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Modern Day Slavery Fact
- The 1927 Slavery Convention outlawed slavery worldwide. Article
2 states that the members will take the necessary steps "to
bring about, progressively and as soon as possible, the complete
abolition of slavery in all its forms." Slavery is defined
as forced labor without pay under the threat of violence.
- Though the legal argument against slavery has been won, slavery
persists and even thrives in some parts of the world. By a conservative
estimate, 27 million people are enslaved today worldwide -- more
than at any time in history.
- The classic form of chattel slavery- in which slaveholders
maintain ownership no longer through legalities but through the
use of violence - persists to this day in a few countries. In
Sudan, a radical ruling regime has revived a racially-based slave
trade, arming militia forces to raid civilian villages for slaves.
In Mauritania, slave raids 800 years ago began a system of chattel
slavery that continues to this day, with Arab-Berber masters holding
as many as one million black Africans as inheritable property.
The most common form of slavery is debt bondage, in which
a human being becomes collateral against a loan. With a massive
population boom in regions of staggering poverty, some families
have nothing to pledge for a loan but their own labor. With inflated
interest rates, debts are often inherited, ensnaring generations.
15 to 20 million slaves are in debt bondage in Bangladesh, India,
Nepal, and Pakistan.
- Another common form of slavery is forced labor, where
individuals are lured by the promise of a good job and instead
find themselves enslaved. Migrant workers are particularly vulnerable,
and small organized-crime rings fuel a booming international trade
in human beings. Trafficking often flows from developing nations
to the West. For instance, CIA estimates that 50,000 women and
children are trafficked into the US each year as slaves.
- A form of slavery most common in South Asia is sex slavery,
where girls forced into prostitution by their own husbands, fathers,
and brothers earn money for the men in the family to pay back
local-money lenders. Others are lured by offers of good jobs and
then beaten and forced to work in brothels.
- Slave labor produces goods we use every day. Examples include:
sugar from the Dominican Republic, chocolate from the Ivory Coast,
paper clips from China, carpets from Nepal, and cigarettes from
- Slavery occurs in every continent in the world except Antarctica.
A few selected hotspots include:
ALBANIA: Teenage girls are tricked into sex
slavery and trafficked by organized crime rings
BRAZIL: Lured into the rainforest, families burn trees into
charcoal at gunpoint
BURMA: The ruling military junta enslaves its own people to
build infrastructure projects, some
benefiting US corporations.
DOMINICAN REPUBLIC: Haitians are rounded up at random, taken
across the border, and
forced to cut cane in sugar plantations
GHANA: Families repent for sins by giving daughters as slaves
to fetish priests
INDIA: Children trapped in debt bondage roll beedi cigarettes
14 hours a day
IVORY COAST: Child slaves forced to work on cocoa plantations
MAURITANIA: Arab-Berbers buy and sell black Africans as inheritable
PAKISTAN: Children with nimble fingers are forced to weave
carpets in looms
SUDAN: Arab militias from the North take Southern Sudanese
women and children in slave raids.
THAILAND: Women and children become sex slaves for tourists
UNITED ARAB EMIRATES: Bangladeshi boys are transported and
exploited as jockeys for
UNITED STATES: The CIA estimates that 50,000 people are trafficked
as sex slaves, domestics,
garment, and agricultural slaves
For more information, please call 617-426-8161
or visit http://www.iAbolish.com