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Indonesian Natural Conservation Practices

Within the Indonesian archipelago lies one of the most remarkable zoogeographical bounderies in the world which dates back to the glacial when the sea level fell world wide. In the glacial period, Java, Sumatra, and Kalimantan islands lay on the Sunda shelf and were joined to each other to the mainland of Asia, Irian Jaya (now, Papua) and Australia Continent at that time, lay on the Sahul shelf.


wild_beauty.jpg

This original segregation explains why the typical oriental fauna species found in Java, Sumatra and Kalimantan are completely lacking in Papua. Similarly, the marsupials which occur in Papua are not found in the oriental region.


Sumba_whale.jpg

The region between these two Sunda shelves (Maluku, Sulawesi and the lesser Sunda islands) has another type of fauna. The bulk of oriental fauna doesn't occur in Sulawesi, althogh it is only 50 km from Kalimantan across the Makasar Strait, and the islands, such as Seram and Halmahera, closest to Papua, lack the major part of the later's fauna.


This may be the result of the ancient presence of a deep strait between Kalimantan and Sulawesi and the depth of Banda sea so that the group of this islands may never have been connected with either shelves during the glacial period. Scientists represent this situation in term of three faunas lines.

  • Wallace's (an imagenary line drawn from south to north through the Lombok and Makasar strait, ending at the southeast of Phillipines),
  • Weber's (a line drawn and passing through the sea between Maluku and Sulawesi) and
  • Lydekker's ( a line drawn at the edge of the Sahul shelf, which skirts the western border of Papua and the Australian continent) although some of them prefer to characterise the zone itself as a "subtraction-transition zone".

At the present stage of Indonesian social and economic development, wildlife is considered as being incapable of caring for itself. In order to safeguard and protect wildlife in Indonesia, the Directorate General of Forest Protection and Nature Conservation (PHPA) has set the target of designing about 10% (18.7 million hectares) of land as reserve areas.

baby_elephant

There are at present 320 natural preservations and natural parks in Indonesia, and more are being proposed. At present there are approximately 12.9 million hectares of land area which has been set aside as national parks and protected area, and more are being proposed.

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King of the Jungle

A big mean lion met a monkey in the jungle. The lion pounced on the poor monkey and asked,

"Who is king of the jingle?"
The frightened monkey replied,
"You are, O mighty lion." So the lion let him go.
The next animal the lion met was a zebra. He pounced on it and roared,
"Who is king of the jungle?"
The frightened zebra replied,
"You are, O mighty lion." So the lion let him go.

The lion next met an elephant and asked the same question. The elephant grabbed the lion, twirled him around and threw him 50 feet. The lion picked himself up and huffed,

"Just because you don't know the answer is no reason to get rough..#%&*^@%%##?"

By Joseph Rosenbloom, The GiganticJoke Book, (Sterling).