COL. McCARTER'S REPORT The following is the official report of col. McCarter, commanding the regiment in the battle of Williamsburg, Va.: "Headquarters 93rd Pa. Regt., May 8th, 1862."Capt. W. H. Morris, Peck' Brigade: "When at 2.30 P.M., the order was given by General Peek, "Move up 93rd," we advanced in quick time to take position in the rear of the 55th N.Y. and support it. On our arrival upon the field we found that ground amounting on the front to about 120 yards on the right of the 55th and the left of the 102nd Pa. was unoccupied. "This was the space between the two roads, one known as the 'new cut' road,the other the old on its right, and both coming together at this distance of 200 yards beyond the woods through which we moved to take position. As the enemy could be seen advancing in force the regiment was rapidly posted.Its right resting on the 102nd Pa. Vols., thus occupying the middle front of the Brigade and extending its left in the rear of the 55th N.Y. "About two-thirds of the command were in line when the charge of the enemy was made, and the fire of our right wing under direction of lt. Col. Johnson,began. "The enemy's charge was led by a squadron of cavalry. The rebel fort, known as Fort Magruder, and a smaller one on the extreme right of the Brigade front,four pieces of rebel artillery, which had been brought into position about 500 yards in our front, together with cavalry and infantry, poured in upon us a storm of shot, shell, grape cannister and bullets. "For three hours the fire of the regiment was incessant on account of its position, commanding a view of both the openings of the roads, on either side of which were fallen bushes and trees, over whose tops volleys of musketry blazed upon our line. At the end of this time, the right and center had expended 45 rounds and were without ammunition. The two companies of the left Co. B. Capt. Arthur, and Co. G. Capt. Maitland, had been posted by me in rear of the left of the 55th, under Capt. Derr, acting Major, where the enemy made three attempts to flank them, but here they were as often driven back.The firing of the Rebels on this flank having ceased, and these two companies having thirty unexpended rounds, were conducted by me to take position on our extreme right upon which the fire of the enemy was still hotly kept up. Here our silence for some moments had induced the idea that we had retired,and these two companies had scarcely been posted when the enemy were seen charging up the road at the distance of about 100 yards. One volley from Company G.; aimed low and with accuracy, stopped their charge and they ceased to advance, but continued to fire rapidly and with fearful effect. At the end of 30 minutes they had been repulsed here and along our whole front, and except scattering musketry from the bushes and shells from Fort magruder and their field pieces, we ceased to be annoyed by them "The Regiment maintained an unbroken line for fully fifteen minutes after every round of ammunition had been expended, and we held our ground until 6 P.M.We were relieved by the 85th Pa. Regt. Keim's Brigade.
GEN PECK'S REPORT. "Headquarters Peck's Brigade.Battlefield, May 6, 1862." "Capt. F. A. Walker, Adjutant General. Couch's Division: "Sir: On the 5th inst., Couch's division was ordered to move after Casey's.About 11 A.M. I came up with Casey's command, which had halted, and hearing heavy firing in front passed on by it towards the headquarters of General keys. "About two o'clock I received orders to move my five regiments and two batteries in support of Hooker's Division, then engaged on the extreme left:the command was urged on with all possible speed over bad roads and in drenching rain. Gen. Keys, commanding 4th Corps. Met and gave me important directions. General Couch, though ill, accompanied me to the field, and reported my arrival and advised in the dispositions. "Reports of movements against my front were quickly followed by a shower of shot, shell and cannister from several batteries in the advance, the enemy's infantry displaying Union colors. My line was pressed under this combination of circumstances. At this juncture I moved to the left centre, the 93rd Pennsylvania Regiment, Col. McCarter. "The regiment came into line handsomely, and by the additional weight of its fire, I was enabled to recover the ground from which the line had receded.It is very gratifying to say that the four gun battery, which had been captured by the enemy, was retaken and remained under the guns of the 62nd New York, 55th New York and 93rd Pennsylvania, at the close of the engagement. Col. McCarter, although very ill, from a week's camp fever, went into action with his regiment, and did great service. By order of BRIGADIER GENERAL PECK. WM. A. MORRIS Captain, Acting Adjutant General. "To Brigadier General Couch, Commanding Division."
GEN. COUCH'S REPORT The following is the report of Gen. Couch, Commanding the Division: "Headquarters Couch's Division,"Williamsburg, Va., May 8, 1862. "Sir, I have the honor to report that at 1 o'clock P.M., of May 5, the head of my Division, consisting of Peck's Brigade only, arrived on the ground in rear of the center of our line of battle, and was by direction of General Keyes, posted by me supporting him, he being fiercely engaged. Peck soon moved forward, and for an hour and a half was opposed by nearly the whole of the enemy's disposable force in front, covered the assaults of their infantry and cavalry, but the determined courage of this Fort Magruder, distant 400 to 600 yards, with its plunging fire of shells and grape gallant officer and the steadiness of his brigade foiled all attempts to drive him from the ground. "The left of the 55th New York was twice forced back, but the 93rd Pennsylvania and the 72nd new York Volunteers, coming up furiously, recovered the space lost. ****There was very little faltering, and I beg to say to the General commanding that I want no higher earthly honor than to be the Commander of the First Division of this Corp. ****The list of casualties were: Peck's Brigade,killed, 18; wounded, 81; missing, 26. Deven's Brigade, 1 killed and 2 wounded. Artillery detachment, 1 wounded. Total loss, 19 killed, 84 wounded and 26 missing.
FOURTH CORPS REPORT. GEN. E. D. Keyes, of the Fourth Army Corps, says: "About 1 o'clock P.M. Gen. Peck, of couch's Division, having passed Casey,arrived at Headquarters, and by direction of General Sumner, was thrown into the woods, forward and to the left, toward the joint where the battle was raging with the utmost fury against Hooker's Division, of Heinzelman's Corp.I accompanied General peck's Brigade until it entered the woods, but the important directions which General Peck in his report says I gave him, had much to do with the admirable dispositions afterwards made by him than his own coolness and judgment. During an hour and a half peck's Brigade composed of the 55th (Col. De Trobaland) and 62nd 9Colonel Riker) New York volunteers,and the 93rd (Colonel McCarter) 98th (Colonel Ballier), and 102nd (Colonel Rowel) Pennsylvania Volunteers, continued to stand its ground alone against the furious onslaught of the enemy, inflicting great loss upon the rebels, and suffering comparatively little itself, owing to General Peck's admirable disposition of his forces. "General peck speaks well of the services of these regiments, and when the ammunition of his own men was exhausted, he relieved them with Gen. Deven'sand Gen. Keim's brigades.