The Synonymous Words for "Judge", "Condemn", etc.
This Is Appendix 122 From The Companion Bible.

  1. krino = to judge, used of a legal or other decision; generally translated "judge", sometimes "determine", "conclude", etc.

  2. anakrino No. 1 with ana (Appendix 104. i) prefixed = to examine; translated, with a negative, "ask no question" in 1Corinthians 10:25, 27.

  3. apokrinomai Middle of No. 1 with apo (Appendix 104. iv) prefixed = to give forth a decision for oneself; hence to answer. According to Hebrew idiom, which prevails in both Testaments, it is often combined with the word "said" in the expression "answered and said", and receives its meaning from the context. (Note on Deuteronomy 1:41 answered and said; Idiom Appendix 6. In this idiom the word "answered" receives its meaning from the context. Here it = confessed, or repented and said.) It thus frequently occurs when no question had been asked: for example, Matthew 11:25, "answered and said" means "prayed and said"; 22:1 "taught"; in Mark 9:5, "exclaimed"; 12:35 "asked"; Luke 13:14, "burst forth"; John 1:49, "confessed"; 5:19, "declared". The word occurs so frequently (more than 240 times), always translated "answer", that it has not been deemed necessary to call attention to it in the notes.

  4. diakrino No. 1 with dia (Appendix 104. v) prefixed = to discriminate, make a difference; hence to doubt. It is translated "stagger" at Romans 4:20.

  5. enkrino No. 1 with en (Appendix 104. viii) prefixed = to adjudge to a particular position. Occurs only in 2Corinthians 10:12, translated "make of the number".

  6. epikrino No. 1 with epi (Appendix 104. ix) prefixed = to pronounce sentence upon. Occurs only in Luke 23:24.

  7. katakrino No. 1 with kata (Appendix 104. x) prefixed = to give sentence against, to condemn. Occurs 19 times, translated "condemn", except in Mark 16:16 and Romans 14:23.

  8. sunkrino No. 1 with sun (Appendix 104. xvi) prefixed = to put together, in order to judge; hence to compare. Occurs only in 1Corinthians 2:13. 2Corinthians 10:22.

  9. hupokrinomai Middle of No.1 with hupo (Appendix 104. xviii) prefixed = to answer (like No. 3), and so to act on the stage; hence to feign. Occurs only in Luke 20:20. The nouns hupokrisis and hupokrites, which we have anglicized into "hypocrisy" and "hypocrite", are always so translated, save in Galatians 2:13, and James 5:12.


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Jeremiah 1