MIME-Version: 1.0 Content-Location: file:///C:/A358AEED/m01blecture04.htm.htm Content-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-printable Content-Type: text/html; charset="us-ascii" TEXT OF THE REFORMATION II LECTURE

Text of the Reformation II Lecture

History M01B – Krister Swanson – Moorpark College<= /span>


Ramifications to Revolt

  • Charles V needs Ger. Troops è concessions
  • 1526- Diet of Speyer: Princes free to enfor= ce Edict of Worms è RCs vs. Prots. (Lutheran=3Dpower & wealth)
  • Peasants start using scripture to question traditional authorities (and their church ties)
  • Luther initially supports peasants
  • 2 revolts (peasants vs. nobles vs. HRE), Luther abandons peasants, 100,0= 00 of them die in the suppression of the revolt
  • late 1520s: preacher reforms è religiously b= ased laws (start of theocracy)
  • These distractions keep Charles V from unifying Germany
  • Peace of Augsburg (1555) gives princes official control over religion

English Reformation Background

  • Influence of Wyclif, Humanists, Germany
  • Henry VIII’s wife, Catharine of Aragon, can’t “provide” a male heir
  • Henry loves Anne Boleyn, but Pope won’t give annulment
  • Wolsey can’t get annulment (booted in 1529)
  • Cromwell & Cranmer become Henry’s closest advisors

Reformation in England

  • 1533- founding of Church of England (Anglican)
  • Act of Supremacy: king & parliament control English religion
  • seize church property (Monasteries)
  • Henry gives self annulment & marries Anne
  • religiously conservative (change organization, not doctrine)
  • Six Articles defend RC practices in response to popularity of Protestantism

Edward VI (1547)

  • England actually gets Protestant theology
  • help from Prots exiled by Charles V
  • repeal of Six Articles
  • strip altars, remove images
  • Acts of Uniformity make Book of Common Prayer (Cranmer- sets down order of worship & doctrine) spreads Protestant theology   

English Reformation hits a snag

  • 1553- Mary I (RC “Bloody Mary”- from Cath.) succeeds Edward
  • married to Phillip II of Spain
  • starts conversion back to RC
  • burns 300 at stake for heresy, many flee
  • probs with debt & popularity of Protestantis= m
  • Puritans demand rejection of RC

Enter the “Virgin Queen”=

  • 1558- Elizabeth I (from Anne Boleyn) wins contest with Mary QOS to succeed M= ary I
  • finally establishes religious peace and consistency
  • Elizabethan Settlement- Book of Common Prayer, no Puritan stuff

Background on John Calvin

  • Grows up in France - benefices fund education then goes Prot. & rejects benefices
  • to Geneva short= ly after it goes Prot. (1535)
  • proposals are too harsh (new papacy), gets exiled

Calvin’s Return

  • Goes to Strasbourg= , develops structure for Reformation, learns how to make change
  • 1541- Back to Geneva to transform society and install theocracy (build a “city that w= as a church”)
  • spreads ideas through sermons and Catechism

New Church Structure & Moral Code

  • no plays, no dancing, no drinking
  • psalm reading & religious music in the taverns
  • mandatory attendance at sermons
  • forms Consistory to ensure that all comply
  • by 1555- Geneva<= /st1:City>’s finally under Calvin’s control

Calvin’s Biggies:

  • late 1500s- Calvinism replaces Lutheranism as major force in Protestantism (“call”, theocracy)
  • Geneva =3D  “New Jerusalem” (refugees come & go)
  • Huguenots in France
  • Puritans in England & Presbyterians in Scotland

Other Sects (Anabaptists)