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Elmira Prison Camp OnLine Library
Submitted Information: Confederate Index: F-J

Faircloth, James
Pvt. Co. C 54th Ga Inf. (Bartlow's Infantry)
My great grandfather fought in the CW with the 54th Regiment, Company C, Bartow Infantry, out of Emanuel County. The records I have gathered show that he was captured in 1864, sent to Elmira Prison in New York, and was freed after the war in 1865.

The 54th Georgia was part of Mercer's Brigade that had been doing service along the GA coast until May, 1864. As such they had not seen that much action at the time. In May, however, they were transferred to northwest Georgia to the Army of Tennessee then fighting the beginnings of what would become the Atlanta Campaign. They were attached to Gen. W.H.T. Walker's Division, in which they fought until late July, 1864.

Following the tremendous casualties suffered by this division in the Battle of Atlanta (July 22, 1864), the division was broken up (Walker had been killed) and Mercer's Brigade, with the 54th Georgia, was then attached to Patrick Cleburne's Division - the best division in the Army of Tennessee.

After the fall of Atlanta, the brigade was part of the ill-fated Tennessee Campaign that led to the battles of Spring Hill, Franklin and Nashville, where the army was nearly destroyed. From there they went to fight in North Carolina, including at Bentonville, in 1865, and surrendered with the army at Bennett's Farm in late April, 1865.

Falkner, Banjamin
Pvt. Co. B 14th NC Inf.
Died at Elmira on December 6, 1864 of chronic diarrhoea.

Falls, William W.

·  22 Feb 64: Enrolled at Camp Lee, Richmond

·  24 Feb 64: Assigned to 10th Va, 2nd Company C. Shown on muster roll as 'Conscript'

·  12 May 64: Captured at Mule Shoe, Spotsylvania Court House; battle now known as 'The Bloody Angle'

·  18 May 64: Arrived at Point Lookout, Md., from Belle Plain, Va.

·  30 Jul 64: Transferred to Elmira, NY

·  2 Aug 64: Arrived at Elmira

·  16 Dec 64: Name on list of men at Elmira wishing to take oath; "was conscripted 21 Feb 1864, was exempt on Surgeon certificate to the time of his conscription. Has an uncle in Ohio where he desires to go"

·  8 Mar 65: Died of "chronic diarrhea"; buried in grave no. 2483. Moved at a later date to Woodlawn Cemetery, grave no. 2370
Submitted by John P. Mann IV.


Faulkner, William Leonidas
Captured at Petersburg, VA July 30,1864. He appears on roll of POW's at Point Lookout, Maryland on August 5, 1864 and was received at Elmira on August 12, 1864. He died Sept. 7, 1864 of Typhoid. His effects were 1 pr. shoes, 1 hat, 1 pocket book. The last letter his wife received was before capture and dated July 23, 1864. W.L. Faulkner was born in Lancaster County, SC 20 Feb. 1825. He is buried in Grave No. 309.

Fielder, Robert D.
37th Va. Inf
Enlisted May 22, 1861. Private in 37th Virginia Infantry, Company E. Captured at Spotsylvania Courthouse on May 12, 1864. Released upon taking an oath of allegiance at Elmira, N.Y., June 19,1865. Moved to Adair, Oklahoma in 1890. Died 1921, buried in Adair, Oklahoma.
Information submitted by Brenda Davis.

Fisher, Edward F.
Pvt 5th Va Inf Co L
3/17/62 Staunton b. Augusta Co., 1845; Wounded Sept. 17,1862; returned June 1863. Captured at Poolesville, Md., in July l864 sent to Old Capitol Prison and Elmira. Signed the oath July 16, 1864. Died in Augusta Co., 1892 at the age of 47. Buried at Richmond.

Fix, Henry
Pvt 5th Va Inf Co D
9/30/63 Staunton. Captured at Morton's Ford; sent to Old Capitol Prison, Ft. Delaware, and Elmira; released June 7,1865. Living at Moffett's Creek in 1893.

Fix, William
Pvt 52nd Va Inf Co C
7/16/61 Staunton B. Va. 1826? Wagonmaker, age 34, Buffalo Gap, Augusta Co. 1860 census. Enl. age 28. Present11-12/61. AWOL 2/21-28/62. Fined by CM. Present 3-4/62. Reenlisted. 5/1/62.Present 5/1/62-7/63. Detailed as blacksmith with Ordnance Train7/16-12/31/63. Cap. Bethesda Ch. 5/30/64. Sent to Point Lookout. Transfer. to Elmira. Requested to take oath 3/15/65. "Volunteered7/16/61 for 12 months. Was conscripted at expiration of enlistment. His wife and five small children are at Buffalo Gap, Augusta Co., Va. and are in destitute circumstances. He desires to go to Frederick City, Md., where he has friends residing, there to make some arrangements to remove his family if practicable, to a place of safety where they have the benefit of his labor and support. Born in Va., 37 years old, was always opposed to the course of the South, wished to take the Oath and go to Pittsburgh, Penn." Released 5/13/65. Resident of Staunton, fair complexion, black hair, gray eyes, 5'8 1/2". Wagonmaker, age 41, Augusta Springs, Augusta Co. 1870 census. Died near Pond Gap. Augusta Co. 1/17/01.

Fleenor, William H.
Sgt. 48th VA Inf Co H
Born 1-12-40, Scott Co. VA. Enlisted Scott Co., 6/26/61, age 21. Captured Spotsylvania Court House, 5/12/64. POW Point Lookout 5/18/64 to 8/3/64. POW Elmira 8/6/64 to 8/29/64 when died, typhoid fever. Buried there with his effects, Woodlawn Cemetery, grave 98. Brother Simon Peter Fleenor killed at Battle, Monocacy, MD, 7-9-64.
Submitted by John Fleenor.

Ford, David, Dailey
David Dailey Ford, the son of Perley and Susannah Ford, was born in Henry County, Georgia, 18 Nov. 1840. He died 17 January 1923, and is buried in the Lawrence Grove Cemetery at Eva Alabama. He was a schoolteacher.

David was 21 years old when he enlisted 19 June 1861, in Company K, 18th Regiment, Georgia Volunteer Infantry, which became a part of the Army of Northern Virginia. The Regiment was send to Richmond, Virginia in August.

In November, the Regiment was sent to Dunferies, Virginia, on the Potomac River where it was stationed south of the Village of Occoquan. It was a part of what would become the famous Texas Brigade lead by John Bell Hood.

David's first action was at Ethan’s Landing during the Peninsula Campaign. He next fought at The Battle of Seven Pines, then at the First Battle of Cold Harbor.

In July his older brother John G. Ford joined him and fought at Thoroughfare Gap, and then at the Second Battle of Manassas\Second Bull Run. From there they were a part of the invasion of Maryland and fought at Fox's Gap, in the Battle of South Mountain. Three days later the fought in the "Cornfield" at Antietam\Sharpsburg where they were both wounded, John was seriously wounded and David slightly hurt. In December they fought from behind the Stone Wall at Fredericksburg. They fought at the Battle of Chancellorsville. The General Lee took them again to Gettysburg.

The Ford boys went with Longstreet's Corps to eastern Tennessee. At the attack Fort Sanders, John was captured. David went back to Virginia with Longstreet to help Lee fight Grant. David fought at The Wilderness and at Spotsylvania before going to his fate at the Second Battle of Cold Harbor\Gaine's Mill where David was captured with his future cousin, James A. Richie.

David was transported the next day to Point Lookout, Maryland; and then sent to Elmira, New York, arriving 11 June 1864.

David Ford took the Oath of Allegiance at Elmira, New York, 27 June 1865, and was released. Federal records describe him as blond complexion, 5 feet, 5 inches tall, with blue eyes and red hair.

David made his way back to Georgia and a devastated homeland where he learned his father had two families, one Northern and one Southern. David learned of the death of his mother from letters from his brother John G. Ford who was captured at Fort Sanders and had gone to Indiana after he got out of prison camp. Their father had gone to Indiana with John's the four motherless children.

In 1867, David married the girl next door, Sarah Richie, and moved to Eva, Alabama. David went to Little Rock, Arkansas for the 1912 Confederate Veterans reunion.
Information submitted by Bob Ford.

Fortner, B.F.
Pvt 5th Va Inf Co H.
Date and place of capture unknown. Died of disease at Elmira, Aug. 15,1864. Buried Woodlawn Cemetery Grave No. 21.

Forrester/Foster, Thomas A
16th Ga. Reg., Co. F
In the 1850 Walton County, Georgia census Thomas A Forrester was shown with his father George Forrester and mother Nancy Ann Friddell Forrester. Then in the 1870 census he is shown as Thomas A Foster, this is the name he used for the remainder of his life.

Thomas A Forrester/Foster was born May 7,1838 in Walton County, Georgia. He married Martha E Bailey January 4,1866 in Gwinnett County, Georgia, she was born October 2,1843 in Gwinnett County, Georgia. They were the parent's of 8 children, William Henry Foster, Joel Washington Foster, Robert A Foster, Marion V Foster, and John Clay Foster. the three daughters's all used the name of Forrester. They were Eliza J Forrester, Theodocia Minerva Forrester and Sarah Annie Forrester.

Thomas A Forrester/Foster enlisted in Company F (Joe Brown's Rough and Readies) 16th Regiment, Georgia Volunteer Infantry, Confederate Army in June or July 1861 at Bethlehem Camp Ground in Walton County, Georgia.

He was taken prisoner at Gaines Farm during the Battle of Cold Harbor. Virginia, June 1,1864, and was sent to Point Lookout, Maryland June 11,1864 and then on July 12 he was sent to Elmira, New York arriving there 5 days later on July 17,1864. He was released from the prison at Elmira, New York on July 7,1865. After the war was over he returned to Gwinnett County, Georgia.. It was here that all of the children of Thomas and Martha were born. Sometime during 1894 he and a portion of their family moved to and lived in Dallas, Texas, returning to Fulton County, Georgia in 1896.

Thomas A. Forrester/Foster died in 1917 in Atlanta, Ga, and his wife Martha E Bailey Foster died in 1915 in Atlanta, Georgia, both are buried in Casey's Cemetery in Atlanta, Georgia Here Are some Excerpts from the Wayfarers in Walton, portraying events leading up to the Battle Of Cold Harbor. Robert E. Foster in Greensboro, Georgia copied this information from Wayfarers in Walton. a grandson of Thomas A Forrester/Foster

The Federals in Virginia continued their winding way from the Rapidan to the Chickahominy, their route strewn with bodies of fallen soldiers, most of them clad in blue.

Grant's Richmond campaign was nearing a close with the bloody, ineffective assault by the Union troops at Cold Harbor. They had crossed the Pamunkey River, marched and skirmished for three days and then found themselves confronted by Lee's main line on the Totopotomoy River.

As the forces clashed there on June 1st, John B. and David R. Still of Hillyer Rifles were killed. Lieutenant Frederick Patrick of McRae's Company, who had already sacrificed an eye, was captured on the same day, which happened to be his birthday.

Among his company mates falling into enemy hands were William M. Forrester (Later Exchanged), 24 year old Thomas A. Forrester/Foster, 38 year old John Mahlon Jackson, H. Brannan Treadwell, and John B. Carlton. It is believed that William M. Forrester was the brother of Thomas A Forrester/Foster.

Another Excerpt from Wayfarers In Walton follows:

Many of the Rough and Readies surrendered with Lee at Appomattox. Behind them lay action at Malvern Hill, Crampton's Gap, Sharpsburg, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Fort Sanders, Wilderness, Cold Harbor, Cedar Creek and Sailor's Creek.

Information provided by Leona T Shields.

Fowler, John S.
We are seeking information on one of our ancestors that was imprisoned and died at Elmira in January. His name was John S. Fowler in Texas CSA. He was wounded, but we don't know the battle or the extent of his wounds. We would appreciate any information you have and could send to us at this website or mail to Mrs. Warren L. Faller 901 W. Storey Midland, Texas 79701.

Francis, Presley
2nd NC Inf Co. A
He actually served in Co. A, 2nd Battalion N.C. Infantry: Private: Resided in Stokes County (NC) where he enlisted at age 22, May 4, 1861, for twelve months. …captured at Beltsville, Maryland, July 12-13, 1864. Confined July 23-24, 1864, at Elmira, New York, where he died September 27, 1864, of "chronic diarrhoea."(N.C. Troops 1861-1865, Vol. III, p. 271)
Information submitted by Richard Simmons.

Franklin, Ennis
Co. A, 1st Al Art
Captured at Fort Morgan, Alabama, 1864. Transferred to Elmira Prison. Died March 6, 1865. He is buried in grave number 2387.

Funderburg, William Marshal
Born about 1820 in Edgefield Co, SC, the son of Peter Charles Funderburg and Mary Elizabeth. He married 9 May, 1848 in Talladega Co., AL to Mary Mahulda Davis. William and Mary lived near Tuscaloosa Alabama where they had eight children before William joined the Civil War. He was recruited from Coffey Co., Alabama. According to his Military papers from the National Archives, a date of original enlistment is not known. He is listed on a roster from Dec 24, 1863 to April 30, 1864. Then he is shown as being admitted to the General Hospital in Howard's Grove, Richmond, Virginia June 6, 1864. It says he returned to duty June 25, 1864. Then on July 10, 1864 he was taken prisoner near Harper's Ferry, Frederick Maryland, by General Hunter's Forces. He was sent to Old Capital Prison in Washington, D.C. then was sent on to Elmira Federal Prison, N.Y. on July 25, 1864. He died of Typhoid Fever Nov. 1, 1864 after 3 months of being held as a prisoner. On July 9, in near Fredrick Maryland was the battle of Monocacy. A Federal force of 5,800 held back 15,000 Confederates from taking Washington. Although the Federals lost they were successful in delaying the advancement of the Confederates until reinforcements arrived. Estimated 700 to 900 killed and wounded or lost. It was at this battle that William Marshall Funderburg was taken captive and then sent to the prison in Washington. It is not known if he was wounded at this battle. Ironically after his capture he was charged $73.63 for his gun and accruements.
Information provided by Jami Hamilton

Furr, John B.
Pvt., 1st NC Art
Captured at Fort Fisher, January 15, 1865 and confined at Elmira, New York where he died March 3, 1865 of variola. He is buried in the Woodlawn Cemetery, Elmira, New York.

Furr, Lawson Alexander
Pvt., 28th NC Inf Co. K
Died of pneumonia on December 6, 1864, Elmira Prison Camp, New York. He is buried in the Woodlawn Cemetery, Elmira, New York.

Furr, Martin
Pvt., 3rd NC Light Art Co. C
Captured Fort Fisher, North Carolina, January 15, 1865; confined Elmira Prison Camp, New York, where he died of typhoid fever on February 23, 1865. He is buried in the Woodlawn Cemetery, Elmira, New York.

Gamble, Thomas E.
Co. I, 25th SC Inf
Thomas E. Gamble enlisted May 16, 1862 at Charleston , SC as a private in Company I of the 25th Regiment South Carolina Infantry. He served with that regiment until he was captured at Fort Fisher, NC on January 15, 1865. Records from the archives indicate he arrived at Elmira on January 30, 1865. He died on April 7, 1865. Cause of death is listed as chronic diarrhea. Records indicate his grave location as #2655. I am attaching a photograph of his grave marker. This photo was located by Mr. Tom Drum of Elmira, and e-mailed to me. ( The marker is #2645, and the name is listed as "F" E Gamble rather than "T" E Gamble).
Information provided by Dan Williams.

Headstone for Blout Caswell GarrisGarris, Blout Caswell
Blount was born around 1820 in the Speight's Bridge district of Greene Co., NC. His father was Lewis Garris (1775-1849)of Greene Co., NC. His mother was Nancy Anne Blount (about 1796-?) of Pitt Co., NC. He married Fedora Owens Sawrey in about 1843. Their children were: James Henry (1844-1914), Elizabeth (about 1846-1889), Unknown daughter (perhaps died young), William Washington (1848-1932), Lucinda (about 1850-1894), and Mary Susan (1852-1937).

Blount's military records indicate that he entered service in Company G, 8th NC Infantry Regiment as a substitute Private (in other words, somebody with money paid him a bounty to serve in their stead). The date was October 27, 1862, and he is listed as being 46 years old. His eldest son, (my great grandfather) had volunteered earlier in the year (age 17), in Company K, 33rd NC Infantry Regiment.

Some initial research of the 8th NC Infantry Regiment indicates that it served early in the war as a "Home Guard" around New Bern, NC. In the Spring/Summer campaign of 1864, the 8th NC joined the Army of Northern Virginia. Blount fought in, and was captured, at the battle of Cold Harbor, VA, on June 1, 1864. He was sent to the Union prison camp at Point Lookout, MD, where his son, James Henry had been held since his capture during Pickett's Charge at Gettysburg, PA, July 3, 1863. Their is no evidence that father and son met at Point Lookout, but it is probable, since men in prison usually gravitate to their home boys.

Blount was transferred by train to the Union prison camp at Elmira, NY, on July 12, 1864. Records indicate that he arrived there on July 17, 1864. He was probably a survivor of the notorious Shohola, PA, train wreck on July 15, 1864, which would account for the five days travel from MD to NY. If you have a list of survivors of the Shohola train wreck I would appreciate it if you would tell me if his name is on it.

Blount died at Elmira of "Chronic Diarrhea" on April 9, 1865, sadly the day of Lee's surrender at Appomattox Court House. The written record indicates that he was buried in grave plot 2705. However, upon contacting the Elmira Cemetery, I learned that he is in grave plot 2620, and that his last name is misspelled "Garries."

The following shows the direct linage of Blout Garris back to Charlemagne:

1.      Charlemagne, King of Franks, 1st Holy Roman Emperor (742-814)

2.      Louis, I, de Aquitaine, King of France (778-840), Son

3.      Charles II, the Bald, King of West Franks (823-877), Grandson

4.      Judith, Princess of the West Franks (844-870), Great-granddaughter
+ Baudouin I, Bras de Fer, Count of Flanders (837-879), Husband of the great-granddaughter

5.      Baudouin, II, the Bald, Count of Flanders (863-918), 2nd great-grandson

6.      Arnolph, I, le Grand, Count of Flanders (889-964), 3rd great-grandson

7.      Elstrude de Flanders (932-?), 4th great-granddaughter
+ Sigefred le Danois, 1st Count of Guisnes (937-?), Husband of the 4th great-granddaughter

8.      Ardolph de Picardy, 2nd Count of Guisnes (950-?), 5th great-grandson

9.      Rudolph le Blount, 3rd Count of Guisnes (980-?), 6th great-grandson

10.   Robert le Blount, 1st Baron of Ixworth (1029-?), 7th great-grandson & Brother of Sir William I

11.   Gilbert le Blount, 2nd Baron of Ixworth (1060-?), 8th great-grandson

12.   William le Blount, 3rd Baron of Ixworth (1090-?), 9th great-grandson

13.   Gilbert le Blount, 4th Baron of Ixworth (1120-1173), 10th great-grandson

14.   Sir Stephen le Blount, of Saxlingham (1166-1235), 11th great-grandson & Husband of the 11th great-granddaughter

15.   Sir William le Blount, I, of Saxlingham (1039-?) 7th great-grandson & Brother of Lord Robert of Ixworth

16.   Sir ? le Blount, of Saxlingham, 8th great-grandson

17.   Sir William le Blount II of Saxlingham, 9th great-grandson

18.   Sir William le Blount III of Saxlingham, 10th great-grandson

19.   Maria le Blount of Saxlingham (1170-?), 11th great-granddaughter & Wife of the 11th great-grandson

20.   Sir Robert le Blount, of Saxlingham (1198-1288), 12th great-grandson

21.   Sir William le Blount, of Timberlake (1245-?), 13th great-grandson

22.   Sir Walter le Blount, of Rock (1270-1322), 14th great-grandson

23.   Sir John le Blount of Sodington (1298-1358), 15th great-grandson

24.   Sir John Blount II of Kinlet (?-1424), 16th great-grandson

25.   John Blount III of Kinlet (?-1442), 17th great-grandson

26.   Humphrey Blount of Kinlet (1422-1477), 18th great-grandson

27.   Sir Thomas Blount of Kinlet (1456-1524), 19th great-grandson

28.   Sir Walter Blount of Astley (?-1461), 20th great-grandson

29.   Robert Blount, Esquire, of Astley (?-1575), 21st great-grandson

30.   Thomas Blount I of Astley (1564-1624), 22nd great-grandson

31.   James Blount I of Astley (?-1651), 23rd great-grandson

32.   Captain James Blount II of Astley (1620-1686), 24th great-grandson, 1st American colonist.

33.   Thomas Blount, Sr. of North Carolina (?-1706), 25th great-grandson

34.   Thomas Blount, Jr. of North Carolina (1687-?), 26th great-grandson

35.   Jacob Blount I of North Carolina (1726-1789), 27th great-grandson

36.   Jacob Blount II of North Carolina (1760-?), 28th great-grandson

37.   Nancy Anne Blount of North Carolina (1796-?), 29th great-granddaughter
+ Lewis Garris of Greene Co., NC (1775-1849), Husband of 29th great-granddaughter

38.   Blount Caswell Garris of Greene Co., NC (1820-1865), 30th great-grandson

39.   James Henry Garris of Greene Co., NC (1844-1914), 31st great-grandson

40.   William James Garris of Greene Co., NC (1884-1923), 32nd great-grandson

41.   Henry Jennings Garris of Greene Co., NC (1912-1993), 33rd great-grandson

42.   Mark William Garris (1949-), 34th great-grandson

Information submitted by Mark William Garris.


German, Michael Phillip
Born: 1813 Baltimore, Maryland; Died; After 1885. Hightest Rank: private

  • 07/06/1861 Mustered in ist Maryland Light Arty.
  • 07/13/1863 Captured by a unit called "The Blue Reserves" at Hagerstown after Gettysburg
  • 07/22/1863 sent from Harrisburg to Philadelphia
  • 07/23/1863 sent to Fort Delaware POW camp
  • 09/26/1863 sent to Point Lookout POW camp
  • 07/26/1864 sent to Elmira POW camp
  • 05/08/1865 took oath of allegiance
  • 6/08/1865 paroled and returned to Baltimore
    Information provided by

    Gibbs, Benjamin
    Co. K, 13th Ala. Inf.
    Gibbs was a POW at Elmira NY and was released from there in June 16, 1865. He was captured at Wilderness sent to Point Lookout MD and then to Elmira.
    Information provided by

    Gilkeson, Thomas Edgar
    Pvt. Co. K, 14th VA. Cal
    Thomas Edgar GILKESON I (1839-12 Jan. 1888) - MD - Rose Margaret DENNIS (1853) (Civil War Vet. PVT Co K, 14 Va C, Greenbrier) Thomas disappeared during the civil war, after some research on this section of the family I found that Thomas was captured, sent to a prison camp at Elmira, New York. At the end of the war he was released and went to work in the fruit country around Rochester, New York where he met and married Rose Dennis. Thomas was a harness maker and later moved to Clinton, Iowa. They later moved to Wessington, South Dakota to homestead and raise sheep. It was during this time he was caught out in the great blizzard of 1888 and froze to death four miles from home. Rose and the children moved back to New York and she remarried a man by the name of Hilary. I checked the 1880 census index and found a Thomas Gilkeson was living in Larimer County, Colorado on page 031 of the census and must have moved later to Wessington, South Dakota.
    Information provided by Robert E. Gilkeson.

    Gleaton, Joseph Thomas Stansell

    Gloucester Boys, The
    The pastoral scene shows no signs of the death and disease which gripped this place from July of 1864 to July of 1865. The Chemung River flows gently towards the Susquehanna. Trees are in their full foliage and flowers are in bloom. It is spring in southern New York.

    One-hundred-thirty seven years ago, on this site, nine Confederate prisoners of war were dying each day. This is the site of the infamous Union prisoner of war camp at Elmira, New York. The men and boys of Gloucester imprisoned here called it “Helmira.” Between July 6, 1864 and July 10, 1865 three thousand prisoners died, one of every four.

    From my research, I have determined that 126 of Gloucester’s men were imprisoned here, 100 from the 26th Virginia Infantry, and the remainder from the 34th and 46th Infantry and the 5th Virginia Cavalry. Sixty-four of those one hundred twenty-six never saw Gloucester again. Those from the 34th, 46th and 5th came to Elmira from various engagements over a scattered period of time, but I will concentrate on the 26th Virginia Infantry and how its men got to this place. First, however, I must deal with some fundamental issues regarding the War and the current trend towards “political correctness” in lieu of facts.

    As a descendant of slaveholders, I have struggled with the issue of slavery. As a descendant of Confederate soldiers who were not slaveholders, I have wondered about their involvement in the conflict. I know where I stand on both subjects. Slavery was a despicable institution, and I apologize here and now to any reader whose ancestors were enslaved by my ancestors. The scars from slavery are still with us, and all the wounds have not healed. I cannot undo the past, but I can deal with the present.

    As to my Confederate ancestors, I honor their memory and their service. When the Confederate flag is used to honor that service, it is appropriate; however, when the Klan, neo-Nazis and other hate groups use that same flag, I am sick to the pit of my stomach. Such usage desecrates our ancestors’ service. Anyone who believes the watermen of Guinea, Timberneck Creek and Robins’ Neck or the woodcutters of Adner and Signpine fought to protect slavery, knows nothing of the history leading to the War Between the States. These men and boys fought and died because Virginia had been invaded by a foreign Army. Just as African-Americans from Gloucester fought and died for the Union Army, free African-Americans from Gloucester, including Alexander Davenport, fought for the Confederacy.

    Now, back to Elmira. The 26th Infantry was stationed at Gloucester Point from May of 1861 until May of 1862. The first death recorded was of Robert J. Fary, who died at Gloucester Point of disease August 20, 1861.When the Confederacy abandoned the fort at Gloucester Point ( and all of Gloucester County) in 1862, some of the soldiers of the 26th joined the 34th, 46th and 5th Virginia Cavalry. The remaining members moved off in the direction of Richmond, some participating in the Battle of Seven Pines, where the 26th experienced its first battle death . Between 1862 and 1864, the soldiers of the 26th were stationed in Florida, Georgia and South Carolina. They were involved in some minor skirmishes, but were relatively unscathed.

    The Gloucester soldiers returned to the Richmond-Petersburg area in the Spring of 1864. By this time, it was clear that the future of the Confederacy was in serious doubt. It was essential that Richmond and Petersburg be defended at all cost. By late May, the 26th Virginia was in the trenches around Petersburg. By June 15th, 100 Gloucester men had been captured, and several dozen were dead. For the captured, their first stop was the Union prison at Point Lookout, Maryland.

    Point Lookout was extremely overcrowded, and the prisoners were ordered to Elmira, New York to the site of an existing U.S. Army post to an area called Barracks # 3. Barracks # 3 was the Elmira Prisoner of War Camp. The first soldiers from Gloucester arrived July 6, the day the prison opened. By the end of July, over 4,000 Confederates were imprisoned. One indication of the number of prisoners from Gloucester comes indirectly from Mr. William Post of Elmira, a local grocer. Mr. Post delivered groceries to the POW camp. He also took trinkets the prisoners had made and sold those items in town, then bought goods the soldiers requested. Mr. Post wrote “ In those days, oysters were put up in pint cans, and I used to take many a pint to those Virginia boys.” No doubt, Mr. Post was delivering canned oysters to Gloucester’s oystermen.

    As with any POW camp, Elmira acted as a place for local citizens to come see these “strange creatures called rebels.” Local entrepreneurs erected an observation platform across the street from the prison, where the prisoners could be viewed for the price of 10 cents. Viewers could purchase lemon drink, ginger cakes, beer and liquor. The local newspaper wrote that “..people from the country won’t go home after their shopping is done without a peep at these varmints…” James Fleming of Gloucester wrote of hearing arguments from the visitors. Some of those visitors supported the prison, while others were called “Copperheads” [southern sympathizers.] In all fairness, the same types of activities occurred around the Confederate prisons for Union soldiers at Andersonville, Georgia and at other locations. In War, it is always easier to hate the enemy if that enemy is portrayed as being “different from us.”

    By August 21st, one of the 26th was dead. James Fleming wrote of holding his brother John’s hand as John died, and of making a wooden marker for his grave. Before James Fleming returned to Little England the following July, sixty-three other men and boys from Gloucester were dead from disease and starvation. The dead, all 2,963 of them, are buried a mile away at Woodlawn National Cemetery.

    The fact that marked graves with headstones exist at all is due to the efforts of John W. Jones, sexton of the cemetery during the time. John Jones was born a slave in Loudon County, Virginia and had worked his way north via the Underground Railroad, and was an established businessman in Elmira. He kept meticulous records of each death, and supervised each burial personally. He insisted on respect for the Confederate dead, in opposition to the wishes of Union commanders. Mr. Jones even had the task of burying two grandsons of his former owner. The largest number of soldiers buried in any one day was forty-eight.

    Because of John Jones, I can tell you that Cornelius Coates is at grave # 1862; Robert Gwyn lies at # 1286; J.T Milby at # 2935; John Fleming at # 31; William Wyatt is at # 857; James Bristow at # 671; Joshua Rilee rests at #1023; John Robins at # 2393. There are fifty-five other Gloucester soldiers whose graves I visited. In a common grave lies R.P Haynes. Haynes is one of the 26th who died along with forty other prisoners and eight Union guards in a train accident on July 15th while being transported to Elmira.

    My first stop in Elmira was the Chemung County History Museum, where microfilm copies of original camp records are available, as well as numerous stories on the prison and files of recorded recollections of soldiers who survived. The list of the dead and their grave numbers is also available. From the museum, I proceeded to what is left of the original prison site. I walked over a dike to get a view of the layout of those 300 acres. A monument and flagpole are all that remain at the original site. From there I proceeded to Woodlawn National Cemetery. It was, to say the least, an emotional journey.

    When, not if, you go to Elmira, I suggest that you visit the Museum before going to the POW camp and the National Cemetery. The museum staff will help you place the other locations in perspective. Elmira is a one-day drive from Gloucester just above the Pennsylvania/New York line. The names of Gloucester’s soldiers imprisoned at Elmira reads like a history of Gloucester --- Ash, Bland, Booker, Brown, Clements, Croswell, DuVal, Eubank, Fary, Hogg, Howlett, Jenkins, Kemp, Leigh, Marshall, Milby, Newbill, Nuttall, Oliver, Pointer, Rilee, Rowe, Sears, Shackelford, White, and dozens of others. Family has not visited the graves of some of your ancestors and cousins in over 137 years. Don’t you owe your people a “thank you” in person ?
    Information submitted by Cy Rilee.

    Goode, James
    On April 23, 1861, just three months after the birth of Ida Catherine, James Goode enlisted in the Confederate Army at Gloucester Courthouse and was assigned to Company B of the 26th Virginia Infantry. His brother, Washington, enlisted one month later, in the same unit. For the next several years Private Goode was stationed at the Confederate fort at Gloucester Point and was not involved in any battles until 1864 when his unit was transferred to reinforce the defenses for the Battle of Petersburg. Because Company B was a well-trained unit, they were assigned to Battery Five, the most vulnerable position of the Southern defense and the most likely place for the Yankees to intensify their attack. On June 15, 1864, Battery Five received the full onslaught of the invading Northern army. Among those taken captive were Private James Thomas Goode, and his brother, Washington. Private James Nuttall, who was also captured that day later described what followed:

    "The next day after getting to Bermuda Hundred we were put on a steamer and sent to Old Point and were put in a pen until the next day then put on a steamer and sent to Point Lookout (Maryland) kept us there four or five weeks, put three hundred on a steamer and sent to Jersey City and we took cars there to Elmira, New York ….. When I left Pt. Lookout I was nearly dead, the copperness water was killing more of our men than the Yankee balls."

    On September 20, 1864, James Thomas Goode died of typhoid fever in the prison camp in Elmira, New York; he was buried at Woodlawn National Cemetery, plot #509 W. N. C. Hardly a month later, his brother, Washington died, October, 15 1864, of "chronic diarrhea." Washington was buried at Woodlawn National Cemetery, plot #553 W. N. C.

    Mary Catherine Groome (1835-?) married James Thomas Goode (1831-1864); they had two children: John Thomas and Ida Catherine. While her husband was away fighting the Yankees, Mary Catherine assumed the responsibility of raising their small children and operating the family farm. At the settlement of the war, Mary Catherine was awarded a pension of $8 per month for her husband's contribution to the Confederate cause. She never remarried nor did she ever give up the rigorous farm life. Mary Catherine lived out her life in the household of her son, John Thomas Goode.

    Frances Groom married Andrew Washington Goode, whose older brother, James Thomas Goode, married Frances's older sister, Mary Catherine Groom. Frances living with their mother, and Mary Catherine spending the rest of her life working the family farm near the residence of her mother and sister, who was also her sister-in-law. By 1875, Frances had remarried and gave birth to a son, Thomas McDonough, by her second husband.
    Information submitted by

    Gordon, Samuel A.
    Pvt 5th Va Inf Co B
    4/18/61 Lexington clerk; age 23; Transferred with company to 4th and 27th Regiments. Va. Inf. Elected Cpl., Co. H, 27th Regt., Oct. 7, 1661. Elected Sgt., Nov.27, 1861, but he was back to Pvt., by end of Oct. 1862. Sent to hospital, Lynchburg, Dec. 2,1862. Captured at Spotsylvania, May 20,1864; sent to Point Lookout and Elmira; released June 30, 1865. Postwar roster states he died in service.

    Gowen, A.
    Pvt 5th Va Inf Co H.
    Date of capture and place unknown. Died of disease at Elmira Sept. 21,1864. Buried Woodland Cemetery, Grave. No.484.

    Glover, Eli S.
    Co. F 1st Ala. Art.
    He was captured at Fort Morgan on August 23, 1864 and shipped to Helmira from New Orleans, La. on Sept. 27, 1864. He was received in Helmira Oct. 8, 1864 and died there Feb. 16, 1865. Eli was from Henry County, Alabama. His first wife was Susan K. Glover daughter of John P. Glover of Barbour County, Al. Eli's family came to the USA before the American Revolution and all his grandfathers served in the AR. His families were pioneers into this country and are listed on the Georgia Pioneers List. The Glover family along with Eli were also pioneers into Alabama. Eli lost Susan in 1858 to death they had 4 children all under age 4. He remarried and had an additional 3 children. When he was killed at Elmira the 4 children of his marriage to Susan was sent to different family members to live with since both mother and father were not dead.
    Information provided by Margie Glover-Daniels

    Grant, Barnabas
    Pvt. 4th SC Cav. Co. E
    Captured Trevilian Station; died Elmira Prison, New York.

    Grossclose, William J.
    Pvt Co C 51st Va Inf. Regt 7/30/61 Wytheville; POW Frederick, Md. 7/10/64; Old Capitol Prison 7/17/64 to Elmira 7/25/64; sent to James River for exchange 2/20/65; alive 1912.

    Hailey, Andrew Jackson
    Pvt 5th Va Inf Co H
    6/20/63 Sharpsburg, Md. Wounded. (in big toe) at Gettysburg, July 3, 1863; captured July 4,1863; sent to Ft. McHenry, Ft. Columbus, and Elmira. U.S. records show that on Sept. 15,1864, Hailey proclaimed no sympathy with the "Rebel cause." Died June 15,1865, at Elmira with typhoid fever. Buried Woodland Cemetery, Elmira, N. Y. Grave No. 2878.

    Hale, Rufus H. Hale
    Imprisoned at Elmira. He was captured at Spotsylvania Courthouse Va. Imprisoned at Point Lookout Maryland and Elmira N.Y.
    Information submitted by Roberta Whiteacre.

    Hall, Daniel
    He is buried in Elmira Cemetery. He was with the 21st Inf, SC. He was captured at Fort Fisher. He died at the prison in February or April 1865
    Submitted by Casey J. Wiley.

    Haney, James R.
    Pvt 5th Va Inf Co B
    4/18/61 Lexington lawyer; age 21;Transferred with company to 4th and 27th Regiments. Va. Inf. Captured at Middletown, June 14,1862; exchanged, Aug. 5,1862. Wounded.(head) at the Wilderness. Captured at Spotsylvania, May 12, 1864; sent to Elmira; transferred for exchange. Mar. 14. 1865.

    Haney, William E.
    Pvt 4th Vir Inf Co C
    My relative died while at the prison. I'm not sure but I believe he died as a prisoner on Feb 19, 1865. He was a member of the Stonewall Brigade, Pvt., 4th Virginia Inf., Co C, He was captured at the Battle of the Wilderness.
    Information submitted by Wade Farmer.

    Joseph W.S. HarperHarper, Joseph William Sebastian
    Pvt. 50 Ga. Inf. Co F
    He married Harriett Blisset or Blanchett March 27, 1859. He had a sister named Adeline Matilda Harper who married John G. Harrell in Decatur GA. Another sister named Julia Ann Harper who married Chester Abel Feb. 9, 1860 in Decatur.

    He was a prisoner of war at Point Lookout, Md. June 1864. Transferred to Elmira Prison July 12, 1864. (Point Lookout, Maryland. Register No. 1 pg 223) Prisoner of War received at Elmira, NY July 12, 1864 from Point Lookout, Md. Capture Gaines Mills June 1, 1864. Transferred for exchange on March 14, 1865. Parole of Prisoner of War at Elmira, NY, March 15, 1865, and sent to James River for exchange. Parole dated Elmira, NY, March 14, 1865. While a prisoner of war he had pneumonia, and Typhoid Fever among other illnesses. He was in Company F., 50 Georgia Infantry (Confederate) and served as a Private. He was listed on the prisoner of war rolls belonging to the Confederate Army, surrendered by Maj. Gen Sam Jones, commanding Confederate Forces in Florida to Brig. Gen. E.M. McCook, U.S.V. commanding US Forces at Tallahassee, Fl. and vicinity, in compliance with the terms of a Military Convention made on April 26, 1865, at Bennett's House near Durham's Station, N.C., between Gen. J.E. Johnston of the Confederate Armies, and Major Gen. W. T. Sherman, USA, and approved by Lt. Gen U.S. Grant, USA.

    After released as POW he walked to Suwannee County, Fl. to find his family. There he lived and died on August 11, 1877. He was sickly due to the sickness during his stay at Elmira Prison.

    He had children: James William Harper, Mary Harper, Nancy Hester Harper, Charlton Harper and Joseph Callaway Harper. Nancy Hester Harper was my g grandmother, who married Stonewall Jackson Cope. They lived in Largo, Florida.
    Information submitted by Jean Campbell Creamer.

    Harris, Anderson Kennedy
    Co. A, 18th S.C. Reg.
    Anderson Kennedy Harris was recruited in 1862, wounded and captured at the Petersburg Mine Blowup in July 1864, imprisoned at Elmira NY and released after the surrender.
    Information provided by Sara Davis

    Harris, William F.
    Pvt 5th Va Inf Co H
    4/19/61 Fishersville farmer; age 22; Present, Dec. 1861. Captured at Spotsylvania, May 12, 1864; sent to Point Lookout and Elmira; no further record. Died near Stuart's Draft, Jan. 25,1897, at the age of 68.

    Harshbarger, John
    Pvt 52nd Va Inf Co F
    7/31/61 Staunton B. Augusta Co. 12/42. Present11-12/61, detailed as wagoner. Present 1-4/62.Reenl. 5/1/62. Detailed as teamster 8/31/62-2/63. Present 4/30-12/63.Promoted 4thCpl. '64. WIA and cap. Bethesda Ch. 5/30/64. Sent to Point Lookout. Transfer. Elmira. Released 5/30/65. Resident of Staunton, 5' 7",dark complexion, dark hair, blue eyes. Farmer, age 28, Mt. Sidney PO, Augusta Co. 1870 census. Living in Ga. 1900. Died 2/22/22.

    Hatcher, J.J.
    Pvt 5th Va Inf Co H.
    Died of disease at Elmira Aug.15,1864. Buried Woodlawn Cemetery Grave No. 158.

    Haruff, Andrew J.
    Pvt 52nd Va Inf Co A
    7/17/61 Staunton B. Augusta Co. 11/8/35. Present 11/61-4/62. Reenlisted. 5/1/62. Present 8/31/62-10/9/62. Ab. sick 10/11/62-10/63. Present 11-12/63. Cap. Bethesda Ch. 5/30/64,age 34. Sent to Point Lookout. Transfer. Elmira. Exchanged 10/29/64.Paroled Staunton 5/1/65. Age 30, 5' 8", dark complexion, black hair, gray eyes. Carpenter and Millwright, Augusta Co. Died Augusta Co.5/9/97. Buried Hebron Pres. Ch. Cemetery near Weyer's Cave.

    Hathcock, Calvin
    Pvt. 42nd NC, Co. C
    Resided in Stanly Co. and enlisted in Rowan Co. at age 27, March 27, Mustered in as Private. Promoted to Musician (Drummer) in May-June, 1863. Reduced to ranks prior to September 1, 1863. Captured at Cold Harbor, Virginia, June 3, 1864. Transferred to Elmira, New York, where he arrived on July 17, 1864. Died at Elmira on November 3, 1864, of "chronic diarrhea."
    Information submitted by Art Hathcock.

    Hawpe, James William
    Pvt 52nd Va Inf Co I
    11/27/63 Greenville B. Augusta Co. 4/14/44.Resident, age 14, 1st. Dist., Augusta Co. 1860 census. Present 12/63. Capt. Bethesda Ch. 5/30/64. Sent to Point Lookout. Transfer. to Elmira. Released 6/30/65. 5' 6", florid complexion, dk. hair, blue eyes. Farmer, age 25, Walker's Creek Dist., Rockbridge Co. 1870 census. D. near Spotswood Augusta Co. 2/18/29. Buried New Providence Pres. Ch. Cemetery near Brownsburg, Rockbridge Co. Brother of Henry T. Hawpe.

    Hayes, Bennet J.
    Corp. 51st NC, Co. F
    Born in Marion District, SC, and resided in Robeson County where he was by occupation a farmer prior to enlisting in Robeson County at age 28, March 10, 1862. Mustered in as Private. Promoted to Corporal prior to July 1, 1862. Present or accounted for until he was wounded in November-December, 1862, while attempting to capture deserters. Returned to duty in March-April, 1863. Present or accounted for until captured near Petersburg, VA, June 16, 1864. Confined at Point Lookout, MD, June 19, 1864. Transferred to Elmira, NY, July 9, 1864. Paroled at Elmira on October 11, 1864. Received at Venus Point, Savannah River, Georgia, November 15, 1864, for exchange.

    Helms, Matthew E.
    Pvt 5th Va Inf Co B
    4/18/62 Lexington carpenter. Dropped from the rolls as a deserter, Dec. 20, 1862. Enl. Co. B, 14th Regt. Va. Cav., at Salem, Feb. 21,1863. Transferred to Co. I. Captured near Harpers Ferry, July 20, 1864; sent to Old Capitol Prison, Washington, D.C., and to Elmira, where he died of pneumonia, Jan. 18,1865. Buried Woodland Cemetery Grave No. 1518.

    Herring, Oliver
    Pvt. 51st NC, Co. F
    Enlisted at Camp Holmes, near Raleigh, March 10, 1864, for the war. Present or accounted for until captured at Drewry's Bluff, VA, May 16, 1864. Confined at Point Lookout, MD, May 18, 1864. Transferred to Elmira, NY, in August, 1864. Died at Elmira on October 3, 1864, of "chronic diarrhoea."

    Hight, [Hite] John H.
    Pvt 5th Va Inf Co E
    3/9/62 Staunton b. Augusta Co.; blacksmith; age 25. Detached as a blacksmith Nov. 25, 1862.Captured Sept. 19, 1864, at Fisher's Hill; sent to Elmira; exchanged Mar. 10, 1865. Res. Newport, 1910. Age 75.

    Hill, Eli
    Co. B 21st SC Regiment
    Eli joined the confederate Army on May 12, 1862. He served as a brigade teamster and also on a guard boat in the Charleston Harbor. He was captured at Fort Fisher on January 15 and arrived at Elmira Prison Camp on January 30, 1865. He died of chronic diarrhea on May 22,1865. He was one of about 15 members of the 21st to get across the river to help defend Fort Fisher. They all were captured. He left behind a wife, Catherine Ann (Kitty), 2 daughters, Elizabeth Francis, & Mary and 2 sons, James Nelson, & John Henry in Darlington County SC. He had 3 brothers in the Confederate Army, Nelson Cameron Hill in the SC 8th Co.'s F & M; Alvis and Stephen were with Tennessee Regiments. Stephen died in the war also.
    Information submitted by John Eli Hill.

    John W. Hill TombstoneHill, John Wesley
    Co. H, 50th Va. Inf.
    Born in 1843 in Wythe County, VA. His family moved to Wise County, VA in 1855. John joined Company H, 50th VA Infantry Regiment on June 3, 1861 in Wise, VA. His Company was called the "Wise Yankee Catchers."

    John participated in battles at Fort Donelson, Kanawha, Kelly's Store, Carnifax Ferry, Big Sewell Mountain, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Bristoe, Mine Run, and The Wilderness. John was promoted to sergeant sometime prior to the battle of The Wilderness where on May 6, 1864 he was taken prisoner. He was sent to the Point Lookout, MD prison, and then to the infamous Elmira, N.Y. Union Prison August 14, 1864. On December 15, 1864, while at Elmira, John died of pneumonia and is buried in grave 1060 in the Woodlawn National Cemetery.

    On April 8, 1998 Annette Damron submitted an application to the Veterans Administration for a memorial marker, honoring John Wesley Hill, to be placed in the Jim Hill cemetery (Where John's parents are buried in Wise County, VA). That application was approved on September 11. Annette, her husband Jack, and Darrell Fleming placed the marker in the Jim Hill cemetery on September 29, 1998.
    Information provided by J. Hill.

    Hinson, Andrew Newton
    17th South Carolina Infantry, Company I
    Andrew was born on September 22, 1841 in Lancaster Co., SC. During the Civil War he fought with the 17th South Carolina Infantry, Company I..."The Lancaster Tigers". Served between February 1863 and April 1865. He was first shipped by rail to Jackson, MS to support Vicksburg in May 1863. They arrived too late, and fought a rear guard action as the Army of Tennessee retreated from Sherman. He was captured, and paroled under an understanding he would return home. He caught up with his company, served in Charleston for awhile then on to Petersburg. He was involved in The Battle Of The Crater where he was injured when the tunnel of explosives was ignited. He was again captured, and sent to Point Lookout, MD. After several escape attempts, he was sent to Elmira, NY where he became ill with bronchitis. On October 1864, he was part of a prisoner exchange, and was sent to a CSA hospital in Macon, GA. The remainder of the year was spent there recovering from his illness and wounds. (Ref: Genealogy of Nancy Jewett, taken from a Hinson book.) Upon his return to South Carolina, he married a Civil War widow named Mary Susan Blackmon. He and his brother, John, became Baptist ministers, and moved their families to Huntersville, NC. He died on November 23, 1909, and is buried in the cemetery of the church he founded, Independence Hill Baptist Church.
    Information provided by Judy Ponichtera.

    Hite, John N.
    Pvt 5th Va Inf Co D
    3/21/62 Meem's Bottom b. July 4, 1837; Wounded. at Manassas, Aug. 28,1862; returned April 1863. Wounded. at Chancellorsville, May 3, 1863. In Chimborazo Hospital, remittent fever, Oct. Dec. 1863. Captured May 18, 1864, at Spotsylvania; sent to Point Lookout and Elmira; exchanged Feb. 20,1865. Paroled at Staunton, May 16,1865. Living at Parnassus, Augusta Co., 1893. Died at Moffett's Creek, May 18,1911. Buried Mt. Hermon Lutheran Church Cemetery

    Hodges, John W.
    Pvt 5th Va Inf Co F
    7/10/61 Winchester res. 5th Dist., Rockbridge Co., age 14,1860; res. Goshen when he enlisted. AWOL, March-Oct. 1862. Wounded. (side and arm) slightly at Chancellorsville, May 3,1863; returned Aug. 1863. Captured May 19,1864; sent to Point Lookout and Elmira; released June 16,1865.

    Hogston, John
    4th Vir Inf, Co D
    John Hogston was captured at Spotsylvania Courthouse on May 19,1864. He was confined to Elmira Prison in New York until his parole on June 19, 1865. He was from Saltville, VA. He and his brother, Ephraim Hogston, enlisted on July 30, 1861 in Saltville, VA. Their company was known as the "Smyth Blues", and was part of Stonewall Jackson''s "Stonewall Brigade". Ephraim was wounded the same day Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson was wounded and died in Chancellorsville. Ephraim died twelve days later. John Hogston continued on with the brigade. I would appreciate any information on these two soldiers. They were my great-great-grandmother''s brothers. Her name was Prudence Hogston Taylor from Saltville, VA.
    Information submitted by Charlotte Beal.

    Holden, William F.
    2nd NC Inf Co. F
    Private: Enlisted in Randolph County (NC), March 12, 1862 for twelve months. …..captured or "gave himself up" at Frederick, Maryland, July 10, 1864. Confined at Old Capitol Prison, Washington, D.C. and transferred to Elmira, New York, July 23-25, 1864. Died October 4, 1864 at Elmira of "chronic diarrhoea."(N.C. Troops 1861-1865, Vol. III, p. 313)
    Information submitted by Richard Simmons.

    Hollis, Harrison B.
    Cpl 52nd Va Inf Co H
    7/23/61 Staunton B. 1844? Resident, Winchester. Enl. age 17. Present 11/61-2/62.Promoted 4th Sgt. 1/1/62. Present 3-4/62. Reenlisted. 5/1/62. Present5/1-8/31/62. Promoted 3rdSgt. 9/1/64. Present 1-12/63. Promoted 2ndSgt.'64. Capt. Bethesda Ch. 5/30/64. Sent to Point Lookout. Transfer. To Elmira. Exchanged Savannah, Ga. 11/15/64. D. there 12/26/64. Buried Grove Cemetery, Savannah, Ga. "Was a splendid soldier."

    Hooks, Daniel
    Co. B, 51st Ga Reg
    Pvt. 4 Mar 1862 died 1 Jun 1864 Cold Harbor. He is buried in Elmira Grave #411 Woodlawn Nat. Cemetery. Nearest town Elmira NY. His unit was Lee Guards (Lee Co. Ga) Co. B. 51st Reg.
    Submitted by Ms. Gerry Hill.

    Howe, John T.
    Co. B, 22nd SC Inf.
    John T. HOWE was born 1844, in York Co, SC. He was the son of Joseph R. Howe and Mary Clarissa Hemphill. He enlisted 4-13-1863 in the 18th Regiment SC Infantry, Co. G, in Wilmington NC, by Col. Wallace for a period of 3 years, as a private. He was 18 years old. He fought at the battle of Charleston Harbor Aug-Sept 1863; Bermuda Hundred May 17-June 16, 1864; Petersburg Siege VA June 1864 to April 1865; The Crater Petersburg, VA 7-30-1864; where he is captured and becomes a prisioner of war. He arrives at City Point VA 8-5-1864, where he is sent to Point Look Out, MD Union Prison. He is transferred to Elmira NY Union Prison 8-12-1864. He died at Elmira on 9-24-1864, at the age of 20 years old, of typhoid fever. His records state that he had no personal effects at the time of his death. He is buried at Woodlawn National Cemetery, grave #458, Elmira NY. The prison at Elmira had the highest death rate, per capita, of any prison camp north or south at 24%. The prison errected platforms on the side of the prison and charged the civilian citizens 15 cents to view the prisoners.

    Note: This information is from the microfilm at the National Archives.

    Howe, Nathaniel S.
    Co. B, 22nd SC Inf.
    Nathaniel S. Howe was born 1834, Spartanburg SC, the son of Henry & June Howe. He was married to Rebecca A., born 1841. He enlisted 1/22/1862, at Columbia SC, by Capt. Wheeler, for a period of 3 years. He was absent without leave, sick in camp 9/8/1863 to 9/22/1863. He was present with his unit 1/22/1862, Sept/Oct 1863, Nov/Dec 1863, Jan/Feb 1864. He was captured at the siege of Petersburg, VA., 6/18/1864. He arrived at City Point, VA., 6/24/1864, where he was sent to Point Lookout MD Prison Camp. He was transferred to Elmira NY Prison Camp 7/27/1864. He died at Elmira NY, 11/23/1864, of chronic diarrea. His effects were listed as none. He is buried at Woodlawn National Cemetery, Elmira NY, grave #953.

    His unit fought the following battles while he was with them:

    This information is taken from 1850 & 1860 Spartanburg SC census and Confederate microfilm records at the national archives.

    Huffer, Samuel
    Pvt 52nd Va. Infantry Regiment Company D.
    Enlisted Jul 16, 1861 in Staunton. Born Va. Nov 17, 1827. Farmer, age 35, Burkes Mill Dist., Augusta Co. 1860 census. AWOL Jul 16-Oct 31, 1861. Present Nov 1861-Mar 1862. AWOL Apr 24-May 2, 1862. Present May 3-Jul 11, 1862. AWOL Jul 12-Aug 31, 1862, fined $18.33. Present Jan-Mar 1863. AWOL Jul 15-Aug 7, 1863, fined $8.06. Present Sep-Dec 1863. Captured Bethesda Ch. May 30, 1864. Sent to Point Lookout. Transferred to Elmira. Released Jun 30, 1865. 5' 9", florid complexion, auburn hair, blue eyes. Farmer, age 43, Mt. Sidney PO, Augusta Co. 1870 census. Died North River, near Mt. Solon Apr 20, 1890. Buried Emanuel Church Cemetery.

    Hunnicutt, John T.
    1st SC Rifles (Orr's Rifles) Co. G
    John T. is a cousin or brother to my ancestor Edward J. Hunnicutt. He was born Lumpkin Co, GA about 1841. Do not know his parents, was raised by Grandmother Martha Hunnicutt and lived in Oconee Co, SC.

    Enlisted Camp Pickens, Sandy Springs, SC July 20,1861 at age 20. Appointed Corporal May 17, 1861, which makes me believe he served in the state militia before enlisting with 1 (Orr's) SC Rifles, Co C. John was captured Falling Water, MD July 14,1863, Paroled Baltimore, MD, August 16,1863 but died waiting to be released on Sept 22,1864 of chronic diarrhea. Buried in Grave no. 434.
    Information submitted by Derrell Oakley Teat.

    Hutchinson, A. J.
    Co. A, 30th N.C. Inf.
    Buried in the Confederate section of the Woodlawn Cemetery in Elmira, N.Y. Born in 1817 and died in the camp on February 18, 1865. His grave was CW 2124.
    Information provided by Jane Roe.

    Hutchison, David Washington Hutchison
    Brother of A.J. Hutchinson, was also in the Prisoner of War Camp; but signed an Oath of Allegiance on September 19, 1864 in order to be released.
    Information provided by Jane Roe.

    Jack, William Z. B.
    3rd Cpl 52nd Va Inf Regt Co K
    4/9/62 Shenandoah Mt B. Va. 1844? Farmhand age 16, Bath CH PO, Bath Co.1860 census. Sick in hospital Winchester with rubella 9/10/62. Present 1-12/63, appointed3rdCpl. 9/1/63. Cap. Bethesda Ch 5/30/64. Sent to Point Lookout. Transfer. to Elmira. Released 5/19/65. 5' 9 1/2", florid complexion, red hair, blue eyes, resident of Millboro, Bath Co. Died Before 8/17.

    Jackman, Charles B.
    Release papers of Charles Jackman.

    "Know ye, that Charles B Jackman a 1st Sergeant of Captain Henry H. Motts. Company-"H"--First Regiment of Veteran Reserve Corps VOLUNTEERS, who was enrolled on the THIRTIETH day of MARCH one thousand eight hundred and sixty-four to serve THREE years or during the war, is hereby DISCHARGED from the service of the United States this Fourteenth day of November 1865 at Elmira New York by reason G. O. No. 155 A. G. O. October 26th 65. (No objection to his being re-enlisted is known to exist.) Said CHARLES B. JACKMAN was born in Enfield, N. H. is 25 yrs. of age, 5 feet 7 inches high --light complexion, black eyes, brown hair and by occupation when enrolled---a Grocer. Given at Elmira New York this Fourteenth day of November 1865.

    Information submitted by Neal Lincoln.

    Jackson, Joseph
    Pvt. 4th SC Cav. Co. E
    Captured Trevilian Station; died Elmira Prison, New York

    James, Marshall E.
    2nd NC Inf Co. A
    Private: Resided in Randolph County (NC) where he enlisted at age 28, October 10, 1861…..captured near Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia May 10, 1864/. Confined at Point Lookout, Maryland until transferred to Elmira, New York August 10-14, 1864. Died at Elmira November 22, 1864 of "pneumonia."(N.C. Troops 1861-1865, Vol. III, p. 313)
    Information submitted by Richard Simmons.

    Jamison, A. Ralph
    Cpl Co. G 5th SC Cav
    Age 23, Residence: Charleston Dist., SC. Enlisted at Charleston, SC, 20 Feb 1862. Capt. at Haws. Shop, VA, 28 May 1864, and sent to Elmira, NY. Exchanged, 11 Oct 1864, and died at home.
    Information provided by Fred Knudsen.

    Jamison, William T.
    Pvt 52nd Va Inf Co A
    7/9/61 Staunton B. Va. 1841 ? Farmhand, age 19,Burkes Mill Dist., Augusta Co. 1860 census. Enl. age18. Present 11/61-4/62. Reenlisted. 5/1/62. WIA (wrist) Sharpsburg 9/17/62.Ab. wounded through 4/63. Present 4/30-12/63. Cap. Bethesda Ch.5/30/64. Sent to Point Lookout Transfer. Elmira. Released 6/19/65. 5'9",dark complexion, auburn hair, gray eyes, illiterate, resident of Staunton. Died before 5/03.

    Jernigan, George W.
    20th NC Inf Reg
    George W. Jernigan (listed incorrectly as G. W. Jernegan site 2026) was born in Duplin County, NC. He enlisted April 15, 1861 at Kenansville, NC in the 12th North Carolina regiment and served until the unit disbanded Nov. 18, 1861. At the time of disbandment, George was recovering at Regimental HQ Hospital in Norfolk, VA. On January 9, 1862, he enlisted a second time for three years. He enlisted in the 20th NC regiment, Co. E at Fort Johnston. He was listed a 5''6" tall and a farmer by trade. He served with the 20th till his capture on May 19, 1864. He participated in the battles around Richmond, battle of South Mountain, and Fredericksburg in 1862. In 1863, he served on the Provost Guard Detail at Division HQ for the months March through December. In Jan. and Feb. of 1864, he was given furlough and returned to service March 1, 1864. He served with the regiment until his capture on May 19, 1864 at the conclusion of the battle of Spotsylvania Court House. He was transported to Belle Plains, VA and arrived there May 23, 1864. He was kept at Point Lookout, MD camp until he was transferred to Elmira on July 3, 1864. He was among the first 400 prisoners transferred to Elmira and is listed as #275 through the gates on July 6, 1864. He remained in camp until his death by "variloa" on Feb. 12, 1865. He was buried in grave #2026. His incorrect identification is presently being investigated as is the listing as a corporal. Clay Holmes book, Elmira Prison Camp published in 1903.

    Previously listed information has been cleared up somewhat. George W. Jernigan AKA G.W. Jernegan is buried in Woodlawn Memorial Cemetary in gravesite #2072 as listed in the Holmes book and NOT #2026 as listed in the archives file from the National Archives in Washington per his file. Further, his gravesite is misspelled and attempts to correct the spelling will be initiated shortly. The one piece of information left outstanding is the listing at time of burial of being a corporal. No record at present indicated an elevation in rank for George W. Jernigan of Duplin County, NC. Information submitted by T. Watson Jernigan.

    Adolphus R. JohnsonJohnson, Adolphus R. 8th Reg Ga Inf

    Appointed Corporal March 1, 1864; 5th Sergeant May 1, 1865. Captured at Wilderness, VA. May 6, 1864. Paroled at Elmira, N. Y. March 1865. Exchanged at James River, VA. March 15, 1865.

    The photo at right was, obviously, made long after his war years. It was taken in 1900. His grandfather was David Johnson, the Governor of South Carolina in the early 1800's.
    Information submitted by Julia N. Autry.

    Johnson, Simon Peter
    Co. B, 13th SC Infantry
    Simeon Peter Johnson (11/06/1835-04/10/1915) was born near Spartanburg, SC. Enlisted, 12/21/1861 in "Brockman Guards" which became Company B, 13th Regiment, South Carolina Infantry. Gregg/McGowan''s SC brigade. A.P. Hill''s 3rd Corps, Army of Northern Virgina, CSA. Wounded for the second time at Deep Bottom VA. July 28, 1864, and captured. After sometime in the Union hospitals, was sent to Old Captial Prison in Washington, D.C. then transfered to Elmira, and received there on March 3, 1865. Applied to take the Oath of Allegiance to the United States on May 31, 1865. Released on July 3, 1865. His brother, Tolliver R. Johnson, same regiment and company, may have also been a prisoner with him. Family ledged says that the two of them walked home, on on canes the other on crutches. Would appreciate any addtional information anyone might have on Simeon Peter Johnson''s time at Elmira.
    Information provided by Richard M. Painter

    Johnson, William M. Henry
    Co. K, 52nd N.C. Reg.
    William M. Henry Johnson. He was born Jan. 23 1836 in Surry City, NC. the son of Henry and Eliza Truelove Johnson. The records show that he was taken prisoner at the battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse and died of pneumonia Jan, 18 1865. Mr. Johnson's two brothers Jesse and John also served the Confederacy in the same regiment.
    Information provided by David S. Jones

    Jonas, Daniel A.
    Pvt. 1st NC Inf
    Captured in May 1864 at Spotsylvania. He was sent to the prison at Elmira where he died in January 1865 of pneumonia. Records indicate that he is buried in Woodlawn Cemetery in grave numbered 1442.
    Information submitted by Daniel E. Jonas.

    Jones, David W.
    Pvt 5th Va Inf Co H
    4/19/61 Fishersville Present until captured May 12,1864. Died of disease at Elmira, Dec. 2,1864. Buried Woodlawn Cemetery Grave No. 1009.

    Jones, J.M.
    Cpl 5th Va Inf Co G
    Captured May 12,1864 at Spotsylvania; sent to Elmira.

    Jones, John R.
    Cpl 5th Va Inf Co A
    4/18/61 Winchester b. Winchester, May 1842; butcher; Prom. to Sgt., Oct. 1861. Reduced to Pvt., March 1862. Absent sick, June - Aug. 1863. Enl. Co. C, 23rd Regt. Va. Cav. Captured Oct. 21, 1863 at Winchester; sent to Atheneum Prison, Wheeling, Camp Chase, and Rock Island. Biog. sketch states he was wounded. and captured at New Creek; sent to Elmira; see Memorial to John Bowie Strange Camp, U. C. V. (1920). Reported to have enl.. Fen.5,1864, in U. S. Navy. Postwar res. Charlottesville; returned to Winchester,1922. Died Feb. 12,1923. Buried Stonewall Cemetery.

    June, Samuel Newman
    25th SC Inf
    He was a prisoner there
    Information submitted by