Text of Overview
Review Game I
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Why did the Puritans want to leave England?
movement was focused on getting an emotional response from its audience?
Why did the
British begin taxing the colonists in 1763?
pay for the
French & Indian (7 yrs.) War
Who did the
southern colonies rely upon for their labor force?
Who was the
primary author of the Declaration of Independence?
enlightenment thinker pushed for a three branch government?
enlightenment thinker was an advocate for the protection of “natural
rights” (life, liberty, property)? Where did they believe these rights
enlightenment thinker pushed government by the general will?
pamphlet in 1776 called for Americans to reject monarchy & support
independence? Who was its author?
Sense, Thomas Paine
set up our nation’s first government but ended up giving too much power
to the states?
weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation.
no power to tax,
no power to coin money, no executive branch, weak central government
What were the
two main purposes of the Declaration of Independence?
ideology behind revolution and list grievances vs. King George
How many houses
are their in our Congress? What are their names?
2, the Senate
and the House of Representatives
**What were the
two major compromises made during the drafting of the United States
(large states: House, small states: Senate), 3/5 Compromise (5 slaves
count for 3 men)
What part of the
government did the Federalists want strengthened in the new
(Federal) government, get it…Federalists
pushed hard for the inclusion of the Bill of Rights?
are guaranteed by the First Amendment?
religion, press, assembly, petition
Who has the
power to declare laws/acts unconstitutional (aka the power of Judicial
review established in Marbury v. Madison)?
Hamilton’s (the Federalist) vision for America?
A country based
on manufacturing and a strong central government
Jefferson’s (the Democratic Republican) vision of America?
society, everybody owns land, strong state’s rights
What was the
Monroe Doctrine (issued in 1823)?
around in our hemisphere & we’ll stay out of yours (to Europe)
The belief that
the U.S. would someday control the land from coast to coast.
**What change in
voting requirements allowed the “common man” to support Andrew Jackson
and the new Democratic Party in 1828?
End to the
property requirement for voting
How were the
industries of westward expansion in conflict with the lifestyle of the
& farming) vs. nomadic
Why did Mormons
move west to the Utah territory?
Lincoln’s main purpose at the start of the fighting in the Civil War?
What happened to
the Southern industrial and agricultural production facilities during
They were almost
totally wiped out
What was the
purpose of the Emancipation Proclamation?
Free the slaves
in rebel states
**In what speech
did Lincoln call for a “new birth of freedom” and identify the new
goals of the war?
What did the
Civil War Amendments (13, 14, 15) do?
illegal (13), extends civil rights to all races (14), voting rights for
all males (15)
Name 2 things
that kept freedmen from gaining true equality.
KKK, black codes, racist attitudes, poverty
Name 2 ways
Southern states kept freedmen from voting.
literacy tests, threats & violence
What was the
major demographic shift after the Civil War?
(shift from country to city)
helped fuel the growth of cities?
electric light, use of steel in construction, electric street car
examples of poor working and living conditions in the new industrial
unsafe machines, long hours, low wages, overcrowding, crime and disease
Describe 2 ways
that districts or neighborhoods developed in these new cities?
wealth, racial or ethnic group
religious movement of the late 1800’s created a desire by Christians to
save their souls by reforming society and by helping the less fortunate?
The Second Great
What was the
goal of Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony at the Seneca Falls
Convention in 1846?
including suffrage (the right to vote)
What famous book
(and author) exposed the horrors of these conditions, especially in
Chicago’s meat packing industry?
The Jungle by
How did workers
eventually respond to these poor conditions?
What was the
first national labor organization? Who did they try and organize?
Labor, all workers
**What type of
worker did the American Federation of Labor (AFL) try to organize? Who
was their first leader?
male workers, Samuel Gompers
What is laissez
a system with
little or no government control or interference with business/trade
Why were new
immigrants subjected to so much discrimination?
languages, religions (Roman Catholic, Jewish), complexions, cultural
How did the
Americanization Movement attempt to help immigrants succeed?
education in the
“American” way of life, including public schools, Protestant religion,
hygiene, English language
political machines offer to immigrants in order to get their votes?
housing, finding a job, etc.
problems political machines caused for their constituents.
voting fraud, bribery, graft
What do you call
a group of corporations controlled by the same board for common
What type of
government economic policy did the business leaders of the late 1800’s
favored by William Graham Sumner used ideas about evolution to explain
differences between the rich and the poor?
What theory used
biblical ideas to justify gaining wealth (as long as it was shared to
The Social Gospel
in transportation linked trade between cities after the Civil War?
What kind of
person was likely to be a populist? Where were they likely to
Name 2 demands
of the populists.
currency, higher crop prices, a nat’l bank to give fair loans,
regulation of the RRs