Orden Alfabético
Mes de Nacimiento
Región de Nacimiento
En Puerto Rico
Fuera de Puerto Rico
Secciones Adicionales
Biografías Por Países
Genealogía y Heráldica
Pormenores de la Red
Recursos Bibliográficas
Programación y Concepto por:
Dr. Cirilo Toro Vargas
Publicado en el Internet 24 de junio de 1997
Revisión más reciente 30 de marzo de 2002
Olga Jiménez de Wagenheim
Puerto Rican historian and university professor.

Education & Professional Skills:

  • 1981     Ph.D. Rutgers University, New Brunswick, N.J.  Areas of Concentration: Colonial Latin American and Caribbean History.   Title of Dissertation: El Grito de Lares: A Socio-Historic Interpretation of Puerto Rico's Uprising Against Spain in l868. 
  • 1971     M.A. State University of New York, Buffalo Campus, Buffalo, New York. Area of  Concentration: Latin American History .
  • 1970     B.A. Inter American University, San Juan, Puerto Rico. Major:  History. Minor: Education. Graduated Magna Cum Laude (1970). 
  • Fluent in Spanish and English.  Working knowledge of Portuguese.
  • Experienced Teacher, Researcher and Writer.
Employment History & Teaching Experience:

Associate Professor, Department of History (1986-present), Director, Puerto Rican Studies Program , Rutgers-Newark (1981-present).

Fulbright Lecturer, Graduate School, University of Buenos Aires, Argentina, Fall of 1991.
Member, Graduate Faculty, Rutgers-Newark (1991-present).

Distinguished Visiting Hispanic Scholar, William Paterson College, Wayne, NJ, Spring of 1991.

Assistant Professor, Dept. of History, Rutgers-Newark (1981-86).
Instructor, Dept. of History and Puerto Rican Studies Program, Rutgers-Newark (1977-1981).

Assistant to the Director, Equal Opportunity Fund (E.O.F.) and Adjunct Instructor, Sociology Dept., Rutgers-Newark (1972-1973).

Coordinator, Bilingual Component, The Learning Center, State University of New York-Buffalo (Fall 1971).

Teaching Assistant, Puerto Rican Studies Dept., State University of New York-Buffalo (1970-1971). 

Courses Developed and Taught:


  • Development of the United States (Colonial, Modern).
  • Survey of Latin American History (Colonial, Contemporary).
  • Survey of Puerto Rican History (Spanish & U.S. Colonial Eras).
  • History of Puerto Rican Politics (19th & 20th Centuries).
  • History of Puerto Rican Migration to the U.S. (Oral History Project, taught under Puerto Rican Studies).
  • Contemporary Puerto Rican Problems.  Developed every course offered by the Puerto Rican Studies Program at NCAS (Major & Minor).
  • Third World Civilizations (in collaboration with three colleagues in the History Department).
  • Imperialism in the World (developed and team-taught this course as a Senior Seminar for History Majors).
  • History of the Caribbean. 
  • Perspectives on Latin America: History & Culture (developed and taught at William Paterson College).
  • Documenting the Caribbean Community of New Jersey (developed as part of the ongoing Oral History Project).
  • Foreign Intervention in Latin America (taught as a Senior Seminar for History Majors).
  • U.S.-Puerto Rico Relations (taught at the Graduate School,  University of Buenos Aires, Argentina, as Fulbright Lecturer.
  • U.S.-Latin American Relations (History Dept., NCAS).
  • Topics in Liberal Studies: Caribbean History & Culture (M.A. in Liberal Studies, NCAS).


Puerto Rico: An Interpretive History: From Pre-Colombian Times to 1900 (Princeton: Markus Wiener Publishing, 1998).

The Puerto Ricans: A Documentary History. Co-edited with Kal Wagenheim  (Princeton: Markus Wiener Publishing, 1994).   Previously published by Doubleday Anchor (New York:  1975) and  Praeger Publishers (New York: 1973).

Puerto Rico's Revolt for Independence: El Grito de Lares (Princeton: Markus Wiener Publishers, 1993;  previously published by Westview Press (Boulder, Colo., 1985).

El Grito de Lares: Sus Causas y Sus Hombres (Río Piedras, Puerto Rico: Ediciones Huracán, 1994, 1987, 1984).

Contributions to Other Books: 

“From Aguada to Dover: Puerto Ricans in Morris County, New Jersey, 1948-1988”, chapter for a book under contract with Temple University Press, The Puerto Rican Diaspora: Historical Perspectives, Editors, Carmen T. Whalen and Victor Vazquez.

Revision of a History of Puerto Rico manuscript for an audio version distributed in Mexico and the Americas by Indisa (Libros en Audio), Mexico. Spring 1994.

"Empowerment of Latinas in New Jersey," Proceedings of the March 1989 Conference of the the Hispanic Women's Task Force of New Jersey, Inc., co-edited with Dr. Gloria Bonilla-Santiago (New Jersey: Hispanic Women's Task Force, 1989).


"La mujer en el Puerto Rico del siglo 19”. In  Boletín del Centro de Estudios Puertorriqueños, Vol. 2, No. 7 (invierno 1989- 90), pp. 10-17 (Refereed journal).

"Making History: The Hispanic Women's Task Force of New Jersey”. In HWTF Newsletter, Vol. 1, No. 1 (Spring 1989), p. 4.

"HFFT rinde homenaje a cinco jóvenes hispanas”. In Horizontes, Marzo 1989, pp. 8-9.

"Características y motivaciones de los rebeldes de Lares. In Revista de Historia, Vol. I (enero-junio, 1985), pp. 76-88. (Refereed journal).

"The Drama of Lares: The New Intellectual Debate”. In Caribbean Review, Vol. XII, No.1 (Winter 1983), pp. 22-23,45-48.
"The Puerto Rican Woman in the 19th Century: An Agenda for Research”. In Revista/ Review Interamericana, Vol. XI, No. 2  (Summer 1981), pp. 196-203 (Refereed journal). 

"Prelude to Lares". In Caribbean Review, Vol. VIII, No. 1 (March 1979), pp.39-43.
"El Grito de Lares". In El Momento, San Juan, Puerto Rico. (October 1977), p.10.

Encyclopedia Entries:

 “Biographies of Maria de Castro Blake; Rosa Cortez-Collazo; Dolores (Lolita) Lebron; and Nitza Tufino” to appear in Latinas in the United States:  An Historical Encyclopedia, Indiana University Press. Forthcoming.

“Puerto Ricans in New Jersey” in The Encyclopedia of New Jersey.  Forthcoming.

Co-authored a 9,000 word revised entry on “Puerto Rico” for the Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc. (August, 1999).

Published the biographies of governors Luis Muñoz-Marin and Jesús T. Piñero in American National Biography, Edited by Mathew E. Van Atta (Oxford U. Press, 1999), vol. 16, pp. 99-100, vol., 17, pp. 542-543.

Wrote seven entries on Puerto Rican figures and events for Encyclopedia of Latin American History, Editors, Barbara A. Tenenbaum and Ralph Lee Woodward, Jr. (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1995).  vol.1, pp. 3, 32, 340, vol. 2, 
p. 194; vol. 3, p. 100, vol. 4, pp. 116, 229-30.


Constructing a Colonial People: Puerto Rico and the United States, 1898-1932, by Pedro A. Caban (Boulder: Westview Press, 1999). Hispanic American Historical Review (HAHR) Forthcoming.

Review-Essay “Ethnicity and the Political Struggle of Puerto Ricans in the U.S.” on: The Puerto Rican Movement: Voices from the Diaspora. Edited by Andres Torres and Jose E. Velazquez (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1998) and Identity and Power: Puerto Rican Politics and the Challenge of Ethnicity, by Jose E. Cruz (Temple University Press, 1998). Journal of American Ethnic History, Volume 19, No. 2, pp. 97-98. 

Producing Power: Ethnicity, Gender, and Class in a Caribbean Workplace, by Kevin A. Yelvington (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1995) and The Myth of the Male Breadwinner: Women and Industrialization in the Caribbean, by Helen I. Safa (Boulder: Westview Press, 1995).  In: Hispanic American Historical Review (HAHR), February 1997, pp. 169-170. 

Annotated Bibliography of Puerto Rican Bibliographies. By Fay Fowlie-Flores, comp. (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1990); Puerto Rico's Statehood Movement. By Edgardo Meléndez.(Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1988);  Puerto Ricans: Born in the U.S.A. By Clara E. Rodríguez.  (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1991).  In: South Eastern Latin Americanist (SELA), Vol. XXXV, No.2 (September 1991), pp. 29-31.
Organizing Puerto Rican Migrant Farmworkers: The Experience of Puerto Ricans in New Jersey. By Gloria Bonilla-Santiago (New York: Peter Lang Pub., 1989).  In:  International Migration Review (IMR), Vol. 25 (Spring 1991), pp. 199-200. 

Puerto Rico's Statehood Movement. By Edgardo Meléndez (Westport: Greenwood Press, 1988).  In: Hispanic-American Historical Review (HAHR), 69:4 (Nov. 1989), pp. 789-90.

The Hispanic Experience in the United States: Contemporary Issues and Perspectives. By Edna Acosta-Belén and Barbara R. Sjostrom, Editors (New York: Praeger Publishers, 1988). In: South Eastern Latin Americanist (SELA), Vol 33, No. 2 (September 1989), pp.28-29.

1898: La guerra después de la guerra.  By  Fernando Picó.  (Río Piedras, Puerto Rico: Ediciones Huracán, 1987). In: Hispanic American Historical Review (HAHR), Vol. 68, No. 4 (November 1988), pp. 859-860.

Factories and Food Stamps: Puerto Rico Development Model  By Richard Weisskoff (Baltimore and London:  The Johns Hopkins University Press, l985). In: South Eastern Latin Americanist (SELA), Vol. 32, No.1 (June 1988), pp. 38-41.
The Dual Colonization of an Island: A Political and Cultural History of Puerto Rico.  In:  Caribbean Review, Vol. XIII, No.1  Winter 1984), pp. 31-32.

From Colonia to Community: The History of Puerto Ricans in New York City, 1917-1948, by Virginia Sánchez-Korrol.  In:  International Migration Review (IMR), Vol. 18, No. 1 (Spring 1984), pp. 125-27. 

RX: Spiritists as Needed: A Study of a Puerto Rican Community Mental Health Resource.  By Alan Hardwood.  In: International Migration Review (IMR),  Vol. 13, No. 2 (Summer 1979), pp. 355- 56.

Works in Progress:

Completed a major portion of a research project on the roles and actions of eight the Puerto Rican Nationalist women, convicted of participating in the Nationalist Uprising in Puerto Rico, 1950, and of conspiring in the Attack on the U.S. Congress, 1954.  Research includes in-depth tape-recorded interviews with some of the survivors, newspaper articles, prison records, personal letters and papers of key Nationalists and official figures. 

Continuing with the Oral History Project on the Puerto Ricans of New Jersey.  The idea is to document the migration experience as part of a national "Hispanic Recovery Project."  At present, I have more than two dozen tape-recorded interviews, many of them already transcribed. 

Expanded the Oral History Project on the Puerto Rican migration to include other Caribbean immigrants to New Jersey.  The expansion has been formulated as part of an oral history I designed under the title: Documenting the Caribbean Community of New Jersey.

Working with the Newark Public Library on a recovery project of the documents of the migration experience of Puerto Ricans and other Hispanics to New Jersey. The recovery project will form part of a Hispanic Research and Information Center I designed, with the help of Dr. Paul Stellhorn and Ms. Ingrid Betancourt.  I also organized a Working Committee and with its help Raised $30,000 from grassroots Hispanic organizations. More recently, wrote and submitted a proposal to the New Jersey Historical Commission for an additional $60,000, to hire a field archivist and finance a survey of the documentary sources. The creation of the Hispanic Research and Information Center is the outcome of the Oral History Project I designed at Rutgers under the auspices of the Puerto Rican Studies Program (1988) and the History Department during the last two years. The oral history courses I taught during the last two years have been in conjunction with the Newark Public Library, as part of the NCAS Dean’s program to incorporate the city in our academic programs.  One such project led the class to research the Puerto Rican Riots in Newark in 1974. The results of that research (photographs, newspaper clippings and contacts with witnesses and participants) were presented to the students of the Newark Campus in the form of an exhibit and a discussion panel.  The goals of the Hispanic Research and Information Center are: to expand the Spanish collection of books at the 

Sala Hispanoamericana; to create a reference center of materials in English and Spanish for the college student, scholars and other interested professionals; an to organize an archival fund on the Puerto Rican migrants experience in NJ.

 Scholarly Activities (since 1985):

A.  Conferences:
Keynote Speaker at the 21st Conference of HAHENJ (Hispanic Association of Hispanics in Higher Education in New Jersey (Februrary 1998).

"María Agront: Life of A Migrant Worker," Institute for Research on Women, Eighth Annual Research Conference, Douglass College, Rutgers University (May 22, 1990).

"Constructing Identities of Community and Self: The Puerto Ricans in the United States." 22nd Annual Conference of the Oral History Association, held at Baltimore, Maryland (Oct. 13-16, 1988).

"Nationalist Violence in Puerto Rico." 11th Annual Conference, Society for Caribbean Studies, held at Hoddesdon, Herfordshire, UK (July 13-16, 1987).

"La mujer puertorriqueña en el siglo 19," 1st International Ibero-American Conference, held at the Universidad Autónoma, Madrid, Spain (March 1985).

B. Panels: 

Chair of Panel, “Women, Saints and Heaven: Creating Altars in the Caribbean and Brazil”, held at The Newark Museum, April 26, 2001.  The panel was part of an ongoing exhibit of Puerto Rican santos (religious icons) for which I consulted on a volunteer basis.

Presenter and Chair at the Puerto Rican Studies Association Conference, “The Puerto Rican Newark Riots, 1974”, held at U.Mass, Amherst, Oct. 26-28, 2000.

Presenter and Moderator for the Newark Public Library’s panel: “25 Years Later: a Look at the Newark Puerto Rican Civil Disturbances of 1974”, held on October 14, 1999.

Panelist in “A Puerto Rican Profile”, a televised program of Sin Fronteras Productions (April, 11, 1999).

Panelist for "Don Ricardo Alegría and the Patrimony of Puerto Rico."  The Smithonian Institution, Washington DC. (April 1996).

Panelist in "The Historical Context of Puerto Rican Nationalism  and Albizu's Role in It," Jersey City Museum (Sept. 1995).

Presenter in "Puerto Rico: 500 Years Retrospective." (Symposium on Latino Identity, History, Culture, and Literature), held at The Newark Museum (Nov. 1993).

Panelist and Moderator for "The Historical Background to the 1991 Puerto Rican Plebiscite," Jersey City State College (Nov. 15, 1989). 

Panelist in "Puerto Rico at the Crossroads," Center for American Culture Studies, Columbia University (Nov. 19, 1986).


 “Maria Teresa Tula: A Salvadoran Woman’s Struggle for Human Rights”. Paper presented as part of the Distinguished Scholars Lecture Series, held at NCAS (April 29, 1999).
“Leadership and Scholarship: From Reaction to Pro-Action”, Keynote Address presented at the 21st HAHE Conference, Atlantic City, NJ, February 19, 1999.

"The Impact of the United States Invasion (1898) of Puerto Rico."  Rutgers University - Newark Campus (November 1997).

"Puerto Rican Identity: In Search of Definition." Essex County College (March 1997).

"Puerto Rican Immigration and Contemporary Status in America," The Puerto Rican Institute, Seton Hall University (November 1995).

"Puerto Rico Ante los Estados Unidos: El Plebiscito de 1991," Graduate School of History, University of Buenos Aires, Argentina (Nov. 1991).

"Arturo Morales Carrión: The Historian," paper read in honor of the late historian at the Carnegie Endowment Center for Peace, Washington, D.C. (February 25, 1991).

"Incorporating the Latin American Perspective into the College Curriculum," Women's Studies Program (New Jersey's Multicultural Project), Rutgers University at Camden (Oct. 18, 1989).

"The Indian View of the Conquest," Hispanic Heritage  Month, Essex County College (Oct. 10, 1989).
"Social and Economic Background to El Grito de Lares," Hispanic Heritage  Month, Princeton University (Oct. 2, 1989). 
"Education as a Path to Success for Hispanics in the U.S.,"  Keynote Address, 8th Annual Celebration of Puerto Rican Heritage Month, Essex County College, N.J. (Nov. 2, 1987).

Editorial Boards & Related Activities:

Panel Member at The National Endowment for the Humanities, reviewer of 45 Grant Applications for Latin America and the Caribbean, July 2000.
Reviewer (single application) for The National Endowment for the Humanities since (1998).

Member, Advisory Board of Editors for Latinas in the United States: A Historical Encyclopedia, under contract to be published by Indiana University Press.

Member, Editorial Board, Centro Journal, the journal of the Center for Puerto Rican Studies, Research, and Archives, Hunter College, New York City. (1997 to present).

Fellowships & Honors:

NEH Summer Fellowship: Seminar on the "Philosophical Foundations of Political Self-Determination", University of Wisconsin, Madison (1994).

Fulbright Teaching Fellowship, Graduate History, University of Buenos Aires, Argentina (Fall 1991). 

Outstanding Teacher of the Year Award, Rutgers University,  Newark College of Arts and  Sciences (Spring 1991).

Distinguished Visiting Hispanic Scholar, William Paterson University (Spring 1991).

NEH Summer Institute: “Brazilian Studies and Language”, University of New Mexico (1987).

Ford Foundation Fellow (1973-1976).

Graduate Fellowship, Inter-American University, San Juan, PR (1970-1971).

Salvador Brau History Prize, Inter-American University, San Juan, PR (1970).

Awards & Civic Recognition:

Latino Caucus “Honored Teacher Award”, Represented by a Golden Apple, Presented by the leaders of the Latino student organizations at Rutgers-Newark, April 2001.

Aspira of New Jersey “Outstanding Teacher Award”, for dedication to the Latino students of New Jersey, March 2001.

Hispanic Americans for Progress, Volunteer Award, for teaching services to the Trenton State Prison, February 2001.

Rutgers University “Human Dignity Award” April 2000.

Hispanic Association for Higher Education of NJ, Inc. Award and Plaque, for “Contributions to the Hispanic Community of NJ”, Presented by HAHE at its 21st Annual Conference, held in Atlantic City, February 1999.

Latino Alumni Award for "Outstanding Professional Achievement," given by the Center for Latino Arts and Culture, Rutgers University, New Brunswick (Nov. 1995).

Certificates of Recognition from the United States Congress (Issued by Rep. Robert Menéndez) and NJ Governor's Office, for work with the Hispanic community of Elizabeth NJ (Nov. 1995).

Listed in International Who's Who of Professional and Business Women, 4th Edition.  (Raleigh NC: American Biographical Institute, Autumn 1995).

Listed in Who's Who Among Hispanic Americans, 1st edition (Detroit, Mich: Gale Research Inc., 1991-1992).

Latin American Students Organization Award, for Support and Dedication to Students, given by LASO at William Paterson University (May 1991).

Latino Faculty and Staff of Rutgers-Newark Award for "Exemplary Teaching and Dedication to Students and Colleagues" and the "Outstanding Service Award"  from the Hispanic Students, April 1991.

Scholarly Achievement Award, given by the Hispanic Association for Higher Education of New Jersey, in recognition of the Oral History Project in NJ, April, 1989.

Listed in Who's Who of American Women, 16th edition (Wilmette, Ill: Marquis  Who's Who, 1989).

Morris County Organization for Hispanic Affairs Award, for “Preserving Latin American History and Culture”, May 1988.

Hispanic Women's Task Force of New Jersey, Inc., for “Mentoring Young Latinas”, April 1988.

Hispanic Students "Outstanding Commitment Award", Rutgers- Newark, for dedication to students, November 1986.

NCAS-Course Development Grant, to revise the course: Contemporary Puerto Rican Problems.  The updated version was broadened into an archival/oral history course to document the Puerto Rican and other Hispanics in New Jersey (Spring  2000).

NCAS-Course Development Grant, to create the course: Documenting the Caribbean Community of New Jersey (an oral history course) and to attend a summer seminar on Oral History at Columbia University (Spring, 1999).

DHE Ethno-Linguistic Grant, from the New Jersey Department of Higher Education, for cultural activities, Puerto Rican Studies Program (1988-90)

DHE Humanities Grant to develop, teach, and hire consultants for an Oral History Project with the Puerto Rican Community of New Jersey (1986-87).

Summer Research Grants from Rutgers: Oral History project, Puerto Ricans in Dover, NJ (1988); for travel and research expenses in researching the Spanish-American War in Puerto Rico (1986); for travel and research to revise dissertation (1982).

College and University Service: 

Member, NCAS’ Courses of Study Committee (Spring 1999- present).

Member, Committee on Faculty Exchange between Rutgers and the University of Puerto Rico, Rutgers - New Brunswick (1996 - present).

University-wide Committee to Advance Our Common Purposes (1995 - present).

Member, Admissions and Financial Aid Committee (1995 - 1999).

Member, Latino Faculty and Staff Caucus (1986 - present). 

Director, Puerto Rican Studies Program, NCAS (1986 - present).

Developer of Curriculum of Puerto Rican Studies Major & Minor (1977-1981).

Professional & Civic Activities:

Advisor on Puerto Rico to the Enclopaedia Britannica.

Member of the Board, NJ Catholic Historical Records Commission (2001)

Advisor to the Newark Museum’s exhibit and panel on Puerto Rican santos (1999- 2001).

Founder of the Hispanic Research and Information Center, being established at The Newark Public Library (1999-present).

Member, Planning Committee, "Puerto Rico 1898-1998: A Retrospective," historical exhibit for the Newark Public Library (1997 to 1998).

Member, "Images/Imagenes" Committee, New Jersey Public TV Network (1997 – present). 

Member of the Board, Advocates for New Jersey History (1997 - present).

Organizer, "Cultural Panels," 20th Conference of the National Puerto Rican Coalition, New York City (November 1997).

Member, Selection Committee, William Ashby Community Service Award, Newark NJ (1996 - present).

Advisor to several projects at La Casa de Don Pedro, FOCUS and Aspira, all community-based organizations in Newark NJ (1990 - present).

Advisor, “Caribbean Folk Arts Project”, N.J. Historical Society, Newark NJ (1994-1995).

Chair of the Advisory Board of the Hispanic Women's Resource Centers, appointed by Governor James Florio (1992).

Member, Board of Trustees, Aspira of NJ, and Vice Chair of Programs (1988-1990).

Member, Board of Governors, National Puerto Rican Coalition, based in Washington, DC (1989 – 1999).

Advisory Member, Board of NJ Institute for College Teaching and Learning (1989-1990).

Co-founder and member of the Board, Hispanic Women's Task Force of NJ Inc.,  (1986-1991).

Member, Board of Trustees, The Newark Museum, Newark NJ (1980- 1986).

Public Programs:

Guest Historian and Consultant to the television program on the history of “Puerto Rican Santos”, filmed by NJN in April of 2001.

Guest Panelist on “Puerto Rican Profile”, a one-hour television show taped by “Sin Fronteras” Productions (a cable television program of Clifton, NJ) (April 1999).

Participant, TV program on "The Historical Background of Machismo & Domestic, Violence," New Jersey Public TV Network (May 16, 1996).

Consultant to and panelist in New Jersey Public TV Network one-hour program on "Battered Hispanic Women" (Fall 1995).

Guest on Radio Station WADO (Miami, Fla.).  Talk on "Puerto Ricans in New Jersey Oral History Project" (June 7, 1993).
Guest on Radio Pocahallo (San Martín de los Andes, Province of Neuquén, Argentina.  Talk on the "Conditions of the Puerto Ricans in the U.S." (Dec. 1991).

Guest Panelist on "Labyrinth" (NJ Cable T.V.), one-hour discussion on the "Proposed 1991 Puerto Rican Plebiscite" (Apr. 1990). 

Guest on Radio America (New York Station), half-hour radio program on the "Historical Importance of the Hispanics in the U.S.A." (Nov., 1989).

Panelist, "Frente al Pueblo" (NJ Cable TV), one-hour discussion on "Issues Affecting the Hispanic Community of New Jersey (Oct., 1989).

Professional Affiliations:
Active member in several Caribbean and Latin American academic organizations; the Fulbright Association and the Oral History Association.

Información publicada en el Internet:  15 de mayo de 2002.