overlord
What was the last major German counter attack?
Battle of the Bulge
Name two places where the Big 3 (GB, US, USSR) met to discuss post war plans.
Tehran, Yalta, & Potsdam
Name two things the U.S. wanted from the Soviets at Yalta.
in the U.N., out of Eastern Europe, help vs, Japan
Name two things the Soviets wanted out of us and the British at Yalta.
Friendly satellite states in Eastern Europe, reparations and forced labor from the Germans
How did WWII solve the problems of the Great Depression?
boosted production & wages, created full employment
How did the governments raise money for the war effort?
Selling war bonds
Name two goods that were rationed during WWII.
rubber, gasoline, sugar, flour, meat products
Identify three uses for propaganda.
recruit for war effort, conserve/ration, don’t blab, hate the enemy, believe in our cause, stay united