Chapter 16 Notes

Svante Arrhenius

In the 1880's, he linked acid behavior to the presence of hydrogen ions and base behavior with the presence of hydroxide ions in aqueous solution

Bronsted-Lowry Acids & Bases

Johannes Bronsted (Danish) and Thomas Lowry (English) proposed a more general definition of acids and bases.

Autoionization of water

pH Scale

            1             7            14
          Acid         Neutral        Base
(in an aqueous solution, a strong acid is usually the only source of hydrogen ions)