Unit II: Reformation, Scientific Revolution, and Enlightenment


Play the Review Game Text of the Review Game


Important Concepts for You to Master

  • The reasons behind the start of the Reformation
  • The beliefs of Martin Luther and the ways that he started the Reformation
  • The major ways that the Reformation spread beyond Germany (esp. Switzerland and England)
  • The changes in doctrine and practice that the Roman Catholic Church made to respond to the Protestants
  • The reasons for and outcomes of the religious wars that happened in the 100 years after the reformation
  • The causes and outcomes of the English Civil War (or Revolution)
  • The rise to power and the policies of Louis XIV in France
  • The changes in scientific thought brought about by the discoveries of Copernicus, Kepler, Galileo, and Newton
  • The impact of the scientific revolution on medicine, philosophy and religion
  • The impact of reason and the thinking of key philosophes like Voltaire, Rousseau and Montesquieu
  • The impact of enlightened thinking on economics and government


Unit II Homework Assignment

Due 10/23/02

Your assignment for this unit is to demonstrate the major ways that the Reformation, Scientific Revolution, and the Enlightenment changed life in Europe.  The key components of this assignment are as follows:

  1. A one paragraph summary of each time period that covers the key developments and ideas of each movement (3 paragraphs total)
  2. A short biography of a key figure from each time period (for example: John Calvin, Galileo, Voltaire).  These biographies should contain a description of the important ideas/beliefs of the person as well as the ways that those ideas changed life in Europe. (3 biographies total)
  3. A picture for each movement, created by you, that demonstrates the changes brought by each movement.  You can use symbols, actions, historical figures to help make your picture more effective. (3 pictures total)


Helpful Links

The Reformation
Project Wittenberg A Slightly Less Serious Luther Site
Henry VIII and the English Reformation John Calvin
Baroque Art & Music
Baroque Art at the Web Museum A List of Baroque Art Links
Palace of Versailles Paris Guide: Versailles
Baroque Music MIDI Collection
The Scientific Revolution
The Galileo Project The Newton Center
Collection of Scientific Revolution Links A nice overview of the Scientific Revolution
The Enlightenment
Encylopedia of Philosophy: Bacon, Descartes, Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau Voltaire at the Lucidcafe
Biographies at Blupete These will provide helpful additional support and links to writings of your important thinkers The Enlightenment at the Modern History Sourcebook Lots of great documents you can quote in the Salon


Possible Essay Topics for the Unit Test

The ways that the Reformation changed religious beliefs and practices in Europe.
The ways that the Scientific Revolution brought about changes in thought that spread beyond science to philosophy and politics.
The relationships between the political events of the period and the changes that were occurring in religion and politics. (your big picture timeline is critical for this)
The ways in which Enlightenment thinkers were responding to the political, social, and economic events that were taking place around them


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