Eva Gonzalès (April 19, 1849 – May 6, 1883) was a French Impressionist painter. She was born in Paris daughter of a Spanish (naturalized French) writer, Emmanuel Gonzalèz, and a Belgian musician. Her watercolors with their bright colors and soft forms achieved great success. She exhibited for the first time at the Salon in 1870. Thereafter she submitted work every year to the Salon. Although she was always invited to exhibit with the other Impressionists, for some reason she preferred to show her work at the Official Salon. During the Franco-Prussian War she stayed in Dieppe. In 1865, she began her professional training and took lessons in drawing from the society portraitist Charles Chaplin. In 1879, she married a brother of the graphic artist Henri Guérard. Although her career was cut short when she died in childbirth at the age of thirty-four she became known for her characteristic style for portraiture. She included subtle emotion and richness of detail in her works, such as A Loge in the Théàtre des Italiens (1874), described as one of the most provocative paintings of its day and featured in this exhibition. After her death, a retrospective was held of eighty eight of her works at the Salons of La Vie Moderne.
Throughout her life, she maintained a painting style of middle tones and light figures against a dark background.
Eva's early works feature a dark restricted palette with strong contrasts of light and dark.
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