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The Apostrophe

                  Some students still have difficulty differentiating between words such as

  1. "Your" & "You're"
  2. "His" & "He's"
  3. "Its" & "It's"
  4. "Their" & "They're"

Quickly and without too much complicated grammar explanations:

1.a "Your" is a possessive adjective

For example

1.b "You're" are two words. The subject pronoun "You" and the verb "are" contracted into " 're".

For example


*// Click the right answer between brackets

1. [You're / Your] not allowed to park [you're / your] car here.

2. I think [you're / your] shape is perfect. I don't think [you're / your] fat at all.

3. When [you're / your] back home; please, remember to revise [you're / your] lessons.

        Learn more about: "your" Vs. "you're"

This is the same for the others. Here are some examples,

2. "his" & "he's"
      His name is Hassan, and he's from Marrakech.

3. "its" & "it's"
      - He bought a Jacket. It's quite cheap, but its zipper is broken.

4. "their" & "they're"
      The Smiths are my friends. They're New-Yorkers, but their house is in Miami.

*// Copy the right answer in the gap provided, then click "check" to compare

1. I have got a cute cat. [Its / It's] name is Kitty.         Check

2. My uncle is rich, but [he's / his] car is modest.         Check

3. Ted and Tom are twins. [Their / They're] 6 years old.         Check

4. Ben is only 3, but [he's / his] such a gifted boy.         Check

5. [Its / It's] three O'clock sharp.         Check

6. The Bakers live in Paris, but [their / they're] children are in London.         Check

7. This book is interesting although [its / it's] writer is not famous.         Check

8. John is certainly here.[His / He's] car is in the parking.         Check

9. The kids are not at home. [They're / Their] in the park.         Check

10. I guess [its / it's] high time we left.         Check

The compelling apostrophe

                  What is embarrassing for the tough apostrophe is that it is easily gotten rid of especially in writing; so instead of ""you're"", you can write "you are", and this is practicable in lots of other cases such as

                  The apostrophe here is the exception but the rule is when you don't (do not) use it. However, the weird thing is that there are cases where you cannot get rid of the apostrophe. Here are some cases where the apostrophe imposes itself as the rule, not as an exception (?)

                  Can you think of other similar cases?

The apostrophe for possessive nouns

                  Another amazing use of the apostrophe is when it serves the possessive of nouns. In this form, the apostrophe doesn't replace any omitted letter, but it shows the possessive of singular and plural nouns like in,
  • My grandma's scarf. I mean “the scarf of my grandma”
  • Plural
  • My parents' car is being washed right now.
  •                   The surprise doesn't end here. The apostrophe can also find its way through rough styles like when the singular possessive noun ends in “"s"” itself, like Doris - the boss - Chris and so on.

                      In cases as such, you can use the apostrophe with an “"s"” or without it.

    1. She put the report on the boss' desk.
    2. She put the report on the boss's desk.
    1. I have been introduced to Chris' parents.
    2. I have been introduced to Chris's parents.
            Yet, I'd prefer not to advise you to use the “"s"” after the apostrophe because it is noisy. It whistles eerily.
    More Apostrophe Quizzes