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Mann Family, Settle Family, Hamilton Family, WooleyFamily, Woolley Family. Green County Kentucky, Botetourt county virginia, Greenbriar County Virginia.

The Mann Family of Botetourt County, Virginia


Celtic Moon

The earliest mention of the Mann Family in Augusta County is the entry in the Orange County order book dated February 17, 1735 when John Man, among others, declares his importation direct into the colony from Ireland and Great Britain for the purpose of claiming land. John Man and the others then directly and immediately assign their land rights to Robert Green. Here is the exact rendering from the Orange county order book: “James Mitchell, James Vorttiau (illegible), David McMurrie, John Latham, Joshua Thomas, Charles Ffloyd, John Man, Thomas Pitchor, Joseph Phillips, John Welch and John Doalworon (illegible) severally made oaths in open court that they were immediately imported into this Colony from Great Brittain and Ireland and that this is the first time of proving their importation in order to obtain rights to Land which said Rights they Assign to Robert Green, Gent."

The Council, meeting in Williamsburg, entered in its minutes: “November 3, 1740. Upon consideration of the petition of John Smith, Zachary Lewis, William Waller, Robert Green and Benjamin Waller, Leave is granted to them to Enter for and Survey One Hundred thousand acres of land in that part of Orange County which will be in the County of Augusta when that County shall take place on the River and Branches of Roanoke and the Branches of James River.” No further mention of this grant is found in the minutes of the council and no record is made in the county surveyor’s books or in the land office, except that it is stated in each survey made for these men that the tract surveyed is a part of the 100,000 acres allowed to them. Small tracts were entered and surveyed for individuals or for the company at desirable locations selected and the sum of the acreage taken to make up the whole. From the beginning John Smith was the agent in the field to show purchasers over the land and have their surveys made. This order of council was renewed in May 1745 to John Smith and others for 50,000 acres and again renewed in 1750, this time to Zachary Lewis for 50,000. By purchasing the parts of all the partners, except Smith and Lewis, Colonel James Patton got the whole grant in his hands and became the director for the affairs of the company. In 1761 Lewis released to William Thompson and John Buchanan, executors of James Patton, all his right in the grant. According to the agreement patents for tracts of land were to come out in Colonel Patton’s name and he was to give deeds to the people who bought the land on the payment of their respective sums with the interest due. Buyers thus avoided the trouble of entering and surveying the land and the payment of the surveyor’s and quit-rent fees. Money received from the sale of the lands was to be divided into six shares, after expenses, and 10% commission for Colonel Patton had been deducted.

The company finally played out and we do not know how much land to charge to its account. The exact procedure used by these men in handling this land is not made clear by any records we have found. John Smith was the only one of the group who was actively interested in the settlement. Presumably he was in the territory from the time the grant was made. Where he first lived cannot be ascertained. He owned land at the Great Lick on Roanoke and at Looney’s Ferry where in 1755 he was found building a fort around the house. Later in the same year, Govenor Dinwiddie referred to himas an experienced woodsman whose judgement could be followed in planning against the Indians. In the summer of 1756 after his return from the Shawnee expedition, he and his sons helped to defend Fort Vause.

In 1745 Robert Green of Orange country, William Duff of Frederick county, Jost Hite of Frederick and Robert McKay of Augusta county established thriving settlements on different branches of the Shenandoah, especially on Linvell’s Creek, a total of 7000 acres. Patents were issued to Robert Green who made conveyances to purchasers and others of this group. There was another patent to Robert Green which supported an advanced settlement on the southernmost branch of the south branch of the Potomac. The settlers were John Patton, Senior and Junior, Roger Dyer, William Dyer, William Stephenson, Matthew Patton and John Smith.

The above information comes from Kegley’s “Virginia Frontiers” but the 1735 Orange county court order book demonstrates that Robert Green appears to have begun land speculation before1740, at least as early as 1735. Robert Green came from England to Virginia in 1712 with his uncle William Duff, a Quaker. He represented Orange county in the House of Burgesses in 1736 and 1738. He died in 1748, leaving six sons.,p> From a petition by William Beverley to the government of Virginia it appears that the area of the Calfpasture River was already named and the rudiments of settlement present by 1726. However, according to Wilson’s “Tinkling Springs: Headwaters of Freedom”, in 1738 only eleven heads of household had obtained their titles to the land from Beverley. However, the year 1740 saw a rush of heads of household to register their importation into the colony for the purpose of gaining headrights to their property. Therefore, even the phrase immediately imported into this colony may be misleading when it comes to the date that a certain emigrant actually arrived in Virginia. Still, not every head of household obtained title to his land as witness the fact that in 1744, of the 77 heads of household who were subscribed members of the Tinkling Springs congregation (Presbyterian), only 47 of them held title to their land. This means there must have been a substantial class of tenant farmers, indentured servants, merchants and the like.

The emigrant John Man, having assigned his land rights to Robert Green, promptly disappears from court records until he is mentioned as the deceased father of Thomas Mann in May 1751 when Thomas is to be bound on the parish. Most likely he was one of those inhabitants of Augusta County who did not, for some reason, become a landholder. A history of the German Mann family which lived in the same general area as our British or Scots-Irish emigrant says that on May 18, 1749 a petition was filed. The author of the book says the John Man mentioned is not related to his Mann ancestors. The petition reads: “Petition of the inhabitants of North River and Picot (Peaked) Mountain to build a road from John Mann’s smithy on the south side of the mountain, eastward to John Wigard’s joining the mountain road and from the smith shop westward to the Stone Meeting House. Jacob Rogers, Robert Scott and James Berd to lay it out”. One of the petitioners was a Jacob Mann, a German. The road was of chief interest to the settlers north of the Beverley Manor grant and to the Germans of Peaked Mountain. It would appear that our John Man, after serving out his indenture, if such were the case, applied himself to the trade of blacksmith and thereby amassed some material wealth. There is little doubt that this John Mann is ours since the location of the smithy is near the Stone Meeting House which was located on the Beverley Manor and served as the focal point of the early settlement of Scots-Irish.

There is one tantalizing mention of another Mann in the earliest generation of settlers. Waddell, in his “Annals of Augusta County” says that the record book of courts martial held by officers of Augusta militia from 1756 to 1796 has in part escaped destruction. From this volume, we learn that a council of war was held at Augusta Courthouse (in Staunton) on July 27, 1756, by order of the Governor, to consider and determine at what points forts should be erected along the frontier for the protection of the inhabitants. The council was composed of the most prominent men of the county and it unanimously agreed that forts should be constructed at the following places: “At Peterson’s, on the South Branch of Potwomack, nigh Mill Creek”, two miles from the northern county line as it was drawn at the time; “at Hugh Man’s Mill on Shelton’s Tract, 18 miles from Peterson’s”, “at the most important pass between the last named place and the house of Matthew Harper, on Bull Pasture” (the place afterwards designated was Trout Rock, 17 miles from Man’s); “at Matthew Harper’s, 20 miles from Trout Rock” and at Captain John Miller’s, on Jackson’s River”. The description of forts continues, but this is the portion of interest to us. The length of the frontier to be protected was estimated by the council as two hundred and fifty miles, and the number of men to garrison the forts as six hundred and eighty. The scheme was abandoned later and only one or two new forts were erected. Mill Creek is, according to the gazeteer, a left hand tributary to South Branch of Potomac River in Hampshire county, West Virginia. Nearby stood Fort Defiance, where the minutes of the Augusta court show that Thomas Mann, son of John Man, was stationed for at least a brief period of time. This could of course be coincidence, but Hugh is definitely not a German name. It could be either Scots-Irish or English. Another thing the council minutes fail to tell us is what sort of mill this Hugh Man operated. It was probably a grist mill as those were very common even early in the settlement, but if it were a gunpowder mill, perhaps that is the point of origin for our Manns in the New World. Perhaps some of the earliest Manns remained in present day Hampshire county while others moved into present day Monroe county to operate the gunpowder mill near Greenville and still others, our John Man included, removed to the vicinity of Staunton. Whoever this Hugh Man was, he could not have been too young a man in 1756 since he is shown already established with a Mill. Was Nathaniel Mann HIS son? Do some of the unaccounted for Manns in Montgomery county later on belong to his line? For every fact I uncover it raises two or more questions!

There were some Manns christened at the Peaked Mountain Church in McGaheysville who were clearly German. All were the children of George Adam Mann and his wife Elizabeth Herman. George was baptized on October 9, 1763 and it is probably he who married Betsey Moyer in Montgomery county in 1790. After she was widowed, Betsey married Peter Harmon in 1797. Magdalene was baptized on March 11, 1765; John on July 30, 1771 and David on March 10, 1784. Adam Miller, whose descendants intermarried with the Manns of Monroe county (Germans) originally came to Virginia from Schierstein, Germany around 1726, according to the naturalization papers.

According to the Houchins family history, around 1770 the Manns, Maddys and Millers moved from Rockingham county, Virginia into present day West Virginia, near Greenville in Monroe county. John Mann came to Pennsylvania from Germany and his son Jacob married Barbary Miller, daughter of Jacob Miller, emigrant. Jacob and Barbary Miller Mann had Jacob Mann, Junior who married Mary Kessinger on August 24, 1779; Adam, who married first Mary Maddy on December 9, 1783 and second Polly Flinn on May 3, 1790; Elizabeth, who married William Maddy on February 25, 1783 and a daughter who married a Mr. Low. Jacob Mann owned a gunpowder mill. Saltpetre was supplied from Maddy’s Cave during the Revolution. This cave had formerly belonged to the Manns of Springfield. This is an intriguing mystery since there is a story that William Mann and his father and/or uncles and brothers lived in a saltpetre cave when they first emigrated from Ireland to Virginia. I do not know what, if any, substance this story has. It may have been influenced by the presence of the German Manns at Greenville or it may be an authentic tradition. Springfields abound, both in the United States and in Ireland. There were Scots-Irish Mann emigrants to Springfield township in Bucks county, Pennsylvania and Scots-Irish Manns living in Springfield township, Chester county, Pennsylvania. Moses Mann, son of William, one of the sons of the emigrant John Man, bought 26 acres of land on both sides of Jackson’s River, including a saltpetre cave, on December 10, 1792, in Botetourt county. Some of the children of William Mann stayed in Bath and Alleghany counties, and some went to Greenbrier county in the vicinity of present day Monroe county. A Moses Mann bought 22 acres in Monroe county on March 4, 1831, adjoining the land of Adam Mann and Adam Miller. This may or may not be a descendant of William Mann.

The Mann family which ended up in Bucks county is described as the family of James Mann and his wife Mary Carroll. The Manns and Carrolls were from Scotland and in childhood James and Mary emigrated with their families to county Antrim around the year 1690. He married her about 1709. The names of their children were James, born in 1710; John, born in 1712; William in 1714 and a daughter named Mary. John, the second son, became the progenitor of the family in Bucks county when he embarked from Donegal in 1732 in the company of the McNairs and others bound for America. They landed at Philadelphia and proceeded to Bristol in the autumn of the same year, locating at different points in Bucks county. Although our John Man was imported immediatelyinto Virginia, perhaps he was related in some fashion to these Bucks county Manns.


In this chapter I will address the four known children of John Man, emigrant to Virginia in 1735. According to Kegley and supported by court records, John had at least four sons. Their names were John, Moses, William and Thomas. Moses, the second son, as stated in another portion of this manuscript, purchased land from William Beverley on February 3, 1748 on the Grassy Lick Run in the Beverley Manor land grant. He is described as Moses Mann, planter, which implies at least that he was moderately well-to-do. This land was inherited to his brother John, eldest brother and heir-at-law. Moses was a wanderer and explorer, helping to settle Draper’s Valley, near Christianburg in present day Montgomery county. He was captured by the Indians in February 1756 according to the Preston Register recorded in Lewis Preston Summer’s “Annals of Southwest Virginia”. Moses Mann was captured on Reed Creek in the New River Valley. According to family lore, he escaped from the Indians and returned to his home near Covington but died before August 1756, when his eldest brother and heir-at-law John Mann was appointed administrator of his estate. Since no widow or children are mentioned, it is certain that Moses died without issue. John Mann, with surety Adam Dickenson and bond with Adam Dickinson and John Dickinson qualified as the administrator of Moses’ estate on August 19, 1756, as found in Augusta County Will Book II. John served as an ensign in Captain Cunningham’s expedition of 1764 against the Indians. He lived on Jackson River and is shown there on the 1773 Botetourt county list of Tithables. Also living in William Huggard’s (Hughart) district from the river to the county line and to the western waters were Robert Armstrong and his son Robert, Junior, Joseph Carpenter, Senior and Junior, Nathaniel Carpenter, Zophar Carpenter, Thomas Carpenter, David Glassburn, James and William Graham, Andrew Hamilton, Ezekiel Johnston, John Kinkead, William Mann, William McClintock, Thomas McCalester, Jacob Parsinger, William Robinson, Senior and Junior, two John Robinsons, James Robinson, John Sprowl, William, Christian and Henery Whooley, Peter, Thomas and James Wright. The following year, John and William Mann were among those whose residences were described as being located in the Cowpasture and Jackson River areas and this list was taken by William McClenahan. Again, familiar names appear as neighbors, including Jacob Parsinger, John Sprowl, the Robinsons, the Wooleys and the Wrights. The reason that Thomas Mann, youngest brother of John, Moses and William, is not listed is simply that he died in 1772, as the court books make clear.

John Mann died intestate. Had he left a will, much speculation would have been avoided. Ah well. The estate was inventories by John Robinson and Peter Wright and contained the following articles:

One brown horse @ 9 pounds, one cutting knife of steel @15 shillings, two boxes irons @16 shillings, one pair of silver shoe buckles @ 1 pound 2 shillings, one plow and tackling @2 pounds 5 shillings, eleven pewter plates @ 1pound 13 shillings. The total value of 15 pounds 11 shillings was carried over to the second page which continued listing the contents of John’s estate thus: five basins, four plates and two dishes @3 pounds 3 shillings 6 pence; three large dishes @ 1 pound 7 shillings; one pair of old (illegible) @ 3 shillings; one stone jug @ 3 shillings; one stock fork @ 5 shillings; two old chest locks @ 4 shillings; three old books @ 1 shilling; one bed @ 1 pound 10 shillings; one woman’s saddle @ 2 pounds, etc. for a total of 30 pounds, 3 shillings and 6 pence. John Mann died a widower, as is apparent both from the lack of feminine articles listed in the inventory save for one saddle and the fact that no widow is named in the administration of the estate.

This was not the total monetary value of what John Mann left his heirs, however. Included in the inventory is a list of the (illegible word) due to the estate of John Mann, deceased: John Jemison’s bond, Gabreal Smither’s bond, William Allen’s bond, Edward Willson’s bond, Francis Bowen’s bond, John Clark’s bond and Arthur Woods’ bond, for a total of 41 pounds 10 shillings 5 pence. Proven accounts were George Minsher, William Fullen, James Meckks, Patrick Willson, James Robinson and Asa and John Mann are listed “by Account” for the respective sums of 2 pounds 15 shillings and 3 pounds 2 shillings 1 pence. Including the sums listed for Asa and John, the sum of the accounts totaled 16 pounds 4 shillings. This was filed by Peter Wright and James Robinson on October 20, 1781, three years after the death of John Mann.

A subsequent tallying up of debts owed and owned by the estate of John Mann was submitted to the Botetourt court on May 31, 1784 by Moses Mann, administrator of the estate. The court examined the accounts and found a balance of 218 pounds 7 shillings and 5 ½ pence was due to Moses Mann. The names mentioned on this list of debtors and debtees were as follows: Zophar Carpenter, estate of William Mann, deceased, David May, James McAfee, Reuben Smithers, Christopher Persinger, Thomas Kelly, John Doughtery, Thomas Carpenter, John Stewart, Crane Brush, James Bambridge, Joseph Hamm, John Sprowl, Jacob Parsinger Senior and Andrew Edmundson.

William Mann, third brother, was the most successful materially, judging from the amount of his estate when he died. The estate was valued above 700 pounds, quite a bit of money for the time. William served as an Indian spy, or scout, and as a sergeant in Colonel William Peachey’s Frontier Battalion in 1759. He also served in Dickenson’s Company of Rangers for several years prior to 1759. The frontier was under constant threat of Indian attack during the decades from 1750 to 1780 and all able bodied men served in the militia. It is estimated that the entire pre Revolutionary population in the area west of the Blue Ridge was about one thousand. William served as a sergeant at Fort Young (Covington) and in 1762 he erected a small stockade fort on a portion of his land near Jackson River. The log cabin has been wonderfully preserved and is still standing, the oldest house in Alleghany county. William Mann was probably born around 1729 or 1730, judging from the fact that his next oldest brother Moses could have been born not later than 1727 in order to purchase that land on the Beverley Manor in 1748. William married Jane Hamilton, daughter of William and Alse Hamilton, possibly in 1755, if the tithable in his household on the 1772 Botetourt county tax list was his son Moses. This would make Moses’ year of birth 1756. However, the will of William Mann makes it clear that his son Thomas was not yet ten years old at the time the will was written, making all of those tithables found in William’s household from 1772 onwards merely indentured servants, farmhands or apprentices. Depending on the source, William married Jane Hamilton anywhere between 1750 and 1760. According to the Mann-McClintic genealogy, which gives precise birthdates and presumably may have been taken from Bible records, the ages of his children were as follows: Moses, born January 17, 1761; Alice, born November 5, 1762; Jennie, born September 7, 1764; Thomas, born March 8, 1771; William Junior, born October 4, 1773; Sarah, born in 1774; John, born December 2, 1775 and Archibald, born August 29, 1778. William, son of John Man the emigrant, died about March 1778 and his will, written February 3, 1778, was probated in November of that year. The text is as follows:

“I, William Mann, of the county of Botetourt and colony of Virginia, considering the uncertainty of mortal life, and being of sound mind and perfect memory, thanks to Almighty God for same, do make and publish my last will and testament in the form and manner following: that is to say, I give and bequeath my soul to Almighty God and my body to receive a decent Christian burial at the discretion of my Executors, hereafter named; nothing doubting but I shall receive the same agan at the General Resurrection. Imprimus: I give and bequeath to my beloved wife Jane, one black mare and colt and saddle, two sows and all the household furniture and wearing apparel, and her living upon the land I now live on, during her life. I give and bequeath to my oldest son Moses, one tract of land containing 235 acres being formerly possessed by James Boggs, with a survey over the mill, on the new road of 160 acres and one mare and a yearling, a two year old colt and one black mare known by the name of the Morris Mare. I give and bequeath to my second son, Thomas, one plantation nigh to Second Creek Gap, purchased of Isaac Burns, and another tract of land lying at Wolf’s Creek Knobs, if obtained, now in dispute with James Ewing; if not obtained then he is to have two other tracts of land, the one lying on Sinking Creek where it sinks and the other on the Sinks, purchased of Christopher Bryan, and one valuable breeding mare when ten years old. I give and bequeath to my third son William, the lower half of the plantation I am now living on, except 15 acres (the upper parties to have most) and one small survey adjoining the lower end, and an entry along the side to go with the lower end. I give and bequeath to my fourth son the upper part of the plantation I now live on. I give and bequeath to my oldest daughter, Ealsie (Alice), one little wench, Venus, and fifty pounds cash. If said wench should die before she is of age; then to be given the valuable breeding mare. I give and bequeath to my second daughter, Jinny, one mare and colt known to be called hers and seventy pounds in cash. I give and bequeath to my third daughter, Sarah, one hundred pounds in cash. If my wife Jane is with child, as supposed to be, if a boy to receive one hundred and fifty pounds in cash; if a girl seventy pounds in cash over and above. I give to my daughter, Ealsie, one bay filly with a star and white feet, and the price of a saddle. As to all the rest of my personal estate, goods and chattels of what kind so ever, I leave to my executors to be equally divided among my sons. If it should please God that any of my sons should die, their part or parts to be equally divided among the rest of the brothers; and likewise, with my daughters if they should die. A certain tract of land lying in Indian Draft containing 115 acres, before omitted, to be equally divided between my two sons, William and John, and each to pay the estate thirty pounds after they become of age. All of which legacies I have given to my sons and do bind them, their heirs and assigns forever. I appoint my trusty well-beloved wife, Jane, executor with Thomas Mattison, James Graham, and Robert Armstrong, whom I appoint whole and sole executors of this my last will and testament, revoking all former wills by me made. In witness whreeof set my hand seal this third day of Feb. one thousand seven hundred and seventy eight”.

(Signed) William Mann (Seal)

Witnesses: Richard Morris, John Stevenson, John Scott Bondsmen: John Sevenson, John Ballor (Bollar), James McCallister

This will was admitted to record at the November term of the County Court of Botetourt in the year of 1778, Fincastle, Virginia.

It is uncertain from this as to exactly how old the sons of William and Jane were in 1778, with the exception of Archibald, who was born posthumously. If Moses was born in 1761, as per the Mann McClintic genealogy, then Stoner’s list has him listed falsely as the senior Moses.

Moses, son of William and Jane, married Jane Kinkead in 1779. His will is dated 1816 and is the oldest recorded in Alleghany county. Moses obtained the following land grants, per the Virginia Land Office: December 10, 1792 26 acres on both sides of Jackson River including a saltpetre cave; 835 acres on both sides of Jackson River adjacent to William Taylor, Richard Morris and Robert Kinkaid; April 28, 1798 land on Falling Spring Run (about ten miles north of Covington) adjacent John Mann; April 26, 1815, 200 acres in Bath county (Bath from Botetourt in 1790) on Indian Draught, a branch of Jackson River; April 30, 1795 55 acres on south side of Jackson river near the land of James McCallister; October 10, 1820 400 acres in Bath county on Falling Spring Run adjacent his and Henry Massie’s land.

The second son Thomas married Elizabeth, daughter of Robert Armstrong and had one son, William Thomas Mann. Thomas and Elizabeth were the great grandparents of the New York multimillionaire Isaac Thomas Mann, who built a large mansion in Bramwell, West Virginia, which stands today as a tourist attraction. Elizabeth married for the second time to James Steele and had nine children by this marriage. After his marriage to Elizabeth, Thomas moved to Monroe county, West Virginia, four miles south of Fort Springs.

William died unmarried. The story of how Thomas and William Mann met their fate goes something like this: After Thomas had moved to present day Monroe county, he and his brother William went to Ohio to fight the Indians. They probably served under General Wayne, who in 1794 overcame the hostile Indians who had broken out about three years before and cut to pieces St. Clair’s army. It appears that the two brothers were on the south side of the Kanawha river when a man named Simon Girty appeared on the opposite side of the river and gave the sign of distress, requesting them to come over in a boat for him, saying that he was being pursued by Indians. After much persuasion, they along with others, agreed to go. As they approached the other shore, the Indians came out of hiding and fired upon them. Thomas is supposed to have been instantly killed. William was badly wounded, but with the assistance of his companions, turned the boat amid a fusillade from the enemy and finally reached their own shore again. William, though suffering from his mortal wound, tried to return to Fort Donally, Greenbrier county, but got only as far as present day Fayette county. There he succumbed to his wounds and was buried at the foot of a beech tree at Stretcher’s Neck. The tree on which his name was cared stood until 1870 when the C&O Railroad was building Stretcher'’ Neck Tunnel. The tree was cut down and the grave lost sight of by his relatives.

The Simon Girty in this tale was the notorious “white Indian” and renegade, a traitor to his own people. He had been a sergeant in the British Army at Fort Pitt and for some reason deserted. His infamy has come down in history; I first made his acquaintance in the novels of Zane Grey, bequeathed to me by grandma Ann Scott. Zane Grey’s own ancestors were instrumental in building Wheeling, Ohio and saw many encounters with hostile Indians.

John, fourth son of William and Jane, married Jennie Johnson of Monroe county, West Virginia and drowned in Jackson River. His land, as already mentioned, lay on the Falling Spring Run in present day Alleghany county, next to his brothers Moses and Archibald.

Archibald was the posthumous child’s name and he was born on August 29, 1778. He got a grant of land on August 8, 1799 of 400 acres adjacent John Mann on the south side of Jackson river, in Bath county. He married another daughter of Robert Armstrong and was shot to death by his father-in-law in a tavern which he frequented. Robert apparently objected to Archibald’s ill treatment of his daughter. He was found innocent of murder by a jury. When Thomas and William Mann were killed in 1794 a lawsuit brought against them by Jemima Poo of Bath county for assault was dropped, due to the death of the defendants. Perhaps some of these sons of William were not very well behaved towards women.

As for the three daughters of William and Jane Hamilton Mann, they all married McClintic brothers. Jane married Robert and settled on Culbertson’s Creek in Greenbrier county; Alice married William and Sarah Mann married Alexander McClintic and lived on Jackson River. Alice’s husband William died in 1786 of wounds received in the Revolutionary War and her second husband was William Hunter Cavendish.

Thomas Mann, the fourth and youngest son of John the emigrant, was a minor when his father died in 1751. He became the ward of John Graham. The Augusta county Will Book I says that on the 18th day of (month unknown) 1752 John Graham’s bond as guardian (appointed) to Thomas Mann, orphan of John Mann, with surety Adam Dickenson. The continual involvement of the Dickensons, particularly of Adam, in the affairs of the Manns may simply reflect the fact that the Manns and Carpenters, among others, served in Captain Dickenson’s company of rangers during the French and Indian Wars in the 1750’s and 1760’s. On the other hand, it also lends some credence to the claim on the World Family Tree CD that John Mann’s first wife was Abigail Dickenson. Thomas is found on the 1771 Botetourt county list of tithables with only himself as a tithable male, but is absent from the 1772 list due to his death.


There is no other mention of John Man, or any other Mann for that matter, in the Orange county record books. When Augusta split off from Orange in 1749, we turn our eyes in that direction for there is where the Mann’s trail can be picked up. John Man, emigrant, does not appear on a list of Augusta county militia in 1742, although he would probably have only been in his late 30’s or early 40’s at the time. One explanation for this is if he were indeed the blacksmith he would have had his hands full forging the weapons of war and farming implements required by his neighbors and would probably thus have been exempt from active service. This may also explain the story of the Manns living in a cave and making gunpowder; these activities would accord well with the work of a militarily oriented blacksmith. Perhaps John Man plied his trade in present day Monroe county for a time. The earliest land purchases of the German Manns who operated the gunpowder mill near Greenville were made in present day Monroe county.

The mention of John Man, blacksmith, in the 1749 petition places his smithy east of Staunton, but this was fourteen years after his arrival in Virginia. If the story told me by another Mann researcher, Wayne Mann, has any validity in that William Mann was said to have started out his life in the New World in a saltpetre cave with his father, brothers and uncles, then perhaps they first lived in the Monroe county area and later removed to the vicinity of Staunton. There is no record of a sale between the German Manns and our Manns of this saltpetre cave in West Virginia, but the German Mann history does not say that they bought it of the Springfield Manns, but rather that the Springfield Manns had owned it before the German Manns.

Also, there is no mention in the old court records of John Man or anyone else importing his family and yet they undoubtably existed. Perhaps the court clerk did not feel it noteworthy to record every family member who arrived in the colony unless they were claiming land. I have not read the original Augusta court books but instead have relied on Lyman Chalkley’s extracts. Perhaps a through search of the original documents would yield more mention of the early Manns and their neighbors and in-laws than these following:

Adam Dickenson, David Davis, Peter Wright and Joseph Carpenter lay off a road from Wright’s Mill to the Cowpasture near Hughart’s or Knox’s (Volume I, p. 48, no date).

Benjamin Scot, security for Judith Scot, administratix of John Scot, deceased, who has since married Joseph Carpenter, prays counter-security (Volume I, p. 63, not dated).

Joseph Carpenter committed on charge of having supplied Indians with ammunition (Volume I, p. 68, not dated).

Joseph Carpenter, guarding of Joseph, James and Jacob Scott, orphans of John Scott, summoned to account (Volume I, p. 116, not dated).

Joseph Carpenter, Senior and William Whooley appointed road surveyors from Fort Defiance to Handley’s Mill, with these workers and their tithables: Peter Wright, Solomon, Thomas, Nathaniel Carpenter and Thomas Umphries, Thomas Carpenter, Zophar Carpenter, Ezekiel Johnston, Edward and John McMullin, James Williams, Joseph Leeper, John Fieler, William Christian and Peter Whooley, William McMurray (McMurrie), Thomas Wright, Robert Gallasby (Gillespie), Patrick Corrigan and Joseph Carpenter, Junior (Volume I, p. 130, not dated).

William Hughart versus Joseph Carpenter- decree for plaintiff for sale of 160 acres on Jacksons river, part of 782 acres patented to Joseph on June 1, 1750. Memo-the land was sold by Edward McMullen, January 1771 at public auction and bought by plaintiff for 90 pounds (Volume I, page 162). Peter Wright versus Joseph Carpenter-Thomas Carpenter, son of Joseph, 1763.

William Beverely to Moses Mann, planter, Beverley Manor patent line, William McCutcheon’s line, Grassy Lick Run. Teste: John Brown, Adam Dickenson. Volume II, page 102.

John Stewart and Sarah to William Mann, 152 pounds 10 shillings for 320 acres on Jackson’s River and mouth of Falling Spring, 17 February 1762. Volume II, page 381.

Joseph Carpenter to John Mann 230 acres on Jacksons river for 70 pounds. August 17, 1762. Volume II, page 388. Did this sale of land indicate the time frame in which John Mann married Frances Elizabeth Carpenter and/or Damis? John Mann would have had to have been in at least his mid thirties by then. Moses, his younger brother, purchased land in 1748, making Moses’ year of birth no later than 1727. This means John was born probably around 1725. Since Adam Dickenson is one of the witnesses in 1748 to Moses’ land purchase, quite possibly John was married to Abigail Dickenson then, if the information from the World Family Tree CD is correct.

February 4, 1748 William Beverley to John Brown, 300 acres in Beverley Manor. Beverley Manor patent line, Robert Young. Teste: Moses Mann, Robert Graham, William Elliote.

John Mann versus Jeremiah Seely-ejected 25th May 1763 from Fort Young. Fort Young became Covington later and Jeremiah Seely was the brother-in-law, according to Carpenter records, of Frances Carpenter. Jeremiah had married Hannah Carpenter, daughter of Joseph Coles Carpenter (Joseph Carpenter, Senior) prior to the Carpenter’s removal from New York state.

Seely versus Carpenter-Jeremiah Seely married the daughter of Joseph Carpenter, lately of the province of New York. Joseph, in 1746, and after above marriage, moved to Jackson’s river, where he and most of his children, then unmarried, settled. Jeremiah came in 1748. (Volume I, page 339).

Thomas Mann, orphan of John, to be bound out on parish, May 28, 1751. John Graham to deliver a horse to John Mann. August 28, 1751. 18th June 1752. John Graham’s bond as guardian (appointed) to Thomas Mann, orphan of John Mann with surety Adam Dickinson.

20th August 1760. Widow Swoob’s appraisement by Joseph Carpenter, Peter Wright, John Mann.

John Graham fined for calling Israel Christian a rogue, cheat and rascal. May 19, 1761. William Mann worked for Israel Christian.

On the motion of William Mann, John Graham, late guardian of David Graham, summoned to account. February 15, 1763.

Robert Graham, assignee of Timothy Sullivan versus Thomas Mann, abates by death of the plaintiff. June 25, 1763.

16th March 1768. John Mann’s bond, with William Mann, as administrator of Caleb May.

Fulton versus Mann-Fort Defiance, August 28, 1764; Sir-Please pay to William Fulton 4 pounds 15 shillings for a rifle gun and you will much oblige, sir, your humble servant (Signed) Thomas Mann to Captain Walter Cunningham. This is some evidence that John Man, smithy, may have been the father of Thomas since the location of the smithy is near to Fort Defiance.

Christian versus Mann-This my note shall oblige me to pay unto Mr. William Mann at the rate of fifty pounds a year for whatever time he shall be by me employed to assist in Indian trade, hunting, or whatever service he shall be by me directed to perform. Given under my hand, at Staunton, the 19th day of February 1762. (Signed) Israel Christian. Teste: W. Christian. I do promise that if I keep any hands employed in the above service the whole year, William Mann shall be preferred and kept as long as any other in said service, he complying as well as he can with my directions (Signed) Israel Christian, February 19, 1762.

To William Hughart, John Hamilton, Samuel Hamilton, Robert Gillaspy, George Douthat, James Burnsides, Joseph Milehan, John Lewis, John ?, James Jackson, James Miller, David Howell, Robert Gillespey, Corporal Samuel McMary, Eldad Reade, Zophar Carpenter, Henry Lawless, Robert Gay, John Stevenson, John Weems, John Taylor, William Kinkead, John Kinkead, James Clements, James McKnight, William Mann, Thomas McMullin, each 300 ? (Volume I, page 528). Wright versus Carpenter-This day Mr. Solomon Carpenter swore before me that at the time of Mr. Joseph Carpenter giving a warrant to Peter Wright to apprehend two deserters at Fort Young said Wright gave ye warrant to Thomas FitzPatrick to read and said he could not make out some words, and he read it out over in public and begun it again, when said deponent went off, and he further sayeth yt ye deserters were not far off at ye time. Given under my hand this 17th April 1763 (Signed) John Dickinson.

Wright versus Carpenter-James Graham deposes, 7th April 1763, before John Dickenson, that at ye time of Mr. Joseph Carpenter, Sr. giving a warrant to Peter Wright, which he brought from John Dickenson to apprehend John Humpreys and Joseph Garrit, two deserters, he saw Carpenter give ye warrant to said Wright, and he the said Wright looked on it for some time and then gave it to Thomas FitzPatrick to read and he read a part of said warrant over out in public, when said Wright took it out of the other’s hands and put it up; the deponent further sayeth that he verily believed, and still thinks, said Wright did not do it, or divulge it in order or with any intention of giving notice to said deserters; the deponent sayeth this, etc. etc.

10th September 1763. John Mann and Damis to Thomas Meek, 73 pounds 15 shillings for the 254 acres conveyed by Beverley to Moses Mann, 4th February 1748 and descended to John as eldest brother and heir-at-law of Moses (this would have been in 1756); corner William McCutcheon’s land, Grassy Lick Run. Teste: Hugh Johnston, Robert Reed, William Mann, John Smith, James Graham. Delivered: Thomas Meek, March 1773. On November 20, 1764, Damis relinquished her dower right in this land. This entry is correct from the original as I checked it to ensure that Chalkley had not made a mistake in his extracts! The name Damis as opposed to Frances Elizabeth given by the Carpenter Chronicles written by Amos B. Carpenter in 1898 is the main sticking point in understanding the wives of John Mann II. Moses Mann and Frances Bland did have a daughter named Demia, which could be argued to be a form of Damis, or simply misspelled in the records. John Mann II had such a close working and litigious relationship with the Carpenters that he almost certainly had to be an in-law. My best guess at this juncture is that John was married to first Abigail Dickinson, secondly to Frances Elizabeth Carpenter, who for some reason preferred to use the name Damis. Remember my grandpa James C. Mann who went by Uncle Tom and thus made himself a bit elusive in the Scott county records? If living kin had not told me that he used the name Tom for some reason lost to us, I would never had known it and might have spent untold hours agonizing over whether he was the James C. Mann, son of James B. Mann who appears in the household of Samuel Robert Mann on the 1900 census. That in spite of the fact that all of the other facts fit perfectly, such as his birthdate of November 1885 on the census, which was about all I had to go on at the time. And then there was Tandy Flanary, great grandfather of James C. Mann, whose nickname was DeKalb for some reason also lost in time. The only way this is known is the mention in Addington’s “History of Scott County”.


The following land records are found in the Botetourt records.
John Mann, 230 acres of land on Jackson River from Joseph Carpenter (Deed Book 1, page 247), August 17, 1762.
John Mann sold 232 acres on James and Cowpasture rivers to Michael Carns (DB 1, page 21), July 2, 1769.
John Mann, 160 acres on Jackson River from Solomon Carpenter, February 5, 1773 (DB 1, page 491).
John Mann, 230 acres on Jackson River from John Edmonson (DB 2, page 38) May 11, 1774.
B Deed Book 2, page 430, 1778, 160 acres and 230 acres inherited to Moses Mann, from father John.
Moses Mann and wife Fanny paid tax on 180 acres and 150 acres in 1782 (BDB 430) 1778, 160 acres and 230 acres on Jacksons River from father John Mann. August 12, 1779, 160 acres on Jackson river sold to Jeremiah Carpenter. BDB 3-274: August 86,1784, 230 acres on Jackson river to John Robinson. BDB3-309, November 8, 1784, land on Jackson river from James Boggs.
William Mann, February 10, 1772, 115 acres on Indian Draft, James River, from Jacob Persinger. BDB1-381. BDB1-472, February 5, 1773, 49 acres on Back Creek, Jackson River, to James Elliott. Botetourt Will Book A: 96 acres in 1778 to widow Jane Mann.
The purchase of land by William Mann on Glade and Ugsley Creeks is not mentioned in the Botetourt deed books but is of record in the Library of Virginia online catalog of land deeds and also mentioned in the book of Early Settlers of Botetourt county, as is the fact that Asa Mann paid tax on 85 acres of land in 1782 and Jane, widow of William, paid tax on 300 acres that year.

Some of the following entries may look entirely familiar, since the information discussed in them was referred to in previous chapters. However, to truly understand the character of the men who were our ancestors, I include all pertinent entries dealing with our three surviving brothers as they leave Augusta county and become citizens of the newly formed Botetourt, while never leaving their homes. I do not know about other researchers of family history, but I confess to a soft spot in my heart for our lovable rogues. They would have been very interesting to meet and spend time with. I state with some pride that of all of the families mentioned in the Botetourt county order books from 1770 until the deaths of the last two Mann brothers in 1778, none was so well represented in the court books. They were apparently a headstrong, contentious lot, taking no guff from others and quick to deal with problems by throwing the first punch, judging from the number of assault, trespass and battery cases brought against them. The Carpenter family, a bit more numerous in that time frame than our three brothers, was probably the second most colorful lot.

Botetourt County Order Book I, 1770

Page 4: John Mann’s sale of land to Michael Carnes testified to by Robert Ewing and Michael Yoakum. Robert Cowan testifies and is paid for travelling 45 miles one way to be a witness, by Carnes.
Page 47 William Mann accused of unlawfully beating his servant man, Burk. Zophar Carpenter accused of unlawfully keeping Moses Watkins’ wife.
Page 49 James McAfee versus Zophar Carpenter, for debt.
Page 51 David Tate versus Zophar and Thomas Carpenter, for debt.
Page 51 James Hanley versus Thomas Carpenter, for debt.
Page 52 Arthur Matthews versus Joseph Carpenter, for debt.
Page 53 Thomas Carpenter versus Samuel Hayes, for debt. John Davis versus Thomas Carpenter, for debt. John Mann versus John Gibson, for debt. John Mann versus Solomon Carpenter, for trespass. John Mann versus Solomon Carpenter, for debt.
Page 54 John Mann versus Samuel Cave (?) James Graham versus John and William Mann, in case.
Page 57 John Mann versus Joseph Mitcheson. John Mann versus John Willson.
Page 68 John Mills versus John Mann, judgement against defendant. Defendant failed to appear before last court and is now in custody.
Page 69 Ezekiel Johnston versus John Mann, same verbiage as Mills vs. Mann.
Page 69 James Cloyd (Lloyd?) versus John Mann and James Arbuckle and Matthew Arbuckle, his security.
Page 72 Samuel Lawrence versus John Mann, continued to the next court. Samuel to pay costs.
Page 72 William Mann versus Thomas Lloyd, continued to next court. Thomas to pay costs.
Page 72 Michael Cairnes versus John Mann, in chancery. Continued to next court. Cairnes to pay costs.
Page 75 Andrew Edminson versus John Mann, in case. Discontinued.
Page 95, June 1770. Mann versus James Arbuckle, special bail and imparlance.
Page 104 In the case of John Mills versus John Mann, defendant to be placed in custody by sheriff unti he pays seven pounds and court costs.
Page 105. In the case of Ezekiel Johnston versus John Mann, same verbiage as above except debt is 22 pounds, to be paid as 11 pounds plus interst since May 1, 1767.
Page 105. In the case of James Cloyd versus John Mann and James Arbuckle, same verbiage except debt is 5 pounds 7 shillings plus interest from March 18, 1763. John Mann in custody by “prayer” of the plaintiff.
Page 108. John Mann versus John Sallard (Stallard). Sallard to pay 11 pounds 6 shillings with interst from January 4, 1769 and court costs. Sallard’s drawing knife to be sold and money applied to this judgement.
Page 117. Burk’s suit against William Mann for cruelty is dismissed.
Page 133. In the case of John Mann versus John Gibson, Gibson to pay 5 pounds 5 shillings and 5 pence with interest from March 20, 1769 and court costs.
Page 137. In the petition of William Mann versus Thomas Cloyd (Lloyd?), dismissed.
Page 138. Ordered that Joseph Carpenter, Thomas Kelly and John Crawford view the way from Crawford’s to Peter Wright’s on the James and make report on conveniences and inconveniences of same to the court.
Page 143. William Mann versus Nicholas Gentry and Moses Cavit for debt; judgement of 4 pounds and court costs, stayed.
Page 156. Archer Matthews versus Joseph Carpenter, for debt. John Mann versus Samuel Cavit for debt.
Page 158. David Tate versus Zophar and Thomas Carpenter, Solomon Carpenter security. To appear before next court.
Page 159. Thomas Carpenter versus Samuel Hayes, for debt. John Davis versus Thomas Carpenter, for debt. John Mann versus Solomon Carpenter, for trespass. Judgement against Solomon.
Page 169. William Mann versus Robert McHenry. William to recover 2 pounds 12 shillings.
Page 172. Jeremiah Seely versus William Mann and Thomas Skaggs, for trespass. (Seely was the husband of Hannah Carpenter, a daughter of Joseph Coles Carpenter).
Page 172. William Mann versus William Hamilton, in case. This William Hamilton was probably his brother-in-law instead of his father-in-law.
Page 173. Moses Watkins versus Zophar Carpenter, in case.
Page 177. William Mann versus David Tate, in case.
Page 195. David Tate versus John Humphries and Thomas Carpenter for debt.
Page 195. John Davis versus Thomas Carpenter for debt.
Page 196. John Mann versus Samuel, last name unclear.
Page 199. In the case of David Tate versus Zophar and Thomas Carpenter; court finds for the plaintiff in the amount of 10 pounds 4 shillings with interest from March 11, 1767.
Page 200. James Handley versus Thomas Carpenter; Thomas to pay 7 pounds and legal costs. Since he failed to appear, his penknife was seized toward the debt.
Page 200. Archer Matthews versus Joseph Carpenter; Joseph not appearing, his tin cup to be sold to satisfy the judgement of 3 pounds seven pence half penny.
Page 201. Thomas Carpenter versus Samuel Hayes.
Page 201. John Mann versus Solomon Carpenter for trespass. Plaintiff to receive 8 pounds 5 shillings.
Page 201. James Graham versus John and William Mann-attachment being returned-judgement with writ of enquiry.
Page 207. Moses Watkins versus Zophar Carpenter. Special imparlance.
Page 208. Jeremiah Seely versus William Mann and Thomas Skaggs for trespass. Conditional order against Thomas and his security, Edward McMullen and attachment of the effects of William.
Page 212. William Mann versus David Tate. Special imparlance.
Page 220. Robert Armstrong versus Uriah Humphries, John Mann, Daniel Prentice and Daniel Galloway for debt. Imparlance.
Page 222. William Mann, assignee of Henry Campbell, assignee of William Robinson versus Patrick Henny (Henry?), attachment.
Page 222. William Mann versus Thomas Lloyd, in chancery.
Page 233. Thomas Carpenter versus Samuel Hayes, for debt.
Page 233. John Mann versus Samuel Carr for debt, attachment. Botetourt Court Order Book for 1771.
Page 246. William Mann a witness in debtor trial, March 1771.
Page 258. John Davis versus Thomas Carpenter, attachment.
Page 261. Andrew Hayes versus John Mann. Judgement and writ of enquiry.
Page 263. John Mann versus Samuel Carr. Abates by return.
Page 264. William Mann versus William Hamilton. Attachment. William Mann versus David Tate, continued for plaintiff. William Mann versus Thomas Lloyd, by agreement of the parties this chancery suit is dismissed.
Page 266. Jeremiah Seely versus William Mann and Thomas Skaggs, by consent not guilty as to Skaggs and plea and time as to Mann, for trespass.
Page 267. David Tate versus John Humphries and Thomas Carpenter, attachment for debts.
Page 267. Moses Watkins versus Zophar Carpenter. Further imparlance.
Page 270. Patrick Gattes & Co. versus John Mann for debt. Alias copias.
Page 277. John Mann versus Carpenter, continued. Page 278. Graham versus John and William Mann, continued.
Page 280. Petition of Samuel Lawrence against John Mann continued.
Page 292. John Mann versus Solomon Carpenter for trespass, continued.
Page 292. James Graham versus John and William Mann continued.
Page 297. April 12, 1771. Thomas Carpenter versus Samuel Hayes, debt. Plurias copias.
Page 303. May 14, 1771. William Mann versus David Tate. The plaintiff not further prosecuting, suit ordered to be dropped.
Page 305. Moses Watkins versus Zophar Carpenter, non assumed.
Page 308. Petition of Lawrence against Mann is continued.
Page 311. William Christian versus John Mann for debt. Alias copias.
Page 313. Andrew Edmonson versus John Mann for debt. Alias copias.
Page 317. Petition of Michael Bowyer against Joseph Carpenter, new summons.
Page 320. John Mann and others owe Robert Armstrong 160 pounds. Andrew Hays versus John Mann; plaintiff has sustained damages of 16 pounds 9 shillings 4 and ½ pence because of nonperformance of the declaration. Page 322. Seely versus Mann for trespass, continued.
Page 327. John Mann versus Solomon Carpenter, continued.
Page 327. James Graham drops suit against the Manns.
Page 330. Thomas Mann is a juror. This is the first mention of Thomas in the Botetourt court records.
Page 333. Thomas Carpenter versus Samuel Hayes. Plurias copias.
Page 335. Pattrick Gottes versus John Mann. Plurias copias.
Page 336. William Christian versus John Mann. Plurias copias.
Page 337. Andrew Edmundson versus John Mann. Plurias copias.
Page 352. S. Brown discontinues suit against Seely and Joseph Carpenter for debt.
Page 354. William Mann versus David Tate. Alias copias.
Page 365. Thomas Carpenter versus Samuel Hayes. Plurias copias.
Page 369. Andrew Edmundson versus John Mann. Plurias copias. William Mann versus David Tate. Alias copias.
Page 383. Andrew Edmundson versus John Mann. Attachment. August 1771.
Page 386. William Mann versus David Tate. Special imparlance.
Page 390. James Cowsen (Cowan?) versus Thomas Mann for trespass, assault and battery.
Page 391. James Graham versus William Mann. Common order against the defendant and the sheriff.
Page 391. Thomas Hill versus William Mann. Alias copias.
Page 393. William Robinson versus Jeremiah Carpenter. Special imparlance. John Robinson versus Zophar Carpenter. Special imparlance. Isaac Skaggs versus Thomas Mann. Special imparlance.
Page 396. Thomas Mann versus Edward McMullin, for debt. Special imparlance.
Page 416. October 1771. James Graham versus William and John Mann. Special bail and general issue.
Page 419. William Mann versus David Tate. Justification and issue.
Page 421. William Robinson versus Jeremiah Carpenter. Further imparlance.
Page 422. Isaac Skaggs versus Thomas Mann. Not guilty with leave.
Page 450. Thomas Mann versus John Flinn. Attachment.
Page 450. Thomas Mann versus John Willson. Alias copias.
Page 456. John Mann versus Solomon Carpenter. Attachment.
Page 461. William Mann wins suit against Henny.
Page 519. Cowan versus Thomas Mann referred to next higher court.
Page 520. Graham versus John Mann, referred to next higher court.
Page 523. James Meggs versus Thomas Mann, referred to next higher court.
Page 547. Thomas Mann versus John Flinn, attachment. John Mann versus Solomon Carpenter, attachment.
Page 549. John Robinson and wife versus Zophar Carpenter; Zophar not guilty.
Page 549. Will Robinson and wife versus Jeremiah Carpenter; Jeremiah not guilty.
Page 553. Petition of Thomas Mann versus Solomon Carpenter continued. Botetourt Court Order Book, 1772.
Page 13. February 1772. Joseph Carpenter versus S. Lindsay. Alias copias. Thomas Carpenter versus (name illegible). Alias copias.
Page 36. Joseph Carpenter versus Samuel Lindsay. Imparlance.
Page 46. John Mann versus Solomon Carpenter. Imparlance.
Page 53. Thomas Mann versus Thomas Carpenter.
Page 83. Thomas Mann versus John Flinn, attachment.
Page 114. April 1772. Thomas Mann versus Solomon Carpenter, suit continued. John Mann versus Solomon Carpenter, suit continued.
Page 119. Jeremiah Seely versus Thomas Mann. Suit continued at defendant’s cost.
Page 120. William Mann versus Thomas Hamilton; Thomas fined 20 shillings.
Page 147. Thomas Mann versus John Flinn, attachment. Thomas Mann versus John Miller, attachment. Thomas Mann versus Solomon Carpenter.
Page 163. Thomas Gilbert versus William Mann for assault, trespass and battery. By agreement of the parties, this suit is discontinued.
Page 181. William Mann versus David Tate. Tate guilty.
Page 2, following book. April 17, 1772. Isaac Skaggs versus Thomas Mann, continued.
Page 10. William Robinson, friend to Anne Robinson versus Jeremiah Carpenter continued.
Page 11. John Robinson and wife Elizabeth versus Zophar Carpenter.
Page 14. Agreed William Mann to pay John Mahon 124 pounds tobacco for witnessing against David Tate, 200 pounds of tobacco to John Robinson, Esquire for five days attendance against Tate, Thomas Mann 800 pounds tobacco for eight days’ attendance for him in Seely trial.
Page 25. Petitions continued to the next court: Samuel Lawrence versus John Mann, Thomas Mann versus John Robinson and Thomas Mann versus Thomas Carper.
Page 42. Seely versus Thomas Mann for debt, continued.
Page 54. Moses Watkins versus Joseph Carpenter.
Page 62. Thomas Mann versus John Flinn, attachment.
Page 163. Jeremiah Seely wins 5 pounds and court costs against William Mann, August 1772.
Page 164. Bill of sale between John and Thomas Mann recorded.
Page 141. John Robinson and wife versus Zophar Carpenter; defendant is guilty.
Page 142. William Mann to pay Thomas Mann 50 pounds tobacco for appearing as a witness against Seely.
Page 161. Felix Guthrie versus Thomas Mann for assault, trespass and battery; defendant is not guilty.
Page 171. Thomas Mann versus John Flinn. Plurias copias. Thomas Mann versus John Wilson, common order confirmed and writ of enquiry.
Page 175. William Mann versus Thomas McFarrson. Special imparlance.
Page 194. William Christian versus William Mann. Common order against the defendant and the sheriff. Botetourt County Court Order Book 1772-3
Page 3. Solomon Carpenter guilty of trespass. Must pay John Mann 12 pounds and costs.
Page 6. James Cowan versus Thomas Mann. Plaintiff not coming to court, he must pay the defendant 5 shillings and defense costs for the charge of assault, trespass and battery.
Page 7. Thomas Mann versus Edward McMullin. Thomas sold Edward two bay mares valued at 15 pounds each. Defendant argues mares worth 26 pounds total. New trial granted.
Page 14. Joseph Carpenter recovers 15 pounds 15 shillings from Samuel Lindsay.
Page 16. William Mann on a jury.
Page 17. John Mann versus Solomon Carpenter. The plaintiff not appearing, he to pay the defendant 5 shillings plus defense costs.
Page 19. Thomas Carpenter versus William McMurray. Defendant is not guilty and Thomas to pay all court costs.
Page 24. Thomas Mann versus John Wilson; Thomas to recover 11 pounds and costs.
Page 30. Patrick Coutts, assignee of John Mann, recovers for debt against George?
Page 35. John Mann to recover defense costs for debt from Samuel Lawrence.
Page 35. Thomas Mann to pay Solomon Carpenter for defense costs in his lawsuit.
Page 44. Michael Kelly versus Zophar Carpenter for assault, trespass and battery. Discontinued.
Page 44. Thomas Madison versus John Mann for debt. Discontinued.
Page 46. William Mann to pay defense costs of Thomas McFaron for debt; Thomas found not guilty of owing money.
Page 48. William Mann versus George McCown, discontinued.
Page 58. November 11, 772. Thomas Mann versus Edward McMullin. The plaintiff having departed this life, it is ordered that this suit abate. Thomas Mann was alive when the October Botetourt court met in session, so his date of death can be pinpointed with some accuracy.
Page 79. Joseph Carpenter received a reward for killing a wolf.
Page 83. December 1772. John Bowyer versus John Mann; John Mann to pay 2 pounds 9 shillings.
Page 85. Jacob Mann, assignee of Jacob Miller. This would seem to be a German Mann, but perhaps it is the elusive James Mann who served as surety to Nancy Mann when she married Henry Bolton in 1799. Jacob is basically a variation of James; the Latin for James is Jacobus. However, I’m voting for this to be a German Mann.
Page 86. William Mann to recover 3 pounds 5 shillings 9 pence and costs from John Sproul.
Page 87. G. Smithers to recover 3 pounds 5 shillings and costs from John Mann.
Page 89. Petition of Thomas Mann versus John Robinson abates by death of Thomas Mann.
Page 92. Zophar Carpenter was mentioned as a lawyer by the court.
Page 95. February 9, 1773. William Mann and George Skillern his security entered into a 500 pound bond to receive the letters of adminstration for the estate of Thomas Mann, deceased.
Page 101. February 10. Thomas Gilbert versus William Mann, discontinued.
Page 122. July 1773. William Mann versus Jeremiah Seeley; defendant not guilty.
Page 130. Christian versus Mann, suit discontinued. William Mann, assignee of John Lewis versus Zophar Carpenter; judgement against defendant.
July 14, 1773. Zophar Carpenter appointed surveyor of road from Fort Defiance and the tithables who usually wrought thereon to attend him.
Page 211. Jacob Mann versus George Francisco and John Murray, his security. The Franciscos were early Scott county pioneers.
Page 217. William Mann versus Richard Wilson; Richard to pay 3 pounds 4 shillings 4 pence and court costs.
Page 219. William Mann versus James Burnside; James to pay 1 pound 17 shillings 11 pence and court costs.
Page 225. James McDowell versus Solomon Carpenter. Attachment for answer and summons for new defendants.
Page 224. Mann versus Burnside; defendant not guilty.
Page 231. Edward Wilson versus William Mann for assault, trespass and battery. Imparlance.
Page 234. Reuben Smothers versus John Mann; John owes 16 pounds with interest from August 15, 1772.
Page 248. William Mann recovers 40 shillings and court costs from Jeremiah Seeley.
Page 257. William Mann, adminstrator of Thomas Mann, deceased versus John Flinn. Plurias copias.
Page 257. Solomon Carpenter versus Mann. New summons against the defendant and attachment with proclamation.
Page 263. William Mann versus Andrew Donally. Plurias copias.
Page 268. M. Buchanan versus John Mann. Common order and writ of enquiry.
Page 274. M. Buchanan versus John Mann. (William Mann, who had been sitting as a juror on previous court cases this session, was removed only for the hearing of this one case). John Mann ordered to pay 26 pounds 2 shillings 4 pence and legal interest from one year for nonperformance.
Page 284. William Mann versus Samuel and Elizabeth McDowell, discontinued.
Page 287. William Mann versus William McKee; McKee to pay 14 pounds 12 shillings 10 pence.
Page 293. William Mann versus Seeley; Seeley to pay 2 pounds 2 shillings and interest from February 2, 1763.
September 10, 1773. James McDowell by Samuel McDowell versus Solomon Carpenter and John Mann. This day came the plaintiff by his attorney and the defendant Mann having stood out all process of contempt, it is decreed that the bill be taken as forfeited for him and new summons against Carpenter.
Page 295. Wilson versus William Mann. Not guilty with leave to give the special matter in evidence.
Page 298. William Mann versus Andrew Donally for debt.
Page 299. William Mann versus James Burnside, James McNutt and Samuel Ewing for debt. Suit discontinued because the plaintiff did not further prosecute.
Page 306. John Sproul versus William Mann. Special imparlance.
Page 329. William Mann to recover 10 pounds 15 shillings 10 pence from Seeley for nonperformance of assumption.
Page 330. Edward Wilson’s complaint against William Mann for assault, trespass and battery is false. February 9, 1774.
Page 358. William Mann versus Samuel and Elizabeth McDowell. Issue abates by sheriff’s return.
Page 364. John Sproul versus William Mann. Demurrer and joinder.
Page 384. John Mann claimed to have been on the Ohio River from commencement of McDowell’s suit to the end. Court refused to examine witnesses.
Page 395. John Mann versus Robert Armstrong. Defendant came not. Plaintiff to recover 3 pounds 17 shillings 9 pence.
Page 437. Sproul versus Mann. Judgement and writ of enquiry.
Page 438. John Mann’s attorney John G. Jones requested John Mann be set at liberty. April 1774.
Page 473. William Mann versus Andrew Donally. Replication and issue.
Page 478. William Mann versus James Burnsides; defendant not guilty.
Page 488. James Burnside versus William Mann for assault, trespass and battery. Special imparlance.
Page 492. William Mann, administrator of estate of Thomas Mann, deceased versus Edward McMullin. Alias copias.
Page 493. John McClenahan & Co. versus William, assignee of Thomas Mann. Special imparlance. On page 539 the court decided that the intestate (Thomas) owed nothing.
Page 43 (following court book) April 15, 1778. William Mann, assignee of David Kidd against James Burnside. Suit transferred to Rockbridge docket. John Mann versus John Jameson. Alias copias. John Mann versus William Fulton, transferred to Greenbrier docket. John Mann versus Gabriel Smithers, continued.
Page 44. John Mann versus Nathaniel Carpenter for debt, continued. John Mann, assignee of Thomas Mann, deceased versus John Clark for debt. Not executed and transferred to Greenbrier docket. John Mann versus Francis ? for debt; alias copias. John Mann versus Andrew Wilson for debt, attachment. John Mann versus Thomas K? for debt; alias copias.
Page 46. Upon the petition of John Mann versus George Patterson, administrator of the estate of Arthur Woods, deceased, new summons.
Page 46. Upon the petition of John Mann, assignee of Thomas Mann, deceased against Solomon Carpenter, new summons. Upon petition of John Mann versus John Aiken, transfer to Greenbrier docket. It may be a coincidence that the only lawsuit I could find William B. Mann engaged in was against an Aiken/Eakin.
Page 47. William Mann versus Thomas Burnsides. Abates by plaintiff’s death. This entry was made during the April 1778 court.
Page 48. John McClenahan & Co. versus William Mann, administrator of Thomas Mann’s estate, abates by defendant’s death.
Page 49. William Mann versus Samuel and Elizabeth McDowell, administrators of the estate of James McDowell, deceased, abates by plaintiff’s death.
Page 84. John Mann versus John Kelly for debt, alias copias. John Mann versus John Maxwell for assault, trespass and battery, conditional order. John Mann versus John Jameson for debt, alias copias. John Mann versus Francis Cowan?Rowan? for debt, conditional order against defendant and his bail. John Mann versus Nathaniel Carpenter, alias copias. John Mann versus William Elms for debt, conditional order against the defendant and James Humphries, his security. John Mann versus Gabriel Smithers for debt, alias copias. John Mann versus Andrew Wilson, attachment executed on defendant’s property for debt. Page 85. September 1788. James Graham versus William and John Mann, transferred to Greenbrier docket against John, William being dead. John Mann versus James Green in chancery. (His father John Man assigned his land rights to Robert Green on February 17, 1735. This case is not further defined but chances are it could concern this assignation.)
Page 93. John Mann versus John Galloway for debt, new summons.
Page 110. November 1778. William Mann’s will is entered into probate.
Page 113. November 11, 1778. James Arbuckle’s suit against John Mann abates by defendant’s death.
Page 129. John Mann versus Thomas Kelly, abates by plaintiff’s death. A list of all of the lawsuits John was engaged in follows, all dismissed due to his death.
Page 205. April 1779. Administration of the estate of Thomas Carpenter granted to Margaret Carpenter. She entered into a 1000 pound bond with Crain Brush and Jeremiah Carper her securities.
Page 241. May 1779. Samuel McCorkle versus Solomon Carpenter, dismissed.
Page 374. April 14, 1780. Administration of the estate of John Mann is granted to Moses Mann, who entered into bond of 5000 pounds with Jeremiah Seeley and Jacob Persinger his securities. In November 1783, the inventory of John Mann’s estate is recorded.
June 1779. Administration of the estate of Nathaniel Carpenter is granted to Agnes Carpenter. She entered into bond for 1000 pounds with Hugh Crockett and Edward McMullin her securities.
Page 265. August 1779. Deed of lease and release from Moses and Fanny Mann to Jeremiah Carpenter acknowledged by said Mann and wife, she having first been privily examined according to law.
Page 312. November 11, 1779. Zophar Carpenter certified as a drummer in Captain Lewis’ Company of Rangers in defense of the colony’s frontiers.
Page 345. Solomon Carpenter’s claim to have served in Dickenson’s Company of Rangers for 1757-1758 is certified. Heir is John Carpenter, son of Thomas Carpenter. Thomas Carpenter’s claim to have been a soldier in William Preston’s Company of Rangers in 1759 is certified. His claim to be a soldier in Dickenson’s Ranger for 1757-8 is also certified. Heir is his son John Carpenter.
Page 347. William Mann’s claim to have served in Colonel Peachey’s Battalion in 1759 as a sergeant is certified. Heir is his eldest son Moses. Thomas Mann served in Dickenson’s Rangers in 1758 as a soldier. Heir is Moses, son of John Mann. John Mann’s claim to have served in Captain Cunningham’s Company on the expedition of 1764 commanded by Colonel Bouquet as an ensign is certified. Heir is his eldest son Moses Mann.
Page 348. Joseph Carpenter’s claim to have served as a soldier in Dickenson’s Company of Rangers in 1759. His heir-at-law is John Carpenter, son of Thomas.
Page 347 is one of the key documents in understanding the relationships of the Mann brothers. When these claims for service were certified in late 1779, all three Mann brothers were deceased as were Solomon, Joseph and Thomas Carpenter. Since Joseph Coles Carpenter, the probable father-in-law of John Mann II was born around 1693, this must be he who is deceased by 1779. By then it would seem that a grandson is inheriting his land, perhaps all of his sons were also deceased.
As I have already stated, there is no mention of a James Mann giving service during the time when John, William and Thomas served. Surely he would have claimed service to obtain land had he served in the Botetourt militia. In conclusion, I believe that our William B. Mann was a son of John Mann II and probably of Frances and/or Damis Carpenter.


National Genealogical Society Quarterly, Volume 25, #2
The Virginia Genealogist, Mercantile Adventures in Early Virginia by William G. Stewart.
1910 Wise county, Virginia census
1900 Scott county, Virginia census
1870 Scott county, Virginia census
1850 Scott county, Virginia census
1860 Scott county, Virginia census
FHC Film #908282 Virginia Marriage Records Before 1853
FHC Film #029893 List of Revolutionary War Soldiers
FHC Film #7811 Index to Virginia Land Grants
The Library of Virginia, online, land grants and deeds (http//
1810 Botetourt county, Virginia census
1820 Botetourt county, Virginia census
Mann and McClintic Genealogy by James Arbuckle
FHC Film #0030701 Indeex of Deeds of Botetourt County
Botetourt County Court Order Books, Volumes I-III
FHC Film #0032634 Marriages in Fincastle and Montgomery Counties, Virginia
Botetourt County Deeds, Volumes I-VII
FHC Film #0030693 Botetourt County Will Book
Scott County, Virginia Deed Books, Volumes I-IV
George Adam Mann-A Family On Four Frontiers
The Manns and Caldwells and Their Names FHC Film #0897211
FHC Film #1033898 Mann Memorial
Caldwell, Eakin, Lemon, Reid and Related Families by T. William Austin and Rebecca H.R. Austin
A History of Scott County by Charles Addington
Augusta Parish 1738-1780 by Beverley Ruffin
Virginia Frontiers by F.B. Kegley
History of Augusta County by J. Lewis Peyton
FHC Film #1421730 Houchins Family History
FHC Film #0987412 Henry Bolton Family of Virginia
Orange County, Virginia Order Book, 1734-5
FHC Film #29316 Abstracts of Deeds: Russell, Washington and Tazewell Counties
FHC Film #6093193 Russell County History
FHC Film #0337165 Scott County, Virginia Deed Book 1815-29
FHC Film #1993745 Scott County List of Tithables, 1816
FHC Fiche #6101260 Montgomery County Will Book I, 1786-1809
FHC Film #883757 Parish Register of Peaked Mountain Church, McGaheysville, Virginia
The Kentucky Land Grants by Jillson
The Mann Family of Green County, Kentucky by W.E. Pullen
Early Settlers of Lee County, Virginia FHC Fiche #6094109
Augusta Court Order Books, Volumes IV-VI
Tombstone inscriptions at Mann Cemetery, Fort Blackmore, Virginia
Virginia Valley Records by John W. Wayland
The Virginia Germans by Klaus Wust
The Tinkling Springs, Headwaters of Freedom by Howard M. Wilson
Annals of Augusta County by Joseph A. Waddell
The Peters Family of Scott County by James A. Peters
History of the Middle New River Settlements and Contiguous Territory by David E. Johnston
Over the Mountain Men: Their Early Court Records in Southwest Virginia by Anne Lowrey Worrell
Early History of Staunton and Beverley Manor in Augusta County, Virginia by Edward Aull
Giles County, Virginia History and Families by the Giles County Historical Society
The Trans-Alleghany Pioneers by Dr. John P. Hale
Montgomery County, Virginia: The First One Hundred Years by Charles W. Crush
A History of the Valley of Virginia by Samuel Kercheval
Virginia Militia in the Revolutionary War by J.T.McAllister
Extracts from the Original Augusta County Court Records by Lyman Chalkley
Annals of Bath County, Virginia by Morton
History of Southwest Virginia by Preston Summers
The Virginia Frontier by Koontz
Biographical Annals of Montgomery County, Pennsylvania FHC Film #1036588
FHC Film #0982146 Pioneers of the 18th Century Bucks County, Pennsylvania
FHC Film #0384543 Early Families of Montgomery County, Pennsylvania
FHC Film #469471 Hawkins County, Tennessee Marriages